全新版大学英语综合教程3 课后答案UNIT 1
1) on balance 5) illustrated 9) involved
2) resist 6) budget 10) economic
3) haul 7) lowering 11) blasting
4) wicked 8) boundary 12) just about
1)cut back/ down 2) pick up 3) get by 4) get through
5)face up to 6) turn in 7) making up for 8) think up
1) pursued his mathematical studies and taught himself astronomy
2) often generate misleading thoughts
3) attach great importance to combining theory with practice in our work
4) be suspected of doing everything for money
5) before he gets through life
1) their indoor, a profit, to invest in
2) device, the improvement, on a global scale
3) stacked, temptation, never dined out
II Confusable Words
1. 1) house 2) Home 3) home, family 4) household
2. 1) doubt 2) suspect 3) doubted 4) suspected 5) suspect
III. Word Formation
1) rise 2) final 3) regular 4) cash 5) hows, whys
6) upped 7) yellowed 8) bottled 9) lower 10) search
1) get by 2) temptation 3) get through 4) improvements
5) aside from 6) suspect 7) supplement 8) profit
1) replaced 2) consider 3) quit 4) world 5) tough
6) fuels 7) provide 8) luxuries 9) balance 10) ideal
1. We have a problem with the computer system, but I think it’s fairly minor.
2. My father died when I was too young to live on my own. The people of my hometown took over (responsibility for) my upbringing at that point.
3. The toys have to meet strict/ tough safety requirements before they can be sold to children.
4. Radio and television have supplemented rather than replaced the newspaper as
carriers of news and opinion.
5. When it comes to this magazine, it is/ carries a digest of articles from many newspapers and magazines around the world.
A decade ago, Nancy did what so many Americans dream about. She quit an executive position and opened/ set up a household device store in her neighborhood. People like Nancy made the decision primarily for the improvement in the quality of their lives.
But, to run a small business on a small scale is by no means an easy job. Without her steady income, Nancy had to cut back on her daily expense. Sometimes she did not even have the money to pay the premium for the various kinds of insurance she needed.
Fortunately, through her own hard work, she has now got through the most difficult time. She is determined to continue pursuing her vision of a better life.
1) decades 5) slender 9) on the side
2) historic 6) web 10) authorized
3) imposed 7) bade 11) terminal
4) religious 8) site 12) make the best of
1) went through 2) stood up for 3) laid down 4) take on
5) let (us) down 6) draw on 7) fall into 8) pass for
1) The Europeans are fully confident that the Americans will not be able to justify their measures to protect the struggling American steel industry.
2) Clinton is, in the eyes of Joe Klein, staff writer of the New Yorker and author of The Natural, the most talented politician of his generation and the most compelling.
3) There's not much you can do if people are really intent on destroying themselves with drugs.
4) A different experience of the world could forge a completely different approach to life.
5) It is our conviction that cloning of human beings is bound to cause many ethical and social problems in the long run.
1) As for, do not compel, capture of, have forged
2) At huge risk, the mission, shelter
3) who abolished, In the eyes of, racial
II. Words with Multiple Meanings
1. I'll tell you in a minute how I have attained the genuine sense of belonging in America, but first let me hear about your French trip.
2. Most McDonald's look almost the same on the outside, but actually there are about 16 different basic designs.
3. Loaning money from the banks is but one of the methods we can use to get through a financial crisis.
4. This second-hand car has been nothing but trouble; it's always breaking down.
5. In your resume you've mentioned everything but one vital point.
6. Our technicians have discovered a simple but effective solution to the problem.
7. I am sorry, but I think you shouldn't have lingered on over coffee and missed the last bus..
8. The bankruptcy of the company was not caused by evil, but by simple ignorance
1) lonely 2)friendly 3) weekly, monthly 4)lovely
5) cowardly 6)kindly/ saintly 7) lively 8)motherly
1)forged 2) stand up 3) compelled 4)convictions 5)mission
6)abolish 7) intent on 8) risk 9)in the eyes of 10)threats
1) assistance 2) involved 3) estimated 4)coincidence 5)emerged
6) referred 7) numerous 8) stationed 9)concern 10)capture
1. Though greatly affected by the consequences of the global financial crisis, we are still confident that we can face up to the challenge and overcome the crisis.
