?Eg.1. Life is full of ups and downs.
?He has seen the ups and downs in the history of ?the relations between the two countries.
a.词汇现象：根据上下文确定词义Eg. 2. The wedding ,which Heyward still remembered with pride ,was attended by a who's who of Boston Society.
a.词汇现象：根据上下文确定词义Eg.3. There was no lady about him. He was what the woman would call a manly man. That was why they like him.
4. My handwriting was so bad that after taking dictation, I couldn’t translate it.
a.词汇现象：根据词性确定词义Eg.5. On his way home he bought some apples at a fruit stand.
a.词汇现象：根据词性确定词义Eg.6. I think, however, that, provided work is not excessive in amount, even the dullest work is to most people less painful than idleness.
◆Eg.7.The ship righted
itself after the big wave
a.词汇现象：根据搭配习惯确定词义Eg.8. He once again imparted to us great knowledge, experience and wisdom.
1.Her whole attitude had had a subtle change.
2.There are subtle differences in meaning between these two words.
3. I fall for that subtle plot every time!
4. An artist has subtler awareness of color values than an ordinary person.
5. The old craftsman has subtle fingers.
a.词汇现象：根据搭配习惯确定词义Eg.10. …yet, as it sometimes happens that a person departs his life, who is really deserving of the praises the stone-cutter carves over his bones; who is a good Christian, a good parent, a good child, a good wife or a good husband;who actually does have a disconsolate family to mourn his loss; …
a.词汇现象：根据感情色彩确定词义Eg.11. It was mid-August and the subject for discussion was the future of Rommel and his African Corps.
They became less discouraged when they realized they themselves can make a better future.
Eg.1.It will strengthen
you to know that your
distinguished career is
so widely respected
and appreciated . b.语法现象
Eg.2. John is now with his parents in New York City; it is already three years since
he was a bandmaster