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土建英语词汇

土建英语词汇

Civil English Glossary

一、设计专业

工艺(专业):process design/engineering 系统(专业):systems engineering

设备(专业):equipment engineering

布置(专业):plant layout engineering

管道设计(专业):piping design

管道机械(专业):piping mechanical engineering

仪表(专业):instruments engineering

电气(专业):electrical engineering

建筑(专业):architectural

土建(专业):civil engineering

设计阶段:engineering phase

基础工程设计阶段:

basic engineering phase

详细工程设计阶段:

detailed engineering phase

二、图纸

扬子石化—巴斯夫有限责任公司

BASF-YPC Company Limited

一体化石化项目—中国,南京

IPS PROJECT—NANJING,CHINA

中国石化洛阳石油化工工程公司:

SINOPEC LUOYANG PETROCHEMICAL ENGINEERING CORP.

中海壳牌南海石化项目:

CSPC NANHAI PETROCHEMICALS PROJECT

丽东芳烃项目:

LIDONG AROMATICS COMPLEX PROJECT

冷却塔(南区):

COOLING TOWERS (SOUTH)

施工图纸:Working drawing,

Construction drawing

工艺装置:Process unit

工艺流程图:Process flow diagram [PED]

装置布置图:Plot plan

会签:Inter discipline check

图号:DWG NO.

资质等级 grade of qualification

设计: designed by

校对: checked by

审核: supervisor

附注: notes

图例:legend

剖面:section

平面图: layout plan

立面图: elevation

结构布置图: structure plan

配筋图: reinforcing plan

模板图: form plan

二、结构

基础: foundation

基础梁: foundation beam

桩基础: pile foundation

桩承台: pile capping

打桩机: pile driver

振动打桩机: vibratory driver

打桩: pile driving

Z2101泵吸水池详图:pump basin detail

for Z2101

冷却塔水池: Cooling tower basin

池壁: wall

伸缩缝:expansion and contraction joint 底板: bottom slab

水池顶板:basin top slab

风机基础详图:fan foundation detail

现浇墙板:cast-in-place wall panel

预制墙板:pre-cast wall panel

钢筋混凝土框架:

reinforced concrete frame

钢筋混凝土柱:

reinforced concrete column

牛腿: bracket 钢筋混凝土现浇板: cast-in-place

reinforced concrete slab 地下管道: underground trench

斜梁: stringer

平台梁: beams of platform

悬臂梁: cantilever beam

女儿墙: parapet

人孔盖板: manhole cover

集水坑; catchment pit

溢流槽: flood relief channel

爬梯:ladder

pretensioned spun concrete piles

先张法预应力混凝土管桩

三、材料

预埋件 embedded plate

钢板 steel plate

钢圆环: steel ring plate

雨水篦子板: rain water grating

钢筋 reinforcing bar

热轧光圆钢筋: hot rolled plain steel

bars

热轧带肋钢筋: hot rolled ribbed steel

bars

I 级:grade I

插筋: anchor rebar

钢筋锚固长度:bond length of rebars

钢筋搭接: bar splicing

箍筋:stirrup

纵向钢筋: longitudinal bar

弯起钢筋,元宝筋: bend bar

钢筋间距: rod spacing

搭接长度: overlapping length

不锈钢栏杆:stainless steel handrail

支架: support

电缆槽盒支架: cable trench support 仪表槽盒支架: instrument trench

support

螺母: nut

锚栓: anchor bolt

M30六角螺帽:M30 six angle screw cap 外露100,丝扣80:outcrop 100, thread 80 地脚螺栓,基础螺栓: foundation bolt

垫片:washer

间隔布置: interval set

早强剂: early-strength admixture

防冻附加剂: antifreeze admixture

混凝土:C40 concrete: class:40

细石混凝土: fine aggregate concrete

配合比: mixture ratio

抗渗等级:P8 seepage class::P8

抗压强度: compression strength

混凝土保护层厚度:minimum concrete

cover 砂:sand

卵石: pebble

碎石: crushed stone

砾石: gravel

骨料: aggregate

水泥: cement

普通硅酸盐水泥:

ordinary portland cement

粘土砖: clay brick

垫层:cushion

装饰工程(抹灰、涂料、刷浆)

1:2水泥砂浆20厚:

1:2 cenment mortar thickness 20mm 找平层: leveling blacket

抹灰:plastering

抹平,找平:screeding

抹光,压光:trowel finish

抹子:trowel

抹灰底层: rendering coat

抹灰罩面层:setting coat

灌缝: grout

填料: filling

收水器: drift eliminator

工艺管道:process pipe

套管: pipe sleeve

壁厚: wall thickness

翼环: plate ring

石棉水泥: asbestos cement

油麻:oil-- hemp

橡胶止水带:rubber water stop

密封胶: joint sealant

填缝板: joint filler

沥青涂层: asphalt coating

镀锌铁皮:galvanized iron sheet

四、测量

轴线: axes

坐标:coordinate

标高: elevation; datum mark

中心标高: center elevation

相对标高: relative elevation

绝对标高: absolute elevation

平面控制: plane control

高程控制: elevation control

经纬仪: transit

水准仪: surveyor’s level

水准点: bench mark

基准点,标高: datum mark

坐标控制点:the coordinate control points 测杆: surveying rod

钢卷尺: steel tape

五、项目管理

项目经理:Project Manager 设计经理:Engineering Manager

施工经理:Construction Manager

QA/QC经理:QA/QC Manager

HSE经理:HSE Manager

采购经理:Procurement Manager

控制经理:Control Manager

承包商: contractor

分包商: Subcontractor

分包合同:subcontract

项目计划:project plan

(项目)设计计划:(project) engineering plan

(项目)采购计划:(project) procurement plan

(项目)施工计划:(project) construction plan

(项目)开车计划:(project) start-up plan

项目主进度计划:project master schedule 详细进度计划:detailed schedule

进度控制:schedule control; progress control

进度提前:ahead of schedule

进度拖延:schedule delay

开车:start-up

试车:commissioning

投料试车:Start-up; test run; initial operations

用户验收,装置验收:Client acceptance;

Plant acceptance

六、招标、投标、合同

投标书: Form of Bid

签署人:Signed by

投标文件:The Bid Documents

商务标:confidential commercial bid

技术标:Technical Bid

报价表:Cost Breakdown Sheet

投标确认书:Form of acknowledgement 投标邀请函(招标文件):ITB Documents 投标邀请函: invitation to bid

第一部分(节) : sectionⅠ.

给投标人的指令:instruction to bidder section Ⅱ.

合同协议书(草案):

contract agreement(draft)

section Ⅲ.

合同条件: conditions of contract section Ⅳ.

合同附件:Appendix for the contract

投标保函:bid bond

履约保函:performance bind

履约担保书:performance bank guarantee 授权委托书:power of attorney

委托代理人(被授权人):Signature of Attorney

法定代表人(授权人):Signature of legal representative

合同生效日期:Effective date of the contract 合同终止:termination of contract

合同失效:frustration of contract

总价合同:lump-sum contract【L-S】

(固定)单价合同:(fixed) unit price contract

偿付合同,成本加酬金合同:(cost) reimbursable contract; cost-plus(fee) contract 【C-P】

预付款:advance payment; down payment

保留金:retentin money

最终付款:final payment

未可预见费:contingency

七、施工

开工会议:kick-off meeting

施工组织设计:construction execution

plan

施工技术方案:technical proposal

工期: construction period

施工阶段:construction stage (phase)

施工进度:construction progress

工程进度款:progress payment

工程量:quantities

工程造价:construction cost

工程预算:construction budget

工日:man-day

工时:man-hour

工地, 施工现场:

Building site, construction site

安装工程:installation work

安装费: installation expenses

施工单位: construction unit

安全帽: protective cap,safety helmet 安全带:protecting band, safety belt

七、施工机械设备

挖掘: excavate

挖土机: excavator

履带式推土机:crawler dozer

履带式起重机:crawler crane

反铲挖土机: back digger

挖沟机: trench digger

铲运机: scraper

压路机: road roller

翻斗车: tipping skip

自卸卡车: dumping truck

洒水车: sprinkler

土方工程: earth work

回填: back fill

蛙式打夯机: frog rammer

基坑:foundation pit

钢筋切断机: bar cutter

钢筋弯曲机: angle--bender

调直机: straightener

八、地基处理

地基处理:ground treatment

复合地基:地基承载力特征值:

换填垫层法:

强夯:dynamic compaction

振冲碎石桩:VCS. Piles (vibroflotation crushed stone piles)