2. Under threat of constant sand storms, we were compelled to leave our cherished village and move to the new settlement.
3. According to a recent online survey, a lot of consumers say they may be motivated to consider buying products shown in TV commercials.
4. Having spotted a truck driver dumping contaminated waste alongside the river, the old man reported to the police at once.
5. Some scientists hold to the firm conviction that people will come to like genetically modified crops someday since they can increase yields and help combat hunger and disease in the developing world.
Shortly after he achieved freedom Henson became intent on assisting fugitive slaves. He secretly returned to the United States from Canada several times to help others to travel the Underground Railroad to freedom. Once some slave catchers closed in on the escaping slaves and Henson when they were on the run.
He disguised them and successfully avoided capture. Later he built a small settlement in Dresden in Canada for escaped slaves, setting up a chapel and a school. He held to the conviction that slavery would be abolished, and the day was bound to come when racial discrimination no longer existed.
1.1) threatens 2) by a small margin 3)civilize 4)closed up 5)wandered 6) paste 7) without so much as 8) sideways
9) hook up to 10) universal 11) chart 12) Bathed in
2. 1)narrowed down 2)looked back on 3)cut off 4)fit into
5)wear(the other) down 6)lies in 7)put up 8)stand for
3. 1)...which is likely to make people vulnerable to asthma has been found by researchers at the Department of Clinical Medicine in Oxford.
2)...with mirrored doors had to be built in so as to make their small bedroom look larger.
3)...feature the space shuttle Challenger blowing up in January 1986---killing all seven crew.
4)...threatened to keep the pupils in after school, they were quieted at once.
5)... are a major barrier to the country's economic growth due to the fact that/because imported oil has absorbed 40% of its foreign exchange.
4. 1) looked back on/ atmosphere/urban life
2)era/ hooked up to the / the electronic
3) the suburb / a sophisticated / system / analyze / make errors
II. 1) away 2)inside/in 3)forward/through 4)back
5)off 6)home 7) back down 8)in...out
III. 1) Internet is not such an unusual word as it used to be
2) Most men do not look unattractive in them
3) Wealthy as she is, she is not unconcerned by her sudden unemployment
4) The claim is not unrealistic in view of a sharp decrease in the city's violent crimes.
5)His poor health is not unrelated to his unhealthy way of life. Comprehensive Exercises
1. 1) Statistics 2)rural 3)era 4)stood for 5)on the latch
6)vulnerable 7)barrier 8)electronic 9)reflection 10)civilized
2. 1) together 2)liable 3)shift 4)electric 5)cautious
6)sophisticated 7)thieves 8)break 9)chances 10)signs
1.1) The Internet is changing the way people live, (no matter) whether they are in urban or rural areas.
2)Medium-sized and small companies are more vulnerable to the threat of the global economic crisis than large ones.
3) With regard to our term paper, the professor asked us to analyze the unemployment chart first, and then provide critical reflections on the nations economic development.
4)It never occurred to him that their team would win the basketball match by a large margin.
5) Looking back on my twenty years' teaching in high school, I attribute my success to patience, talent, and the constant pursuit of knowledge.
2. It is almost impossible to keep a determined burglar out. All you can do is discourage him for a few minutes. Thus exposing him to police patrols. Common sense tells us that lighting is a barrier to criminal activity. A light should be fixed in the doorway and switched on at night. Make sure/Assure yourself that you don't leave the door on the latch if you happen to be the last to come in. If you decide to buy a sophisticated electronic alarm system, be sure to ask for its signs and put them up on both windows and doors. In addition you may have it hooked up to a police station.
