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Key to Exercises of College English Book 2

Unit 1

★Text A



insert 2) on occasion 3) investigate 4) In retrospect 5) initial 6) phenomena

7) attached 8) make up for 9) is awaiting 10) not…in the least 11) promote 12) emerg ed 2. 1) There is a striking contrast between the standards of living in the north of the country and the south.

2) Natural fiber is said to be superior to synthetic fiber.

3) The city’s importance as a financial center has evolved slowly.

4) His nationality is not relevant to whether he is a good lawyer.

5) The poems by a little-known sixteenth-century Italian poet have found their way into some English magazines.

3. 1) be picked up, can’t accomplish, am exaggerating

2) somewhat, performance, have neglected, they apply to

3) assist, On the other hand, are valid, a superior


1. 1) continual 2) continuous 3) continual 4) continuous

2. 1) principal 2) principal 3) principle 4) principles 5) principal



1. themselves

2. himself/herself

3. herself/by herself/on her own

4. itself

5. ourselves

6. yourself/ by yourself/on your own

Comprehensive Exercise

I. Cloze

1. 1) contrast 2) exaggerating 3) priority 4) on the other hand 5) promoting 6) pick up 7) assist 8) accomplish 9) on occasion 10) neglecting 11) worthwhile 12) superior

2. 1) end 2) perform 3) facing 4) competent 5) equipped

6) designed 7) approach 8) rest 9) definitely 10) quality

II. Translation

1. 1) It takes an enormous amount of courage to make a departure from the tradition.

2) Tom used to be very shy, but this time he was bold enough to give a performance in front of a large audience.

3) Many educators think it desirable to foster the creative spirit in the child at an early age.

4) Assuming (that) this painting really is a masterpiece, do you think it’s worthwhile to buy/purchase it

5) If the data is statistically valid, it will throw light on the problem we are investigating.

2. To improve our English, it is critical to do more reading, writing, listening and speaking. Besides, learning by heart as many well-written essays as possible is also very important. Without

an enormous store of good English writing in your head you cannot express yourself freely in English. It is also helpful to summarize our experience as we go along, for in so doing, we can figure out which way of learning is more effective and will produce the most desirable result. As long as we keep working hard on it, we will in due course accomplish the task of mastering English.

★Text B

Comprehension check: c c d a c b

Language Practice

1. g h e c f a b d


2. 1) adopt 2) account 3) from your point of view 4) ended up 5) furthermore 6) fund 7) annual 8) keeping track of 9) pace 10) intends

11) perspective 12) devise

Unit 2

★Text A


I. 1. 1) abrupt 2) emotional 3) bless 4) wear and tear 5) dated

6)consequences 7)seemingly 8) in contrast to 9) Curiosity 10) genuine

11) primarily 12) sentiments


2. 1) When you are confronted with more than one problem, try to solve the easiest one first.

2) Water is vital to the existence of all forms of life.

3) There is still some confusion among the students about what to do after class to follow up on the subject.

4) As a person of simple living habits, he needs nothing more than a job and an apartment to be happy.

5) It tickled him to think that she’d come to as k his advice. 3. 1) a lingering, fabricating, sentiments

2) fill out, every item, vital, consequences

3) be denied, tangible, cherish, attain



1. It’s a long trip and will take us five hours by bus.

2. She arrived early and took a front row seat.

3. Don’t take me for a fool.

4. It takes a lot of imagination to fabricate such a story.

5. My uncle will take me (along on his trip) to the Arctic this summer.

6. He took the dinner plate I passed to him.

7. Kevin took second prize in the weight-lifting competition.

8. If you don’t take my advice, you will regret it.

The medicine is not a kind of

science , but ….


1. hanging

2. to give

3. to return

4. being praised

5. not having written

6. to say

7. to open

8. being helped

Comprehensive Exercise

I. 1.

1) well-off/affluent 2) dated 3) falling into 4) bracket 5) deny

6) tangible 7) pursuit 8) cherishes 9) out of place 10) abrupt

11) focus 12) donations


1) consume 2) fueled 3) annual 4) plain 5) physically

6) security 7) indicates 8) equally 9) traditional 10) follows

II. Translation


1) The company denied that its donations had a commercial purpose.

2) Whenever he was angry, he would begin to stammer slightly.

3) Education is the most cherished tradition in our family. That’s why my parents never took me to dinner at expensive restaurants, but sent me to the best private school.

