当前位置:搜档网 > 大学英语精读2



1.Bare adj 赤裸的

2.Impulse n. 冲动 impulse on

3.Unexpected adj 意外的

4.Contract v 收缩,合同

5.At a sight of 一看见

6.Appoint v 任命 be appointed

7.Hesitate v 犹豫 not hesitate to do sth

8.Origin n 血统,出生

9.Humble 地位低下,谦逊 modest 谦虚

10.Judgment n 判断 judging by

11.Existence n 存在

12.Superior adj 较好的 be superior to/ in

13.Besides 除….之外还有 except 除….外没有

14.Apply v 申请 apply to sb for

15.Mumble v 含糊的说

16.Attach to 把…联系在一起 attach importance to

17.Capable 有能力,潜力做某事 competent 有能力胜任某事

18.Protest v 抗议,反对

19.Prospect n 展望

20.Consist of 组成

21.Few/a few little/a little

22.Pursue v 忙于,从事

23.Conclude v 推断出

24.Encounter v 意外遇见

25.Anticipate v 预见

26.Conceit n 自负

27.In practice 在实践中

28.In advance 预先,事前

29.Possess v 占有

30.Evidence n 证据

31.Accident 事故,偶然意外,不幸

Event 历史事件

Incident 事件,小事

32.dwell on 老想着

33.rise go down

34.butterflies in the stomach

35.it’s the last straw that breaks the camel’s back.

A spirited discussion springs up between a young girl who says that women have outgrown the jumping-on-a-chair-at-the-sight-of-a-mouse era and major who says they haven’t.



The American does not join in the argument but watches the guests. As he looks, he sees a strange expression come over the face of the hostess. She is staring straight ahead, her muscles contracting slightly. She motions to the native boy standing behind her chair and whispers something to him. The boy’s eyes widen: he quickly leaves the room.


Judge for yourself. Jefferson refused to accept other people’s opinions without careful thought. “neither believe nor reject anything,” he wrote to his nephew, “because any other person ha rejected or believed it. Heaven has given you a mind for judging truth and error. Use it.”


Jefferson felt that the people “may safely be trusted to hear everything true and false, and to form a correct judgment. Were it left to me to decide whether we should have a government without newspapers or newspapers without a government, I should not hesitate a moment to prefer the latter.”


While I was waiting to enter university, I saw advertised in a local newspaper a teaching post at a school in a suburb of London about ten miles from where I lived. Being very short of money and wanting to do something useful, I applied, fearing as I did so, that without a degree and with no experience in teaching my chances of getting the job were slim.


However, three days later arrived, asking me to go to Croydon for an interview. It proved an awkward journey: a train to Croydon station; a ten-minute bus ride and then a walk of at least a quarter of a mile. As a result I arrived on a hot June morning too depressed to feel nervous.


The school was a red brick house with big windows. The front garden was a gravel square; four evergreen shrubs stood at each corner, where they struggled to survive the dust and fumes from a busy main road.


It was clearly the headmaster himself that open the door. He was short and fat. He had a sandy-coloured moustache, a wrinkled forehead and hardly any hair.


As a boy and then as an adult, I never lost my wonder at the personality that was Einstein. He was the only person I knew what he wanted and he wanted only this: to understand within his limits as a human being the nature of universe and the logic and simplicity in its functioning . he knew there were answers beyond his intellectual reach. But this did not frustrate him. He was content to go as far as he could.


In the operating room I was equally confident. I knew I had the knowledge, the skill, the experience to handle any surgical situation I’d ever encounter in practice. There were no more butterflies in my stomach when I opened up an abdomen or a chest.

I knew that even if the case was one in which it was impossible to anticipate the problem in advance, I could handle whatever I found. I ‘d sweated through my share of stab wounds of the belly, of punctured lungs, of compound fractures. I had sweated over them for five years. I didn’t need to sweat any more.


This all sounds conceited and I guess it is ——but a surgeon needs conceit. He needs it to encourage him in trying moments when he’s bothered by the doubts and uncertainties that are part of the practice of medicine. He has to feel that he’s as good as and probably better than any other surgeon in the world. Call it conceit ——call it self-confidence; whatever it was, I had it.


