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金融专业英语名词

Financial Markets

Financial market金融市场: A financial market is a market in which people and entities can trade financial securities, commodities and other fungible items of value at low transaction costs and at prices that reflects supply and demand.

International financial market 国际金融市场: A financial market that involves participants all over the world.(查不到自己编的,请慎重考虑)

Direct financing直接融资: An investor purchases the securities issued by ultimate borrowers (i.e. without intermediaries).

Indirect financing 间接融资: Indirect financing is where borrowers borrow funds from the financial market through indirect means, such as through a financial intermediary.

Money market货币市场: Money market is a component of financial market for assets involved in short-term borrowing, lending, buying and selling with ORIGINAL maturities of one year or less. Capital market资本市场: Capital market provides for the buying and selling of long-term(over 1 year) debts or equity-backed securities.

Foreign exchange market (or currency market)外汇市场: Foreign exchange market deals with the exchanges of different means of payment.

Primary market一级市场: A primary market is a market in which new issues of a security (like a bond or a stock), are sold to initial buyers by the corporation or government agency borrowing the funds.

Secondary market二级市场: A secondary market is where is where the sale of previously issued securities takes place.

Exchange market 交易所市场: It is a highly organized market where tradable securities, commodities, foreign exchanges, futures and option contracts are sold and bought.

OTC market柜台市场: over-the-counter market. A decentralized market of securities not listed on an exchange where market participants trade over the telephone, facsimile or electronic network instead of a physical trading floor.

Technical analysis 技术分析: It is the art of deducing probable future trend from historical records of stock trading. (the study of the stock market itself rather than external factors)

Fundamental analysis基本面分析或基础分析: It examines all relevant factors affecting the stock price in order to determine an intrinsic value for that stock.

The top-down approach or Economy-Industry-Company(EIC) model 自上而下法:1)select a country which could offer the investors better returns from other economies;2)select promising industries and companies in this country.

The bottom-up or stock picking approach自下而上法: It is to find undervalued stocks regardless of the market and industry factors.

Capital Market

Bond 债券: Bonds are securities that represent a debt owed by the issuer to the investor. They obligate the issuer to pay a specified amount at a given date.

Government notes and bonds(Treasury bonds) 国库券: They are issued to finance the national debt. Difference: notes have a original maturity of 1year to 10 years while bonds have a original maturity of 10-30 years. Note that they are free of default risk.

Corporate bonds 公司债券: Large corporations issue bonds in order to borrow funds for long periods of time. The bond indenture is a contract that states the lender’s rights and privileges

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