1.1) accordingly 2) loose 3) concentration 4)stimulating 5) fabric 6)if anything 7) reality 8) intuition
9) trifle 10) at the turn of the century 11) mess
2. 1) approve of 2) slow down 3) taken in 4) sucked into
5) set apart 6) dozed off 7)call forth 8)stretch into
9) keep up with 10)believe in
3. 1)...provided inspiration for many artists and musicians over the decades.
2)...is credited to his powers of imagination
3)...on the foundations of an agricultural revolution
4)...not to make any complaints in the presence of the nurse.
5)...the outbreak of the Second World War.
4. 1) flaw/came to the conclusion/would get nowhere
2) in a row/dozed off/a mess of
3) outbreak of/ has undermined / has strained
II. 1)With Christmas only a week away
2) With his physical condition improving day by day
3) With our GDP growing steadily
4) With all the shops closed
5) with her eyes closed
6) With the fog lifting during the night
III. 1) like/as 2) as 3) like 4) like/as
5) as/like 6) as 7)like 8) as
1. 1) caution 2) came to the conclusion that 3)never get anywhere
4)undermining 5) not give/care a fig 6) flaw
7) beyond any doubt 8)foundation 9)remarkable/impressive
2. 1) extent 2)inventions 3)bet 4)manages 5)vision
6)eventually 7)achievement 8)poverty 9) utilized 10)breakthrough
1.1) The volunteers sent/assigned by the Red Cross disinfected, with great caution, the drinking water in the village so as to avoid an outbreak of plague.
2)Einstein spent many years trying to unify the theories of electromagnetism and gravity but failed.
3)Professor Wang received/won the Presidential Award for his excellence in stimulating students' creative imagination.
4) As there were some major design flaws, the board of directors didn't approve of the economic stimulus package.
5) Having realized that nobody could help him, Jordan finally came to the conclusion that he had to face reality and take up/meet the challenge by himself.
2. What was remarkable about 2005 was perhaps that the UN declared it "The World Year of Physics". It was the 100th anniversary of Einstein's theory of relativity and the 50th anniversary of his death. In 1905 Einstein published five highly important essays in the history of science, thus revolutionizing physics. His great achievements can be credited to his impressive powers of imagination, constant questioning, and not giving a fig for authority. It is beyond doubt that Einstein was the greatest scientist in the 20th century.
Text A Writing Three Thank-You Letters
Parte Paragraphs Main Ideas
Part One Paras 1-9 On Thanksgiving Day 1943, as a young coastguardsman at sea, the writer came up with the idea of expressing his gratitude to people who had helped him before.
Part Two Paras 10-16 The writer wrote three thank-you letters to his father, the Rev. Nelson and his grandmother.
Part Three Paras 17-23 The writer got three letters in reply.
Part Four Paras 24-26 The writer wishes everyone to find the good and praise it. Correspondents Letters Sent Letters Received
Father Thanks him for teaching the writer from boyhood to love books and reading. Tells the writer how he, as a teacher and a father as well, felt content with his own son.
The Rev. Nelson , Thanks him for his morning
school prayers. I
i Tells the writer about his retirement coupled with self-doubt, and the re?assurance brought to him by the writer's letter.
Grandmother Thanks her for teaching the writer how to tell the truth, to share and to be forgiving, and for her good cooking and her sprinkling the writer's life with Stardust. Expresses her loving gratefulness to her grandson.
Language sense enhancement
3. had done wrong
4. welcome reassurance
6. brought back
7. relatives 8. accomplish
9. consume 10. representing
I. 1. 1) sprinkled 2) in turn
3) reversed 4) repay
5) at sea 6) traditional
7) statement 8) longed for
9) in secret 10) unloaded
11) weep 12) under way
2. 1) stretch out 2) make out
3) hope for 4) turns (it) over
5) put away 6) brings back
7) got to 8) go about
3. 1) As supplies of traditional fuels diminish, people are working to increase the use of solar
2) We accord high priority to meeting the challenges of economic and environmental development in the region.
