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Unit 1

●Part Two Reading centered activities


Reading Comprehension

1.Understanding the structure of the passage

Para.1-4 c para.5-7 a para.8-11 b para.12-13 d

2. 1) They would stare at them.

2) He felt embarrassed/ ashamed

3) He never let on.

4) He usually walked there with the help of his son

5) He was pulled on a child’s sleigh to the subway station

6) He like basketball, dances, and parties

7) He asked them to sit down and fight with him.

8) He was proud of his son

9) He missed him very much and was sorry for what he had thought about him.

10) He learned to have a good heart from his father.

3. 1) C 2) A 3) C 4) B 5) D 6) A7) B 8) C 9) D 10) A

4. Understanding the reference Words.

1)the difficulty in coordination the steps

2)whether a person has a good heart

3) a good heart

4)the baseball team

5)sat down to fight

6)what the son has achieved


8)the reluctance to walk with him


1. 1) urged

2) halted

3) bother

4) embarrassed

5) adjusted

6) complain

7) kid



10)saw to it that

























1.He walks slowly because of his bad leg.

2.He came to the meeting despite his serious illness.

3.He saw to it that the same mistake didn’t happen again.

4.Now that they’ve got to know each other a little better, the get along just fine.

5.Then I found myself surrounded by half a dozen boys.

6.I send you my best wishes on this happy occasion.

●Part Three Further development

3.What is love?













●Part Four Writing and T ranslation

2. Translation Practice

1.From Chinese into English

1)support a big family

2)care for her children and parents

3)pay for his children’s education

4)after years of diligent research

5)the financial burden on his shoulders

6)She has a golden heart/ a heart of gold and loves people around her.

7)My father has never bought any toys and candies for my younger brother and me, but I

know he loves us.

8)My parents do their best to meet our needs and always keep their promises.

2.From English into Chinese






Unit 2

●Part T wo Reading centered activities


Reading Comprehension

1.Understanding the main idea of the passage















2.Understanding Specific Information

1) F 2) T 3) F 4) T 5) T 6) F 7) T 8) T 9) T 10) T

●V ocabulary

1.1) mess

2) repeat

3) mislead

4) intends

5) tend

6) exaggerates

7) frustrating

8) misinterpreted

9) acceptance

10) trust

2. Step One

1) f 2) c 3) a 4) k 5) I 6) e 7) h 8) j 9) g 10) b 11) d

Step Two

1)conveyed/ conveyed











3. 1) out 2) on 3) with 4) of 5) In 6) in 7) to 8) on 9) At 10) of


1.I went to the dentist yesterday to have a bad/decayed tooth pulled out.

2.The development of things depends fundamentally on internal causes.

3.All roads lead to Rome.

4.I meant/intended to give you that book today, but I forgot to bring it with me.

5.I was on the verge of accepting his advice.

6.Divorce is not a matter you can afford to take lightly.

●Part Three Further development

4 .A Letter for James

Dear James,

How are you?

very busy

to get ready





got me

mobile phone

gotta go

Please write back.

●Part Four Writing and T ranslation

4.Translation Practice

1)Misunderstandings are very common in our daily lives.

They will cause problems and unnecessary trouble: ruin friendships, bring misery.

2)There are many ways to avoid misunderstandings

1.Do not use words that may have double meanings.

2.Express ideas and pronounce words clearly.

3.Emphasize the main points.

4.Don’t pretend to understand when you don’t.

5.Ask for clarification when not clear about the meaning.

6.Be aware of the gender differences in communication.

3)Many misunderstandings can be avoided if we are careful enough. Life without

misunderstandings will be better and happier.

Unit 3

Part Two


●Reading Comprehension

1.Understanding the Organization of the Text

1)Introduction (para.1)

Each person has the potential to win in his own way.

2)The meaning of “winner” and “loser”(Par. 2)

A winter is one who responds genuinely by being trustworthy and responsive

A loser is one who fails to respond genuinely

3)Few people are winners and losers all the time.(Par.3)

4)Winners (Par. 4-7)

Characteristics of a winner:

A.A winter is genuine

B.A winner is not afraid to do his own thinking and to use his own knowledge.

C.A winner is flexible.

D.A winner has a love for life.

E.A winner cares about the world and its people.

5)Losers (Para. 8-10)

Possible causes: Poor nutrition, cruelty, unhappy relationship, disease, continuing

disappointments, and inadequate physical care.

Characteristics of a loser:

A.A loser lacks an ability to appropriately express himself through a full range of

possible behavior.

B.A loser has difficulty giving and receiving love.

2.Understanding Specific Information

1) C 2) D 3) A 4) B 5) C

●V ocabulary


1) appreciate


B. 欣赏,赏识

2 ) Capacity

A. 容量,容积,容纳力

B. 能力,力量,才能


A. 频道

B. 把---导向,引导,集中


A. 捐献,捐赠,贡献出

B. 有助于,促成


A. 有弹性的,柔韧的

B. 灵活的,可变通的

6) guilt

A. 罪,罪行

B. 内疚,自责,悔恨

7) potential

A. 潜在的,可能的

B. 潜力,潜能

8) rigid

A. 硬的,不易弯曲的

B. 严格的,刻板的













1) expectation 2) limitations 3) capability 4) achievement 5) response 6) awareness 7) behavior 8) disappointment 9) cruelty 10) dependence

3. 1) entered into 2) channeled ---into 3) holds/held back

4) unaware of 5) separates---from 6) referred to ---as

7) lived up to 8) calls for 9) contributes to 10) sees/ saw ---as Translation

1. Lack of confidence contributed to his failure.

2. She has shown great courage in the face of her serious illness.

3.We came to the conclusion that she was telling the truth.

