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It distressed me a great deal to hear the news that he had suffered repeated failure.


He assured an air for cheerfulness,even though he lost favor with his boss.

3.格列佛(Gulliver)经历了冒险奇遇,见到了各色奇异的人物(assortment)Gulliver met with extraordinary adventures and saw a strange assortment of people.


He will be furious with you if you repeat the same mistake.

5.我们都被他坦率的观点、幽默的语言和亲切的态度所深深吸引(draw)We were all greatly drawn by his frank views,humorous words and genial manner.

6.等到欢呼的掌声平息下来,那位诺贝尔奖获得者开始演讲(die down)After cheers and applause died down,the Nobel Prize Winner began his speech.

7.他天生有一种特别的洞察力和预见力,因此,他很少随大流(run with the crowd)

He is gifted with a sore of insight and foresight,so he rarely runs with the crowd.

8.我发现现实毕竟是非常严酷的,一个人难以完全按照自己的理想去生活(live up to)

I feel realities are after all very harsh,so one can hardly live up entirely to his ideals.



My immediate boss is a typical workaholic,for he works for over ten hours each day all the year round.


The principal attaches much importance to extracurricular activities and he believes that they will help to cultivate students'tremendous interest in the external world.

3.星期一早上,他总是快速冲个澡,胡乱吃块三明治,拦辆出租车去上班(grab)He always grabs a shower,a sandwich and then a taxi to go to work

every Monday morning.

4.既然你要离开公司了,你要在本周内清算账目(straighten out)Since you are leaving the company,you should straighten out the accounts within the week.

5.为了按时完成博士论文,他经常熬夜(stay up)

He often stays up late at night in order to finish writing his Ph.D dissertation on time.


Nothing can replace the profoundest love lodged in one's heart of hearts.

7.他被认为是总裁职位的当然人选,因为他已经出色地做了近10年副总裁(natural n.)

He is considered a natural for the post of the president,for he has been an excellent vice-president for almost ten years.

8.他实在太普通了,丢人堆里根本找不着(pick out)

He is just too common to be picked out from the crowd.




The university is one of the most venerable institutions of higher learning in the world.

2、如果一个人缺乏实践经验,仅凭课堂里学到的东西是难以成功的(deficient)If one is deficient in practical experience,he can hardly make himself a success with only what he has acquired in class.


I felt exasperated by constant interruptions,for I had to finish writing the monograph by the end of this week.


He feels that it is ludicrous to write on a contemporary theme in an ancient style.

5、上海的外滩在上世纪七八十年代是年轻情侣喜欢来的谈情说爱的之地(coo)The Bund in Shanghai was a place where young couples liked to come to coo in the70s and the80s of the last century.


His daughter is very sedate for a girl of about ten,for she kikes reading more than playing.

7、当一抹阳光洒向大地的时候,这对情人手拉手,在乡村道路上散步(stroll)The couple strolled hand-in0hand along the country road when the sun

in its first splendor steeped the earth.


The poet was commonly considered as an eccentric romantic genius when alive.



It goes without saying that Shakespeare overshadows all the other playwrights throughout the ages.

2、《了不起的盖茨比》被普通认为是美国上世纪爵士时代的缩影(epitome)The Great Gatsby is commonly deemed as the epitome of the Jazz Age of the last century in America.

3、你最好不要在他去哈佛大学深造的兴头上泼冷水(put a damper on)

It is advisable for you not to put a damper on his enthusiasm to further his studies at Harvard.

4、年轻人容易盲目崇拜体育圈和娱乐圈迷人的明星(make a fetish of)Young people tend to make a fetish of glamorous stars in sports and entertainment circles.

5、他们一路闲逛,漫步来到市中心区域观看庆祝国庆的烟花燃放(traipse)They traipsed all the way to the downtown area to watch the National Day fireworks display.


He does not deserve such a severe punishment as he has committed neither serous errors nor grave crimes.

7、我每次遇到他,他总是说一堆无聊的话(a whole lot of)

Every time I met him,he would talk a whole lot of nonsense.


Reputation is a trap into which many people are ready to



1、当哈姆雷特拿不定注意该采取什么行动时,他就装疯(feign)Hamlet feigned madness when he was hesitating what to do.

2、搪塞推诿是这生意人的惯用伎俩(prevarication)Prevarication is one of the techniques this businessman likes to employ.

3、真理之光有时太刺目,于是善意的谎言随处可见(ubiquitous)Sometimes the light of the truth is just too dazzling,so white lies are ubiquitous.


Many women in America profess that they are unhappy with their status as second-class citizens.

5、一时冲动之下,他失言抖出了秘密(blurt out)

On the impulse of the moment,he blurted out the secret.

6、你应该摆脱偏见,抵制诱惑,不让任何东西扭曲你的判断(warp)You should get rid of any prejudice,resist temptations and let nothing warp your judgment.

7、他是一个过于敏感和富于想象的人,经常在头脑里编织一张复杂的网络(a tangled web)

Being over-sensitive and imaginative,he often weaves a tangled web in his mind.


He is very popular among his peers as he always tries to spare others any trouble.


1、有时,我们不得不做出选择,因为没有中间路可走(middle ground)Sometimes,we have to make a choice because there is no middle ground.

2、他脑海里经常浮现过去的景象,那时的他无忧无虑,没有生活的重压(conjure up)

He often conjured up visions of the past when he was free from the pressures of life.


He often refreshed himself with a cup of string black coffee when he felt fatigued.

