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夏云辉写作讲义

考研英语写作

一些数据

英语一:30分图画大作文40分钟20分小作文20分钟10分

英语二:25分图表大作文40分钟15分小作文20分钟10分

2000

夏云辉写作讲义

2001

夏云辉写作讲义

夏云辉写作讲义

2003

夏云辉写作讲义

2004

夏云辉写作讲义

2005

夏云辉写作讲义

2006

夏云辉写作讲义

2007

夏云辉写作讲义

2008

夏云辉写作讲义

2009

夏云辉写作讲义

2010

夏云辉写作讲义

历年真题分类梳理

2000负面问题---环境类

2001人格品质---爱心

2003负面问题---家庭、教育类

2004人格品质---坚持、奋斗

2005负面问题---家庭类

2006两面现象---明星崇拜

2007人格品质---自信

2008人格品质---合作

2009两面现象---网络利弊

2010正面现象---多元文化

2011负面问题---环境类

2011

夏云辉写作讲义

押题如何成为可能

1.连续三年未考人格品质

夏云辉写作讲义

诚信

夏云辉写作讲义

2012

夏云辉写作讲义

2013

夏云辉写作讲义

考研写作的主要任务

1分析某一现象的好坏处、正反面观点

3提出解决某问题的建议

4.弘扬某种人格品质

课程安排

1.提出建议

2.分析原因

3.评价好坏

4.人格品质

5.开头段(英语一)

6.开头段(英语二)

7.小作文

模板的硬伤

This issue should be well taken into consideration.As to how to address the problem people put forward various suggestions.Firstly(in the first place first of all),__建议一__.Secondly(additionally in addition),__建议二__. lastly(last but not least),__建议三__.

这样的模板解决一半问题

1.赵

2.钱

3.孙

4.李

5.王

作文最重要的是找到另一半

文章---段落---开头句+连词+陈述句---主谓宾、主系表

怎样提出建议

建议通常以什么词性出现?

动词

这些建议性的动词是无限多的吗

加强/强化

Strengthen enhance Reinforce Realization/understanding

Establishment construction Management Administration Supervision

提高

Raise Personal quality standard Ability Efficiency

扩大/拓宽

widen broaden expand Channel outlook/horizon thinking

增加

Increase Income Amount Taxation tax Investment

建立

construct establish form launch System of organization Mechanism

Rules and regulations

改善

鼓励

Encourage sb to do Urge Push Lead Instruct Advocate

创新

Innovation Communication

深化

Deepen Reform Understanding Mutual-trust

促进

Promote Boost Facilitate Communication Cooperation

禁止

Ban Forbid Prohibit

惩罚

Punish

降低

Lower

限制

Limit restrict

建议两大类方法

1具体情况具体建议

2万能建议法

(1)经济杠杆

成本cost expense

价格price投资investment

(2)建立体制complete perfect

相关的relative

(3)媒体力量

Encourage lead instruct

(4)改变对立

提高改善改变

近几年国内常见的问题

不赡养老人如何教育小孩白色污染

商业捕杀交通堵塞风景区被破坏

假球黑哨高房价大学生就业离婚率增高

食品安全假药空气污染

提建议时推荐使用的四种句法

1主动态

2被动态

3不定式(to do sth)

4动词前置变动名词做主语

建议段开头句

1.This issue should be well taken into consideration.As to how to address the problem people put forward various suggestions.

3.In order to solve the problem people set forth different solutions and here I would explore only two key ways.

4.I strongly suggest that effective steps be taken as soon as possible to address the problem.

5.The following suggestions should be taken into consideration when we are seeking solutions to cope with the problem.

6.Considering the severity of this issue we have no choice but to take stringent measures to address this problem.

7.It is crucial that we take vigorous measures to tackle these problems.

8.Given the severity of this phenomenon we have no alternative/option but to take immediate/prompt steps to address the situation.

9.In view of the seriousness of this problem effective measures must be taken before things get worse.

