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Unit 1


1.F ill in the gaps with words…….

1). Respectable 2).agony 3).put down 4).sequence 5).hold back 6).distribute 7).off and on 8).vivid 9).associate 10).finally 11).turn in/out 12).tackle

2. Rewrite each sentence……

1)…has been assigned to the newspaper’s Paris office.

2)….was so extraordinary that I didn’t know whether to believe him or not.

3)….a clear image of how she would look in twenty years’ time.

4)….gave the command the soldiers opened fire.

3. Complete the sentences…

1).reputation; rigid; to inspire

2).and tedious; What’s more; out of date ideas

3).compose; career; avoid showing; hardly hold back

Ⅱ. Synonyms in Context







7.was violating









7.to 8.in; in 9.from 10.on/upon Comprehensive Exercises

Ⅰ.Cloze Text-related

(1).hold back (2).tedious (3).scanned (4).recall (5).vivid (6).off and on (7).turn out/in (8).career


(1).last (2).surprise (3).pull (4).blowing (5). dressed (6).scene (7).extraordinary (8).image (9).turn (10).excitement


1.A s it was a formal dinner party, I wore formal dress, as Mother told me to.

2.H is girlfriend advised him to get out of/get rid of his bad habit of smoking before it took


3.A nticipating that the demand for electricity will be high during the next few months, they have decided to increase its production.

4.I t is said that Bill has been fired for continually violating the company’s safety rules./Bill is said to have been fired for continually violating the company’s safety rules.

5.I t is reported that the government has taken proper measures to avoid the possibility of a severe water shortage./ The local government is reported to have taken proper measures to avoid the possibility of a severe water shortage.

Susan lost her leg because of/in a car accident. For a time, she didn’t know how to face up to the fact that she would never (be able to) walk again.

One day, while scanning (through) some magazines, a true story caught her eye/she was attracted by a true story. It gave a vivid

description of how a disabled girl became a writer. Greatly inspired, Susan began to feel that she, too, would finally be able to lead a useful life.

Unit 2


Ⅰ. 1.Fill in the gaps with…

1).absolutely 2).available 3).every now and then 4).are urging/urged 5).destination 6).mostly 7).hangs out 8).right away 9).reunion 10).or something 11).estimate 12).going ahead

2. Rewrite each sentence with…

1)….in the examination was still on his mind.

2)….completely chocked up by the sight of his team losing in the final minutes of the game.

3)….was so lost in study that she forgot to have dinner.

4)….Something has come up and I am afraid I won’t be able to accomplish the project on time.

5)…. of equipping the new hospital was

estimated at$2 million.

3. Complete the sentences, using…

1). were postponed; the awful; is estimated 2). reference; not available; am kind of 3). not much of a teacher; skip; go ahead

II. Collocation 1. to 2. for 3.at 4.from 5.in 6. to;on 7.on 8.with

III. Usage 1.more or less 2. kind of/sort of 3.Something 4.kind of/sort of

5.more or less

6.or something Comprehensive Exercises

Ⅰ. Cloze 1.Text-related (1).choked up (2).awful (3).practically (4).neighborhood (5).correspondence( 6).available (7).destination (8).reunion (9). Mostly (10). postponing (11).absolutely

2.T heme-related(1).how (2). savings (3). embarrassment (4).phone (5).interrupted (6).touch (7). Envelope( 8).signed (9).message (10).needed


1. Half an hour had gone by, but the last bus

hadn’t come yet. We had to walk home.

2. Mary looks as if she is very worried about the Chinese exam because she hasn’t learned the texts by hear t.

3. Since the basketball match has been postponed, we might as well visit the museum.

4. He stayed in Australia with his parents al the way through World War II.

5. Since I graduated from Nanjing University in 1985, I have kind of lost touch with my classmates.

It is not easy to keep in touch with friends when they are far away. This is certainly true in my case.

It has been a couple of years sine I left my old neighborhood and all the friends I had there. I’ve been meaning to write to them but something or other comes up and I just don’t seem to find the time. They are always on my mind, however, and I think I will certainly make an effort to keep up correspondence with them in future.

Unit 3


Ⅰ1. Fill in the gaps with…

1). brief 2). in terms of 3). cut off 4). tend 5). anyway 6). precise

7). in the form of 8). initiative 9). convey 10). in two minds 11).concept 12).grasp

2. Rewrite each sentence with…

1)…has ensured their team a place in the Cup Final.