4) Shortly after he recovered from the surgery, he lost his job and thus had to go through another difficult phase of his life.

5) In contrast to our affluent neighbors, my parents are rather poor, but they have always tried hard to meet our minimal needs



With more and more donations coming in, our university will be much better off financially next year. We will thus be able to focus on the most important task that we, educators, must take on: to encourage students to attain their scholarly/academic goals, to train them to be dependable and responsible individual s, to prepare them for the life ahead, and to guide them in their pursuit of spiritual as well as material satisfaction.

★Text B

Comprehension Check: b b d c d d

Language Practice

1. f c g e b a h d

2. 1) stunned 2) hold (fast) to 3) folks 4) generosity 5) discount 6) liable

7) ranks 8) on the run 9) make up 10) blends in 11) by all accounts 12) comes into contact with


Unit 3

★Text A



1.1) typical 2)dumb 3) junior 4) glorious 5) welfare 6)came over 7) interference 8)fading 9) narrowed down 10) frank 11)schemes 12) at any rate

2. 1) The Security council consists of five generals and four police officers.

2) The new hotel will be in a location overlooking the lake.

3) I was humiliated by her comments about my family background in front of so many people.

4) Do you have any proof that it was Henry who stole the computer

5) the boy was exhausted after the long cycle ride.


3. 1) hysterical; was handed down; should have known better than

2) twisted, over and over, talented son

3) patience, not to keep him in suspense, assured, repeatedly


1. adequate

2. anxious

3. certain

4. content

5. crazy

6. likely

7. fortunate

8. keen


1. be admitted

2. live

3. be postponed

4. buy

5. be banned

6. be Comprehensive Exercise

I. 1. 1) typical 2) welfare 3) constant 4) frank 5) talent 6) dumb

7) know better than that 8) repeatedly 9) dread 10) interference 11) bet 12) assure


2. 1) despite 2) really 3) same 4) contact 5) admitted 6) attempt

7) not 8) tend 9) different 10) manner

II. Translation

1. 1) Have scientists found proof of water on Mars

2) The planning committee has narrowed down the possible locations for the nuclear power plant to two coastal towns.

3) Sam not only lost his job but also both legs; he had to live on welfare for the rest of his life.

4) A jury consisting of 12 members voted in unison that Mary was guilty.

5) Sean felt humiliated ti hear his talent being questioned.

2. George, the son of Mr. Johnson, liked listening to heavy metal music in the evenings, which made it hard for other residents in the community to fall asleep. Eventually the exhausted neighbors lost their patience and decided on direct interference. They called Mr. Johnson to tell him in a frank manner what they were thinking. Mr. Johnson assured them that he would certainly settle the issue. As soon as he put down the phone he scolded his son, “What has come over you You should know bette r than to disturb others for your own amusement.” In the end George traded his CD’s for computer games software from his classmates.

★Text B


Comprehension Check: b a b c d a

Language Practice

1. d e f g a b h c

2. 1) and he like 2) popularity 3) had been kept in the dark 4) define 5) was aware of 6)relate 7) were up to 8) trend 9)opportunity 10)mobile 11)comments

12) interviewed

Unit 4

★Text A




1. 1) conversely 2). but then 3) symptom 4) spitting 5) abusing 6) tone 7) took…in 8) editing 9) have arranged 10) in sight 11) stretched 12) data

2. 1) The sight of teenagers smoking cigarettes jars on me.

2) A lot of American teenagers don’t like street gangs, but they find themselv es getting sucked in.

3) Jeffrey’s computer crashed again this morning. The manager has arranged for a technician from the computer store to check and repair it.

4) During the Vietnam War, many young Americans fled their country to avoid military service/fled to other countries to avoid military service.

5) The new government is planning an anti-corruption campaign so as to restore people’s confidence in it.

3. 1) the virtual, on line, via 2) nightmare, routine, any appointment, arrange for

3) cue, remarks, his tune

II. 1. We came here all the way on foot.


2. Private cars are not allowed on campus.

3. They are on vocation in Florida.

4. Mary has been talking to her friend on the phone for an hour.

5. Don’t worry, Lucy is always on time.

6. Industrial demand on fuel is on the rise.

III. 1. hard 2. difficult 3. impossible 4. tough 5. hard 6. easy

Comprehensive Exercise


1. 1) internet 2) click 3) virtual 4) routines 5) arrange 6) nightmare 7) annoying 8) connection 9) crawls 10) take in 11) spit 12) data 13) sucked into 14) At times 15) flee 16) on line

2. 1) companion 2) deliver 3) access 4) enables 5) customers 6) delights 7) provides 8) small 9) remote 10) information


II. Translation

1. 1) Research shows that laughter can bring a lot of health benefits.

