Unit1 The Dinner Party
The dinner party
1. I first heard this tale in India, where is told as if true—though any naturalist would know it couldn’t be. Later someone told me that the story appeared in a magazine shortly before the First World War. That magazine story, and the person who wrote it, I have never been able to track down.
2.The country is India.A colonial official and his wife are giving a large dinner party. They are seated with their guests—officers and their wives, and a visiting American naturalist—in their spacious dining room, which has a bare marble floor, open rafters and wide glass doors opening onto a veranda.
3. A spirited discussion springs up between a young girl who says that women have outgrown the jumping-on-a-chair-at-the-sight-of-a-mouse era and a major who says that they haven't.
4. "A woman's reaction in any crisis, "the major says, "is to scream. And while a man may feel like it, he has that ounce more of control than a woman has. And that last ounce is what really counts."
5. The American does not join in the argument but watches the other guests. As he looks, he sees a strange expression come over the face of the hostess. She is straight ahead, her muscles contracting slightly. She motions to the native boy standing behind her chair and whispers something to him. The boy's eyes widen：he quickly leaves the room.
6. Of the guests, none except the American notices this or sees the boy place a bowl of milk on the veranda just outside the open doors.
7. The American comes to with a start. In India, milk in a bowl means only one thing—bait for a snake. He realizes there must be a cobra in the room. He looks up at the rafters—the likeliest place—but they are bare. Three corners of the room are empty, and in the fourth the servants are
waiting to serve the next course. There is only one place left—under the table.
8. His first impulse is to jump back and warn the others, but he knows the commotion would frighten the cobra into striking. He speaks quickly, the tone of his voice so commanding that it silences everyone.
"I want to know just what control everyone at this table has. I will count three hundred—that's five minutes—and not one of you is to move a muscle. Those who move will forfeit 50 rupees. Ready!"
10. The 20 people sit like stone images while he counts. He is saying"…two hundred and eighty…"when, out of the corner of his eye, he sees the cobra emerge and make for the bowl of milk. Screams ring out as he jumps to slam the veranda doors safely shut.
11. "You were right, Major!" the host exclaims. "A man has just shown us an example of perfect self-control."
12. "Just a minute, " the American says, turning to his hostess. "Mrs. Wynnes, how did you know that cobra was in the room?"
13. A faint smile lights up the woman's face as she replies:"Because it was crawling across my foot."
Unit2 Lessons from Jefferson
Lessons from Jefferson
1. Thomas Jefferson, the third President of the United States, may be less famous than George Washington and Abraham Lincoln, but most people remember at last one fact about him: he wrote the Declaration of Independence.
2. Although Jefferson lived more than 200 years ago, there is much that we learn from him today. Many of his ideas are especially interesting to modern youth. Here are some of the things he said and wrote:
3. Go and see. Jefferson believed that a free man obtains knowledge from many sources besides books and that personal investigation is important. When still a young man, he was appointed to a committee to find out whether the South Branch of the James River was deep enough to be used by large boats. While the other members of the committee sat in the state capitol and studied papers on the subject, Jefferson got into a canoe and made on-the-spot-observations.
4. You can learn from everyone. By birth and by education Jefferson belonged to the highest social class. Yet, in a day when few noble persons ever spoke to those of humble origins except to give an order, Jefferson went out of his way to talk with gardeners, servants, and waiters. Jefferson once said to the French nobleman, Lafayette, "You must go into the people's homes as I have done, look into their cooking pots and eat their bread. If you will only do this, you may find out why people are dissatisfied and understand the revolution that is threatening France."
5.Judge for yourself. Jefferson refused to accept other people's opinions without careful thought. "Neither believe nor reject anything," he wrote to his nephew, "because any other person has rejected or believed it. Heaved has given you a mind for judging truth and error. Use it."
6. Jefferson felt that the people "may safely be trusted to hear everything true and false, and to form a correct judgment. Were it left to me to decide whether we should have a government without newspapers or newspapers without a government, I should not hesitate a moment to prefer
7. Do what you believe is right. In a free country there will always be conflicting ideas, and this is a source of strength. It is conflict and not unquestioning agreement that keeps freedom alive. Though Jefferson was for many years the object of strong criticism, he never answered his critics. He expressed his philosophy in letters to a friend, "There are two sides to every question. If you take one side with decision and on it with effect, those who take the other side will of course resent your actions."
