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英语写作手册复习资料

Part One

You should do everything-----writing the tile, leaving margins, indenting, capitalizing, and diving words----according to generally accepted rules.

Ⅰ.Arrangement

1. Write the title in the middle of the first line. Capitalize the first and last words of the title and all other words(including words following hyphens in compound words) except articles, coordinating conjunctions, prepositions, and the to in infinitives

2. No period is used at the end of a tile. ['pærəɡrɑ:f]

3. Indent [ɪn'dent] the first line of every paragraph, leaving a space of about four or five letters. comma 逗号period 句号semicolon 分号colon 冒号question mark 问号exclamation mark 感叹号bracket 括号parentheses 小括号quotation mark 引号hyphen 破折号

Do not begin a line with a comma, a period, a semicolon [ˌsemiˌkəʊlən], a colon, a question mark or an exclamation mark. Do not end a line with the first half of pair of brackets, parentheses, or quotation marks. The hyphen that indicated a divided word is put at the end, not at the beginning, of a line.

Ⅱ.Capitalization[ˌkæpɪtəlaɪ'zeɪʃn](大写)

Capitals are used mainly at three places: the first words if sentences, key words in titles, and proper names.

Ⅲ.Word Division(移行)

The general principle is to divide a word according to its syllables and never put the hyphen at the beginning of a line. 详见书P3

Ⅳ.Punctuation [ˌpʌŋktʃuˌeɪʃn] (标点)

Use a period (full stop) at the end of a complete sentence, however short it is.

Do not use a comma to join two coordinate clauses; use a comma and a conjunction, or a semicolon.

Make your commas different form your periods. A comma has a little tail (,); a period is a dot(.), not a tiny circle (。), which is used in written Chinese.

Use a question mark at the end of a direct question; do not use one at the end of a indirect question.

Use the exclamation mark only after an emphatic interjection or words that express very strong emotion. Do not overuse it.

Put direct speech between quotation marks. The subject and verb that introduce a quotation may be put before, after, or in the middle of the quotation.

Part Two

Ⅰ.Levels of Words (Style or types)

The words that are often used may be divided, from a stylistic point of view, into three types: formal, common, and informal.