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ass=txt>unit 1

p3:after listening

complete the following statements according to what you have heard.

1.taking a break

2.escaping relief out in the country fast move

3.the pollution of the citysmog

4.changes in the way we live

p10: content questions

pair work

one of you asks the first six questions and the other answers. starting from question7, change roles. when you have finished, the teacher may want to put some of the questions to you to check your progress.

1. write and live on a farm.

2. because they grow nearly all of their fruits and vegetables. they have enough eggs, honey and wood. they are very close to nature and can enjoy the beautiful scenery. besides, they can go skiing and skating in winter.

3. no. sometimes the good life can get pretty tough.

4. they were buried under five feet of snow from december through march.

5. when the first spring came, it brought two floods. the second flood refers to the good harvest in the growing season.

6. he decided to quit his job and start to freelance.

7. he has to crawl into black-bear dens for “sports illustrated”, hitch up dogsled racing teams for “smithsonian” magazine, check out the lake champlain “monster” for “science digest”, and canoe through the boundary waters wilderness area of minnesota for “destinations”.

8. as for insurance, they have only bought a poor man’s

major-medical policy and the policy on their two cars.

9. they cut back their expenses without appreciably lowering their standard of living. for example:they patronize local restaurants instead of more expensive places in the city. they still attend the opera and ballet but only a few times a year. they eat less meat, drink cheaper wine and see fewer movies.

10. a tolerance for solitude and lots of energy.

11. they will leave with a feeling of sorrow but also with a sense of pride at what they’ve been able to accomplish.

12. they chose to live in the country because they want to improve the quality of their lives. yes, they have finally realized their dream.

p11: text orqanization

working on your own

do the exercises and then compare your answers with a partner.

1. parts paragraphs main ideas

part oneparas. 1-3 the writer views his life in

the country as a self-reliant

and satisfying one.

part twoparas. 4-7 life in the country is good

yet sometimes very hard.

part three paras. 8-11 after quitting his job, the

writer’s income was

reduced, but he and his

family were able to

manage to get by.

part fourparas. 12-15a tolerance for solitude

and a lot of energy have

made it possible for the

family to enjoy their life in

the country.

2. happy moments and events hardships

1) growing nearly all their fruits and 1)working hard both vegetablesin winter and in summer

2) canoeing, picnicking, long bicycle 2)harsh environment rides, etc. and weather condition

3) keeping warm inside the house 3)anxious moments after the in winter writer quit his job

4) writing freelance articles4)cutting back on daily expenses

5) earning enough money while 5) solitude

maintaining a happy family life.

p12 language sense enhancement

1. (1)special qualities(2)a tight budget (3)entertain

(4)anyway (5)involved (6)requirement (7)on a small scale

(8)temptation (9)instead (10)machinery

p15: vocabulary


1. 1)on balance 2)resist 3)haul 4)wicked 5)illustrated

6)budget7)lowering8)boundary 9)involved

10) economic 11)blasting 12)just about

2. 1)cut back/down 2)pick up 3)get by 4)get through

5)face up to 6)turn in 7)making up for 8)think up

3. 1)pursued his mathematical studies and taught himself astronomy.

2)often generate misleading thoughts.

3)attach great importance to combining theory with practice

in our work.

4)be suspected of doing everything for money.

5)before he gets through life.

4. 1)their indoora profitto invest in

2)devicethe improvementon a global scale

3)stackedtemptationnever dined out

p18 ii . confusable words


1)house 2)home 3)home family 4)household


1)doubt2)suspected 3)doubted 4)suspected 5)suspect

p19 iii. word formation

1)rise 2)final 3)regular 4)cash 5)hows whys 6)upped

7)yellowed 8)bottled 9)lower 10)search

p 20: comprehensive exercise

i . cloze

1.(1)gets by (2)temptation (3)get through (4)improvements (5)aside from (6)suspect (7) supplement (8)profit


2. (1)replaced (2)consider (3)quit (4)world (5)tough

(6)fuels (7)provide (8)luxuries (9)balance (10)ideal p21 ii. translation



as it was a formal dinner party, i wore formal dress, as

mother told me to.

2. 他的女友劝他趁抽烟的坏习惯还未根深蒂固之前把它改掉。

his girlfriend advised him to get out of/get rid ofhis bad habit of smoking before it took hold.

3. 他们预料到下几个月电的需求量很大,决定增加生产。anticipating that the demand for electricity will be high

during the next few months, they have decided to increase its production.

4. 据说比尔因一再违反公司的安全规章而被解雇。

itis said that bill has been fired for continually violating the company’s safety rules. bill is saidto have been fired for continually violating the company’s safety rules.