九、砼工程

脚手架: scaffold

单排竖管脚手架:putlog scaffold

双排竖管脚手架:independent scaffold

管子脚手架:pipe scaffold

满堂脚手架:full framing

立杆: the standing pole

扫地杆: ground bars

横杆:ledger

防护栏: protective barrier,

guard rail

脚手板: scaffold board

扣件: coupler

十字扣件:double coupler

旋转扣件:swivel coupler

套筒扣件:sleeve coupler

隔离剂: isolating agent

钢筋加工: rebar fabrication

钢筋连接: rebar connection

铁丝: iron wire

绑扎lashing

搭接:lap

搭接接头: lap joint

焊接:welding

焊接接头: welded joint

搭接焊: lap welding

砂浆垫块 mortar block

制模,模板工程 formwork

模板: form

组合钢模板: combined steel formwork 模板配板: formwork configuration

模板支设: formwork erection

模板接缝:the formwork joint

安装偏差: installation deviation

起拱: arch camber

模板拆除: formwork removal

浇灌混凝土: cast concrete, placing concrete, depositing concrete,

concrete pouring

泵送混凝土: pumping of concrete

混凝土中心搅拌站: centralized concrete

mixing plant

混凝土搅拌汽车;concrete mixer truck 混凝土搅拌: concrete agitation

振捣混凝土: vibrated concrete

插入式振捣器: insertion type vibrator 平板振动器: plate vibrator

抹子,泥刀: trowel

抹灰,抹光: toweling 坍落度:slump

两组试块:two sets of testing blocks

混凝土见证取样:witness sampling of concrete

混凝土施工缝处理:

treatment of concrete construction joint

初凝: initial set

初凝时间: initial setting time

终凝:final set

终凝时间:final setting time

拆除模板:form removal, form stripping 混凝土养护 concrete curing

草垫: straw mattress

加热器:heater

温度计: thermometer

回填 back fill

回填夯实 backfill consolidation

九、钢结构

钢结构: steel structure

涂层: coating

油漆,涂料: paint

底漆: paint primer

中间漆:intermediate painting

面漆: finish coat

透底: disclosure

流坠: hanging

皱皮: wrinkle

漏涂: miss painting

返锈: rust again

漆膜厚度: film thickness

结构构件: structural member

桁架: truss

垂直支撑:vertical bracing

小立柱: post

WA325钢格板: WA325 grating

斜梁:stringer

踏步板: treads

踏步钢格板:grating for stair tread

钢梯: steel stairway

斜梯栏杆: guard rails

不锈钢栏杆:stainless steel handrail

平台栏杆:GR of platform

胀锚螺栓: expansion bolts

预制场地: prefabrication area

原材料: raw material

半成品: semi-finished goods

切割: cutting

打磨坡口: grinding

除锈: remove rust, cleaning

喷砂: sand blasting

型钢: section steel

热轧工字钢: hot-rolled I-beam steel 热轧槽钢: hot-rolled channel steel 热轧H型钢: hot-rolled H steel 热轧钢板: hot-rolled plates

热轧等边角钢:hot-rolled equal-leg angle

steel

热轧不等边角钢:hot-rolled unequal-leg

angle steel

无缝钢管: seamless steel pipes

不锈钢板: stainless steel plate

扁钢:strap steel

垂直度: Verticality

分片组装:be assembled by sections

现场成框: framed at site

焊缝:weld seam

焊缝高度: weld height

焊缝长度: weld length

V型和U型坡口:

V-type and U-type bevel

焊枪: welding gun

焊机: welding machine

焊炬: welding torch

气焊: gas welding

电焊: electric welding

手工焊: hand welding

自动和半自动电弧焊:

automatic and semi-automatic welding 对焊: butt welding

角焊缝: fillet

焊条: weld rod, electrode

断续焊接: gap welding

针孔: Pinhole

裂纹: Crack

夹渣:Slag

烧穿: Burning out

咬边: Undercut

漏焊: Losing welding

未焊透:Lack of fusion

弧坑: Concavity

磨光机: Grinding machine

打磨:Grind

半自动切割机:

Semi-automatic welding machine

火焰切割: Torch cutting

机械钻孔:Drill by machine

焊条保温筒:Rod oven

喷砂除锈:The sand blasting

高强度大六角头螺栓连接副:

Set of big hexagonal high-strength bolt

抗滑移系数:Slide coefficient of faying

surface

扭矩系数: torsional moment

coefficient

扭矩扳手: torsional moment wrench

电子轴力计: electronics ergometer

万能材料试验机:testing machine

终拧扭矩:final torsional moment (N.m)

