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新概念3 第1课 A puma at large 详细教案

A puma at large

课前明确学习要求:

1)一定要预习!生词课前背。课文课前听。

2)认真准备背诵、听写。

3)认真完成仿写练习,学会用。Do you understand it? Do you know how to use it? 积极词

Pumas are large, cat-like animals which are found in America. When reports came into London Zoo that a wild puma had been spotted forty-five miles south of London, they were not taken seriously. However, as the evidence began to accumulate, experts from the Zoo felt obliged to investigate, for the descriptions given by people who claimed to have seen the puma were extraordinarily similar.

The hunt for the puma began in a small village where a woman picking blackberries saw 'a large cat' only five yards away from her. It immediately ran away when she saw it, and experts confirmed that a puma will not attack a human being unless it is cornered. The search proved difficult, for the puma was often observed at one place in the morning and at another place twenty miles away in the evening. Wherever it went, it left behind it a trail of dead deer and small animals like rabbits. Paw print s were seen in a number of places and puma fur was found cling ing to bushes. Several people complained of 'cat-like noises' at night and a businessman on a fishing trip saw the puma up a tree. The experts were now fully convinced that the animal was a puma, but where had it come from? As no pumas had been reported missing from any zoo in the country, this one must have been in the possession of a private collector and somehow managed to escape. The hunt went on for several weeks, but the puma was not caught. It is disturbing to think that a dangerous wild animal is still at large in the quiet countryside.

新概念3 第1课  A puma at large 详细教案

注:(上课视情况简化或拓展)

新概念3 第1课  A puma at large 详细教案

新概念3 第1课  A puma at large 详细教案

trees;

Have you ever been to Beijing Zoo? What animals can we see there? Can we see pumas in Beijing Zoo? If today?s

新概念3 第1课  A puma at large 详细教案

新概念3 第1课  A puma at large 详细教案

—>disturbed: It is disturbing to think that a dangerous animal is at large.)

新概念3 第1课  A puma at large 详细教案

注:教学步骤——了解英英释义;引入课文用法,不出课文原句;平行小练;不用大讲用法,放到language points部分讲

新概念3 第1课  A puma at large 详细教案

新概念3 第1课  A puma at large 详细教案

claim ,investigate ,extraordinarily similar ,be in the possession of ,collector, descriptions, take sth seriously, complain of

新概念3 第1课  A puma at large 详细教案

Pumas are large, cat-like animals which are found in __________. When reports came into London Zoo that a wild puma had been spotted forty-five miles _______of London, they were not taken seriously. However, as the evidence began to accumulate , experts from the Zoo felt obliged to investigate, for the descriptions given by people who claimed to ____________the puma were extraordinarily similar.

The hunt _____ the puma began in a small village where a woman__________blackberries saw 'a large cat' only five yards away from her. It immediately ran away when she saw it, and experts confirmed that a puma will not attack a human being _________ it is cornered . The search proved ________, for the puma was often observed at one place in the morning and at _________place twenty miles away in the evening. Wherever it went, it _______behind it a trail of dead deer and small animals like rabbits. Paw print s were seen in a number of places and puma fur was _________cling ing to bushes. Several people complained of 'cat-like noises' at night and a businessman on a fishing trip saw the puma up

a tree. The experts were now fully convinced that the animal was a puma, but where had it come from? As no pumas had been reported _________ from any zoo in the country, this one must have been in the possession of a private collector and somehow ________ to escape. The hunt _________ for several weeks, but the puma was not _________. It is disturbing to think that a dangerous wild animal is still at large in the quiet countryside.

新概念3 第1课  A puma at large 详细教案

1 What do pumas look like? (Pumas look like large cats.)

2 Where are they found? (In America.)

3 Where had a wild puma been seen? (Forty-five miles south of London.)

4 The report was received by London Zoo, wasn't it? (Yes, it was.)

5 Why did the Zoo feel obliged to investigate? (Because the descriptions given by people were similar.)

6 Where did the hunt for the puma begin? (In a small village.)

7 What did a woman claim she had seen? (…A large cat?.)

8 What had the woman been doing at the time? (Picking blackberries.)

9 When/On what occasions will a puma attack a human? (When it is cornered.)

10 Did the search for the puma prove difficult? (Yes, it did.)

11 Why? (Because it was often seen at one place in the morning and at another place in the evening.)

12 What did the puma eat? (Deer and small animals like rabbits.)

13 What evidence was found for the puma's existence? (Paw prints and puma fur.)

14 W hat sorts of noises did people complain about? (…Cat-like noises?.)

15 When did a businessman see a puma up a tree? (When he was on a fishing trip.)

16 The experts were fully convinced of its existence, weren't they? (Yes, they were.)

Asking questions: Ask me if?

T: Ask me if pumas are found in America.

