It distressed me a great deal to hear the news that he had suffered repeated failures.
He assumed an air of cheerfulness even though he lost favor with his boss.
Gulliver met with extraordinary adventures and witnessed an assortment of strange people.
He will be furious with you if you repeat the same mistake.
We were all greatly drawn by his frank views, humorous words and genial manner.
6. 等到欢呼的掌声平息下来，那位诺贝尔奖获得者开始演讲。（die down）
The Nobel Prize winner began his speech after cheers and applause died down.
7. 他天生有一种特别的洞察力和预见力，因此，他很少随大流。（run with the crowd）
He is gifted with a special sort of insight and foresight, so he rarely runs with the crowd.
8. 我发现现实毕竟是非常严酷的，一个人难以完全按照自己的理想去生活。（live up to）
I feel realities are after all very harsh, so one can hardly live up entirely to his ideals.
My direct superior is a typical workaholic, for he works for over ten hours each day all the year round.
The principal attaches much importance to extracurricular activities and he believes that they will help to cultivate students’ tremendous interest in the external world.
He always grabs a shower, a sandwich and then a taxi to go to work every Monday morning.
4. 既然你要离开公司了，你要在本周内清算账目。（straighten out）
Since you are leaving the company, you should straighten out the accounts within this week.
5. 为了按时完成博士论文，他经常熬夜。（stay up）
In order to finish his Ph. D. dissertation on time, he often stays up.
Nothing can replace the profoundest love lodged in one’s heart of hearts.
7. 他被认为是总裁职位的当然人选，因为他已经出色地做了近10年副总裁。（natural n.）
He is considered a natural for the post of the president, for he has been an excellent vice-president for almost ten years.
8. 他实在太普通了，丢人堆里根本找不着。（pick out）
He is too ordinary to be picked out from the crowd.
The university is one of the most venerable institutions of higher learning in the world.
If one is deficient in practical experience, he can hardly become a success with only what he has acquired in class.
I felt exasperated by constant interruptions, for I had to finish writing the monograph by the end of this week.
He feels that it is ludicrous to write on a contemporary theme in a old style.
The Bund in Shanghai was a place where young couples liked to come to coo in the 70s and the 80s of the last century.
His daughter is very sedate for a girl of about ten, for she prefers reading to playing.
The couple strolled hand-in-hand along the country road when the sun in its first splendor steeped the earth.
The poet was commonly considered as an eccentric romantic genius when alive.
There is no doubt that Shakespeare overshadows all the other playwrights throughout the ages.
The Great Gatsby is commonly deemed as the epitome of the Jazz Age of the last century in America.
3. 你最好不要在他去哈佛大学深造的兴头上泼冷水。（put a damper on）
You’d better not put a damper on his enthusiasm to further his studies at Harvard.
4. 年轻人容易盲目崇拜体育圈和娱乐圈迷人的明星。（make a fetish of）
Young people tend to make a fetish of glamorous stars in sports and entertainment circles.
They traipsed all the way to the downtown area to watch the National Day fireworks display.
He doesn’t deserve such a severe punishment as he has committed neither serious errors nor grave crimes.
7. 我每次遇到他，他总是说一大堆无聊的话。（a whole lot of）
Every time I met him, he would talk a whole lot of nonsense.
Reputation is a trap into which many people are ready to fall.
Hamlet feigned madness when he was hesitating about what to do.
Prevarication is one of this businessman’s habitual tricks.
Sometimes the light of the truth is too dazzling, so white lies are ubiquitous.
Many women in America profess that they are not satisfied with their status of second-class citizens.
5. 一时冲动之下，他失言抖出了秘密。（blurt out）
On impulse, he blurted out the secret.
You should free yourself from prejudice, resist temptations, and let nothing warp your judgment.
7. 他是一个过于敏感和富于想象力的人，经常在头脑里编织一张复杂的网络。（a tangled
Being over-sensitive and imaginative, he often weaves a tangled web in his mind.
He is very popular among his peers, as he always tries to spare others any trouble.
1. 有时，我们不得不做出选择，因为没有中间路可走。（middle ground）
Sometimes, we have to make a choice because there is no middle ground.
2. 他脑海里经常浮现过去的景象：那时的他无忧无虑，没有生活的重压。（conjure up）
He often conjured up visions of the past when he was free from the pressures of life.
He often refreshed himself with a cup of strong black coffee when he felt tired.
He thrust a throng of drunken men and bargaining women and walked on through the flaring streets.
5. 老道的译者虽然理论不多，但可以凭借经验将一种语言转换成另一种语言。（rule of thumb）
Experienced translators, though lacking in theory, can render one language into another by rule of thumb.