预拉力: prestressed

十、蓄水试验蓄水试验 water filling test

水深:water depth

允许渗水量(L/m2·d):

bleed-off allowance

水面面积:water level area

湿润面积: wet area

测读时间: reading time

初读; start reading

末读: end reading

水位测针读数:water level meter reading

蒸发水箱水位测针读数:

water level meter reading

in the evaporation water box

大气温度: atmosphere temperature

水温: water temperature

实际渗水量(L/m2·d):

actual water bleed-off

十一、 地基检测

青岛芳烃工程岩土工程勘察报告(2004

堪-02):

The geotechnical investigation report in Qingdao aromatics complex project(2004kan-02)

桩基低应变动力检测报告:

Inspection report of low stain dynamic testing of pile

基桩高应变动力检测 high strain dynamic testing of piles

单桩静载试验static test of single pile

单桩竖向抗压静载试验vertical compression bearing capacity static

test for single pile

单桩水平静载试验:lateral bearing capacity static test for single pile

单桩竖向抗拔静载试验:vertical up-lifting bearing capacity static test

for single pile

单桩竖向抗压极限承载力:vertical ultimate compress bearing capacity

for a single pile

桩侧摩阻力:skin friction resistance

桩端阻力:end bearing resistance

单桩水平极限承载力:ultimate lateral bearing capacity for a single pile

桩顶水平位移:lateral displacement

单桩竖向抗拔极限承载力:ultimate vertical up-lifting bearing capacity for

a single pile

工程地质概况:

engineering conditions of soils

素填土:Plain Fill

粉质粘土: Silty Clay

粉土: Silt 淤泥质粉质粘土:Sludgy Silty Clay

粉砂:Silty Sand

中粗砂 medium sand

中细砂 fine sand

高压缩性: high compressibility

中等压缩性: medium compressibility 低压缩性: low compressibility

可塑~硬塑状态: plastic-hard plastic

流塑状态: flow plastic

局部软塑状态: partly soft plastic

饱和 saturated

松散 incompact

泥质粉砂岩: Muddy Silty stone

粉砂质泥岩: Silty mudstone

泥岩: Mudstone

强风化: high weathered

中等风化: medium weathered

反射波法: method of reflection wave 波形曲线变化特征:

Change characteristics of wave curve

轻微裂缝: slight defective pile

桩身完整:pile of body integrity

缺陷:defect

断桩: breakage of pile

扩颈: enlargement of pile diameter

缩颈: pile diameter reduction

夹泥: slurry mixture

离析: concrete segregation

十、质量检查验收

质量控制点:quality control point

地基验槽:ground inspection

平面放线:plane setting out

钢筋验收:Steel rebar acceptance

inspection

模板验收: formwork acceptance

inspection

混凝土见证取样:witness sampling of

concrete

剪力墙:shear wall

基础:foundation

剪力:shear

剪切变形:shear deformation

剪切模量:shear modulus

拉力:tension

压力:pressure

延伸率:percentage of elongation

位移:displacement

应力:stress

应变:strain

应力集中:concentration of stresses

应力松弛:stress relaxation

应力图:stress diagram

应力应变曲线:stress-strain curve

应力状态:state of stress 钢丝:steel wire

箍筋:hoop reinforcement

箍筋间距:stirrup spacing

加载:loading

抗压强度:compressive strength

抗弯强度:bending strength

抗扭强度:torsional strength

抗拉强度:tensile strength

裂缝:crack

屈服:yield

屈服点:yield point

屈服荷载:yield load

屈服极限:limit of yielding

屈服强度:yield strength

屈服强度下限:lower limit of yield

荷载:load

横截面:cross section

承载力:bearing capacity

承重结构:bearing structure

弹性模量:elastic modulus

预应力钢筋混凝土:prestressed reinforced concrete

预应力钢筋:prestressed reinforcement 预应力损失:loss of prestress

预制板:precast slab

现浇钢筋混凝土结构:cast-in-place reinforced concrete

双向配筋:two-way reinforcement

主梁:main beam

次梁:secondary beam

弯矩:moment

悬臂梁:cantilever beam

延性:ductileity

受弯构件:member in bending

受拉区:tensile region

受压区:compressive region

塑性:plasticity

轴向压力:axial pressure

轴向拉力:axial tension

吊车梁:crane beam

可靠性:reliability

粘结力:cohesive force

外力:external force

弯起钢筋:bent-up bar

弯曲破坏:bending failure

屋架:roof truss

素混凝土:non-reinforced concrete 无梁楼盖:flat slab

配筋率:reinforcement ratio

配箍率:stirrup ratio

泊松比:Poisson’s ratio

偏心受拉:eccentric tension

偏心受压:eccentric compression 偏心距:eccentric distance 疲劳强度:fatigue strength 偏心荷载:eccentric load