4.His secretary failed to tell him about the meeting.

5.Learning languages isn’t just a matter of memorizing words.

6.Once she has made her decision, no one can hold her back.

7.It’ll be difficult to live up to the standards set by our captain.

8.The scientist referred to this discovery as the most exciting new development in this field.

Part Four

Writing and Translation

2. Translation Practice

1)Failure is the mother of success.

2)Any man who is afraid of failure will/can never win.

3)Success means that you enjoy/love and are good at doing what you are doing now.

4)One who is eager to win will not necessarily win quickly.

5)A successful person doesn’t ask for things from others. On the contrary/ Instead, he will ask

himself: “ What can I leave to this world?”

6)A real winner is someone who makes the greatest contributions to the society, not the one who

is the richest, or the most famous.

3. Writing

Some people say that winning means being rich, some say winning means being powerful, and other think winning means being happy. I think winning means doing what you should do and being good at it. Most of us can only live in this world for no more than 70 or 80 years. We shouldn’t think too much about what we can get form this world. Instead, we should think about what we can leave in this world. The one who can make more contributions to the world is a real winner. For example, cleaning the street is a humble job in many people’s eyes, but in my opinion, street cleaners can also be great winners. They make our city more beautiful. They give us a better environment and consequently a better life. But, on the contrary, some people make money at the cost of the environment. Some are even worse: they cheat or kill others in order to gain power or earn money. Winners or losers? It’s time to g ive it a second thought.

Unit 4

Part Two


Reading Comprehension

1. Understanding the Organization of the Text

1)Introduction (Para. 1-2)

The term placebo is introduced: when it is prescribed and what it is.

2)The study of the placebo(Para.3-7)

i)The placebo works because the human mind fools itself.

ii)The placebo makes the wish to get better become reality.

iii)The doctor

70 percent or the people

only 25 percent of the people

3)seasickness, coughs, colds, pain after an operation

nothing at all

The first group showed no changes from the way old people in that village had always been.

a placebo

The second group had much better health and a lower death rate.

a real drug which was intended to help with the problems of old age.

The third group showed much the same results as the group that took the placebo.

4)if the placebo can have bad effects it should never be used.

2. Understanding Specific Information

1) Y es 2) No 3) Maybe 4) Y es 5) Y es 6) No 7) Y es 8) Maybe

●V ocabulary


1) A. a substance used for treating illness, especially a liquid you drink

B. the treatment and study of illness and injuries

2) A. an act of firing a gun

B. an injection of a drug

3) A. the part of a spacecraft in which astronauts live and work

B a plastic container shaped like a very small tube with medicine inside

4) A. become whole and sound, return to health

B. cause to become mentally or emotionally strong again after a bad experience

5) A. a particular way of behaving towards someone or of dealing with them.

B. a method that is intended to cure an injury or illness.

6) A. the process of cutting into someone’s body to repair or remove a part that is damaged

B. the process of making a machine or system work

7) A. a person or their particular problem that a doctor is dealing with

B. a situation that exists, especially as it affects a particular person or group

8) A. make someone think that a particular thing is true; indicate

B. tell someone your ideas about what they should do, where they should go, etc.

2. 1) a 2) e 3) f 4) d 5) g 6) h 7) c 8) b


1)All I can say is that we are extremely sorry.

2)In many cases regulations alone will not work.

3)He is highly likely to succeed because of his intelligence and diligence.

4)She stared at me as if I were a stranger.

5)It is reported that three people were injured in the traffic accident yesterday.

6)I feel angry at the way he (has) treated me.

7)The patient is much the same this morning as he was yesterday.

8)I’d like to stay (at) home this evening rather than go out.

Part Four

Writing And Translation

2) Translation practice

A: What are you doing?

B: I’m reading a magazine, Psychology.

A: Well, it must be fun to learn something about psychology.

B: Y ou bet. Psychology has broad applications in our daily life.

A: For example…?

B. For example, people can’t resis t the temptation to buy clothes on sale; patients feel much better

after they’ve taken some placebos.

A.Wait, …wait. I don’t think it has anything to do with psychology.

B.It does have something to do with psychology. People can’t help buying clothes on sale

because they have a very powerful psychological need that they feel they must satisfy.

Patients who have taken some placebos feel much better because they constantly tell themselves that they will become better, and their strong will makes the wish to get better become reality.

A: Oh, I see. Does psychology also play a role in such cases as talking with friends and listening to fast music?

B.Y es, talking with friends can be relaxing, and listening to fast music can make people

energetic or dynamic. According to psychology, these are god ways of keeping a distance from depression and pressure.

3. Writing

Sample 1

Psychology plays an important role in our daily life. Our feeling and attitudes color the way we behave. Confidence is a good example.

In reality, a great number of people complain that they are not able to do something or that their difficulties are too great to overcome. In some cases, this may be true. But in other cases, it means that these people allow themselves to get discouraged.

For example, a confident man can accomplish many things. If you have confidence, you believe you can do things well. Y ou might not always do as well as you hope, but you will try harder the next time. A man who lacks self-confidence might not be able to complete simple tasks. Without confidence you are likely to be nervous, unsure of yourself and confused about what to do and how to do it. Y ou may think you will fail, so as a result you will not try hard enough.

As the old saying goes, where is a will, there is a way. In other words, if you have the will or the determination to do something, you will always find a way to do it. Having confidence is an important part of our life.

Sample 2

In our daily life, we often have to buy things. Most of us cannot really distinguish good quality form bad quality. Obviously we can see if an apple is rotten, but we cannot always see if something is well made. What thoughts make us buy things?