S: Are pumas found in America?

T: Where??

S: Where are pumas found?

1 pumas are found in America. (Where)

2 a puma had been spotted forty-five miles south of London.(Where)

3 the reports were taken seriously. (Why weren't)

4 the Zoo felt obliged to investigate. (Why)

5 the descriptions given by people who had seen the puma were similar. (In what way)

6 the hunt for the puma began in a small village. (Where)

7 a puma will attack a human being. (On what occasions)

8 the puma left behind a trail of dead deer and small animals.(What)

9 puma fur was found clinging to bushes. (What)

10 a businessman saw a puma up a tree. (Where)

Tell the story

1 Hunt began ---- small village----woman picking blackberries----large cat----five yards

2 Ran away----experts confirmed----not attack----cornered

3 Search difficult----puma----one place----morning----another twenty miles away----evening

4 Wherever it went----trail ----dead deer----small animals

5 Paw prints----puma fur----bushes

6 Several people complained----cat-like noises----businessman fishing trip----up a tree

7 Experts convinced---- was a puma ----where from?

8 No puma reported missing----zoo in the country----possession private collector---- escape

9 Hunt went on----several weeks----puma not caught

10 Disturbing----wild animal----quiet countryside

Summary

1 Reports----London Zoo----puma spotted----45 miles south of London

2 descriptions----similar

3 Woman picking blackberries saw it first

4 Puma moved from place to place

5 Left trail of dead deer---- small animals

6 Paw prints----puma fur found as well

7 …Cat-like noises?----heard at night

8 Animal seen up a tree

9 Now experts convinced----really was a puma

The reports received by London Zoo that a puma had been spotted forty-five miles south of London were similar in nature. A woman picking blackberries saw it first, but the puma moved from place to place, leaving a trail of dead deer and small animals. Paw prints and puma fur were found as well. …Cat-like? noises were heard at night and the animal was seen up a tree. Now experts were convinced that the animal really was a puma.

新概念3 第1课  A puma at large 详细教案

语法:体会被动语态突出客观事实的特点;能识别分隔式同位语从句;其他重点句型

1.Pumas are large, cat-like animals which are found in America.

◆结构:定语从句,结构紧凑。

◆cat-like像猫似的/ dog-like/ bear-like/ woman-like/ girl-like/dream-like/home-like/baby-like/

◆be found in a place产于某地(注:find强调发现的结果; find out查出事实真相;discover做出重

大发现;notice注意到;observe观察;watch观察活动中的人或画面)

◆仿写1:熊猫是一种形体似熊的动物,产于亚洲。(亚洲Asia)

Pandas are bear-like animals which are found in Asia.

仿写2:考拉是一种生长在澳洲的长得像熊的小动物。(考拉Koala)

Koalas are small, bear-like animals which live in Australia.

仿写3:狼是一种形体似狗、身躯很大的动物,分布于世界的很多地方。(狼wolf)

Wolves are large, dog-like animals which are found in many parts of the world.

仿写4:(备用)龙是一种体型类似蛇的神秘动物,在中国的传说中有关于它的描述。

Dragons are mysterious, snake-like animals which are described in Chinese legendary.

新概念3 第1课  A puma at large 详细教案

2.that a wild puma had been spotted forty-five miles south of

London, they were not taken seriously.

◆结构——同位语从句:怎么区分同位语从句和定语从句?用What 提问,回答是一个完整句子

的是同位语从句。这里为了保持句子的平衡从句位置做了调整,要能识别。

一般的同位语从句:news/idea/thought/proof/doubt/hope/suggestion/fact+that+句子

The news that we have won the football match is very exciting.

The idea that we can go to London by bike is amazing.

Nobody could account for the fact that one of the boxes was extremely heavy.(新2, L46,expensive and comfortable)

(不讲)It suddenly occurred to one the workers to open up the box.

It suddenly occurred to one the workers that he could open up the box.

that +句子

新概念3 第1课  A puma at large 详细教案

(复习)New got around that a comedy show would be presented in our local cinema.(新2,L89 A slip of tongue)

仿写1:News came from the school that we had won that match.

仿写2:When news came yesterday that Wang Fei and Li Yapeng had divorced, a lot of people couldn?t believe it/found it hard to believe.

◆【汉英思维比较】英语物做动作的发出者的情形比较多,带有拟人色彩。

I suddenly had a great idea= A great idea suddenly came to me.

The thought suddenly came to me that I had forgotten to take my wallet.

仿写3: The thought suddenly came to him that he had left his homework in the classroom.

◆spot v.看出, 发现 = see, recognize, catch sight of, pick out 辨别出, 看见, 识别, 发现

搭配举例:~a tall man/mistakes/the murderer/thief/difference

A tall man is easy to spot in the crowd.

