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Unit 1

Key to Exercises

Part I Pre-Reading Task

Script for the recording:

Ways of learning is the topic of this unit. It is also the topic of the song you are about to listen to, called Teach Your Children sung by Crosby, Stills and Nash.

Teach Your Children

Crosby, Stills and Nash

You, who are on the road,

Must nave a code that you can live by.

And so, become yourselr,

Because the past is just a goodbye.

Teach your cbildren well,

Their lather's hell did slowly go by.

And reed them on your dreams,

The one they picks,the one you'll mow by.

Don't you ever ash them why, ir they told you, you will cry, So

just look at them and sigh and know they love you.

Appendix I - 93 -

And you, oi tender years,

Can't know the rears that your elders grew by.

Ana so please help them with your youtb,

They seek the truth before tbey can die.

Teacb your parents well,

Tbeir children's bell will slowly go by.

And reed them on your dreams,

Tbe one tbey picks,tbe one you'll know by.

Don t you ever ask them why, ir tbey told you, you will cry,

So just look at them and sigh and know tbey love you.

The first part of die song is about how parents can inspire their children through sharing with them their dreams, their hopes for a better life. It starts with advice on how you need a set of rules, "a code diat you can live by," to guide you on the road of life. Only then will you be able to fully realise all that is within you and "become yourself." Therefore, parents need to teach their children well.

And children — "you of tender years" — also have something to teach their parents, for learning is not a one-way street. Children should share their own dreams with their parents so that young and old can get to understand each otiier better.

That said, one should not go too far. For some things are perhaps better left unsaid between parents and children. "Don't you ever ask them why, if they told you, you will cry." At such moments all that there is left to do is to look at one another and sigh, happy in each otiier's love.

Part II Text A

Text Organization

1. 1) The text begins with an anecdote/incident.


His thoughts are mainly about different approaches to learning in China and the West.

3) He winds up the text with a suggestion in die form of a question.




1. Vocabulary

1) insert 2) on occasion

3) investigate 4) In retrospect

5) initial 6) phenomena

7) attached 8) make up for

9) is awaiting 10) not …in the least

11) promote 12) emerged

2. Rewrite each sentence

1) There is a striking contrast between the standard of living in the north

of the country and the south.

2)Natural fiber is said to be superior to synthetic fiber.

3)The city's importance as a financial center has evolved slowly.

4)His nationality is not relevant to whether he is a good lawyer.

5)The poems by a little-known sixteenth-century Italian poet have found their

way into some English magazines.

3. 1) Chinese isn't a subject that can be picked up in a month. You can't

accomplish your goal of mastering the language unless you work at it for

years. Well, it sounds as if I'm exaggerating the difficulties, but the

fact is I'm only telling the truth.

2)The principal is somewhat disappointed with the performance of the children.

From what she has gathered, some of the teaching staff have neglected their

pupils. She has just announced that strict work regulations have been made

and that they apply to both Chinese and overseas teachers.

3)The teacher-directed and the child-directed approaches to teaching art

represent two extremes of opinion. Too many teacher-directed activities

cannot be expected to effectively assist children in learning because of

the rigid structure. On the other hand, too many child-directed activities

may see a curriculum that is totally unstructured and out of control. There

are valid reasons to believe a teacher-guided approach would be a superior

way to guide children's development. This approach combines some form of

structure with the child leading the direction.

II. Confusable













principal 2) continuous 4) continuous



4) principles

III. Usage

1. themselves

2. himself/herself

3. herself/by herself/on her own

4. itself

5. ourselves

6. yourself/by yourself/on your own

Comprehensive Exercises

I. Cloze


1. contrast

2. exaggerating

3. priority

4. on the other hand

5. promoting

6. pick up

7. assist 8. accomplish

9. on occasion 10. neglecting

11. worthwhile 12. superior


1. end

2. perform

3. facing

4. competent

5. equipped

6. designed

7.approach 8. rest

9. definitely 10. quality

II. Translation

1. sentences

1)It takes an enormous amount of courage to make a departure from the tradition.

2)Tom used to be very shy, but this time he was bold enough to give a performance

in front of a large audience.

3)Many educators think it desirable to foster the creative spirit in the child

at an early age.

4)Assuming (that) this painting really is a masterpiece, do you think it’s

worthwhile to buy/ purchase it?