A women may decide to buy a particular style of dress because several of her friends choose that style. She wants to be like her friends. A man might decide to buy a particular coat because it is expensive. He thinks that since it is expensive it must be of good quality. A student who has a

lot of money might decide to buy a jacket because it was designed by a well-known designer. Wearing a jacket with the designer’s name on it makes him feel important.

These are not the logical reasons for buy things, but they explain the motivation behind people’s actions or behav ior. It means that psychology or our mental state plays an important role in many aspects of our daily life.


Part Two


●Reading Comprehension

1. Understanding the Organization of the Text

I Introduction: Questions concerning dreams have puzzled human beings. (para.1)

II Dreaming and sleeping (para. 2-3)

1) When does dreaming occur?

When we are in REM sleep.

2) What are the main purposes of sleeping?

To give us rest and to allow us to dream.

III Possible causes of dreams (para. 4-6)


Example: Sleeping with one’s feet too close to a heater may cause one to dream of walking on hot coals.

2)Reflection of inner fears

Example: Worrying about losing one’s job may cause one to dream of losing one’s job.

IV Dreaming interpretation (para.7-9)

1)The earliest dream dictionary included symbols such as drinking wine to indicate a short life

and drinking water to indicate a long life.

2)Artemidorus’ dictionary includes symbols such as right hand (father), left hand (mother) and

dolphin (a good omen).

3) Most experts warn that dream interpretations should be treated with care.

2 Understanding Specific Information

1) T 2) T 3) T 4)T 5) F 6) T 7) T 8) T 9) F 10) F

●V ocabulary

1 1) explanation 2) enthusiasts 3)frustrating 4)popularity 5) unconscious

6) electrical 7) movements 8) recognizable 9) interpretation 10) countless

2 Task A

1) asleep 2) sleepless 3) sleep 4) sleepy 5) asleep 6) slept 7) sleeping, sleep

8) sleeper

Task B

1)submerged: (cause to) go below the surface of the sea, river or lake (使)浸没,淹没

2)subculture: the behavior, practices, etc. associated with a group within a society亚文化

3)submarine: a special type of ship which can travel under water潜水艇

4)subway: (BrE) a path for people to walk under a road or railway地下通道; (AmE) a railway

that runs under the ground地铁

5)subzero: (of temperatures) below zero零度以下的

6)Subtropical: related to an area near to a tropical area, or typical of that area副热带的,亚热带

7)subspecies: a subdivision of a species(物种的)亚种

8)subnormal: below an average or expected standard, especially of intelligence低于正常的

3. 1) progressed 2) puzzled 3) process 4) reflected 5) predict 6) advances 7) symbol 8) ancient 9) error 10) conscious 11) analysis 12) inner


1 Y ou will see that what I am saying now will come true.

2 The lecture was so boring that half (of) the students fell asleep.

3 The problem of unemployment is tied up with the development of new technology.

4 His appearance has changed so much that you may well not recognize him.

5 The castle dates back to the 14th century.

6 She has never done anything for them, whereas they have done everything they can for him.

Part Three Further Development

1 V ocabulary Review

1) A natural: not involving anything made by people天然的,自然的

B neutral: (of colors) not very strong or bright不鲜艳的,暗淡的

C natural: normal; usual正常的,惯常的

D neutral: not saying or doing anything that would encourage or help any of the groups

involved in an argument or war.中立的,不偏不倚的

2) A shattered: (cause to ) break suddenly into very small pieces(使)粉碎

B crashing: hit something or someone extremely hard while moving, in a way that causes a lot

of damage or makes a lot of noise 撞击

C cracked: do something with a sudden sharp noise 劈啪地响

D crashed: a violent accident involving one or more vehicles(汽车的)撞车事故;(飞机的)失事

E crack: (cause to ) break without dividing into separate parts(使)开裂

3) A ancient: of or from a long time ago, having lasted for a very long time, or very old古代的,远古的,古老的

B early: near the beginning of (a period of time), or before the usual, expected or planned time 早的,早期的

C previous: happening or existing before the one mentioned先前的,以前的

4) A sign: something which shows that something exists or is happing迹象

B symbols: a shape or design that is used to represent something such as an idea象征

C signal: a sound or action that you make in order to give information to someone or tell them

to do something信号

D signs/symbols: a standard mark that is used to represent something符号,记号

5) A view: state of seeing or being seen from a particular place视野,视域

B vision: power of seeing; sight视力

C vision: a picture in one’s mind of a possible situation or scene(对一可能情况或场景的)构想,设想;念头

D outlook: your general attitude to life and the world(对生活、世界的)观点,见解

E view: personal opinion or attitude观点,看法

6) A errors/mistakes: things done incorrectly through ignorance or wrong judgment错误,失误

B fault: if something bad that has happened is your fault, you should be blamed for it 过错

C error: a moral wrong道德上的错误

D fault: something that is wrong with a machine, system, design, etc., which prevents it from working properly故障

E mistake: (by mistake) if you do something by mistake, you do it without intending to错误地,(并非故意)

7) A confused: unable to think clearly迷惑的,糊涂的

B confusing: difficult to understand, puzzling令人迷惑的

8) A conscious: noticing the existence or presence of something particular意识到的,知道的

B unconscious: in the state of having lost consciousness 失去知觉的

C subconscious: present at a hidden level of the mind 潜意识的,下意识的

D consciousness: the state of being awake, thinking and aware of what is happening around you 意识,神志清醒

2 Matching Symbols with Interpretations

1)d 2) k 3) a 4) j 5) G 6) h 7) c 8) l 9) e 10) f 11) I 12) b

13) Falling down from a high place: It may predict a heart attack.