4、她挤过一群醉鬼和讨价还价的女人,穿过灯光闪耀(flaring)的街市(thrust)He trust past a throng of drunken men and bargaining women and walked on through the flaring streets.

5、唠叨的译者虽然理论不多,但可以凭借经验将一种语言转换成另一个语言(rule of thumb)

Experienced translators thought lacking in theory can render one language into another by rule of thumb.

6、人们普遍认为外长此行的主要目的是打破两国关系的僵局(break the ice)It was generally believed that the major purpose if the foreign minister’s trip was to break the ice with regards to the relations between the two countries.


Reading good books and making friends with good people can elevate the mind.


The flowers and the colorful lights lent a festive atmosphere to this ancient small town.



To me,you are defin

itely more than an acquaintance.

2、这个地区的许多艺人(artisan)经营各种各样的手工艺品(deal in)Many artisans in this region deal in a variety of handicrafts.

3、他们为这次意外的成功感到欣喜若狂(go into rapture)

They went into raptures over the unexpected success.


Much to my surprise,he analyzed with extraordinary detachment the dangerous situation that threatened all of them.


She peered at the stranger from behind the curtain.

6、假日里,她在海滩上尽情享受日光浴的快乐(indulge in)

During the holidays,he indulged in the luxury of a bath of sunshine on the beach.

7、听到他去世的噩耗,她不胜悲哀(be overwhelmed)

When she learnt the news of his death,she was overwhelmed with grief.

8、我不赞成用分期付款的方式买房子,我倒认为,我们每一个人都应该储蓄以备不时之需(save up)

I’m not in favor of buying a house on the installment plan;instead,I maintain that everyone of us should save up for a rainy day.



The result of the experiment far surpassed their expectations.

2.我们应该充分考虑这个项目的费用和可能遇到的问题(take account of)We should take full account of the cost of the project and the difficulties we might encounter

3.好天气是这次远征科学考察成功的原因之一(contribute to)

The fair weather contributed to the success of the scientific expedition.


Ronaldo,one of the football stars from Brail,scored several spectacular goals in2002FIFA World Cup.

5.罗伯特*弗罗斯特(Robert Frost)由于对诗歌的杰出贡献被美国许多大学授予名誉学位(confer…upon)

Many honorary degrees from different colleges and universities in America were conferred upon Robert Frost for his remarkable contributions to poetry.

6.摆脱坏习惯需要耐心和毅力(emancipation from…)

Patience and perseverance are required in emancipation from bad habits.


They tried to instill such new ideas into students’minds.


You should demonstrate impartiality in your assessment of the employees.


1.你应该提前告诉我你将去美国深造的事(in advance)

You should have told me in advance that you would further your studies in United States.


He lavished too much care on his grandchildren.

3.各种新技术产业已经兴起(spring up)

Various new te

chnology industries have sprung up.

4.许多英语单词源于拉丁语、希腊语和法语词汇(derive from)

Many English words derive from Latin,Greek and French words.


A philosopher holds that contradictory oppositions are ubiquitous.

6.仁慈善良是他本性中不可缺少的一部分(part and parcel)Kindness is part and parcel of his nature.


He possessed phenomenal memory and intelligence.


He is fastidious about what he eats and wears.



These modernist artists look vaguely bohemian.

2、不要搞错啊,他并不是你以为的什么纯洁的孩子(fool oneself)Don’t fool yourself,he is by no means a pure boy as you think.

3、他经常光顾一些以外国认为主要消费对象的时尚别致的咖啡馆和酒吧(chic)He is a frequent guest in some chic cafes and bars which mainly cater to foreigners.

4、他津津有味的叙述着他在非洲的冒险经历(with gusto)

He gives an account of his adventurous experience in Africa with gusto.


One of his objectives in life is to unite his vocation with his avocation.


The elderly are vulnerable to deceit practiced by dishonest sales persons.


This magazine is frequently by glamorous actresses.


I really feel fed up with commercial gimmicks on TV.


1、他的父母对他有很高的期望,他感到压力很大(feel weighted)

He felt heavily weighted with such high expectations from his parents.


He interpreted the incident in a favorable.

3、我很讨厌他,因为他特别喜欢诽谤他人(go out of one's way)

I detest him,for he often goes out of his light way to backbite others.


Many religious teachings urge people to transcend mundane success.


Personal initiative is one of the essential elements in promoting your career.


I don't think it is a good method of reaching to spoon-feed students.


I will spare no efforts to accomplish the task by the end of next month, for I don't want to suffer from the stigma of having broken my promise.



I've got much information pertinent to the new policy in education.


1、一个人生活在恐惧边缘的人是不可能感到快乐的(close quarters)

A man living in close quarters with fear cannot possibly feel happy.


He was greatly depressed,for misprints glared from so many pages of his newly published book.


A man of calculating nature likes to play tricks,but tends to lack wisdom.


The man is wondering why so many girls crave to become pop stars.

5、我认为抓住别人的错误不妨是一种不厚道的行为(jump upon)

I consider it an inhumane act to jump upon other's blunders.

6、他经常用一种傲慢的口吻嘲笑他的兄弟,说他是一个无知的懦夫(taunt)He taunted his brother in an arrogant voice and called the latter an ignorant coward.

7、在酷暑中,那个身体微弱的姑娘突然晕倒了(keel over)

In the scorching heat,the girl in delicate heath suddenly keeled over.


Over the past five years,the city has been sprawling out in all directions.

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