2) A slow Internet connecting speed is really annoying.

3) As the law stands, helping someone commit suicide is a crime.

4) In her report, Mary tries to interpret the data from a completely different angle.

5) Sue is a girl of great talent. Her amazing memory sets her apart from her classmates.

2. Perhaps you envy me for being able to work from home on the computer. I agree that

the Internet has made my job a lot easier. I can write,submit and edit articles via email, chat with my colleagues on line and discuss work with my boss. With a click of the mouse, I can get all the data I need and keep up with the latest news. But then, communicating through the Net can be frustrating at times. The system may crash. Worse still, without the emotional cues of face-to-face communication, the typed words sometimes seem difficult to interpret.

★Text B

Comprehension Check: c a a b d c

Language Practice


1.d e a c b f g h

2.1) vehicle 2) hooked on 3)intense 4)worldwide 5)overnight 6)slipped

7) on the whole 8) called forth 9) outwards 10)Needless to say 11) to my knowledge 12) On top of that

Unit 5

★Text A



1. 1) startled 2) mere 3) motion 4) sweating 5) stretched 6) vain 7) On one occasion 8) anxiety 9) emotions 10) ashamed 11) In my mind’s eye 12) recurring

2. 1) Mrs. White’s birthday coincides with her husband’s.

2) They make big profits on the stuff they sell by creating an artificial shortage, which sends the prices soaring/results in the soaring of prices.

3) It has been a week of alternate sunshine and rain.

4) Politics and philosophy have been his lifelong passions, although he studied economics at university.

5) Tension came over her, as she waited for her first TV interview.

3. 1) media, dedication to, grace

2) his competitors, in excitement, hug him, congratulate him on

3) emotions, numerous, intensity, passion for


1. Mike, a Green, made the suggestion that a large park be built near the community.


2. In a letter to his daughter, Mr. Smith expressed his wish that she (should) continue her education to acquire still another degree.

3. There is no reason to hold the belief that humans have no direct moral responsibility to safeguard the welfare of animals.

4. Children need to feel safe about the world they grow up in, and it is unwise to give them the idea that everything they come into contact with might be a threat.

5. Anxiety can result from the notion that life has not treated us fairly.

6. Nobody believed his claim that he was innocent.


1. I work out in the gym for one hour every morning.

2. Florence has worked as cleaner at the factory for five years.

3. The wounded man worked his way across the field on his hands and knees.

4. The safe load for a truck of this type works out at about twenty-five tons.

5. It is difficult to understand how human minds work.

6. To my disappointment, the manager’s plan of promoting the new products doesn’t work at all.

7. The tea cher has a lot of experience of working with children who don’t know how to learn.

8. The medicine was like magic, and it worked instantly after you took it.

Comprehensive Exercise


1. 1) In my mind’s eye 2) groan 3) competitor 4) intensity 5) anxiety 6) tense 7) sweat 8) tension 9) soaring 10) recurring 11) brought me back to earth

12) fantasy 13) sweat 14) congratulate 15) numerous 16) media

2. 1) engineer 2) forget 3) convinced 4) how 5) build 6) accident

7) thought 8)only 9) sharp 10) touched 11) instructions 12) finally

II. Translation

1. 1) It is the creativity and dedication of the workers and executives that turned the company into a profitable business.

2) The prices of food and medicine have soared in the past three months.

3) We plan to repaint the upper floors of he office building.

4) His success shows that popularity and artistic merit sometimes coincide.

5) I don’t want to see my beloved grandmother lying in a hospital bed and groaning painfully.

2. Numerous facts bear out the argument/statement/claim that in order to recover speedily from negative emotion, you should allow yourself to cry. You needn’t/don’t have to be ashamed of crying. Anxiety and sorrow can flow out of the body along with tears.

Consider the case of/Take Donna, Her son unfortunately died in a car accident. The intensity of the blow made her unable to cry. She said, “It was not until two weeks later that I began to cry. And then I felt as if a big stone had been lifted from my shoulders. It was the tears that brought me back to earth and helped me survive the crisis.”