14) Eating spoiled(馊的)food: It may predict a stomach problem.

15) Choking(窒息): It may be caused by using a quilt that is too heavy.

More symbols and their interpretations:

Being dead: The dreamer may experience a new start in life.

Getting lost on a journey: The dreamer is unable to see the future.

Finding a lot of money: The dreamer is about to find out something hidden about himself.

Wild animals: The dreamer feels attacked and wants a chance to show his real power and strength.

Part Four Writing and Translation

2 Translation Practice



心理学家和心理玄学家在20 世纪90 年代普遍认为,我们的梦境包含着日常生活的内容。因此,学习记住并“挖掘”梦境是非常有用的。纵观历史,土著居民们就曾特意集体漫游梦境以解决问题,或根据部落所梦见的未来生活设定方向。许多重要的科学发现就来源于梦境中发生的事件。

3 Writing


A Nightmare

I grew up in the country and life was hard at that time. I used to share a bed with my younger brother. We would often fight for space.

One night, I had a terrible dream. In the dream, our village was occupied by foreign invaders. The invaders were taking away property and children from households. They set houses on fire and killed anyone who did not obey them. I managed to hide in a pile of hay. I could hear my heart thumping when I saw some foreign soldiers coming toward our house. I couldn’t see them clearly because my eyes were covered with hay. I could hear them coming nearer and talking angrily. But I didn’t understand anything that they said. Just then, I realized that one of my arms was not fully covered. I wanted to hide it but I dared not move. Then one of the soldiers discovered me. I was almost scared to death. But still I didn’t move. Then I felt a severe pain on my left arm/ I was wounded by a soldier with a sword.

I woke up and realized that I had just had a nightmare. But my left arm was hurting. My brother’s leg had been pressing on my arm.

(210 words)


Part Two

In-Class Reading



1._____ I like fresh fruit, vegetables, pork, seafood, all kinds of nuts, etc. I don’t like beef, lamb,

chicken and pickles.

_____ Although I’m not a vegetarian, I like vegetables and fruit most. I eat a lot of them. I also like seafood because I was born in a city on the coast. I’ve been exposed to seafood ever since my childhood. I don’t eat meat, any kind of meat.

2._____ The reason why I eat certain foods or don’t eat certain foods is simple: taste. In other

words, I eat what tastes good, and don’t eat what does n’t. But there is one exception. I’ve never tried snake because I’m scared by the creature. The mere mention of the word “snake”

makes my skin crawl.

_____ I think our eating habits were formed at home when we were very young. For example, my mother is an excellent cook, especially good at cooking seafood and vegetables. I ate a lot

of them at home. Gradually I’ve become used to this diet.

3.Y es. People in Guangzhou eat rats, snakes and many other birds or animals. It is said that they

eat anything with 2 legs except human beings and anything with 4 legs except tables.

Although it is an exaggeration, it shows they really eat a wide range of things. Many people think that’s strange because rats and snakes are nauseating. I also find eating raw fish strange, because I think raw fish contains a lot of bacteria.


1.Finding Food T aboos

India cow 1) Cows help plow the fields.

2) Cow manure can be used as fertilizer.

3) Cow manure can be dried and burned to make a cooking fire.

The united States dog 1) Dogs serve as companions for people.

2) Dogs serve as protection against thieves.

Ancient Egypt & Israel pork 1) Pork cooked insufficiently may spread disease.

2) People did not want to stay in one place to raise pigs.

2.Understanding the Details

1)nutrition, religion, the ways of different people

2)butterflies, rats, termites

3)calories, protein

4)there is plenty of land for raising cattle and their meat can be shipped cheaply for long

distances by railroads.

5)They go wherever they want to in the streets; they can eat anything from the supplies of

the foodsellers on the streets

3 Discussion



___ People in Northern China like noodles, jiaozi, steamed rolls, etc., while people in Southern china prefer rice.

___ People in Northern China eat a lot of Chinese cabbage (大白菜),while people in Southern China eat a lot of other vegetables.

___ People in East China eat a lot of seafood, while people in West China eat a lot of beef and lamb.

___ People in some provinces, such as Sichuan, Hunan and Hubei, like food that tastes hot, while people in some other places in Jiangsu and Zhejiang enjoy food that tastes a little bit sweet.


I think the differences are related to people’s tastes, the availability of foods, weather, soil

and geographical conditions, etc.

2)___ When I see people eat things I don’t like, my first reaction is disgust. I just can’t

understand how people can eat such nauseating things. Sometimes I feel that people are cruel when they eat some animals which are a help to human beings.

___ I don’t mind what other people prefer eating. People can have different likes and dislikes in different aspects. Nowadays a variety of foods are available in most places of the coutry and people can have a good choice. Many of us even enjoy foods from other countries. But

we have to think about our environment as well as health before eating. SARS has already taught us a good lesson in eating.


1.1) common 2) appropriate 3) forbidden 4) supplies 5) related

6) evidence 7) requires 8) raise 9) spread 10) sufficiently

2.1) disgusting 2) habit 3) insects 4) reasonable 5) relatively

6) animals 7) harvested 8) grow 9) nearly 10) other

11) altogether 12) consumed 13) avoided 14) popular 15) offers

16) served 17) would 18) enjoyed 19) considered 20) reject

3.1) g 2) f 3) b 4) c 5) h 6) e 7) I 8) d 9) a 10) j


1.We regard him as one of the best players in the game.

2.The scientist picked up those little pieces of rock and carefully put them into a box.

3.The population of China is almost five times as large as that of the United States.

4.The reason why grass is green was once a mystery to the little boy.

5.She was standing by the window, apparently quite calm and relaxed.