跨度:span

跨高比:span-to-depth ratio 跨中荷载:mid-span load

框架结构:frame structure 集中荷载:concentrated load 分布荷载:distribution load 分布钢筋:distribution steel 挠度:deflection

设计荷载:design load

设计强度:design strength 构造:construction

简支梁:simple beam

截面面积:area of section

浇注:pouring

浇注混凝土:concreting

钢筋搭接:bar splicing

刚架:rigid frame

脆性:brittleness

脆性破坏:brittle failure

十一、交工技术文件

交工技术文件 technical document for construction completion

工程材料:construction material 出厂合格证:Ex-work quality certificate 钢材性能检测报告:steel material

performance testing report

钢材试验报告:steel testing report

inspection

十二、办公用品 订书机 stapler 订书钉 staple 复印机 copier,

Copy machine, photocopier

复印纸 copying paper 打印机 printer

土建专业常用规范:

◆《先张法预应力混凝土管桩》(GB13476-1999)

Pretensioned spun concrete piles(GB13476-1999)

◆ 《预应力混凝土管桩》(03SG409)Prestressed spun concrete piles

(03SG409)

◆ 《建筑桩基技术规范》(JGJ94-94) Technical code for building pile foundation (JGJ94-94) ◆ 《混凝土质量控制标准》(GB50164-1992)

Standard of Concrete Quality Control (GB50164-1992) ◆ 《建筑地基基础设计规范》(GB 50007-2002)

Code for design of building foundation (GB50007-2002)

◆《建筑地基基础工程施工质量验收规范》(GB 50202-2002)

Code for acceptance of construction quality of foundation engineering (GB 50202-2002)

◆《建筑地基处理技术规范》(JGJ79-2002 J220-2002)

Technical code for ground treatment of buildings

◆ 《建筑基桩检测技术规范》 Technical code for testing of building foundation piles (JGJ106-2003 J256-2003)

◆ 《基桩低应变动力检测规程》(JGJ/T 93-95)

Specification for low strain dynamic testing of piles (JGJ/T 93-95)

◆《混凝土结构工程施工质量验收规范》(GB 50204-2002)

Code for acceptance of construction quality of concrete structures (GB 50204-2002)

◆《建筑防腐蚀工程施工及验收规范》(GB 50212-2002) Code for construction and acceptance of building corrosion

prevention works (GB-50212-2002) ◆ 《建筑工程施工质量验收统一标准》

(GB50300-2001) Unified standard for constructional quality acceptance of building engineering

◆ 《钢结构工程施工质量验收规范》(GB

50205-2001)

Code for acceptance of construction quality of steel structures ◆ 《建筑钢结构焊接技术规程》(JGJ81-2002)

Technical specification for Welding of steel structure of building

十二、现场

1.That construction site is very dangerous. Keep away from it. 建筑工地很危险,不要靠近。

2. The accident took place here last week. 上星期那起意外事故就发生在这儿。

十三、工作

1.I’m clueless as to how to set about our project. 对于我们的计划要如何开始

着手,我完全没有主意。2.What’s going on in the office? 办公室里有些什么事情?

3.We’ll go by what the boss says. 我们会照老板的话去做。

4. The plan went off without a hitch. 计划进行得很顺利。

6.We must do away with the old policies and come up with new ones. 我们必须扬弃旧政策,并研究拟定出新的来。

7. Time really goes by fast. 时间过得真快。

8. I am very satisfied with my current job. 我很满意目前的工作。

9. How are you getting along with your job? 你工作进行得如何?

10.I will get through my project by Friday.我会在周五前完成我的计划方案。

11. I couldn’t get through because your phone was busy. 你的电话占线,所以我无法联络到你。

12.Let’s set aside our differences and work together. 我们暂时先把争议放到一旁一起合作吧。

13.How did the blood test come out? 验血结果如何?

十三、施工现场

1. The power went off last night. 昨晚停电了。

2.You’re not supposed to smoke in here.你不应该在这里抽烟。

十四、开会

1.Our manager put the meeting back two hours. 我们经理把会议推后了两小时。

2. Can we put off our meeting until next week? 我们可以把会议延期到下周吗?

十五、开车

1.We can get on the bus now. 我们现在可以上车了。

2. People say that Tom had something to do with the car accident. 据说汤姆和那起车祸有关。