Colleges and universities across the nation have decided to do more than talk about the rise in student cheating. For instance, the Department of Psychology at the University of Maryland launched a campaign to stop one form of cheating. As 409 students filed out of their exam, they found all but one exit blocked. Proctors asked each student to produce an ID card with an attached photo. Students who said they’d left theirs in the dorm or at home had a mug shot taken. The purpose of the campaign was to catch “ringers”, students who take tests for other students.


There is some evidence that dishonesty may ebb and flow. When times are hard, incidents of theft and cheating usually go up. And when times get better such incidents tend to go down.


If you love plants, the chances are you buy them on impulse and then wonder where to put them.

If you have to go through a smoke-filled area, you’d better crawl with your head low.

Mother motioned my brother to keep his voice down but he ignored her.

If doing one thing gives you an unpleasant feeling, the normal reaction would be to stop doing it.

Among these articles, which do you think are most likely to interest our students?

Long after even the latest apple tree had finally broken into leaf, the mulberry’s branches remained stubbornly bare.

These schools come under the supervision of locally appointed committees.

We should see ourselves as part of nature rather than in conflict with it.

There rows of small trees growing close together create living walls for shelter and privacy in the garden.

Don’t hesitate to let me know if there’s anything I can do for you.

During the nine months before her baby is born, her face is one perpetual smile.

Traditional Chinese food is far superior to McDonald’s and KFC or any other fast foods I know.

Under this law, consumers have the right to reject faulty goods and demand a refund.

I was shocked by the conditions in the factory, which constituted definite health and safety hazards.

His bedroom consist of a single bed with a small television at its foot.

Linda is 35 years old and, after two close relationships, the prospect of staying single depresses her.

Lucy, who did not even go to grade school, had no prospect of a job at the time.

The workers in the factory stopped working in protest against their foreman using bad language.

This technique is traditionally thought to be of Chinese origin.

The rise in unemployment frustrated the government’s plants for economic recovery. Henry seemed bewildered by this completely unexpected turn of events.

Andrew was determined to pursue a computer career after graduation.

The solution to this problem is anticipation, that is preventing it from developing by thinking ahead and taking action early.

Henry’s actually capable of telling lies, pretending to be sick when he’s healthy.

As a teacher, he think his business is to stir up curiosity in his students rather than insist on obedience.

- 右上角写日期

- 开头"Dear", "To", "To whom it concerns" = 一般给政府/比你级别高得写"等等写完名字点逗号

- 另起一行空两个格写正文

- 落款 = "sincerely yours" = 给级别高的,很正式的;"yours truly" = 朋友; "love" = 亲人等等别忘了点逗号

- 偏右下角签名如果写的是正式文的话在签名下面写上print体形式你的名字


May 8, 2006

To whom it concerns,


Sincerely yours,


(如果正式的话在这儿署名例:Cindy Johnson)




日期的写法,如1997年7月30日,英文为:July 30,1997(最为普遍); July 30th,1997;30th July,1997等。1997不可写成97。

2、信地址(Inside Address)





(1)写给亲人、亲戚和关系密切的朋友时,用Dear或My dear再加上表示亲属关系的称呼或直称其名(这里指名字,不是姓氏)。例如:My dear father,Dear Tom等。

(2)写给公务上的信函用Dear Madam,Dear Sir或Gentleman(Gentlemen)。注意:Dear 纯属公务上往来的客气形式。Gentlemen总是以复数形式出现,前不加Dear,是Dear Sir 的复数形式。

(3)写给收信人的信,也可用头衔、职位、职称、学位等再加姓氏或姓氏和名字。例如:Dear Prof. Tim Scales, Dear Dr.John Smith。

4、正文(Body of the Letter)




5、结束语(Complimentary Close)


(1)写给家人、亲戚,用Your loving grandfather,Lovingly yours,Lovingly等;

(2)写给熟人、朋友,用Yours cordially,Yours affectionately等;

(3)写业务信函用Truely yours(Yours truely),Faithfully yours(Yours faithfully)等;

(4)对上级、长辈用Yours obediently(Obediently yours),Yours respectfully (Respectfully yours)等。






January一月; February二月; March三月; April 四月; May 五月;June 六月;July 七月;August 八月;September 九月;October 十月;November 十一月;December十二月