搜档网
当前位置:搜档网 > 新标准大学英语综合教程1单元答案

新标准大学英语综合教程1单元答案

Unit One

Reading and understanding p.4 – p.5

2 Check (√) the true statements.

1 It’s a description of the first few days at college.

2 It’s a personal and private story.

3 The writer uses past tenses.

(The writer actually uses present tenses, but some diaries do use past tenses.)

4 It’s factual.

5 It’s written in the third person.

1, 2, 4

3 Choose the best way to complete the sentences.

1.(a )

2. (d)

3. (d)

4. (d)

5. (a)

6. (a)

4 Match the words and expressions in the box with their definitions.

1 (swear)

2 (muscle)

3 (impress)

4 (sip)

5 (gap)

6 (check in)

5 Replace the underlined words with the correct form of the words and expressions in the box.

1 (barely)

2 (spill)

3 (ignorant)

4 (intelligent)

5 (sign up)

6 (assures)

She assures me that she’s read the book.

7 (run out of)

I need to go and buy some tea, I have run out of it.

6 Answer the questions about the words and expressions.

1 Is a warden likely to be (a) a teacher at the college, or (b) someone who looks

after the hall of residence?

2 Is a tutor likely to be (a) a teacher, or (b) a student?

3 If you go along somewhere, do you (a) go to a place and join other people there, or (b) walk a long way

to get to a place?

4 If you rent out a room, do you (a) paint and decorate it, or (b) allow it to be used by someone who pays

you regularly to use it?

Dealing with unfamiliar words p.8

4 Replace the underlined words with the correct form of the words in the box.

1 When he speaks, people notice that he sounds Irish. (detect)

2 Frank McCourt had read a lot of books which was deserving respect considering he had no high school

education. (admirable)

3 You can tell the students on the underground trains by the number of books they carry. (subways)

4 The woman in the admissions office suggests that his European education is not good enough.

(inadequate)

5 The professor was writing very quickly in his notebook. (scribbling)

6 Many immigrants came to America to escape extremely bad treatment because of their race, religion or

political beliefs in their own countries. (persecution)

5 Answer the questions about the expressions.

1 (a) delighted

2 (a) need to be developed with careful thinking

3 (a) at a time in the future

4 (b) to make someone extremely afraid and nervous?

Language in use p10.

with / without

1 Match the sentences with the uses of with / without .

1 (a)

2 (b)

3 (a)

4 (c)

5 (c)

6 (d)

2 Rewrite the sentences using with / without .

1 Her tutor moves his head from side to side. He spills his coffee into the saucer. With his head moving from side to side, her tutor spills his coffee into the saucer.

2 “Splendid,” he says. He doesn’t wait for an answer.

“Splendid,” he says, without waiting for an answer.

3 Frank McCourt speaks in class. He has an Irish accent.

Frank McCourt speaks in class with an Irish accent.

4 He plans to go on the subway. He has the books covered in purple and white NYU jackets.

He plans to go on the subway with the books covered in purple and white NYU jacket

5 He’s only allowed to take two courses. He isn’t told why.

He’s only allowed to take two courses without being told why.

6 He would like to ask a question. He doesn’t like to raise his hand.

He would like to ask a question without raising his hand.

collocations

3 Read the explanations of the words and expressions. Answer the questions.

1 climb When you climb into / out of / through something, you do it with difficulty.

(a) So why does the writer’s father climb out of the room?

Because the room is very small.

(b) Why would you climb into bed?

You would climb into bed if you are so tired that it feels like a huge effort.

(c) If you climb through a hole, what do you do with your body?

You would probably need to bend over, and crawl through the hole.

2 spill This word usually suggests several ideas: liquid, accidentally, movement and out of control.

(a) What has happened if you’ve spilt coffee all over your desk?

You have accidentally knocked over a cup / mug and the coffee has gone (uncontrolled) all over the

desk.

(b) What has happened if toys spilt out all over the carpet?

The toys are in a container, such as a box, and either the box is too full so some toys are falling out

onto the carpet, or the box has been tipped over so most of the toys have fallen out of the box.

(c) What might be happening if crowds were spilling out of the bars and restaurants?

Many people would be leaving the bars and restaurants all at once, probably because they were closing

for the night.

3 join When you join something, you become part of it. The writer joins a queue, and several clubs.

(a) When might someone join a band?

When they can play a musical instrument and want to play with others.