6.Profits have declined as a result of the recent drop in sales.

7.She put on dark glasses as a protection against the strong light.

8.He could no longer be trusted after that incident.

Part Three

Further Development

1.Jokes and Riddles About Food

Step one

1)Pear. 2) Mushroom.

2 Food Proverbs

1)d: Half a loaf is better than none.有一点总比没有好。

Meaning: Even if you have only a little, it is better than none at all.

2)e: The proof of the pudding is in the eating.布丁好坏,一尝便知。

Meaning: Something new can only be judged to be good or bad after it has been tried or


3)b: Too many cooks spoil the broth.厨师多了烧坏汤。

Meaning: if there are too many people trying to do the same job at the same time, the

job will not be done well.

4)f: One man’s meat is another man’s poison.甲之熊掌,乙之砒霜

Meaning: Something that one person likes may not be liked by someone else.

5)g: Y ou can’t have your cake and eat it too. 两者不可兼得。

Meaning: if you eat your cake, you can’t have it. In other words, one can’t have two

good things at once.

6)c: Don’t put all your eggs in one basket.不要把一切希望寄托在一件事上。

Meaning: Don’t depend completely on one thing or one course of action in order to

achieve success. Or one should try alternative ways.

7)a: It’s no use crying over spilt milk.事后不要无益地后悔。

Meaning: It’s useless to waste time feeling sorry about an earlier mistake or problem

that can’t be changed.

3 Preparing Food

Step One


1)Rice, tomato soup with eggs, some pineapple, roast chicken leg, baked beans, some


2)Rice, onion with eggs (fried), tomato slices with sugar, potato crisps, some milk.

3)Roast potato, fried chicken leg, tuna, tomato soup with eggs, some pineapple.

4)Six boiled eggs, some milk, baked beans, tomato soup, some apples.

5)Rice, two omelets, some tuna, some pineapple, some yogurt.

4 Eating at Cassandra’s


5 Places to Eat


6 Our Eating Habits

Step Two


___ Spend 10 to 12 hours eating in a normal week.

___ Eat three meals a day.

___ Eat a lot of fresh vegetables, fresh meat, biscuits, and chocolates.

___ Have meals in the school cafeterias most of the time.

___ Don’t cook.

___ Like fast food.


___ Food likes are different.

___ Food prepares are different.

Step Three


Part Four

Writing And T ranslation

2 Translation Practice

1)What is unusual is the fact that many students don’t eat vegetables

2)Students from the North like pasta, for example, noodles and dumplings.

3)Students brought up near the sea eat seafood, while those from West China enjoy beef and


4)What is worth mentioning is that some girls are on a diet to keep a slim figure.

5)Food likes and dislikes vary from one student to another.

6)Some students are keen on meat of all kinds, while others prefer fruits and nuts.

7)In some families, parents do most of the cooking, while in other, grandparents will take on

the responsibility.

8)Generally speaking, most of the students eat at school cafeterias, but some students from

wealthy families have meals in restaurants.

9)It is very surprising that some students often eat at restaurants because students don’t usually

earn money,

10)Cooking, traditionally undertaken by mothers, has been often taken over by fathers


3 Writing

Our Eating Habit

The survey shows that students usually spend little time eating. They eat three meals a day, with rice as their basic food (staple). Students from the North like pasta, for example, noodles, steamed bread, and dumplings. Most students like fresh fish, seafood and eggs. Only a few students say that they are keen on meat of all kinds. Most students eat their meals at the school cafeterias. They do n’t cook at home, and some haven’t even tried cooking. Their parents or grandparents do the cooking in their families.

What is unusual is the fact that many students don’t eat vegetables. They think fruit can provide all the necessary nutrients their bodies need. With some students, milk is gradually taking the place of water and other drinks. Besides, in many families, it is now the father who does most of the cooking. The role of the mother seems to have changed a lot.

Unit 7



1) save

A. help someone by making it unnecessary for them to do something unpleasant or inconvenient

B. keep money so that you can use it later, especially when you gradually add more money over a period of time

2) mission

A. an important job that someone has been given to do especially when they are sent to another


B. a group of important people who are sent by their government to another country to discuss something or collect information

3) do

A. be suitable or acceptable

B. cook

4) expose

A. leave something no longer covered or protected

B. make known (something secret), reveal

5) modesty

A. behavior in which one avoids talking about one’s abilities, qualities, or possessions

B. the quality or state of being not large in size or amount, or not expensive

6) observe

A. watch someone or something carefully

B. obey (a law, rule or custom)

7) flight

A. a set of stairs between one floor and the next

B. a journey in a plane or space vehicle

8) bow

A. v. bend your body over something, especially in order to see it more clearly

B. n. a knot of cloth or string with a curved part on either side, used especially for decoration

9) pick up

A. lift something up from a surface

B. learn something by watching or listening to other people

10) take

A. need or require

B. understand or interpret in a particular way


1)expose: reveal

2)abrupt: sudden

3)accomplish: achieve

4)surpass: exceed

5)feasible: workable

6)assure: convince

7)discourage: dissuade

8)inevitable: unavoidable

9)farewell: goodbye

10)caution: warning

11)compliment: praise

12)honor: respect

13)proposal: suggestion

14)modify: change

15)frustration: disappointment























1.If you sing the song several times, your children will (begin to) pick up the words.

2.We tried to assure the nervous old man that flying/air travel was safe.

3.An inadequate supply of vitamin A may lead to night blindness.

4.I can use a computer, but when it comes to computer repairing, I know nothing about it.

5.Many a mother tries to have her dreams realized by her daughter.

6.The bad weather discouraged people from attending the parade.

7.I gave him some pills to ease his pain.