6. 人们普遍认为外长此行的主要目的是打破两国关系的僵局。（break the ice）
It was generally held that the major purpose of the foreign minister’s trip was to break the ice with regards to the relations between the two countries.
Reading good books and making friends with good people can elevate the mind.
The flowers and the colorful lights lent a festive atmosphere to this ancient small town.
To me, you are definitely more than an acquaintance.
2. 这个地区的许多手艺人经营各种各样的手工艺品。（deal in）
Many artisans in this area deal in an assortment of articles of handicraft art.
3. 他们为这次意外的成功而感到欣喜若狂。（go into raptures）
They went into raptures over the unexpected success.
Much to my surprise, he analyzed with extraordinary detachment the dangerous situation that threatened all of them.
She peered at the stranger from behind the curtain.
6. 假日里，他在海滩上尽情享受日光浴的快乐。（indulge in）
He indulged in the sunbath on the beach during the holidays.
7. 听到他去世的噩耗，她不胜悲哀。（be overwhelmed）
Hearing the news of his death, she was overwhelmed with grief .
8. 我不赞成用分期付款的方式买房子，我倒认为，我们每一个人都应该储蓄以备不时之需。（save up）
I’m not in favor of buying a house on the installment plan; instead, I maintain that everyone of us should save up for a rainy day.
The result of the experiment far surpassed their expectations.
2. 我们应该充分考虑这个项目的费用和可能遇到的困难。（take account of）
We should take full account of the cost of the project and the difficulties we might encounter.
3. 好天气是这次远征科学考察成功的原因之一。（contribute to）
The good weather contributed to the success of the scientific expedition.
Ronaldo, a football star of Brazil, scored several spectacular goals in 2002 FIFA World Cup.
Many h onourary degrees from American universities were conferred upon Robert Frost for his remarkable contributions to poetry.
6. 摆脱坏习惯需要耐心和毅力。（emancipation from…）
Patience and perseverance are required in emancipation from bad habits.
They tried to instill these new ideas into students’ minds.
You should demonstrate impartiality in your assessment of the employees.
1. 你应该提前告诉我你将去美国深造的事。（in advance）
You should have told me in advance that you would further your studies in America.
He lavished care on his grandchildren.
3. 各种新技术产业已经兴起。（spring up）
An assortment of new technology industries have sprung up.
4. 许多英语单词源于拉丁语、希腊语和法语词汇。（derive from）
Many English words derive from Latin, Greek and French words.
A philosopher holds that contradictions are ubiquitous.
6. 仁慈善良是他本性中不可缺少的一部分。（part and parcel）
Benevolence is part and parcel of his nature.
He owns phenomenal memory and intelligence.
He is fastidious about his food and clothes.
These modernist artists look vaguely bohemian.
2. 不要搞错啊，他并不是你以为的什么纯洁的孩子。（fool oneself）
Don’t fool yourself; he is by no means a pure boy as you think.
He is a frequent guest in some chic cafés and bars which mainly cater to foreigners.
4. 他津津有味地叙述他在非洲的冒险经历。（with gusto）
He gave an account of his adventures in Africa with gusto.
One of his targets in life is to blend his vocation with his avocation.
The elderly are vulnerable to the deceit practiced by dishonest sales people.
This magazine is frequently covered with glamorous actresses.
I really feel fed up with commercial gimmicks on TV.
1. 他的父母对他有很高的期望，他感到压力很大。（feel weighted）
He felt heavily weighted with such high expectations from his parents.
He explains the incident in a positive light.
3. 我很讨厌他，因为他特别喜欢诽谤他人。（go out of one’s way）
I detest him, for he always goes out of his way to backbite others.
Many religious teachings urge people to transcend the mundane success.
Personal initiative is one of the essential elements in promoting your career.
I don’t think it is a good method of teaching to spoon-feed students.
I will spare no efforts to accomplish the task by the end of next month, for I don’t want to bear the stigma of having broken my promise.
I’ve got much information pertinent to the new policies in education.
1. 一个生活在恐惧边缘的人是不可能感到快乐的。（close quarters）
A man living at close quarters with fear can’t possibly be happy.
He felt greatly unhappy, for misprints glared from so many pages of his newly published book.
A man of calculating nature likes to play tricks, but tend to lack much wisdom.
The old man is wondering why so many girls crave to be pop stars.
5. 我认为抓住别人的错误不放是一种不厚道的行为。（jump upon）
I consider it an inhumane act to jump upon others’ blunders.
He often taunted his brother in an arrogant voice and called him an ignorant coward.
7. 在酷暑中，那个身体虚弱的姑娘突然晕倒了。（keel over）
In the scorching heat, the girl in delicate health suddenly keeled over.
Over the past five years, the city has been sprawling out in all directions.