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Unit 1


Li Ming was a chemistry major, a charmer noted for his easygoing and humorous temperament. However, his English was so poor that he always barely got by. The teacher admonished him that his poor English would be an impediment to scholarship. What’s more, she showed her trump card: if Li Ming did not work hard. She would flunk him. He was also told that he should not learn English merely for the sake of his diploma. otherwise, even after graduation from university, he would still be semiliterate. Although Li Ming did not lose his composure, he was well aware that he had to settle down to work and follow through because his academic life was at stake.





Linda, my good friend, has received good education and is both beautiful and elegant. She was not proposed to even when she was well over thirty. The reason is that she, as a career –oriented woman, is devoted to her work. Navigating between home and the company, she had hardly any time to socialize with people of the opposite sex. Her parents were gripped by anxiety at the thought of their daughter still remaining single at such an age. They did not know what to do and even consulted with some sociologists.

But the situation began to change last month, when the headquarters of the company transferred Linda to the training department. On the new post, Linda met a man who tugged on her heartstrings for the first time. Ever since then, they dated virtually on a daily basis, and Linda realized that she would love the man beyond all reason. When she decided to take the matrimonial plunge, she informed me.

Though Linda’s love is reminiscent of the romance that we see only in movies and I don’t know what the future will hold for her, I give her my heart-felt wishes and agree readily to be a member of the entourage of bridesmaids and groomsmen.

Unit 3



The disingenuousness of food suppliers has become a serious issue in today’s society . Some of them defraud the public by disinformation and extolling food additives as a great achievement in food industry. They also claim that additives at a moderate level do no harm to health. Some righteous scientists have made in-depth pathological investigations into the content and toxicity of food additives. Their findings, which suggest that some common food additives may lead to health risks if used for a long time, are regarded as a landmark event in the research of food security. Although a gaggle of skeptics hired by food manufacturers question whether such researches are scientifically based and even deride people as timid, many consumers are beginning to pay attention to food additives and turning to natural and fresh food. Some experts promise to give testimony if any consumer charges food suppliers with racketeering.

Unit 4



The effect that e-mail has on our professional and personal life is mind-boggling. People thousands of miles away from each other can send and receive detailed documents within mere seconds. This allows us to take on a multitude of projects, to pool our collective efforts in a way that wouldn’t have been possible before. It has become routine for us to correspond and exchange files with people overseas. The only obstacle is the difference in time zones. But on the other hand, e-mail can eat up a substantial portion of our workday. Sometimes, most of the time and effort involved is going through unsolicited message and deleting junk. However, many of the unwanted messages I receive are actually worth reading, so it would be reckless to wipe them all out without further investigation. After all, many of the messages I receive come from coworkers and superiors. In my opinion, e-mail may help flatten hierarchies in an office setting. It is far easier to make suggestions to our bosses via e-mail than it is to do so in a face-to-face talk. But the downside of it is that e-mail, if misinterpreted, may result in some hurt feelings, and offenses. E-mail can be a blessing or a curse. Used properly, e-mail can offer great advantages. Used poorly, it can cause enormous trouble.

Unit 5



In modern societies, despite the social progress and prosperity. People always feel that there is something not quite right. However, it is hard for them to put a finger on it. A feeling of emptiness and not belonging, a lack of defined solid relationship seem to be the sources of unhappiness. People all agree on the great conundrum of personal happiness: when asked how they are, they will answer in terms of their family life and work life rather than just what they are paid. For them, the quality of life means more than the quantity of salary. However, politicians find it hard to grasp the subject, and are flummoxed by immeasurable concepts such as the family value. As a matter of fact, the government can take a provocative role to respond to the yearning for happiness.


We are experiencing a unique and exciting moment in human history. For the first time, the development of science and technology enables us to have potential to defeat the two greatest enemies of human progress: war and poverty, to meet the basic needs of the people in every corner of the globe, and to build a new world of peace and prosperity. We should cherish all of this.


Most students are usually introduced to the study of history by way of a fat textbook and became quickly immersed in a vast sea of names, dates, events and statistics. The students’ skills are then tested by examinations that require them to show how much of the data they remember; the more they remember, the higher their grades.


It is no disgrace to admit that we are all heavily influenced by prejudices. And this is precisely the reason why we all need education. Education is just the progressive discovery of our ignorance and prejudices which are hidden in our mind like computer virus in a computer. And unless we stay alert and check our computer constantly and wipe out all the viruses, we will be in serious trouble some day. We will not know when and where they will hit us with serious consequences.


1. 目前,对待科技发展存在着相互对立的两种思潮:反科学思潮认为,现代科学的发展非但没有给人类带来福音,反而带来了灾难和毁灭;另一种是科技进步思潮,他们认为当代人类面临的环境污染、生态失衡、资源枯竭等危机是科学发展中自然而然遇到的问题,这些问题的进一步解决的出路恰恰在于继续大力发展科技。(我们要从时代的需要出发,设法找到未来科技进一步发展的理论根据所在。)

At present there exist two conflicting tendencies towards the development of science and technology. The opponents of science hold that the development of the modern science has not

brought blessings to the human beings, instead it has brought human beings to the very edge of disaster and peril. On the other hand, the proponents of scientific and technological progress maintain that the crises facing human beings today—such as environmental pollution, ecological unbalance, natural resource exhaustion---are the natural consequences of the development of the science, and the solution lies in the further development of the science.( We should manage to find out the theoretical basis for the further development of science and technology in order to meet the needs of the times.)

2. 技术的发展带来了人类文明和文化的不断进步和发展。推动文化发展最重要的工具当属影像通讯技术(video communicative technology),特别是电视。在发达国家,电视直接影响着人们的观念、态度和行为。由于商家的精心制作,在青年人的眼中,电视推销的某一品牌的商品比当地生产的同类产品更具吸引力。

The development of technology has been leading to the continual progress and the development of human civilization and culture. The most important tool to push forward the development of culture is video communicative technology, especially TV. In developed countries, TV directly influen ces people’s concepts, attitudes and behaviors. Owing to the businessmen’s deliberate design, products in a certain brand name advertised on

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