He can easily spot the mistakes in my homework.

I finally spotted the book I wanted in the bookstore.

She spotted her friend in the crowd. 她在人群中认出了她的朋友.

I can't spot the difference between them. 我看不出两者的区别.

◆south of=to the south of

a seaside town 99 km south of London

复习:to/on/in the+ 方位+ of….

◆take sth seriously = deal with sth seriously 认真地对待某事,be taken seriously被认真对待,受重视搭配举例: ~exams/grades/suggestions/your mother?s words/English learning

I always take your suggestions seriously.

You don?t have to take everything seriously.

(拓展)take sth lightly 草率地对待某事

仿写1:当北京动物园接到报告说在北京以东20英里的地方发现了一只野生的大熊猫,这些报告很受重视。

When reports came too Beijing Zoo that a wild panda was spotted 20 miles east of Beijing, they were taken very seriously.

3.However, as the evidence began to accumulate, experts from the Zoo felt obliged to investigate,

for the descriptions given by people who claimed to have seen the puma were extraordinarily similar.

◆As 连词:随着, 当...之时

As she talked on she got more and more worried.

◆evidence:proof

When the police arrived, he had already destroyed the evidence. 当警察赶到时,他已经把证据给销毁

◆accumulate : v get or gather together over a period of time

搭配举例:~fortune/experience/knowledge/wealth/rubbish

We've accumulated so much rubbish/so many batteries over the years

By working hard you may accumulate a fortune.

The job gives him a chance to accumulate precious experience. 这份工作给了他积累了宝贵的经验的机会。

◆feel obliged to do sth 感觉有必要做某事somebody feel it is necessary to do something

I feel obliged to say no to his demand(n.要求, 需要)

She felt obliged to break up with him.

(拓展)be obliged to do sth 被强迫做某事

He was obliged to sell his car to pay his debts.

Many scientists were obliged to give up their researches because of the war.

◆the descriptions given by people过去分词做后置定语

the story told by the liar

a book written by Luxun( I want to buy a book written by Luxun. 我想买一本鲁迅的书。)

a pen made in China. (I lost…)

The horse raised by the farmers won the race.

◆claim to have done sth 声称曾经做过某事(注:to say that something is true or is a fact, although you

cannot prove it and other people might not believe it:)

He claimed to have been the manager of the large shop.

He claims to have met the President, but I don't believe him.

When the guy claimed to have seen the UFO, he was not taken seriously.

When they claimed to have discovered a new planet, it was taken seriously.

4.The hunt for the puma began in a small village where a woman picking blackberries saw 'a large

cat' only five yards away from her.

◆分词结构做后置定语——现在分词做后置定语

一般来说现在分词作定语都是来修饰动作发出者,过去分词作定语修饰动作的承受着。

The birds flying in the air are very beautiful.

The birds caught by him are very beautiful.

The man playing cards is the boss here.

The man who is playing cards is the boss here.

The man driving the car is my father.

5.It immediately ran away when she saw it, and experts confirmed that a puma will not attack a

human being unless it is cornered.

◆confirm = be sure = be certain (confirm vt.确定)

【复习链接】I must be at work at 10.0 o'clock. My employer will confirm that I was there on time.'(新2:L87 A perfect alibi)

◆corner v.使走投无路, 使陷入困境force a person or an animal into a position from which he cannot

escape 作为动词, 经常使用被动语态

The thief was cornered at last by the policeman.

The problem cornered me.

corner n.角落

-- at the corner of the street -- in the corner of the room -- on the corner of the desk

转角遇到爱,相信奇迹的出现。Coming across my lover at the corner of the street, I believe in what's called miracle.

6.The search prove d difficult, for the puma was often observed at one place in the morning and at

another place twenty miles away in the evening.

注:prove这里不是证明的意思,~ (oneself) sth be seen or found to be sth; turn out to be sth 显现出是某事物; 被发现是某事物

The final exam proved (to be) more difficult than we'd thought.

The result of my final proved much better than I expected.

【复习链接】The operation, which lasted for over four hours, proved to be very difficult because of the hard resin which covered the skin.(新2:L77 A successful operation)

(不讲)证明Experiments have proved that children can be instructed in swimming at a very early age. (新2:L94 Future champions)

7.Wherever it went, it left behind it a trail of dead deer and small animals like rabbits.

◆Wherever ==not matter where

Wherever you go, my heart will go with you.

Wherever we go, whatever we do, we will be friends forever.

◆Whenever=not matter when

I prefer to driving a car for I can stop whenever I want.

◆Whatever=not matter what(常引导主语从句)

He is so rich that he can buy whatever he wants.

Help yourself to whatever you want.

Whatever happens, you know that I'll stand by you.

◆However=not matter how

However you like the Life of Pie, I just feel it so-so.

