Part I True or False Questions
Directions:In this section, you will read 10statements. For each of them there are 2choices marked [T] standing for True and [F] for False. You should decide on the better choice and shade the corresponding letter on the answer sheet.
1. The following group of words can be regarded in academic writing as informal: ascend, preserve,
immature, sufficient, subsequently, immediately, comprehension, perspiration.
2. Invention techniques are strategies used to generate ideas for written assignments, including
freewriting, brainstorming, clustering or mapping and drafting.
3. Using the passive voice is a good way to achieve objectivity in academic writing, but the use of
active voice is also acceptable as in “..., we developed a method called low-error amplicon sequencing.”
4. In the editing and proofreading stage of the writing process, the writer should allow
himself/herself to do some revision in vocabulary, spelling, grammar, sentence structure and punctuation in terms of the language used in the text.
5. The title in the academic writing is a precise description of the contents, which should include
specific words to indicate the the topic, the focus, and optionally, for a scientific article, the purpose of the writing.
6. Academic writing is relatively more complex than other forms of writing in that it has a more
varied vocabulary and overlong and wordy sentences.
7. The review article can be seen as a special case of the research article, the purpose of which can vary and the format is generally less rigid than the proper research article.
8. A common standard format for analytical and argumentative essays is the three-part essay
structure consisting of introduction, body and conclusion.
9. One of the functions of the literature review is for the writer to identify gaps and inconsistencies
which provide the justification for further research.
10. The purpose of academic writing is usually to convey information of some kind (new data,
suggestions for a new approach, a new interpretation, etc.) to all people in the world.
Part II Multiple Choices
Directions:In this section, you will read 5unfinished statements. For each of them there are 3 choices marked A, B and C. You should decide on the choice which is NOT appropriate for the statement and shade the corresponding letter on the answer sheet.
11. A literature review may appear ____________________.
A. as a distinct section in an academic writing
B. as an obligatory section in a research article
C. as an integrated part of an introduction/analysis/discussion section
12. The conclusion is the last part of the essay, which should ____________________.
A. summarize the main points presented
B. contain some new facts or ideas
C. provide a definitive statement of the writer’s position
13. The Methods section in a research article describes the details of how the study was conducted,
which may include ____________________.
A. details of the sample and the sampling technique used
B. a description of procedures, materials and statistical tools
C. the information of the replication of the study according to previous studies
14. The CARS (Create A Research Space) model predicts that research articles start by
A. a move that establishes the topic to be discussed
B. a move that creates a niche within the research field
C. a move that outlines the general purposes or concerns of the study reported
15. In terms of the language use, the following phrases can be the acceptable ones used in the
Introduction section in the academic writing, i.e. ____________________.
A. I n conclusion, we can say that …
B. The present paper examines/presents …
C. This article will concentrate/focus on the arguments …
Directions:In this section, you will read 5statements. For each of them there are 3choices marked A, B and C. You should decide on the choice which is MOST appropriate for the statement and shade the corresponding letter on the answer sheet.
16. As noted by Wood (1997), “The owners of international scientific English should be
international scientists not Englishmen or Americans”. This sentence exemplifies the use of ____________________.
17. Shultz, S., Opie, C. & Atkinson, Q. D. Stepwise evolution of stable sociality in primates. Nature
479, 219–222 (2011). This sentence exemplifies the use of ____________________.
A. reference to a book
B. reference to an article from a journal
C. reference to material from electronic media and the Internet
18. This study therefore indicates that the benefits gained from stress-management intervention
may address quality of life needs across a wide range of patients. This sentence is most probably from the ____________________.
A. Introduction section
B. Methods section
C. Discussion section
19. Plagiarism is an academic offence, and the following conduct ____________________ is
mostly suspicious of plagiarizing.
A. Taking a graph from a textbook, giving the source.
B. Using the results of one’s own research, e.g. from a survey.
C. Giving a citation for some information but mis-spelling the author’s name.
20. The topic of an academic writing needs to be concise and specific, and the following topic
____________________ may not be suitable and manageable for a research paper on literature.
A. How the Great Depression Is Reflected in Of Mice and Men
B. Loneliness as a Major Theme in 20th-Century American Literature
C. Gender Relations in Jane Eyre
Part III Structured Abstract
Directions: Structured abstracts are typically written using five sub-headings –‘back-ground’, ‘aim’, ‘method’, ‘results’ and ‘conclusions’. In this section, you will read an abstract and change it to a structured abstract by writing the corresponding letter or letters after each of the subheadings numbered 21-25 on the answer sheet.
Part IV Matching
Directions: In this section, you will first read a passage – the Results Section of a research article, and then analyze the function of each sentence in it. In the table below the passage you will read 10 pairs of unfinished sentences, with the first halves of them numbered 26-35 in the left column and second halves of them listed in alphabetic order from A to J in the right column. You should match each of the second half sentences in the right column to each of the first half sentences in the left column as the most appropriate in terms of their functions by writing the corresponding letter in the bracket on the answer sheet.
Part V Paraphrasing
Directions: Paraphrasing means changing the wording of a text so that it is significantly different from the original source, without changing the meaning. An effective paraphrase usually: a. has a different structure to the original; b. has mainly different vocabulary; c. retains the same meaning;
d. keeps some phrases from the original that are in common us
e. In this section, you will read 3 sentences numbered 36-38, and paraphrase each of them on the answer sheet.
36. The growth of the car industry parallels the development of modern capitalism, which
began in France and Germany, but took off in the United States.
37. After the second world war the car makers focused on the styling of their products to
encourage more frequent model changes.
38. Today the industry owns some of the most famous brands in the world,but, however,
many car makers are currently threatened by increased competition and saturated markets.
Part VI Summarizing
Directions: In academic writing summarizing is a vital skill, allowing the writer to pick out the key ideas in someone else’s writing and link them up in the writer’s own words. The aim of a summary is to give the readers a clear, objective, accurate and balanced account of an article they may, or may not, have read, and to put it into the context of the writer’s own work. In this section, you will read a text and write an 80-word summary for it on the answer sheet.