8.The job involves traveling/working abroad three months each year.

Writing and Translation

Translation Practice












Sample 1

Dining Customs in China

Every country has its own peculiar dining customs. The Chinese feel that the first rule of being a courteous guest is to be modest. When a person is invited to dinner, he will decline first

because he is afraid it will give the host and hostess a lot of trouble preparing for it. As the host keeps on inviting him, he’ll then accept it. Usually the guest will bring some gifts to the host, such as fruit, flowers and wine. The host will immediately protest his doing so by saying, “Y ou shouldn’t have bought the gifts. Y ou are too polite and generous!”

When the guest sits down and starts chatting, the host offers something such as tea, candy, and fruit. The guest always says, “No, no, please don’t bother, I am not thirsty,”or “I’ll help myself to them.”

When the dinner is ready, the guests are invited to sit down first. They sit in the chairs that are facing the south, which are considered to be honored seats. After everybody is seated, the host asks the guests to start eating first because they will not eat before the host says so. The guests often avoid being eager to eat out of politeness. They usually don’t empty the dishes to show that the host has prepared more food than enough out of their hospitality. On the other hand, the host and hostess usually prepare a lot of food to feed their guests.

When the dinner is over, guests will offer to help with the cleaning, but of course, the host and hostess will not let them do so. Instead, they will ask the guests to watch TV, drink tea, and sometimes to join a card game or Mahjong game. After some time, the guests will leave, and it is customary for the host to see the guests off. The host tries to see them off to the farthest feasible point while the guests try to discourage them from doing so. The guests will usually invite the host to their home in order to return the favor.

Sample 2

Dining Customs in China

If you are a guest in China and you’re going to have dinner with the Chinese, you should learn many things about the dining customs in China.

Before the dinner begins, the guests and the host all sit at the table. Usually the hostess is busy preparing dishes and the host will chat with the guests. The dinner will begin when everybody is present.

When the dinner begins, the host says to the guests, “Please help yourselves!”the guests usually say, “Ok! Ok!” The host starts the dinner first and the others follow. The host or hostess will bring food to the bowls of their guests to encourage them to eat as much as they can. The guests will say “No, no, you don’t have to bother” or “I’ll help myself” at the beginning and will let the host or hostess do so later on. At a Chinese table a guest should not eat too quickly to finish eating very soon. The Chinese like to talk with each other during the dinner. If someone eats without speaking to anyone else, he is considered unfriendly or impolite. So the atmosphere at the dinner table is always pleasantly noisy.

At the end of the dinner, if someone wants to leave the table, he should apologize to others for not being able to accompany them to the end and at the same time ask them to eat slowly.

These are a few dinning customs in China.

Unit 8

Part Two


新编大学英语教案(第二册)_U n i t2 C o m m u n i c a t i o n P r o b l e m s -CAL-FENGHAI-(2020YEAR-YICAI)_JINGBIAN

Unit Two Communication problems Teaching Objectives 1. Let the students have some ideas of the common ways we usually use in our daily life to communicate. 2. Make the students find the efficient ways to communicate with each other. 3. Let the students come up with the ways to avoid misunderstandings. Teaching allotment six academic hours Focus points 1.key words and phrases assume, conflict, convey, emphasis, ignore, misinterpret, react, verge, feel like, for effect, on the verge of, pull out, take----lightly 2.difficult sentences 1) When Martians and Venusians first got together, they encountered many of the problems with relationships we have today. 2) So when communication problems emerged, they assumed it was just one of those expected misunderstandings and that with a little assistance they would surely understand each other. 3) To fully express their feelings, women would tend to exaggerate the facts a little bit for effect and use various superlatives, metaphors, and generalizations. 3.grammar focus prefix “mis---”的不同意义 Related Information It is well-known that learning a second language is never easy, and, generally speaking, the older one is when one attempts a new language, the more difficult it becomes. This is at least partly due to what is known as language interference, meaning that the linguistic patterns of our first language interfere with those of the second because no two languages have exactly the same sounds and grammatical structures. The English language has a very large vocabulary because it has incorporated words from many other languages over the centuries. This is nowhere more apparent than in its color words. For example, there are many words that express the color “purple”, describing its different shades and hues: mauve, violet, lilac, or lavender. An interesting 2

新编大学英语第三版综合教程2 Unit1课后答案

Unit 1 Love Part 2 Reading-Centered Activities *Reading Comprehension 1. Para.1-4 C para.5-7 A para.8-11 B para.12-13 D 2. 1) They would stare at them. 2) He felt embarrassed/ashamed. 3) He never let on. 4) He usually walked there with the help of his son. 5) He was pulled on a child’s sleigh to the subway station. 6) He liked baseball, dances, and parties. 7) He asked them to sit down and fight with him. 8) He was proud of his son. 9) He missed him very much and was sorry for what he had thought about him. 10) He learned to have a good heart from his father. 3. 1) C 2) A 3) C 4) B 5) D 6) A 7) B 8) C 9) D 10) A 4. 1) the difficulty in coordinating the steps 2) whether a person has a good heart 3) a good heart 4) the baseball team 5) sat down to fight 6) what the son has achieved, i.e. serving in the Navy 7) sensed my reluctance to be seen with him during our walks 8) the reluctance to walk with him *Vocabulary 1. 1) urged 2) bother 3) embarrassed 4) adjusted 5) complain 6) kid 7) subject 8) saw to it that 9) coordinate 10) participate in 2. patient--patience enter--entrance Bitter--bitterness complain--complaint Fortunate--fortune envy--envious