5)If the data is statistically valid, it will throw light on the problem we are


2. passage translation

To improve our English, it is critical to do more reading, writing, listening and speaking. Besides, learning by heart as many well-written essays as possible

is also very important. Without an enormous store of good English writing in your head you cannot express yourself freely in English. It is also helpful to summarize our experience as we go along, for in so doing, we can figure out which way of learning is more effective and will produce the most desirable result. As long as we keep working hard on it, we will in due course accomplish the task of mastering English.


Text A

A Life Full of Riches

I. Vocabulary

1. Fill in the gaps with words or phrases…

1) abrupt 2) emotional 3) bless 4) wear and tear

5) dated 6) consequences 7)

seemingly 8) in contrast to

9) Curiosity 10) genuine 11)

primarily 12) sentiments

2. Rewrite each sentence…

1) confronted with more than one problem, try to solve the easiest one first

2) vital to the existence of all forms of life

3) some confusion among the students about what to do after class to follow up on the subject

4) nothing more than a job and an apartment to be happy

5) tickled him to think that she’d come to ask his advice

3. Complete the sentences

1) a lingering, fabricating, sentiments

2) fill out, every item, vital, consequences

3) be denied, tangible, cherish, attain

II. Words with Multiple Meanings

1. It is a long trip and will take us five hours by bus.

2. She arrived early and took a front row seat.

3. Don’t take me for a fool.

4. It takes a lot of imagination to fabricate such a story.

5. My uncle will take me (alone on his trip) to the Arctic this summer.

6. He took the dinner plate I passed to him.

7. Kevin took second prize in the weight-lifting competition.

8. If you don’t take my advice, you will regret it.

III. Usage

1. hanging

2. to give

3. to return

4. being praised

5. not having

6. to say

7. to

open 8. being helped

Comprehensive Exercises

I. Cloze

1. Text-related

1) well-off/affluent 2) dated 3) falling into 4) bracket 5) deny 6) tangible

7) pursuit 8) cherishes 9) out of place 10) abrupt 11) focus 12) donations

2. Theme-related

1) consume 2) fueled 3) annual 4) plain 5) physically

6) security 7) indicates 8) equally 9) traditional 10) follows

II. Translation

1. Translate the Sentences

1) The company denied that its donations had a commercial purpose.

2) Whenever he was angry, he would begin to stammer slightly.

3) Education is the most cherished tra dition in our family. That’s why my parents never took me to dinner at expensive restaurants, but sent me to the best private school.

4) Shortly after he recovered from the surgery, he lost his job and thus had to go through another difficult phase of his life.

5) In contrast to our affluent neighbors, my parents are rather poor, but they have always tried hard to meet our minimal needs.

2. Translate the passage

With more and more donations coming in, our university will be much better off financially next year. We will thus be able to focus on the most important task that we, educators, must take on: to encourage students to attain their scholarly/academic goals, to train them to be dependable and responsible individuals, to prepare them for the life ahead, and to guide them in their pursuit of spiritual as well as material satisfaction.

U3Unit 3 The Generation Gap

Text A Father Knows Better

I. Vocabulary

1. Fill in the gaps with words or phrases…

1) typical 2) dumb 3) junior 4) glorious 5) welfare 6) came over 7) interference

8) fading 9) narrowed down 10) frank 11) schemes 12) at any rate

2. Rewrite each sentence…

1) consists of five generals and four police officers.

2) will be in a location overlooking the lake.

3) was humiliated by her comments about my family background in front of so many people.

4) have any proof that it was Henry who stole the computer?

5) was exhausted after the long cycle ride.

3. Complete the sentences

1) hysterical, was handed down by, should have known better than

2) twisted, over and over, talented son,

3) patience, not to keep him in suspense, assured…repeatedly

II. Collocation

1. adequate

2. anxious

3. certain

4. content

5. crazy

6. likely

7. fortunate

8. keen

III. Usage

1. be admitted

2. live

3. be postponed

4. buy

5. be banned

6. be

Comprehensive Exercises

I. Cloze

1. Text-related

1) typical 2) welfare 3) constant 4) frank 5) talent 6) dumb 7) know better than that

8) repeatedly 9) dread 10) interference 11)bet 12)assure

2. Theme-related

1. despite

2. really

3. same

4. contact

5. admitted

6. attempt

7. not

8. tend

9. different 10. manner

II. Translation

1. Translate the Sentences

1) Have scientists found proof of water on Mars?

2) The planning committee has narrowed down the possible locations for the nuclear

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