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Unit 1

Section A. The Expensive Fantasy of Lord Williams

《读写教程 III》: Ex. II, p. 9

1. Because this is a title bought with stolen money. The guy’s real name is Anthony Williams.

2. It’s small, with a population of only 320.

3. No. He looks like a Scottish noble, soft-spoken and wealthy.

4. The truth is that the man with endless money and a friendly manner was not a lord at all but a government employee living out a fantasy that he was a Scottish noble and paying for it by stealing funds from Scottish Yard.

5. He stole more than eight million pounds over eight years and poured about five million pounds into the village.

6. Most of the stolen money was supposed to be used to pay spies and conduct secret activities against the Irish Republican Army.

7. He used the money to buy an estate, a beautiful home, and

a dozen noble titles. But most of all, he sunk his dishonest gains into the village, buying multiple cottages, a pu

b and a run-down hotel and turning them into very good-looking places.

8. His bank deposits were so large that they were noticed by the bank’s management. The bank then notified the police, who discovered that the criminal was one of their own.

9. Because in the eyes of some villagers Williams is a helper, pouring most of his stolen money into the village and giving jobs to 43 people.

10. He said in an interview after he was arrested: “I discovered this bloody huge amount of money. I went from the need to pay off a few debts to what can only be described as

greed. There is no way to justify it.”

《读写教程Ⅲ》: Ex. Ⅲ, p. 9

1. suspicion

2. restored

3. considerate

4. inherited

5. furnish

6. justify

7. substantial

8. fantastic

《读写教程Ⅲ》: Ex. Ⅳ, p. 10

1. To his embarrassment he discovered

2. like that

3. strike deals with

4. live it out

5. falls upon dark days

6. nothing but

7. captured the heart of the little boy with

8. raise a glass to

《读写教程Ⅲ》: Ex. Ⅴ, p. 10

1. economy

2. business

3. campaign

4. poll

5. survey

6. research

7. lessons

8. study

《读写教程 III》: Ex. VI, p. 11

1. well-advised (明智的)

2. narrow-minded (心胸狭窄的)

3. wide-eyed (眼睛睁大的)

4. soft-spoken (说话温和的)

5. big-headed (妄自尊大的)

6. single-minded (专心致志的)

7. well-meant (用意良好的)

8. quick-tempered (易怒的)

《读写教程 III》: Ex. VII, p. 11

1. air-conditioned

2. handmade

3. thunder-struck

4. heart-felt

5. data-based

6. self-employed

7. custom-built

8. weather-beaten

《读写教程Ⅲ》: Ex. VIII, p. 12

1. Well-meant as it was, the decision spoiled the peace talk in the Middle East.

2. Hard as he tried, he failed to deceive the police

commissioner in London in the end.

3. Poor as he was, she gave up the idea to marry him.

4. Friendly as he may seem, I won’t regard him as considerate.

5. Suspicious as she was of him, she never came to the idea that the wealthy, soft-spoken, well-mannered man was a criminal.

《读写教程Ⅲ》: Ex. Ⅸ., p. 12

1. Now (that) you have studied the above models and understood the meaning and usage of the expression “now that”, you know how to do the following exercises.

2. Now (that) I’ve heard the music, I underst and why you like it.

3. Now that the hotel is beautifully restored, many travelers like to stay in it.

4. Now that the criminal turned out to be one of their own, the London police commissioner publicly apologized for poorly supervising his department.

5. Now that you have got an MA degree, you are qualified for

a PhD program.

《读写教程Ⅲ》: Ex. Ⅹ, p. 13

1. My thanks go to those who still stuck by me when I fell upon dark days.

2. Now that he has published a popular novel which earns him

a large amount of money, he is able to buy a new house and a car.

3. The police said that their suspicions were aroused because the girl had other marks on her body.

4. How can you talk to her like that? She is the one who brought you up and helped you finish school.

5. Hard as the road for these students after school will be,

their prospects are bright.

6. In order to have enough money to run the business, he sold his newly-bought house at auction even at a substantial loss.