连接词

1.firstly;first of all to begin with;in the first place;on the one hand;first and foremost;for one thing

2.Second secondly next besides in the second place for another furthermore moreover in addition what is more more importantly

3.The third and very important reason is that Finally thirdly furthermore moreover last but not least

提建议时用主系表的表语之各种可能:

The most effective solution:

Effective:

Applicable Efficient Practical

Helpful Useful Workable

Realistic Appropriate Proper

Suitable Acceptable

Important

Pivotal

Crucial

Critical

Significant

Powerful

Solution:

Measure Approach

Answer Suggestion Weapon Medicine Prescription

Way Key

ABCDEFHHIJ

123456789

A1A2A3...J9

AB1AB2AB3AC1AC2AC3...IJ9

一引导句(句首句中句尾)

1专家观点引导句

雏形:many people think that

a sizeable percentage of economists believe that

people:

Economist Sociologist

Environmentalist Ecologist

Educator Philosopher

Researcher Scientist

Expert...

think:

Agree Support

Remain Maintain

analyze concern

predict estimate

suggest

hold the opinion

believe

many:some

some of

most

most of

the majority of

a large(huge/tremendous)number(amount)of

a sizeable percentage of

在句中、句尾要学习的观点名词:

Suggestion Opinion

Perspective Understanding

Realization Analysis

动词:

According to

Based on

(2)强调类

1.it is undoubted/obvious/manifest that

2.there is no doubt/question that

3.no one can/will doubt/deny/question that

二修饰成分

形容词

1升级最常用的形容词

Important:

Essential Critica Significan Pivotal

Beautiful:

Attractive Charming Glamorous Impressive Good:

Prominent Outstanding Remarkable Excellent Exceptional 数量:

Various Diverse Countless

三并列成分

名词---同义词种属并列

road and street

house

形容词并列

workable and effective

四加时间和地点

时间

现在:in this age and day

In this golden age

In this tough age

In the contemporary era

将来:

In the near/not distant/not-too-distant/foreseeable/predictable/distant/far future

考研写作第二节课

如何找原因?

一自我创造

1话题熟悉

2语言过关

二、万能原因素材!

1.主体缺乏类

2.主体客体关系类

3.主体错误类

主体缺乏类

主体:

小主体---人

年龄分类法

Kid teenager adolescent

Adult(grown-up)the elderly

职业分类法

Average citizen Head,Administrator,Salespeople Driver

Producer Referee,Consumer....

大主体

国家nation社会Community政府Government媒体Media

正确的教育Correct/proper education

有力的措施Powerful measure

高效的管理Efficient management

有效的交流Workable communication/interaction

专业的知识Professional knowledge/Expert…

充分的准备adequate preparation

合理的计划Reasonable plan

健全的体制perfect and complete System of organization/mechanism

实用的方法Applicable approach

明确的目标Clear/definite Goal target

正确的态度Correct attitude

正确的认识realization/recognition

深刻的理解profound/deep understanding/interpretation

必要的警惕necessary vigilance

必要的投资、经费investment/fund

填空练习

1毒胶囊事件是因为制造商缺乏___的___.

2交通堵塞因为相关部门缺乏____

3校车事故是因为学校对危险缺乏____

4不重视英语拼写是因为学生缺____

5盗版因为消费者对于产权缺乏____

6假球黑哨因为____缺乏____

翻译练习

Departments concerned lack strict supervision and effective management.Consequently the matter of school bus accidents is getting frequent and common.

Our society lacks perfect system of organization.Consequently,the issue of unemployment is becoming obvious and severe.

consequently/as a result后面句子处理

sth is getting irreversible

irreversible:

serious

severe

enormous

terrible

horrible wild obvious influential harmful

knotty urgent insolvable common universal

翻译练习

air pollution in northern China according to ecologists'opinion can be due to the fact that government lacks workable solution and effective plan.

第一个表达原因的工具

Be due to

Be attributed to

例句:

1A unilateral discharge may be due to local inflammation.

单侧分泌物可能由局部炎症引起.

2those can be attributed to the stress of the situation

那些也是归功于于紧张的形势。

前后绝对不可以接句子!

1前后只能接名词、名词短语、带从句的名词

加先行词:

Truth fact situation phenomenon matter Issue conclusion

2去掉主语变动词为动名词ing

主体错误类

设立目标set goal

制定计划work out a plan

制定政策make policy

建立体制establish system of organization

采取措施take measure

采纳意见adopt idea/suggestion/opinion

付出努力make effort

impractical useless helpless incorrect inappropriate

improper unsuitable meaningless unrealistic

造句练习

盗版

盗版是因为我们对于盗版有着错误的认识

空气污染是因为政府和环保部门采取了错误的措施

Local government and department of environment have taken incorrect and impractical measures when dealing with the problem as a result the trend of air pollution is getting irreversible.

高房价是因为。。。

The relevant departments have taken incorrect and impractical measures

toward this problem.

