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网络共享配置 samba配置详解

?网络共享配置 samba配置详解
用winscp软件登陆系修改 /etc/samba/smb.conf.template /etc/samba/smb.conf 配置文件
用ssh软件输入以下命令替换文件
/etc/init.d/samba enable
/etc/init.d/samba start
重新启动路由器,就可以生效。 希望对大家有帮助。
修改前备份好原文件
软件下载地址http://www.sodocs.net/doc/54abaf35ee06eff9aef8076a.html/bbs/vi ... amp;highlight=samba (感谢 老鹰 hxzyf)
转载地址 http://www.sodocs.net/doc/54abaf35ee06eff9aef8076a.html/art/200511/12714.htm
======================= Global Settings =====================================
[global] //设置samba服务整体环境
workgroup = hackase //设置工作组名
server string = angel server //服务器的名说明

; hosts allow = 192.168.1. 192.168.2. 127. //限制可访问此服务的IP范围,默认是全部
允许的,要是想设设置去掉前面的";"


; guest account = pcguest //pcguest为用户名.可改去掉前边的";"让用户以
pcguest身份匿名登录,但保证/etc/passwd中有此人.

log file = /var/log/samba/%m.log //为登录服务器的用户建立不同的日志文件.

max log size = 0 //日志文件的大小,"0"代表无限制

//以下是smb.conf文件对服务器安全级别的设置

security = SHARE //安全性的级别共四种.share、user、server、domain

; password server = 密码验证服务器.
; password level = 8 //密码级别
; username level = 8

encrypt passwords = yes //用户密码加密,当然也可以不加密

smb passwd file = /etc/samba/smbpasswd //将密码服务器设置为samba server.
需要这个东东来指定验证文件.这个是文件的路径,如果samba server是指定的win
server这个不须要

; ssl CA certFile = /usr/share/ssl/certs/ca-bundle.crt

unix password sync = Yes
passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u
passwd chat = *New*password* %n\n *Retype*new*password* %n\n
*passwd:*all*authentication*tokens*updated*successfully*

pam password change = yes

; username map = /etc/samba/smbusers //如果每个windows用户在samba服务器
中有帐户这个可以不设
; include = /etc/samba/smb.conf.%m

obey pam restrictions = yes

; interfaces = 192.168.12.2/24 192.168.13.2/24 如果多网段要在这里列出

; remote announce = 192.168.1.255 192.168.2.44

; local master = no

; os level = 33

; domain master = yes

; preferred master = yes

; domain logons = yes

; logon script = %m.bat

; logon script = %U.bat

; logon path = \\%L\Profiles\%U

; wins support = yes //wins server支持

; wins server = w.x.y.z

; wins proxy = yes //wins 代理设置

dns proxy = no //dns代理设置

; preserve case = no
; short preserve case = no

; default case = lower

; case sensitive = no

#============================ Share Definitions ==============================
[homes] //用户访问自已目录的设置
comment = Home Directories //说明(以下同理)
browseable = no//设定目录可不可以别人浏览
writeable = y

es//用户写入自己的权限
valid users = %S
create mode = 0664
directory mode = 0775


; [netlogon] //此段域用户登录目录设置
; comment = Network Logon Service
; path = /usr/local/samba/lib/netlogon
; guest ok = yes
; writable = no
; share modes = no

;[Profiles]
; path = /usr/local/samba/profiles
; browseable = no
; guest ok = yes

[printers] //打印机设置
comment = All Printers
path = /var/spool/samba
browseable = no

printable = yes

;[tmp] //用户共享资源设置
; comment = Temporary file space
; path = /tmp //可以自定义目录,去掉前边的";"就OK了
; read only = no //是否只读或可写
; public = yes

;[public] //用户共享资源设置
; comment = Public Stuff
; path = /home/samba
; public = yes
; writable = yes
; printable = no
; write list = @staff


;[fredsprn]
; comment = Fred's Printer
; valid users = fred
; path = /home/fred
; printer = freds_printer
; public = no
; writable = no
; printable = yes