Unit 1 Vocabulary 1 entertaining / entertainment / entertained /entertainer recognizable / recognized / recognition tempting / temptation / tempt reasoned /reasoning / reasonable / reason analyzed / analytical /analyst /nanlysis valuable / valuation / valued values /value humorist / humor /humorous /humorist understandable /understanding /understand /misunderstand Tanslation 1) Lively behavior is normal_for a four-year-old child. (活泼的举止是正常的) 2) Fast cars appeal to John, but he can’t afford one. (速度快的车对······有吸引力) 3) Dave required a lot of time to study the diverse argument. (多种多样的论据) 4) I asked my boss for clarification, and she explained the project to me again. (我要求我的上司为我解释清楚) 5) Photographic film is very sensitive to light. (对光很敏感) 6) Mutual encouragement can be a great help, especially in the early days. (互相鼓励) 7) Jimmy cried when people made fun of him. (拿他开玩笑) 8) John won’t give up. He persists in his opinion. (坚持他的观点) 9) Ted always wants to be the focus/center of attention. (成为注意的焦点) 10) Is it cheaper if we buy our tickets in advance? (我们提前买票) Unit 2 Translation 1.However the main drawback with this type of search engine (这种搜素引擎的主要缺陷) is its tendency to include too much information. 2. She is very generous with her time(她从不吝惜自己的时间)--- always ready to help other people. 3. You may have known someone else for 20 years and yet they will never be more than a casual acquaintance (他们永远只是泛泛之交). 4. He doubted that the car was hers (他怀疑这车不是她的)because everyone knew she had no money. 5. It’s impossible to forget such horrible events---they will remain in the memory forever (它们会永远留在记忆中). 6. In a world too often filled with uncertainties (在这样一个常常充满各种不确定性的世界上), it is nice to have a safety net, something you can rely on. 7. The earthquake happened a year ahead of the prediction by the research group (比该研究小组的预报提前了一年), but earthquakes are usually difficult to predict. 8. I don’t mind being awakened once or twice in the middle of the night by my roommate so long as she doesn’t make a habit of it (只要她不养成习惯). Unit 3 Vocabulary 1.


Unit 1 Sample 1 It is believed that pessimism often leads to hopelessness, sickness and failure, while optimism usually brings happiness, good health and success. Pessimists also make those around them very miserable. Therefore, pessimists should change their way of thinking and overcome the negative aspects of their personalities. Here are a few tips for them: 1. Try to smile more often. A smile has great power. It can chase sadness away. It will make you and other people feel happy. And it may even make things easier and better. Smiling in the morning makes a good beginning for the day. A smile is the most important sign of optimism. 2. Build up your self-confidence. Try to discover as many of your personal strengths as you can. Then write them all down. Read them several times when you are getting ready to do something or when you are facing difficulties. Your list will help you see your abilities. 3. Change your way of thinking. Don't always think that things will go wrong or that if they do there will be terrible results. Instead, convince yourself that things will improve and that you can work hard to help improve them. If you fail, think about what you have learned from the failure. If you succeed, praise yourself. Don't be too modest! There is nothing more encouraging than self-praise. Try your best to become an optimist. Sample 2 Are you an optimist or a pessimist? If you're a pessimist, here is some advice for you. As everyone knows, pessimism is harmful to people. It makes you unhappy and unhealthy, and even brings depression, loneliness and failure. Pessimists tend to suffer more failures and setbacks because they don't believe they can succeed and thus don't struggle for it. Optimism, by contrast, can make you happy, healthy and successful. So it is good for you to change yourself from a pessimist to an optimist. Here are some suggestions for you to become an optimist: 1. Remember that everyone experiences failures and disappointments. So when you fail, don't blame yourself too much. It may not be your fault. 2. When you fail in something, profit from the failure as a learning experience instead of getting depressed. And next time, you can make your plans to be more successful. 3. When you fail, don't be discouraged. Try again. Don't let negative thoughts hold you back. Just give yourself another chance. So never give up just because you failed. Pessimism is harmful, but it can be changed. Trust yourself and try to adopt an optimistic attitude, and then you will be a winner in life more often. Unit 3 If I Were the Mayor of This City As the topic of the 2010 Expo --- “Bette r City, Better Life” indicates, the ultimate goal of making a city better is to make its people happier. So if I were the mayor of