However hard I try, I can?t remember people?s names.

◆把某物留在后面:leave behind

仿写1:Wherever he went, he left behind him a trail of blood.(n.血blood)HK

仿写2:The bus left a trail of black smoke behind it.

仿写3:Some tourists often leave a trail of litter behind them wherever they go.

We should leave behind a clean world for the future generations. 我们应该给后代留下一个干净的地球。

The most miserable thing in life is that you leave behind lots of money after your death!

◆trail (n)痕迹; vt. 跟踪, 追踪(= follow)

The police trailed the criminal to the place where he was hiding (criminal n.罪犯)

我们跟踪那个小偷来到了他藏赃物的地方。

We trailed the thief to the place where he hid the stolen goods.

8.Paw prints were seen in a number of places and puma fur was found clinging to bushes.

◆被动句式是对事实的陈述,强调结果和已经产生的影响;主动句式则是突出强调行动的发出行

者,意在突出主体。

◆Please find all the sentences that have passive voices. Circle the ‘be’ and ‘done’.圈出所有含有

被动语态的句子,并口头翻译。【英汉对比】英文表达方式习惯用被动语态突出客观事实,中文则善于运用动作的主体。(翻译成中文的时候常常不用‘被‘,而是补出主语。很多时候,汉语的“被“有”遭受“的意味,有负面感情色彩。)

◆which are found in America./a wild puma had been spotted/they were not taken

seriously/felt/were obliged/descriptions (which were )given by…/unless it was

cornered/the puma was often observed/paw prints were seen/puma fur was found clinging to bushes/the experts were fully convinced=convinced themselves

that…/no puma had been reported missing…/the puma was not caught

◆puma fur was found clinging to bushes. (被动)

→ We found the puma fur clinging to bushes. (主动)

◆clinging to bushes是现在分词短语做宾补

He clung to the hope that he would succeed.

She is always clinging to her mother.

9.Several people complained of 'cat-like noises' at night and a businessman on a fishing trip saw the

puma up a tree.

◆complain of/about sth 抱怨某事

He is always complaining about his job.

(补充)complain to sb 向某人抱怨

He complained to his boss about his job.

◆on+名词:强调动作正在进行

on the fishing trip 在钓鱼的途中 / on holiday 在度假

(备用)on the rise 在上升 / on the increase 在增加/ on the watch 在观看 / on the match 在比赛中

10.The experts were now fully convinced that the animal was a puma, but where had it come from?

◆be convinced that… -- I am convinced that she is honest girl.(adj.诚实的, 正直的)

◆convince sb. of sth使某人相信某事

I convince him of my ability to you the job.

Men always need to convince the women of their love.

11.As no pumas had been reported missing from any zoo in the country, this one must have been in

the possession of a private collector and somehow managed to escape.

◆sth be in the possession of sb = sth be in one?s possession 某物归某人所有(主语是物)

◆This one must have been in a private collector?s possession. =A private collector must have been in~

The beautiful car is in my possession.= The beautiful car is in the possession of me.=I?m in ~

【复习链接】In the struggle, the strap broke and, with the bag in their possession, both men started running through the trees. (新2:L44 Through the forest)

◆I managed to pass the exam=I was able to pass the exam=I succeeded in passing the exam.

◆somehow adv.不知怎么搞地, 不知什么原因by some means, in some way, for some reason unknown

I got lost somehow 不知怎么搞地, 我迷失了。

He was nervous somehow.

12.The hunt went on for several weeks, but the puma was not caught.

◆went on=lasted, was not caught=was still at large

13.It is disturbing to think that a dangerous wild animal is still at large in the quiet countryside.

disturb v.令人不安disturbing adj.令人不安的 / disturbed adj.感到不安的

surprise-surprising-surprised/excite-exciting-excited/interest-interesting-interested

amuse-amused-amusing/shock-shocked-shocking/disappoint-disappointing-disappointed

◆It is disturbing to think that+句子: 想到…真让人不安。

新概念3 第1课  A puma at large 详细教案

强调“非常”可以在前面加上very/extremely/extraordinarily

1)想到我期末考试可能不及格就我就很慌。

It is extraordinarily disturbing to think that I may fail in the final exam.

2)想到我期末考试没及格就让人很失望。

It?s disappointing to think that I have failed in the final exam.

3)想到下个月我要去美国了就兴奋得不行。

It?s extremely exciting to think that I?ll go to America next month.

4)想到杀人犯仍然逍遥法外就让人恐惧不已。

It?s very frightening to think that the murderer is still at large.

5)想到上个月我订错票了仍然觉得很好笑。

It?s still amusing to think that I booked the wrong ticket last month.

语法点操练:

Language points

新概念3 第1课  A puma at large 详细教案

新概念3 第1课  A puma at large 详细教案