8. Trust the future; trust the young. Jefferson felt that the present should never be chained to customs which have lost their usefulness. "No society," he said, "can make a perpetual constitution, or even a perpetual law. The earth belongs to the living generation." He did not fear new ideas, nor did he fear the future. "How much pain," he remarked, "has been caused by evils which have never happened! I expect the best, not the worst. I steer my ship with hope, leaving fear behind."
9. Jefferson's courage and idealism were based on knowledge. He probably knew more than any other man of his age. He was an expert in agriculture, archeology, and medicine. He practiced crop rotation and soil conservation a century before these became standard practice, and he invented a plow superior to any other in existence. He influenced architecture throughout America, and he was constantly producing devices for making the tasks of ordinary life easier to perform.
10. Of all Jefferson's many talents, one is central. He was above all a good and tireless writer. His complete works, now being published for the first time, will fill more than fifty volumes. His talent as an author was soon discovered, and when the time came to write the Declaration of Independence at Philadelphia in 1776, the task of writing it was his. Millions have thrilled to his words: "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal…"
11. When Jefferson died on July 4, 1826, the 50th anniversary of American independence, he left his countrymen a rich legacy of ideas and examples. American education owes a great debt to Thomas Jefferson, Who believed that only a nation of educated people could remain free.
Their argument ended when she slammed the door and left without a word.
The guest at the dinner party were slightly surprised at the commanding tone of the American.
Johnny has outgrown the fear of staying at home alone.
2.当全部乘客都向出口处走去时，他却独自留在座位上，好象不愿意离开这架飞机似的While all the other passengers made for the exit, he alone remained in his seat as if unwilling to leave the plane.
The letter is to be handed to Dr. Wilson himself.
While she felt like joining in the argument, Nancy was too shy to open her mouth.
What do you think is the likeliest time to find him at home?
The hunter’s face (was) lit up with excitement as soon as he saw a fox emerge from among the bushes and run in the direction of/ make for the trap he had laid.
1.It was an early September day，cool and bright and just right for running，and I was in the first few miles of a 101/2 mile race over a course through steep，exhausting hills.
2.The pace felt comfortable，so I decided to stay where I was；why bother concentrating on pace when she was such a nice pacesetter for me？
3.There was still a noticeable bounce in her stride，but whatever springiness I had once possessed had long since left me.
4.We were a mile from the finish line，so whatever happened on the hill would almost certainly determine who crossed it first.
5.Yet as Peggy Mimno so clearly demonstrated，the similarities between male and female runners are more important than the differences.
It was suggested at the meeting that a committee of 11 be appointed to make a new constitution. 2.这些青年科学家通过现场观察，获得了研究工作所需的第一手资料
By making on-the-spot observation, the young scientist obtained first-hand information they needed in their research work.
It is very likely that he will be rejected by the army because of his bad eyesight.
The committee members have conflicting opinions as to the best location of the new airport.
Henry’s works of art are superior in many respects to those of his brother’s.
The steady rise in the quality of our products owes much to the improvement of our equipment. 7.吉姆本想按照自己的判断行事，但他没有这样做，因为作为军人他得服从命令
Jim would have preferred to act on his own judgment, but he didn’t because as a soldier he had to obey the order.
Were it left to me to decide whether we should have a city without bikes or one without cars. I should not hesitate a moment to prefer the latter.
1.Writers note that the Lincoln Memorial in Washington，D.C.is not unlike the temples that ancient Greeks built in honor of their gods，and that annual ceremonies of celebrating Lincoln's birthday in schools and public places have sometimes had characteristics of religious services.
2.Americans admire the self-made person—the one who，with neither money nor family influence，fights his or her way to the top.
3.When reformers in the northern states put pressure on Congress not to permit slavery in western territories that later became states，some of the southern states wanted to secede，or withdraw，from the United States.
4.As President，he appointed men to high government positions whom he considered most capable，even though some of them openly scorned him.
5.The uncontrolled emotional reaction of the nation to his death was almost unbelievable and demonstrated the deep esteem in which he was held.