7. He is fully justified in criticizing the police commissioner for poorly supervising his department.

8. These ancient buildings which are under protection have been restored beautifully to attract foreigners.

《读写教程 III》: Ex. XI, p. 13

1. 周六晚,在“牢骚酒吧”,村民依旧乐意向“威廉斯勋爵”祝酒,尽管这个头衔现在只能引来阵阵笑声。

2. 这个美丽的村庄坐落在苏格兰山区中,有一些村民说,他们从来不很了解安东尼?威廉斯。这位有钱的贵族说话和气,1986年和他穿着入时的妻子一同来到这里。

3. 威廉斯先生买下了一笔又一笔的房产,给小村注入大量的现金,一手令它焕发了生机。

4. 可是谁也没有料到这个事实:这个财源滚滚、举止友好的人并非什么勋爵,而是一名政府公务员。

5. 威廉斯先生自1959年起效力于伦敦警署,官至财务部副主管,年薪65,000英镑。大约两周前,后悔不已的他在法庭受审,被判监禁七年半。

6. 但是最主要的,是他将不法收入投进了这座山村。精致的石屋农舍,茵茵的村中绿地,一排排青青的树篱——这一派奇异景色深深地吸引了他。

7. 但最主要的, 阿布迪先生通过获取银行贷款和与不同的人做


8. 是他将年久失修的戈登?阿姆斯旅馆买下并完全改装,将这堆废墟变成了一座华丽的一流宾馆。

Section B. The Romantic Life of Secret Agent Albert

XVI. Choose the best answer to each of the following questions 1. D 2. A 3. C 4. A 5. D 6. B 7. C 8. D

《读写教程Ⅲ》: Ex. XVII, p. 26

1. simplified

2. switched

3. standpoint

4. mysterious

5. romantic

6. exceedingly

7. exploits

8. heaved

《读写教程Ⅲ》: Ex. XVIII, p. 26

1. aside

2. for for

3. except

4. with

5. At; towards

6. With

7. behind; on/off

8. about/of

Unit 2

Section A. Iron and the Effects of Exercise

《读写教程Ⅲ》: Ex. Ⅱ, p. 38

1. The new study suggests that even moderate exercise may lead

to reduced iron in the blood of women.

2. She is an associate professor at Purdue University.

3. She may consume additional meat or take iron supplements.

4. Because they have a monthly bleeding.

5. Through a variety of mechanisms. For example, some iron is lost in sweat, and intense endurance exercise is sometimes associated with the bleeding of the digestive system.

6. Three.

7. You are in trouble. Your iron reserves go to zero and you may feel weak, tired and out of breath.

8. People are advised to have a yearly blood test to check blood iron reserves.

9. They are meat, chicken, fish, dates, beans, and some leafy green vegetables.

10. He should avoid drinking coffee or tea with meals.

《读写教程Ⅲ》: Ex. Ⅲ, p. 38

1. moderate

2. consume

3. typically

4. modified

5. evidence

6. restricted

7. calculate

8. remedy

《读写教程Ⅲ》: Ex. Ⅳ, p. 39

1. bounce back

2. summed up

3. up to

4. at risk

5. went to zero

6. goes up

7. out of breath

8. derived from

《读写教程Ⅲ》: Ex. V, p. 39

1. awareness

2. efficiency

3. interaction

4. confidence

5. ability

6. anxiety

7. productivity

8. pressure

《读写教程Ⅲ》: Ex. Ⅵ, p. 40

1. appearance

2. utterances

3. attendance

4. hindrance

5. maintenance

6. resistance

7. performance

8. existence

9. occurrence

10. acceptance

《读写教程Ⅲ》: Ex. Ⅶ, p. 40

1. peace-loving

2. ice-cold

3. time-consuming

4. water-proof

5. waist-deep

6. care-free

《读写教程Ⅲ》: Ex. VIII, p. 41

1. Mr. Howe, my favorite professor, has received a Distinguished Teacher Award.

2. Yesterday I went fishing —something I hadn’t done in years.

3. Some women are normally inactive, but then all of a sudden start a program of intense exercise —an action that violates the laws of sports science.