As a result air pollution is getting irreversible.

第二个表达原因的工具

Consequently

As a result

例句:The rain was heavy and consequently,the road was flooded.

雨很大所以路被淹沒了。

The traffic was very heavy as a result we didn’t arrive on time.

交通十分拥挤因此我们没能准时到达。

主体客体关系类

主体受到了政策policy环境environment/surrounding、条件condition、媒体media

他人

Others(families strangers friends companions peers,co-workers schoolmates roommates)

经济状况economic situation,传统tradition,风俗custom education level academic background

Social status interpersonal relationship social atmosphere…

的影响(influence impact affect)

限制(limit restrict)

误导Mislead---misled misguide,

迷惑confuse,

引诱Seduce,tempt

刺激Stimulate

驱动Drive---driven

referees are driven by enormous financial reward.

salespeople are stimulated by

第三个原因工具

1.the main reason why air pollution is getting serious is that there are more factories are being constructed in contemporary society

2.possible this is because of the simple fact that___

3.we cannot forget a universal truth is that____

4.one of the most attractive points is that____

原因段开头句:

1.Careful deliberation of this problem has given me several ideas as to why this should be so.

2.what factors lead to this phenomenon and what we can do to solve the problem have become a concern to many people.In my opinion the following reasons should be taken into consideration.

3.it is crucial that we analyse the causes of this disturbing issue and explore the effective solutions.From my perspective the causes are multiple.

4.it is not easy to render the reasons for this complicated phenomenon which involves several factors.For my part there are several causes for this problem.

5.in my mind the following factors need to be taken into consideration.

6.there are several reasons for this phenomenon.

7.the causes may be inner and outer influence.

8.there are a number reasons of this phenomenon.

9.hence it is imperative that we pinpoint the causes of this disturbing phenomenon.

考研写作第三节课

正反观点对比

什么样的题目写正反观点对比?

1如果考察的对象是一个具备两面性的社会现象(有好有坏)

2有人认为。。。有人不同意、反对

相关题目

口语考试出国旅游城市化

房屋产权私有化

全球化家长送小孩上艺术班

手机电子书籍死刑

春晚校园开放四六级

正反观点对比

价值判断

正面价值:正面观点(好处)

反面价值:反面观点(坏处)

范围:

经济价值

社会价值

心理价值

经济价值

Economy Finance financial Employment opportunity/position/Rate Income salary Tax revenue Living expense/cost Inflation GDP Stock Consumption Purchase purchasing power Market Domestic market International/global/overseas market Financial crisis/storm/tsunami Competition Unemployment BBC China Daily..

社会价值

文化culture社会结构social structure群体community

犯罪crime种族race族群ethnic group

性别不平等gender inequality

宗教religion

教育education

医疗medical system

人口population

环境environment

变革reform

社会价值

休斯《社会学导论》

上海社会科学院出版社

环境价值

Deterioration恶化

Economization节约

Green-house gas温室气体

Afforestation植树造林

Arbor day植树节

Bio-diversity生物多样性

Trans-Century Cross-China Environmental Protection Tour中华环保世纪行Immediate interest短期利益

Long-term interest长远利益

To lumber采伐(动)

Lumbering采伐(名)

Renewable sources of energy可再生能源

To exhaust消耗枯竭

Ecological balance生态平衡

Endangered species濒危物种

Environmental quality环境质量

Atmosphere pollution大气污染

Dust storm沙尘暴

Dust fall降尘

Smog烟雾

Green belt绿化带

Windbreak防风林

Ozone layer depletion臭氧层损耗Greenhouse effect温室效应energy crisis能源危机consumption消耗

recycle循环利用

renewable可再生的

electricity电力

energy conservation节能emission abatement减排

global warming全球变暖greenhouse effect温室效应

El Ni?o厄尔尼诺现象emission排放

extinction灭绝

atmosphere大气层

food chain食物链

pollutant污染物

endangered species濒危物种ecology生态

biodegradable可降解的ecosystem生态系统decompose降解

climate change气候变化

Green Belt城市绿带biodiversity生物多样性

心理价值

喜:

Pleased glad cheerful

Proud excited satisfied

Amused

Angry mad

Annoyed

Indignant

心理价值

Sad

Sorrowful

Mournful

Worried anxious

Stressed

Surprised

Astonished

Shocked

Moved

Touched

正面动词、短语库

1.Play a pivotal and direct role in sth/doing sth

Key essential crucial critical important significant remarkable irreplaceable indispensable(不可或缺)...