★Text B

Comprehension Check: b c b b c a

Language Practice

1. a e d c b h f g

2. 1) aid 2) inclined 3) in good health 4) shortcomings 5) penetrated

6) dismiss 7)has suffered from 8)progressive 9)optimistic 10)to a degree 11)hold on to 12)install

Unit 6

★Text A



1. 1) culture/cultural 2) indication 3) miniature 4) ironic 5) stumbled into 6) decent

7) buzzing 8) abnormal 9) mechanical 10) Shuddering 11) implied 12) leap

2. 1) You can convert RMB into US dollars in the foreign exchange office at the airport.

2) I figured she didn’t know the first thing about co oking as she looked puzzled as to how to cook rice with the rice cooker.

3) The manager glowed with pleasure upon hearing that in spite of their faulty equipment the team had accomplished some very useful work.

4) I’m grateful to my company for allowin g me to work flexible hours as long as I work eight hours a day.

5) On seeing the comments made in the margins by previous readers, Tom couldn’t help thinking the book must be quite fascinating.

3. 1) will not panic/feel panic, ’ll be at a disadvantage 2) hybrid, transmission

3) crave, One indication, to distinguish

II. 1. also 2. as well/too 3. too 4. also 5. as well/too 6. too 7. also 8. Also


III. 1. I’ve had enough 2. When I was old enough to work and earn money

3. can’t get enough sleep at night

4. has so far collected enough of them

5. have strong enough arms

6. have just enough money to live on

Comprehensive Exercise


1. 1) stumbled into 2) not know the first thing about 3) mechanical 4) when it comes to

5) hybrid 6) gritted her teeth 7) premise 8) at a disadvantage 9) panic 10) cultural 11) flexible 12) imply

2. 1) chair 2) force 3) secrets 4) painstaking 5) recognized 6) steered 7) essentially 8) observation 9) women 10) tutor 11) inspired 12) unless


II. Translation

1. 1) He is a man of few words, but when it comes to playing a computer games, he is far too clever for his classmates.

2) Children who don’t know any better may think these animals are pretty cute and start playing with them.

3) There is no way to obtain a loan, so to buy the new equipment, I will just have to grit my teeth and sell my hybrid car.

4) The hunter would not have fired the shots if he hadn’t seen a herd of elephants coming towards his campsite.

5) I find it ironic that Tom has a selective memory --- he does not seem to remember painful experiences in the past, particularly those of his own doing.

2. Nancy Hopkins is a biology professor at MIT. She craves knowledge and works hard. However, as a scientist, she could not help noticing all kinds of indications of gender inequality on campus. Men and women professors did the same work, but when it came to promotion the administrators were rather selective. It was ironic that after so much cultural progress, women were still at a disadvantage in institutions of higher education. When her request for more lab space was refused, she knew she had to fight. So she gritted her teeth and complained to the President. The fight ended in victory and Nancy was converted into a gender-equality advocate.

★Text B

Comprehension Check: b a d b d c a

Language Practice


1. b d a e g c f h

2. 1) crisis 2) weighed down 3) supportive 4) takes all the credit 5) pleaded

6) in control of 7) party 8) expense 9) lives for 10) semester

11) at every opportunity 12) stir

Unit 7

★Text A



1. 1) Strictly speaking 2) drifted 3) resembles 4) invaded 5) is conquered 6) fascinating 7) snack 8) put…into practice 9) source 10) clima te 11) surrendered 12) were aroused


2. 1) an absolute necessity rather than a luxury 2) is a valuable addition to the football team.

3) will get out of control, if the firemen do not arrive within ten minutes.

4) alternative but to g via Vancouver to get to Seattle

5) declared all beef imports will be banned for the next six months as an emergency measure to stop the spread of mad cow disease.

3. 1) systematic, have invented, to a very real extent, mysteries

2) to establish, to be modifies/ modifying 3) tolerance towards, strike out, enrich

II. 1. a) wish b) wish c) want d) want/wish 2. a) skin b) hide/skin c) hide d) skin

3. a) raise/rear b) raise c) rear/raise d) raise

4. a) royal b) kingly/royal c) sovereign

d) royal/kingly

III. 1. Indeed 2. though 3. Frankly 4. Moreover 5. To my knowledge

6. however

7. nevertheless

8. Yet

9. instead 10) in other words

Comprehensive Exercise


1. 1) fascinating 2) tolerance 3) invented 4) addition 5) ban 6) corrupt

7) out of control 8) influenced 9) elite 10)came up with 11) establishing

12) Massive 13)sources 14)enrich

2. 1) early 2) similar 3) source 4) observation 5) examine

6) features 7) declared 8) stronger 9) accident 10) sprung

II. Translation

1. 1) Many small businesses have sprung up in the city since the new policy went into effect.