4. Even a brief visit to Greece, a modern country with ancient civilization, gives you a deep sense of the roots of our culture.

5. A people of inventors and discoverers, philosophers and soldiers, poets and craftsmen, the ancient Chinese gave the world many of its most useful things.

《读写教程Ⅲ》: Ex. Ⅸ, p. 42

1. His homework done, his composition written, Larry decided to go and see the film.

2. The manager sat quietly in the office, (his) eyes closed, waiting for the telephone to ring.

3. The room was in a mess, empty bottles and beer cans (being) everywhere.

4. When I walked in, Grandpa was sitting at the kitchen table, the newspaper spread before him.

5. Diana stood motionless at the end of the diving board, tears streaming down her cheeks.

《读写教程Ⅲ》: Ex. Ⅹ, p. 42

1. Most people with low iron reserves don’t know they have an iron deficiency.

2. It is not sufficient only to check levels of the blood protein

that transports oxygen.

3. Men are not safe, especially those who eat little meat and have a high level of physical activity.

4. It’s advisable for people in these groups to have a yearly blood test to check blood iron reserves.

5. Iron supplements may produce a feeling of wanting to throw up, and may be poisonous in some cases.

6. The best sources of iron are meat, chicken, fish, dates, beans, and some leafy green vegetables.

7. The reason why people sometimes take iron supplements is that

the supplements supplement the small amount that naturally occurs in grains.

8. Cook tomato sauce in an iron pot for three hours, and its

iron content increases strikingly.

Section B. Does Exercise Have Unexpected Benefits?

XVI. Choose the best answer to each of the following questions 1. D 2. B 3. D 4. C 5. A 6. C 7. A 8. A

《读写教程Ⅲ》:Ex. XVII, p. 55

1. implied

2. complicated

3. obstacle

4. exhibited

5. possess

6. stems

7. speculate

8. neglected

《读写教程Ⅲ》:Ex. XVIII, p. 56

1. in addition to

2. In response to

3. is associated with

4. in contrast to

5. in the same way that

6. A succession of accidents

7. go through

8. are separated into

Unit 3

Section A. Where Principles Come First

《读写教程 III》: Ex. II, p. 69

1. It operates on the principle that if you teach students the merit of such values as truth, courage, integrity, leadership, curiosity and concern, then academic achievement naturally follows.

2. It is famous for its work with troubled youngsters.

3. Because teachers proteste d the program’s demands and the strain associated with more intense work.

4. The community feared the school would attract inner-city minority and troubled students.

5. In the Hyde School, all students are required to take performing arts and sports, and provide a community service. For each course, students get a grade for academic achievement and for “best effort”.

6. Parents must agree to accept and demonstrate the school’s philosophies and outlook.

7. The biggest obstacle for many parents is to realize their own weaknesses.

8. Faculty evaluations are conducted by the students.

《读写教程Ⅲ》: Ex. Ⅲ, p. 69

1. cultivate

2. comprehensive

3. controversial

4. suspend

5. strain

6. preliminary

7. conventional

8. reform

《读写教程Ⅲ》: Ex. Ⅳ, p. 70

1. His girlfriend’s father saw him as a man who could not make

a living.