5. 据报道地方政府已采取适当措施避免严重缺水的可能性。

it is reported that the government has taken proper measures to avoid the possibility ofa severe water shortage. the local government is reported to have taken proper measures to avoid thepossibility of a severe water shortage.

unit 2

1) 半个小时过去了,但末班车还没来。我们只好走回家。

half an hour had gone by, but the last bus hadn’t come yet. we had to walk home.

2) 玛丽看上去对汉语考试很担心,因为她还没有背熟课文。

mary seems to be very worried about the chinese exam because she hasn’t learned the texts by heart.

3) 既然篮球赛已被推迟,我们不妨去参观博物馆。

since the basketball match has been postponed, we might as well visit the museum.

4) 个二次世界大战期间他一直和父母住在澳大利亚。

5) 自1985 年从南京大学毕业至今,可以说我与我的大学同学失去了联系。

since i graduated from nanjing university in 1985, i have kind of lost touch with my classmates.

unit 3

1) 正如科学家所预言的那样,全球污染成了人类面临的最严重的问题之一。

as is predicted by scientists, global pollution has become one of the most serious problems humans are faced with.

2) 谋求这些职位的竞争很激烈——今年的求职者是去年的五倍。

competition for these jobs is very tough –we have five times as many applicants this year as we didlast year. there are five times as many applicants this year as there were last year.

3) 正如事实表明的那样,教育大纲应当符合国家的经济发展计划。

as the factsshow, educational programs need to fit into the national plan for economical development.

4) 这辆汽车太费油,而且价钱几乎是我想付的两倍。

the car burns too much gas, and moreover,the price is almost twice as much as i intend to pay.

5) 要了解一起重大的国际事件,我们首先需要考虑其历史与政治背景。

to understand a great international event, we, first of all, need to consider the historical and

political background to it.

unit 4

1) 据报道,联合国斡旋者制定出了他们希望双方都能接受的方案。

it is reported that un mediators have worked out a plan which they hopewill be acceptable to both sides.

2) 多丽丝小心翼翼的在森林里行走,害怕遭到大蛇的攻击。

doris walked in the forest cautiously, afraid of being attacked by giant snakes.

3) 地震、台风和其他自然灾害无法防止,但可以采取行动保护生命财产安全。

4) 我买了新的一期我最喜欢的体育杂志就赶紧回家,急着想读之自娱。

i bought a new issue of myfavorite sports magazine and hurried home, anxious to amuse myself reading it.

5) 海伦缺乏自信。我从未遇到过像他那样没有自信的人。

helen lacks confidence. i’ve never known anyone so unsure of herself.

unit 5

1) 我不太清楚哪儿你能找到个好木工——你最好四处打听打听。

i’m not sure where you can find a good carpenter---you’d better ask around.

2) 他感到有点尴尬,赶紧清了清喉咙,抬头看着墙上的画。

feeling a little embarrassed, he quickly cleared histhroat and looked up at the painting on the wall.

3) 迈克尔去世了,留下三个儿子、两个女儿和妻子伊丽莎白。

michael was survived by three sons,two daughters, and his wife elizabeth.

4) 作为金融专家,威廉建议我们投资股票市场。

a financial expert, william as advised us to invest our money in the stockmarket.

5) 我们这些小零售商无法和超市在价格和销售等方面竞争。

we small retailers can’t compete with supermarkets in pricing and sales.

unit 6

1. 在我上大学之前,祖父对我说的那几句充满智慧的话给我留下了深刻印象。

before i went off to university, my grandfather gave me a few words of wisdom which impressed me deeply.

2. 千万别把我的伤势告诉我父母,我会很感激你的。

never tell my parents about my injuries and i’ll be very grateful to you (for it).

3. 我们有几个同事在会上提出了改进工作环境的合理。

at the meeting some of our colleagues put forward sensible suggestions aboutimproving our working environment.

4. 迫于工会压力,资方同意给工人增加10%的工资。

the management has/have agreed to grant the workers a 10% pay rise in response to union pressure.

5. 女主人考虑得很周到,在我们到来之前把房子打扫得干干净净。

it was very thoughtful of the hostess to give the house a thorough cleaning before we arrived.

unit 7

1) 当地一家公司承担了此项工程,但工程没完工就破产了。

a local business undertook the project but went bankrupt before it was completed.

2) 我和你做笔交易—你替我洗车,我晚上把车借给你开。

let’s make a deal—you wash my car, and i’ll let you use it tonight.

3) 我们到达那个我们本以为已毁于那次大地震的村庄时,却发现它只受到轻微损失。we got to the village which we thought must

have been wiped outin the severe earthquake, only to find it slightly damaged.

4) 我的花园即干燥又背阴。在那样的环境里,很少有植物能茁壮成长。

my garden is dry and shady—few plants thrive in that condition.

5) 那位电影明星的死亡真相至今仍被谜团笼罩着。

mystery still surrounds the exact truth behind the film star’s death/exact circumstance of the film star’s death.

unit 8

1) 没有个人档案,求职者很难指