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(完整版)英语一般疑问句和特殊疑问句的讲解及练习(最新整理)

一般疑问句

用Yes 或No 作答的疑问句叫一般疑问句。其结构是be 动词(am /is /are ) /助动词/情态动词+主语+其他成分

通常回答为:肯定:Yes,+主语+提问的词.

否定:No,+主语+提问的词+not.

Are you from Japan﹖Yes ,I am./ No, I'm not.

Is her sister doing her homework now﹖Yes, she is./ No, she

isn't.Does he work in a bank﹖Yes, he does./ No, he doesn't.

Can you speak French﹖Yes, I can./ No, I can't.

一: 般疑问句还有下列特点:

1、以be 动词、助动词或情态动词开头;例:Is your father a teacher? Does Catherine like animals? Can Jenny speak French?

二: 如何将陈述句变成一般疑问句?

要将陈述句变成一般疑问句,可以遵循下列步骤:

1.如句中有be 动词(am、is、are、was、were)情态动词(can、may、must …)或助动词(do、does、did、 have、had(完成时中))时,可直接将它们提到句首,句末打上问号即可。主语为第一人称,应将其改为第二人称。

例:It was rainy yesterday.

→Was it rainy yesterday?

Tom's father can play the piano.

→Can Tom's father play the piano?

I have finished my homework.

→Have you finished your homework?

2.如果句中没有be 动词、助动词或情态动词,则根据谓语动词的形式借助do 的相应形式放在句首。具体方法是:如果谓语动词是原形,则借do;如果谓语动词是一般现在时第三人称单数形式,则借does;如果谓语动词是过去式,则借did. 需要注意的是,借does 或did 后,原句的谓语动词要变回原形。

例:They go to school by bike.

→Do they go to school by bike?

Bill gets up at 6:30 every day.

→Does bill get up at 6:30 every day?

The students saw a film yesterday.

→Did the students see a film yesterday?