3) While it is true that children of today are exposed to more information than were children of the past, it does not follow that they automatically become more sophisticated.
4) Since she borrowed those books from the library she has been immersed in British history and culture.
5) Everything changed in a flash on June 1, 2000 when he lost both legs in a serious traffic accident.
4. 1) I'd like to express my sincere thanks to everyone who has been so
considerate of my well-
being. My heart is filled with gratitude that words cannot express.
2) After everyone assembled on the playground amid the noise and excitement of the specta?tors, our coach again impressed on us the need to do our best in quest of excellence.
3) Everything I saw in my hometown was marvelous. I could hardly believe that it had undergone such swift changes through cultivating fruits, vegetables, flowers and the rest in the past few years.
1, fond of 2. sick of
3. thoughtful of
4. confident of
5. conscious of
6. critical of
7. guilty of 8. ashamed of
1. To know what people really think, pay regard to what they do, rather than what they say.
2. It is cooperation, rather than conflict, that will enable you to achieve your success.
3. Ann made students think for themselves rather than telling them what to think.
4. I think I'll stay at home this evening rather than go / going out.
5. Most people are content to let perfect days happen at random rather than plan / planning for them.
1) at sea 2) Turning over
3) reverse 4) got to
5) repay 6) gratitude
7) assembled 8)immersed in
9) unloading 10) swift
1) instead 2) possessions
3) richer 4) breath
5) cherish 6) special
7) specific 8) shining
9) miracles 10) gift
1. 1) Grandma took it for granted that food prices would soar, so she bought a lot of rice.
2) I can quote you several instances of her dedication to science.
3) The 1980s saw the start of the swift development of some special economic zones in China.
4) Tension between the two countries stemmed in part from the latest spy affair.
5) Peter has worked in a law firm for many years. You can consider having him as your lawyer to act on your behalf when you need legal help.
Amid the atmosphere of Thanksgiving, rather than joining his friends in celebration of the holiday, George was immersed in the diary left to him by his father, who died at sea after he completed two successive trips around the world. The diary brought back every moment George had spent with his father and many of the specific things his father did on his behalf. George's father used to impress on him the need to undergo all kinds of hardship in quest of excellence. He also taught him that nothing in the world could be taken for granted. Even today, George still remembers how his father would quote Aesop's famous saying "Gratitude is the sign of noble souls" and tell him to accord the greatest importance to it.
Text A The Last Leaf
5. ling to
7. acute 8. whistle 9. mock 10. subtracted 11. Sin 12. flutter/fluttering
1. give in/ give up
2. figure up
3. sized up
4. wiped out
5. pulling up
6. wear away
7. sit up
8. hear of / about
1. usually stand out in childhood memories.
2. a joint bachelor’s degree program in environmental studies together with Duke University.
3. still stalks the country.
4. scarcely any surface water in the desert.
5. for change in the election law is so persistent that both houses have promised to consider it.
1. dreary, mingled with, not to excess, a merry
2. called to us, in a whisper, in tune with
3. backward, wet through, won’t hear of
4. turn loose your
1. He went to Paris on business last month.
2. The train to Brussels goes at 2:25 p.m.
3. As soon as they arrived at the meadow, the shepherd let the sheep go.
4. We went ( or will go) exploring together in the mountains.
5. Let’s go and have a drink in the bar.
6. The store is going to close up soon.
7. South Koreans went crazy when their soccer players beat the Spanish team in the quarter-finals.
8. When the mother came out of the house, she found her children gone.
1. a little white wooden house
2. long, curly red hair
3. a large old round table
4. a cheap Indian restaurant
5. a huge cool chocolate ice-cream
6. rapid technological advance
7. a handsome young Chinese American
IV. Comprehensive Exercises