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Unit 1

1. 她连水都不愿喝一口,更别提留下来吃饭了。(much less)

She wouldn’t take a drink, much less would she stay for dinner.

2. 他认为我在对他说谎,但实际上我讲的是实话。(whereas)

He thought I was lying to him, whereas I was telling the truth.

3. 这个星期你每天都迟到,对此你怎么解释?(account for)

How do you account for the fact that you have been late every day this week?

4. 他们利润增长的部分原因是采用了新的市场策略。(due to)

The increase in their profits is due partly to their new market strategy.

5. 这样的措施很可能会带来工作效率的提高。(result in)

Such measures are likely to result in the improvement of work efficiency.

6. 我们已经在这个项目上投入了大量时间和精力,所以我们只能继续。(pour into)

We have already poured a lot of time and energy into the project, so we have to carry on.

Unit 2

1. 尽管她是家里的独生女,她父母也从不溺爱她。(despite)

Despite the fact that she is the only child in her family, she is never babied by her parents.

2. 迈克没来参加昨晚的聚会,也没给我打电话作任何解释。(nor)

Mike didn’t come to the party last night, nor did he call me to give an explanation.

3. 坐在他旁边的那个人确实发表过一些小说,但决不是什么大作家。(next to;by no means)

The person sitting next to him did publish some novels, but he is by no means a great writer.

4. 他对足球不敢兴趣,也从不关心谁输谁赢。(be indifferent to)

He has no interest in football and is indifferent to who wins or loses.

5. 经理需要一个可以信赖的助手,在他外出时,由助手负责处理问题。(count on)

The manager needs an assistant that he can count on to take care of problems in his absence.

6. 这是他第一次当着那么多观众演讲。(in the presence of sb.)

This is the first time that he has made a speech in the presence of so large an audience.

Unit 3

1.你再怎么有经验,也得学习新技术。(never too…to…)

You are never too experienced to learn new techniques.

2.还存在一个问题,那就是派谁去带领那里的研究工作。(Use an appositional


There remains one problem, namely, who should be sent to head the research there.

3. 由于文化的不同,他们的关系在开始确实遇到了一些困难。(meet with)

Their relationship did meet with some difficulty at the beginning because of cultural differences.

4. 虽然他历经沉浮,但我始终相信他总有一天会成功的。(ups and downs;all along)

Though he has had ups and downs, I believed all along that he would succeed someday.

5. 我对你的说法的真实性有些保留看法。(have reservations about)

I have some reservations about the truth of your claim.

6. 她长得并不特别高,但是她身材瘦,给人一种个子高的感觉。(give an illusion of)

She isn't particularly tall, but her slim figure gives an illusion of height.

Unit 4

1. 有朋自远方来,不亦乐乎?(Use “it” as the formal subject)

It is a great pleasure to meet friends from afar.

2. 不管黑猫白猫,能抓住老鼠就是好猫。(as long as)

It doesn't matter whether the cat is black or white as long as it catches mice.

3. 你必须明天上午十点之前把那笔钱还给我。(without fail)

You must let me have the money back without fail by ten o'clock tomorrow morning.

4. 请允许我参加这个项目,我对这个项目非常感兴趣。(more than+adjective)

Allow me to take part in this project: I am more than a little interested in it.

5. 人人都知道他比较特殊:他来去随意。(be free to do sth.)

Everyone knows that he is special: He is free to come and go as he pleases.

6. 看她脸上不悦的神色,我觉得她似乎有什么话想跟我说。(feel as though)

Watching the unhappy look on her face, I felt as though she wished to say something to me.

Unit 5

1. 他说话很自信,给我留下了很深刻的印象。(Use “which” to refer back to an idea or situation)

He spoke confidently, which impressed me most.

2. 我父亲太爱忘事,总是在找钥匙。(Use “so…that…” to emphasize the degree of


My father is so forgetful that he is always looking for his keys.

3. 我十分感激你给我的帮助。(be grateful for)

I'm very grateful to you for all the help you have given me.

4. 光线不足,加上地面潮湿,使得驾驶十分困难。(coupled with)

The bad light, coupled with the wet ground, made driving very difficult.

5. 由于缺乏资金,他们不得不取消了创业计划。(starve of)

Being starved of funds, they had to cancel their plan to start a business.

6. 每当有了麻烦,他们总是依靠我们。(lean on)

They always lean on us whenever they are in trouble.

Unit 6

1. 就像机器需要经常运转一样,身体也需要经常锻炼。(as…so…)

(Just) as a machine needs regular running, so does the body need regular exercise.

2. 在美国学习时,他学会了弹钢琴。(while+V-ing)

He learned to play the piano while studying in the United States.