http://www.sodocs.net/doc/f8ad9c61f705cc175427091f.htmly a/the solid foundation for sth/doing sth

3.Promote

4.Improve

5.Create

6.generate

7.boost

8.Contribute to…

9.Enrich one’s social/academic/professional/business experience

11.Keep society/environment/economy…stable safe sustainable defensible endurable

12.Relax bodies and ease minds

13.afford people oppotunity to

14.satisfy one's requirement for sth/doing sth

反面动词、短语库

1.Destroy

2.Ruin

3.Influence

4.Threaten

5.Hurt

6.be harmful to

7.Pose a大的/potential/possible threat to sth

8.Bring profound practical/various/countless/serious/巨大的problems to sth9.Impose an unbearable/大burden on sth

巨大的:enormous tremendous huge

正反观点对比写作步骤

一、从五个价值坐标判断正反面

二、从正反面动词库选择准备用的动词或短语

三、将动词同价值组合成一句话

四、将句子变长

五、视提纲要求确定正反观点数量

考研写作第四课

首段描述背景

二段:弘扬此品质

奋斗合作乐观

自信爱心意志

第二段第一部分

The most significant implication conveyed in this picture is that the spirit of confidence should be respected and encouraged in this age and day.

However it is universally accepted that this spirit has been devalued and will be abandoned in the not too distant future which is absolutely different from my opinion.

1essential:critical crucial central significant

2implication:meaning Topic essence core theme

3convey:illustrate indicate demonstrate show reflect

4picture:drawing cartoon photo

5spirit:attitude characteristic personality quality

6can be:ought to be must be/should be

7followed paid attention to focused on concentrated on respected/advocated/encouraged…

8in modern times:各种时间状语contemporary

9widely:commonly universally

10Accepted:believed agreed

11devalued:prejudiced misunderstood misinterpreted Ignored/overlooked…

12disappear:be abandoned be forgotten lose its power

13one day:各种将来时态

14totally:completely extremely largely enormously absolutely

15different from:opposite to,与。。。矛盾与。。。冲突

16my viewpoint:Opinion perspective belief What I think/believe/support/Agree

17in fact/indeed/as a matter of fact

18seen and heard:met/felt/found/discovered

19everywhere:各种地点状语

第二段第二部分

In my opinion nothing is more important than confidence in our daily life and it is the most powerful weapon in the face of adversities and frustrations.

人格品质的作用面

一、工作生活学习

二、马斯洛需求层次

生存安全情感自尊自我实现

三、五大方面:

经济环境社会生活身体

第二段第二部分:五种句型弘扬

1没甚么比它更重要

Nothing is more important than A in doing sth

2没有它做成事情是不可能的

Sth/doing sth is impossible without A

3A plays…role in sth/doing sth

indispensable irreplaceable...

4A为。。。打下基础

5.在B面前A是C

A:品质

B:failures frustration ups and downs adversity difficulty challenge task pain problem suffering…

C:有效处方prescription有用的良药medicine最终eventual/final选择option唯一的答案最好的武器。。。面前:in the face of

第三段

总任务:举例证明

第一步:举例引导句

第二步:举例子

第三步:将例子同本文主题联系

第一步:

Examples can be easily found in our life./around us/everywhere/every corner/in our nation/in the history... Examples showing/demonstrating/

Illustrating/indicating/

Reflecting this spirit are countless/innumerous/various/diverse.

第二步:

以人物为主道德完人---

顶尖成功

第二步的两小点

1.人物的身份介绍

2.人物的主要事迹

人物的身份介绍

名字、定位、特征、补充说明

哪些人物

政治商业体育娱乐社会

毛马姚成李宇春Obama bill gates

袁隆平

平ping long ming li

吕lu lv lyu

1.Mao Zedong is a famous and successful politician in China.

2.Li Yuchun is a famous and successful singer in China

3.Xia Yunhui is a prominent outstanding excellent essential fascinating remarkable charming attractive successful diligent and humorous popular,

pivotal critical crucial,exceptional unique irreplaceable influential indispensable…politician teacher, philosopher singer expert musician artist writer scientist entrepreneur,…in China special/professional field one’s age his/her life career society/community in most people’s eyes/in teenagers’mind…

翻译练习

Yuan Longping is an irreplaceable and prominent scientist in recent50years has achieved exceptional and