2. The course was cancelled over the students’ protests.

3. The problem is so difficult that we cannot work it out without the help of our teacher.

4. Children tend to do their utmost when they are encouraged by their parents who are making similar efforts.

5. The new teaching program didn’t work well in the school at the outset.

6. I was kind of excited when I received the letter that allowed me an interview.

7. The school is scheduled to open on September 1.

8. They appeared to offer a free lunch, complete with cigars and wine.

《读写教程Ⅲ》: Ex. Ⅴ, p. 70

1. insights

2. attention

3. recognition

4. entrance

5. control

6. acceptance

7. speed

8. weight

《读写教程Ⅲ》: Ex. Ⅵ, p. 71

1. historic

2. atomic

3. Arabic

4. energetic

5. economic

6. heroic

《读写教程Ⅲ》: Ex. VII, p. 71

1. responsibility

2. rapidity

3. elasticity

4. curiosity

5. publicity

《读写教程Ⅲ》: Ex. VIII, p. 72

1. In Britain, as in America, there is a great demand for educational reform.

2. In Greece, as in Italy, people use a lot of olive oil in cooking.

3. As in the Hyde School, values such as courage, integrity, leadership, curiosity and concern are the first, most important lesson in some public inner-city schools in Maryland.

4. In China, as in Japan, a large number of middle school students take supplementary classes in order to get into a

famous university.

5. As in the middle of the 1950s, many young people went down to the countryside in the late 1960s and early 1970s.

《读写教程Ⅲ》: Ex. Ⅸ, p. 73

1. Once you’ve practiced a bit, you’ll find that it’s quite easy.

2. Once the meal was finished, the discussion began.

3. Once you show any fear, he will attack you.

4. The decision took about 10 seconds once he’d read a market research study.

5. Once customers come to rely on these systems, they almost never take their business elsewhere.

《读写教程Ⅲ》: Ex. Ⅹ, p. 73

1. Our school operates on the principle that moral values and academic achievements are equally important.

2. The new teaching program was suspended last term because the teachers in the department protested its demands and the strain associated with more intense work.

3. We see ourselves as preparing our students for a way of life by cultivating a comprehensive set of principles that can affect all of them.

4. The basis of the Character First idea is that every human being has a unique potential that is based on character, not intelligence or wealth.

5. We were warned by the teacher in the first lesson that students got a grade not only for academic achievement but also for attendance and best effort.

6. Once parents agree in writing to accept and demonstrate the school’s philosophies and outlook, the students can gain


7. In the Hyde School greater attention is paid to the establishment of a fruitful relationship with each student while in the traditional high school setting the focus is on the teacher and the material.

8. The school stresses the idea that it is worthwhile for parents to participate in school activities together with their children.

《读写教程 III》: Ex. XI, p. 73

1. 该校的创始人约瑟夫?高尔德声称学校的教学计划很成功。海德中学坐落在缅因州巴思市,每年的学费高达1.8万美元,因其教导问题少年有方而遐迩闻名。

2. 在一堂英语课上,11名学生用最后的五分钟展开激烈的讨论,依照1-10的评分标准相互评价他们当天的课堂表现。

3. 为了避免美国中学使用的其他品格培养方案所引发的争议,高尔德解释说,“全力以赴” 这一概念并不是要强迫学生接受某一套道德原则或宗教观念。

4. 家长签约同意每月出席一次区小组会议(共20个区小组),每年去区休养所三天,每年至少参加三次巴思市的研修班、讨论组和研讨会。

5. 公立学校学生家长的活动计划仍在制定当中。这项工作的困难要大得多,因为很难使家长们相信自身的参与很有价值。

6. 他很乐观地认为,一旦家长投入到计划当中,他们就会成为孩子们日常行为的榜样,这一点与寄宿学校的学生家长完全不同。

7. 海德中学的办学宗旨是:如果你向学生传授诸如诚实、勇敢、正直、领导能力、好奇心和关心他人等美德的话,学生的学习成绩自然就会提高。

8. 我们有几分喜欢这种活力,但并不是喜欢它不好的一面,而是要将它转化成好的一面。

Section B. Cultural Differences in Western and Japanese


XVI. Choose the best answer to each of the following questions

1. D

2. A

3. C

4. A

5. B

6. A

7. B

8. A

《读写教程 III》: Ex. XVII, p.86

1. extreme

2. analyzed

3. differ

4. negotiation

5. consulted

6. discarded

7. feasible

8. sophisticated

《读写教程 III》: Ex. XVIII, p. 86

1. in; from

2. on

3. to

4. from

5. From; to

6. between; up

7. to/in

8. in

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