3. 令我们失望的是,他拒绝了我们的邀请。(turn down)

To our disappointment, he turned down our invitation.

4. 真实情况是,不管是好是坏,随着新科技的进步,世界发生了变化。(for better or worse)

The reality is that, for better or worse, the world has changed with advance of new technologies.

5. 我班里的大多数女生在被要求回答问题时都似乎感到不自在。(ill at ease)

Most of the female students in my class appear to be ill at ease when (they are) required to answer questions.

6. 当地政府负责运动会的安全。(take charge of)

The local government took charge of the security for the sports meeting.

Unit 7

1. 在会上,除了其他事情,他们还讨论了目前的经济形势。(among other things)

At the meeting they discussed, among other things, the present economic situation.

2. 我对大自然了解得越多,就越痴迷于大自然的奥秘。(the more…the more…)

The more I learned about the nature, the more absorbed I became in its mystery. 3. 医生建议说,有压力的人要学会做一些新鲜有趣、富有挑战性的事情,好让自己的负面情趣有发泄的渠道。(recommend that….should…)

The doctor recommends that those stressed people should try something new, interesting and challenging in order to give their negative feelings an outlet.

4. 那个学生的成绩差,但老师给他布置了更多的作业,而不是减少作业量。

(instead of;cut down)

The teacher gives more homework to the student who has bad grades instead of cutting it down.

5. 相比之下,美国的父母更趋向于把孩子的成功归因于天赋。(attribute to)

By contrast, American parents are more likely to attribute their children's success to natural talent.

6. 教师首先要考虑的事情之一是唤起学生的兴趣,激发他们的创造性。(priority;stimulate)

One of a teacher's priorities is to stimulate students' interests and their creativity.

Unit 8

1. 她一点儿也不知道这幅画有一天居然会价值100多万美金。(Use “little” at the beginning of the sentence)

Little did she know that this picture would one day be worth more than a million dollars.

2. 虽然我理解你说的话,但是我不同意你在这个问题上的看法。(Use “while” in the sense of “although”)

While I understand what you say, I don’t agree with you on the issue.

3. 我认为警察的职责就是保护人民。(be meant to do sth.)

I think the police are meant to protect people.

4. 昨天我去看他,却发现他已于几天前出国了。(only to do sth.)

I went to see him yesterday, only to find that he had gone abroad several days before.

5. 在每周例会上,每个人的发言都不能偏离会议议题。(confine to)

At the weekly meeting, everyone must confine their remarks to the subject.

6. 要是我没说那些愚蠢的话该多好!那时我太年轻,不能明辨是非。(if only;distinguish right from wrong)

If only I hadn’t said those silly words! I was too young then to distinguish right from wrong.

Unit 9

1. 我确信自己一定会有出息,即使至今我还没做出大的成绩。(make sth.of sb;even though)

I am sure that I will make something of myself, even though I have not achieved any major success so far.

2. 我这么多年来如此努力,我觉得自己应该有个好的前途。(be entitled to)

I have been working hard for so many years, I feel I am entitled to a good future.

3. 当她丈夫离她而去,只留给她生活的残局去收拾时,她的心智失常了。(pick up the pieces)

When her husband deserted her, leaving her with nothing but scattered pieces of

life to pick up, she went insane.

4. 从我的立场看,母亲当时过于严厉,并没有顾及我的感受。(from one’s standpoint)

From my standpoint, Mother was too hard on me then, without taking my feelings into account.

5. 当我登上事业的顶峰时,常萦绕在我心头的是母亲说过的话:“面对生活,不放弃。”(in face of)

When I reached the summit of my professional career, mother's words "Never be a quitter in face of life" were constantly in my mind.

6. 你应该知道,不能在大街上踢足球。(know better)

You should know better than to play football in the street.

Unit 10

1. 整个事情我记得清清楚楚,就好像是昨天发生的一样。(Use “as though” and the subjunctive mood)

I remember the whole thing clearly as though it had happened yesterday.

2. 他们中哪个文章写得最好,哪个就获奖。(whichever)

Whichever of them writes the best essay will win the prize.

3. 事实证明,那次预算为一年后工资上调做好了准备。(turn out;provide for)

It turned out that the budget provided for a salary increase one year later.

4. 日复一日,年复一年,她做着同样的工作,但从不抱怨。(day after day)

She did the same job day after day and year after year, but she never complained.

5. 途中她忍受了种种艰难困苦;但什么都不能阻止她寻找失散的女儿。(keep sb.from doing sth)

She endured all kinds of hardships on the journey; nothing could keep her from finding her lost daughter.

6. 别跟那帮人混在一起。他们在光天化日之下干了很多坏事。(get mixed up;in broad daylight)

Don't get mixed up with that gang. They have committed many bad things in broad daylight.

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