2) On hearing the news, she smiled briefly, and then returned to her habitual frown.


3) He paused for effect, then s aid:“We can reach/enter these markets through new channels.”

4) The addition of a concert hall to the school will help it nourish young musical talents.

5) We have no way to protect our personal liberties until we have established a sovereign state,/We c an’t protect our personal liberties unless we, first of all, establish a sovereign state.

2. Though how the English language came into existence remains a mystery to many people,linguists believe that English and most other European languages have descended from a common source: the Indo-European parent language. English was first spoken by the Anglo-Saxons who invaded England in the fifth century. They passed onto us the basic vocabulary of English. In over fifteen centuries of its development, English has enriched itself by massive borrowing. As British immigrants landed in America and established the United States as an independent nation, a new variety was added to the English language : American English. Though some people worry that the language is running out of control, many native speakers of English take pride in the tolerance of their language.

★Text B

Comprehension Check: c c c d b d

Language Practice

1. g e d c b h f a

2. 1) give way to 2) predict 3) substantial 4) integrate 5) in transition 6) aspect

7) to name a few 8) authority 9) dominate 10) had contributed to 11) unique


12) rid yourself of

Unit 8


I. 1) barking 2) evil 3) brooding, hatched 4) migrant 5) tragedies 6) counterpart

7) are complaining/complain 8) grim 9) flocks, fed on 10) vegetation

11) patches 12) Scores of

2. 1) was lined with people who came to welcome the distinguished foreign guests

2) the boss silenced all lively conversation in the office

3) wearing a pair of sun glasses, the famous movie star passed the crowded unnoticed.

4) looked deserted 5) were stricken by it

3. 1) patches, came into full bloom, were puzzled, mysterious

2) throbbed with, sickened, migrant, a chorus 3) had crept into. Flickered, the stark

II. 1. age-old, air force, daughter-in-law, first-rate, greenhouse, half brother, ice-cream, lifelike, light year, salesperson, self-centered, threefold, overuse, stone-still, worldwide

2. 1) poverty-stricken people 2) heart-breaking news 3) newly-built 4) well-fed kids

5) successful spacewalk 6) peace-loving 7) need-based scholarships 8) color-blind people III. 1. lying 2. laid 3. lay 4. lain 5. lie 6. lay 7. lie 8. lay 9. lay 10. lies Comprehensive Exercise


1. 1) spell 2) stricken 3) misfortunes 4) surroundings 5) blossom/bloom 6) migrant

7)deserted 8) silence 9) sickened 10) hatch 11) puzzled 12) in harmony with

2. 1) rate 2) publication 3) dangerous 4) banned 5) export

6) profit 7) accept 8)comprehend 9) boundaries 10) ultimately

II. Translation

1. 1) This is a prosperous town, but there is still poverty in the midst of wealth and abundance.

2) The Brown family was stricken with one misfortune after another, but their children never complained.

3) The museum is designed in such a way that it stands in perfect harmony with its surroundings.

4) It was a miracle that these flowers did not wither at all in the blazing sun.

5) Flocks of sheep feed on the patches of vegetation that rise above the winter snow.

2. This village was once famous for its beautiful natural surroundings. All the year round, the trees were green and the flowers in bloom. Clear streams flowed out of the hills through a checkerboard of rice fields. Birds sang all day, and deer came and went in a leisurely manner. However, with the coming of DDT and other pesticides, an evil spell seemed to have settled over the village. Misfortunes came one after another. Chicken died suddenly, cattle and sheep were stricken by mysterious maladies, and farmers complained about a sickening feeling that puzzled the village doctor. The village square, once throbbing with life, was now deserted.

★Text B

Comprehension Check: b d a b b c

Language Practice

1. c d g a h b e f

2. 1) adapt 2) injured 3) immune 4) hostile 5) gives out 6) slight 7) take up

8) significance 9) for the most part 10) deliberate 11)span 12) get caught up in

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