2)….medical worker s’responsibility to heal the wounded and rescue the dying.

3)….entertainas well as educate the leader.

4)….can do without air and water.

5)….is likely to be held in June.

3. Complete the sentences…

1). lies in; contact bwtween

2). basis of; is likely; sufficient; at the moment

3). the steady; ensures; will be highly

Ⅱ.Word Formation

1.r egained

2. undecided


undersupplied 4. disabled

5. precondition

6. foresight

7. mispronounced

8. Enrich

Ⅲ. Antonyms


https://www.sodocs.net/doc/027896296.html,plete the sentences by…

1).majority 2).accepted 3).increased


5).local 6).late 7).wrong 8).false

Comprehensive Exercises

ⅠCloze 1.Text-related (1).highly (2).bring about (3).evident (4).rate (5).sufficient (6).put across (7).proportion (8).Hence (9).ensure

2.T heme-related (1).understand (2). travel

(3).practical (4).use(5). Another (6).likely (7).affect (8).development (9).supply (10).Someday


1.A s it predicted by scientists, global pollution has been one of the most serious problems humans are faced with.

2.C ompetition for these job is very tough--- we have five times as many applicants this year as we did last year/there are five times as many applicants this year as there were last year.

3.A s the facts show, educational programa need to fit into the nation plan for economic development.

4.T he car burns too much gas, and moreover, the price is almost twice as much as I intend to pay.

5.T o understand a great international event, we, first of all, need to consider the historical and political background to it.

It is hard to imagine how our forefathers could do without so many conveniences that modern technology has brought about. Back then only a small proportion of the population enjoyed the comforts of life. The majority didn’t even have sufficient food, not to speak of/let alone the privilege of beeing educated. However, many

people blame modern technology for creating so many problems. They want to slow down the rate of progress. But no one can put the clock back.

Unit 4


Ⅰ. 1. Fill in the gaps with…

1). wreck 2).balance 3).approaching 4).handle 5).discard 6).Above all 7).diet 8).do with 9).checked on 10).cleaned up 11).weekly 12).principles

2. Rewrite each sentence with…

1)…to look for survivors were abandoned after it had been/was determined that all the people in the sunken ship had died.

2)…. was amazed that Bob left a wee-paid job to travel around the world.

3)….for a loan has been turned down by many

a bank as her business is small and she could provide no guarantee.

4)….express her thoughts with precision, so people often misunderstand her.

5)….will weaken our determination to modernize our country in the shortest possible time.

3. Complete the setences ,using…

1) for sale; hunting for; be amazed by 2) become skilled; handle their; loans 3) character; by calling on; he passed away

II. Confusable Words

1. 1) personal 2) personnel

2. 1)sometime 2) Sometimes 3)some time 4)sometime

III Euphemism d 1) e 2) h 3) c 4) g 5) a 6) b 7) f 8) Comprehensive Exercises

Ⅰ.Cloze 1. Text-related

(1). sponsored (2). determination (3). turned away (4). Assumed (5). capacity (6). skilled (7).loan (8). character (9). hunting (10). for sale (11). send for Theme-related

(1). save (2). recent (3). modest (4). grow (5). dream

(6). immigrants (7).business (8). engineering (9). invest (10). rich

Ⅱ. Correcting Non-standard English略Ⅲ.Translation

1.I t is reported that UN mediators have worked out a plan which they hope will be acceptable to both sides.

2.D oris walked in the forest cautiously, afraid of being attacked by giant snakes.

3.E arthquakes, typhoons and other natural disasters cannot be prevented, but action can be taken to protect life and property.

4.I bought a new issue of my favorite sports magazine and hurried home, anxious to amuse myself reading it.

5.H elen lacks confidence. I’ve never known anyone so unsure of herself.

After graduating from college, Tony decided to start his own business. At the beginning, many a bank turned down his request for a loan.But he was not a bit discouraged, and continued to call on one

banker after another seeking help. Impressed by his determination and optimism, one banker finally agreed to loan him the money. Now he has become a wealthy businessman. Talking about his amazing achievement, Tony says that it is important to create rather than wait for apportunities.

Unit 6


Ⅰ. 1.Fill in the gaps…

1).fertile 2). reflected 3).overseas 40. slim 5).split 6). sustained 7). glow 8). thrust 9). keen 10). bud 11). previous 12). whichever 2. Rewrite each sentence…

1)…of carpets and furniture in the bedroom disgusts me.