;[fredsdir]
; comment = Fred's Service
; path = /usr/somewhere/private
; valid users = fred
; public = no
; writable = yes
; printable = no

;[pchome]
; comment = PC Directories
; path = /usr/local/pc/%m
; public = no
; writable = yes

;[public]
; path = /usr/somewhere/else/public
; public = yes
; only guest = yes
; writable = yes
; printable = no

;[myshare]
; comment = Mary's and Fred's stuff
; path = /usr/somewhere/shared
; valid users = mary fred
; public = no
; writable = yes
; printable = no
; create mask = 0765

[my work] //偶的东东
comment = is me work
path = /root/my work
valid users angel
public = yes
writeable = yes

了解smb.conf的文件就好办了.我们开始对samba server的四个安全级别分别讲解.

1、share级配置

这个在四个等级中是最低的,方法也是最简单.我们只要对smb.conf文件修改一下就可以了.

workgroup = hackase
server string = angel server
hosts allow = 192.168.1. //限制192.168.1的IP网段可以防问
printcap name = /etc/printcap
load printers = yes //共享打印机
printing = cups //打印机用linux标准的
guest account = angel
log file = /var/log/samba/%m.log
max log size = 20
security = share
===================================================================
其他的设置默认就可以了,也可以像我把所有的注释删除.[tmp]这个字段的";"去掉.
路径可以更改. 重启一下服务 /etc/samba/smb restart //

service smb restart 也可

用testparm测试我们配置的文件是否正确:
===================================================================
[root@localhost root]# testparm //测试时[printers]注释掉了所以这里没有.
Load smb config files from /etc/samba/smb.conf
Processing section "[homes]"
Processing section "[tmp]"
Processing section "[my]"
Loaded services file OK. //如有错误,会在这列出错误的地方.
Press enter to see a dump of your service definitions
====

==============================================================
用smbclient命令查看网络共享情况
===================================================================
[root@localhost etc]# smbclient -L localhost //本机名为localhost
Password:
Domain=[HACKBASE] OS=[Unix] Server=[Samba 2.2.7a]

Sharename Type Comment
--------- ---- -------
tmp Disk Temporary file space
my Disk is me
IPC$ IPC IPC Service (angel server)
ADMIN$ Disk IPC Service (angel server)
root Printer Home Directories

Server Comment
--------- -------

Workgroup Master
--------- -------
=======================================================================
2、user级配置

user比share级安全级别高一点点,很简单的,可以在share基础上改一下就可以了.
改一下security = share字段为:security = user.在加上如下字段:
guest account = angel //机器上有这个用户名,如果你没有那就建一个吧!
encrypt passwords=yes
smb passwd file=/etc/samba/smbpasswd
(1)生成口令文件.

#cat/etc/passwd | mksmbpasswd.sh>/etc/samba/smbpasswd

本命令将生成口令文件"/etc/samba/smbpasswd" 这个就是我们
刚加上的"smb passwd file=/etc/samba/smbpasswd"
(2)我们知道建账户是建在etc/passwd文件里,我们须要用smbpasswd命令
为刚才建立的账名设置samba server口令. 格式为:smbpasswd angel

(3)重启samba server服务

user级的也OK了,你可以用testparm and smbclient命测试.windows用户想
访问就要输入angel and passwd.这个就不是谁都可以访问你的共享

资源了.

3、server 级配置
server级比user级也高那么一点,只需要user级配置上修改一下就OK了.

(1)security = user字段为:security = server

(2)加上password server = ****** //密码服务器,这个可以是你的windows主域控制器,也
可以是别一个samba server服务器(名子无意思)

(3)注释smb passwd file=/etc/samba/smbpasswd

(4)重启samba server服务,你可以用testparm and smbclient命测试.

好了,又完事一个现在如果一台windows机器登录******(password server =
******设置的)域服务器的时候,也就同登录上了samba server,如

果你以是*****主控域的计算机,那你就可以输入你自己的账号密码打开samba server的文件了,
但是你要保证*****和sambs server的账号和密码相同.