(b) What has happened if you join the unemployed?

You have lost your job and become unemployed.

(c) What do you do when you join in?

You do the same activity that most other people are doing.

4 burst into This phrase suggests that something suddenly happens, or someone suddenly starts doing

something.

(a) What does the writer suddenly start doing when she bursts into tears?

The writer suddenly starts crying.

(b) What bursts into bloom?

Flowers, when they emerge from buds.

(c) What do you do when something bursts into flames?

Put out the flames immediately if you can, or keep well clear and call the emergency services (the

fire brigade).

5 clean This word usually suggests several ideas: not dirty, not illegal or wrong, without problems,

inoffensive.

(a) If you’ve got a clean licence, what have or haven’t you done?

This refers to a driving licence. It means that you have been driving safely or at least you have no

penalty points on the licence – a person gets such points as a punishment after breaking the law on

the roads, eg speeding or causing an accident, and the licence then has a note on it (it’s not “clean”)

and the police have a record.

(b) If you use clean language, what do you avoid saying?

You avoid using swear words or other examples of bad language.

(c) If something has a clean bill of health, is it healthy or working correctly? Here this phrase is used metaphorically and means something is working properly, for example, a

car might have a clean bill of health, after a check or test that it is working properly.

6 easy This word usually suggests that something is not difficult or doesn’t need much work. It can also

suggest that a person is confident, happy and not worried about anything. (a) If someone is easy-going, how do they behave with other people?

An easy-going person behaves in a relaxed, calm manner with others and is happy to accept things

without getting worried or angry.

(b) If someone is easy on the eye, how do they look?

A person who is easy on the eye is pleasant to look at in appearance and in the way they dress.

(c) If something is easier said than done, is it more or less difficult to do? When something is easier said than done, it is easy to talk about, but difficult to achieve.

(d) If someone tells you to “Take it easy”, what are they telling you to do? When they tell you to “Take it easy” they can mean either of two things: You should rest and not do

things that will make you tired, or you should keep calm, being less upset or angry.

4 Complete the sentences using the collocations in Activity 3.

1 If ever I spill out of my clothes, it’s because I have put on a lot of weight and my clothes don’t fit me

any more.

2 The last time someone made me burst into tears was when I was a small child and someone hurt me.

3 I always use clean language when I talk to my teachers or parents.

4 It was easier said than done when someone suggested that we should put the flag on the top of the

mountain.

5 I’ll never forget the time when I had to climb through a window because I was locked out of the house.

6 Unfortunately I spilt water over my assignment, so I had to print another copy.

7 When my friends suggested that they wanted to play football on the beach, I decided to join in.

8 When the cherry trees burst into bloom, I think of my visit to Japan two years ago.

9 I would only lose my clean licence if ever I had a car accident in which I was driving under the

influence of alcohol.

10 The people I think are easy on the eye are attractive and pleasant to look at.

19

5 Translate the sentences into Chinese.

1 Finally, with my mother red in the face and short of breath, we find Room 8,

I unlock the door, and we

all walk in.

等我们终于找到8号房间的时候,妈妈已经涨红了脸,累得上气不接下气。我打开门锁,我们都走了进去。

2 She impresses me, and I feel so ignorant that I shouldn’t even breathe the same air as her.

她给我留下了深刻的印象,我觉得自己太无知了,甚至不配跟她呼吸同样的空气。

3 I don’t know why I have to be introduced to literature but the woman in the admissions office says it’s a requirement even though I’ve read Dostoyevsky and Melville and that’s admirable for someone without a high school education. 我不知道为什么我非得了解文学。可是招生办公室的那位女士说,虽然我读过陀思妥耶夫斯基和梅尔维尔的小说,虽然一个没上过高中的人能读这些书的确令人敬佩,但这门课是必修课。

4 I’m in heaven and the first thing to do is buy the required textbooks, cover them with the purple and white NYU book jackets so that people in the subway will look at me admiringly.

我乐得飘飘然了,第一件事就是去买所需要的课本,然后用纽约大学紫白相间的护封把它们套起来,这样地铁里的乘客就会向我投来艳羡的目光了。

5 Then the professor tells us ideas don’t drop fully formed from the skies, that the Pilgrims were, in the

long run, children of the Reformation with an accompanying world-view and their attitudes to children were so informed.