2)…corresponding with Henry after the death of her mother.

3)…is best located at an isolated place far from cities.

4)…was so absorbed in the game on IV that I didn’t hear Martin come in.

5)…players grip the ball.

3. Complete the sentence…

1)to broaden; make their way 2)disgusts; take

a chance on 3)the grand; and overseas; reflected

Ⅱ. Usage Fill in each gap…

1.1)frightened 2)afraid/frightened

2.1)alike/similar 2)similar

3.1)alive 2)living

4.1)sleeping 2)asleep

Ⅲ. Word Family

Study the words…

1 1)disappointed 2)disappointment 3)disappointing 4)disappoint 5)disappointingly 6)disappointing

3.1)attractive 2)attract 3)attraction

4)attractively 5)unattractively 6)unattractive Comprehensive Exercises

Ⅰ. Cloze 1.Text-related

(1).identyfying (2).gripped (3).margins (4).corresponding (5).overseas

(6).more than a little (7).hesitated (8).grateful (9).made my way (10).going my way


(1).first (2).ring (3).Nor (4).another (5).threw

(6).deliberately (7).reasoned (8).himself (9).restaurant (10).matter Ⅱ. Translation

1.Before I went off to university, my grandfather gave me a few words of wisdom which impressed me deeply.

2. Never tell my parents about my injuries and I’ll be very grateful to you (for it).

3. At the meeting some of our colleagues put forward sensible suggestions about improving our working environment.

4. The management has/have agreed to grant the workers a 10% pay rise in response to union pressure.

5. It was very thoughtful of the hostess to give the house a thorough cleaning before we


Not rich himself, Uncle Li never hesitates to help others. Previous to/Before his retirement, through Project Hope he located the addresses of two country kids who grew up in poor families but had a keen desire to study. From then on he sent them money regularly. Later the two made their way to college, and even got a chance to study overseas.

Unit 8


I. 1. Fill in the gaps…

(1). industrial (2). idle 93). is functioning (4). intellectual (5). scared (6). handful (7). luxury (8). private (9). woke up (10). slice (11). miracle (12). was jammed

2. Rewrite each sentence…

1)…to be seriously affected by the rise in gas prices.

2)… is a matter of total indifference to me.

3)…drove home the point that they needed

extra people.

4)… was found after they searched for it for a long time.

5)… had run out of water by the time they got to the camp.

3. Complete the sentences…

1)manual; and complex; its financial

2)was very upset; make a living by; swore; was/became much better off

3)handful; Ignorant of; paintings/works summed up

II. Words with Multiple Meanings

1.T he young man made $5 an hour in his summer job. 5

2.W hat made you change your mind? 1

3.I’m sure Jason will make a good lawyer. 4

4.T he vet put something down the dog’s throat to make it vomit. 3; 1

5.T he story makes interesting reading. 2

6.F ive and five make ten. 7

7.O n foot they can only make about 20 miles a day. 6

8.I don’t think she’ll ever really make it to the top. 6

III. Word Family

1.1) developing 2)develop 3)development 4)develop 5)developing; developed

2.1)amazed 2)amazes 3)amazingly 4)amazing 5)amazement

Comprehensive Exercises

Ⅰ. 1. Cloze Text-related

(1).complex (2).idle (3).make a living by (4).accumulated (5).affect (6).function (7).faculties (8).ignorant (9).wake up


(1).dormitory (2).passing (3).leaping (4).department (5).burned

(6).destroyed (7).seriously (8).marriages ( 9).report (10).perspective


1). Without his personal file, an applicant can hardly expect to get/be employed as a teacher.

2). With enough ice, we could be able to chill the drinks.

3). In my humble opinion, reading is the most pleasant way to spend one’s leisure.

4). Some people said it was simply a miracle that the American athlete Michael Phelps won eight gold metals at the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games.

5). The washing machine has broken down, so we have to wash our clothes by hand.

This morning I heard an interesting piece of news over my portable radio: A man of 36 and his son of 10 attend the same class competing with each other for high marks. The story goes/It’s like this:

The man, Li Wei by name, was too idle to learn anything when young. With little education, with no useful skills, he could hardly earn an adequate living wage. His life experiences drove home to him the point that he had to acquire knowledge before he was able to accumulate wealth. So Li Wei swore

that he would go to school with his son, determined to learn.