接着,教授告诉我们,观念并不是从天而降的现成品。从长远来看,清教徒是宗教改革运动的产物,他们继承了宗教改革运动的世界观,并且他们对孩子的态度也由此体现了宗教改革运动的思想。

6. Translate the sentences into English.

1 他们对业余剧社的介绍给苏菲留下了深刻的印象,于是她就报了名。(Amateur Dramatics; sign up for)

Their introduction of Amateur Dramatics impressed Sophie so much that she signed up for it.

2 网络教育为全职人员提供了利用业余时间接受继续教育的机会。(work full time) Online education provides those who work full time with opportunities to receive further education in

their spare time.

3 刚上大学时,他不知道是否需要把老师讲的内容一字不落地都记下来。(be supposed to; scribble down)

When he first arrived at university, he was not sure whether he was supposed

to scribble down every

word out of the professor’s mouth.

4 没有人觉察出他隐藏在笑容背后的绝望。(detect)

No one detects his despair well hidden behind his smile.

5 有些学生能轻松自如地与陌生人交谈,可有些学生却很难做到这一点。(be easy about) Some students are easy about talking with strangers, while some others find it hard to do so.

Guided Writing

2 Think about learning to live at college in China and write a short passage.

Describe your feelings or lifestyle in the past.

Half a year ago I was preparing for my university entrance exam. Although I studied hard, I was very

anxious and nervous. But my parents looked after me at home.

? Give more information about your feelings or lifestyle when you first arrived at college.

When I first arrived at college, I missed my family and my school friends. ?Describe how something changed.

But then I understood that I had to make friends in a new place.

?Describe why the change happened.

One day a group of friends suggested we should form a football team in our department.

?Describe how life is today.

Now I’ve lots of new friends and we have played a couple of matches. We study together and my

university life is not lonely anymore.

Unit Task

2 Write some friendly advice to freshers who might have the same problems as you did.

Dear new students,

From our experience of being new students last year, we’d like to offer you a few suggestions.

Settling in:

?Make sure you know the locations of your classes, the hall of residence, the dining hall, shops, laundry

facilities, banks and sports centre.

?Ask for your timetable for different subjects and find out the names of the teachers.

?Get the learning materials and books as soon as you receive the information from your university

teachers. Remember you can buy some of the books second-hand to save money. ?Get hold of a map of the local city and find out the transport for going out of campus.

Making friends:

?Get to know your roommates first.

?Introduce yourself to your classmates. Talk to them before and after class. ?Join some sports activities and student societies.

Managing your money:

?Try to work out the essential costs for food, accommodation, clothes, books, transport and telecommunications

so that you make sure you have enough money for them.

?Buy the things you believe you will need.

Managing your studies:

?Studying at university is different from studying at school. You have more freedom about what and how

to study. It also requires you to use your time wisely.

?University study requires you to be a more independent thinker and learner. ?Ask for help from your professors, but it saves your time and theirs if you prepare specific questions

before meeting them.

A Welcome Guide

Directions:A problem-solution approach could be used to write the unit task of preparing a welcome guide. In this case,the writer wants to make the text friendly and easy to read, as if there is a dialogue between the writer and the readers.

范文如下

Situation

So you’re a new student here, just like me last year.

Problem

Perhaps you feel a little bit lonely at the moment. After all, you’re away from your family and probably you feel you don’t really have any friends here.

Solutions

Actually, most new students feel this way sometimes, at least at first. I’d like to suggest that: You talk to your classmates before or after class. Perhaps some might be interested in

making a small study group;

You talk to your roommates. You may suggest having a meal together or going

out to the park or shopping;

Join a couple of student societies or clubs. There’s a huge choice here, so there will be some that really interest you.

Evaluation:

In this way, you may get over your loneliness and homesickness more quickly. You will find your university life full of fun and challenges.

补充翻译练习

Translate the passage into English, using the following words and expressions.

In the long run, frighten the life out of

Detect, for some reason, short of breath

Sign up for, Fresher’s Fair, Amateur Dramatics

Assure, withdraw from, academic records

不知何故,我喜欢上了戏剧,在社团迎新会上,我报名参加了业余剧社。从长远来看,这个决定是不对的,我发现了里面的问题。戏剧与我的数学专业毫不相干,我花了大量的时间在排练上,结果期末考试基本功课不及格,这可把我给吓坏了。我赶在学校的成绩报告单寄到家之前上气不接下气地跑回家中,告诉父母这一情况,并向他们保证下学期一定退出这个社团。