Music to Your Gears Andy Ellis 1 尽管音乐能使心中的怒气平息,但是开车时听音乐也会损害你的健康。近期研究表明,听声音很响的音乐会严重地影响司机的注意力,而且心理学家也提醒人们,持续大音量地在车里放这种音乐是很危险的,尤其是处于车流中或是在高速公路上开车时。 2 音乐有两个极端,任何一个极端都有可能带来危险。重金属音乐以其强烈的节奏使人莽撞驾驶,而聆听处于另一个极端的优美而令人舒心的音乐会使司机过分放松,以至于超过安全限度,陷入迷糊状态。 3 英国汽车协会一直关注道路安全,它委托搞了一个项目,研究重大车祸与音乐之间的关系。这项研究发现,17至25年龄段的男性是最危险、最易产生车祸的群体。研究还发现,这个群体的人70%的开车时间都在听音乐。 4 快节奏或重金属音乐要是放得很响,会使人易怒好斗,开起车来冲劲十足。这种司机也就更容易去冒险。开车的速度受到了音乐的速度和节奏的控制。 5 在试验中,那些自愿参加实验的司机说,听了声音很响的音乐,他们说尽管他们不一定感到非要开快车,但的确发现自己换挡更快,加速更快,刹车也更急了若是让这些司机听慢节奏的抒情曲,他们承认自己经常走神。在一次高速公路长途驾驶过程中,至少有两位参加试验的司机发现自己在不知不觉中跨越了车道标志。 6 这些自愿参试的司机(有些刚刚拿到驾驶执照)所发表的意见非常说明问题18岁的西蒙告诉英国汽车协会:“《走出地狱的蝙蝠》里的快节奏摇滚乐有可能让人送命。我发现自己不知不觉地越开越快。” 7 另一名自愿参试的司机一直在听“ZZ顶级”乐队最流行的曲子。他说:“我一直在快速行驶,扯着嗓门唱歌,没有看见也没有听见那辆一直想超过我的消防车。” 8 还有些人说:“我陷入了深思……”,“人的感觉会变得麻木……”,“听不见别的汽车声是个问题”,“我一直在随着音乐的节奏加快速度。” 9 一些慢节奏的背景音乐,如肖邦的音乐,会刺激人的大脑,使思维模式发生变化,激发阿尔法脑波,使人有一种舒服愉快的感觉。处于放松状态在大多数时候对我们有好处,但开车时则不然。心理学家雪利·费希尔教授提醒人们说:“最大的危险是疲倦驾驶。有一些音乐会使你无法集中注意力,甚至陷入轻度睡眠状态,那样就会造成可怕的惨祸。” 10 “问题的关键在于根据具体情况选择合适的音乐。刺激性的音乐适合在漫长、枯燥的道路上听,但是当交通状况糟糕时,或是交通拥挤时,这种音乐会分散你的注意力。” 11 然而,音乐也有其好的一面,正如英国汽车协会的心理学家罗伯特·韦斯特所指出的那样:“如果说有些音乐影响我们安全行驶,那么反过来也是有道理的。精心选择的曲子有助于我们安全行驶,尤其是对高风险的群体而言。例如,要是我们能使年轻的男性驾车者听曼托瓦尼的音乐,他们很可能会把速度放慢。但可悲的是,我自认为没有能力说服他们许多人去这样做。” 12 除了一些音乐会影响行驶安全,我们的车里安装了高技术的音响系统这件事本身也是引起车祸的根源。近期一份有关交通与道路安全的报告表明,小交通事故中,有大约40%是由于人们更换磁带或光盘不看道路所引起的! 13 无论我们对音乐的品位如何,无论我们的开车风格如何,看来安全行驶的习惯是我们一定要养成的。罗孚汽车公司、英国航空航天局、飞利浦公司及瑞典道路与交通研究所已通力合作生产出了一种汽车智能系统——简称为ARIADNE(实时智能驾驶助理)的精密电子防撞行驶报警装置。它利用雷达技术,一旦面临撞车危险,雷达会使车内的电话响起,警告司机注意。 14 如果汽车与前面的车辆之间的距离超出了安全刹车的范围,ARIADNE会通过加速器踏板发出震动以提醒司机放慢速度。随着两车之间的距离不断缩小,这种震荡会越来越强烈。要是司机


Unit 3 Born to Win Part 2 Reading-Centered Activities *Reading Comprehension 1.1) Introduction (Para.1) Each person has the potential to win in his own way. 2) The meaning of “winner” and “loser”(Para.2) A winter is one who responds genuinely by being trustworthy and responsive. A loser is one who fails to respond genuinely. 3) Few people are winners and losers all the time.(Para.3) 4) Winners (Para. 4-7) Characteristics of a winner: A. A winter is genuine. B. A winner is not afraid to do his own thinking and to use his own knowledge. C. A winner is flexible. D. A winner has a love for life. E. A winner cares about the world and its people. 5) Losers (Para. 8-10) Possible causes: Poor nutrition, cruelty, unhappy relationship, disease, continuing disappointments, and inadequate physical care. Characteristics of a loser: A. A loser lacks the ability to appropriately express himself through a full range of possible behavior. B. A loser has difficulty giving and receiving love. 2. 1) C 2) A 3) A 4) B 5) C *Vocabulary 1. 1) appreciate A.感激 B. 欣赏,赏识 2 ) capacity A. 容量,容积,容纳力 B. 能力,力量,才能


Unit 1 Personality V ocabulary 1. 1) self-conscious 2) self-confidence 3) self-esteem 4) self-destructive 5) self-worth 6) self-concept 7) Self-awareness 8) self-assurance/self-confidence 2. 1)B 2)I 3)L 4)A 5)H 6)D 7)E 8)N 9)J 10)M 11)C 12)F 13)G 14)K 3. 1) profound 2) jealousy 3) numerous 4) overweight 5) overcome 6) eventually 7) slim 8) compliments 9) diminish 10) reassurance 11) detrimental 12) isolated 13) self-esteem 14) accented 4. 1) reflected 2) concerned/worried 3) profound effect/influence 4) viewed/regarded 5)sensitive 6) respond/react 7)eliminated 8)overcome my fear 9) concentrate on 10) made no comment Translation 1) You should spend a reasonable amount of time relaxing and exercising. 2) In general children are healthier and better educated than ever before. 3) When the right opportunity comes along, he’ll take it. 4) Every day he sets aside some time to be with his family and enjoy life. 5) I remember those dark streets and walking hand in hand with my father. 6) He finally failed to live up to his parents’expectations. 7) In contrast, our use of oil has increased enormously. 8) He succeeded in his efforts to overcome his fatal weakness. Part Four Writing and Translation 2. Translation Practice

新编大学英语 第三册 单词

第一单元 accent 强调;口音;腔调;重音acquaintance 泛泛之交;了解adversely 有害地 assurance 信心;保证 assured 自信的;感到有把握的circulate 周旋;循环 concept 观念 constant 不断的;始终不变的contrast 对比 converse 聊天 criticism 批评;评论detrimental 有害的 dwell 详述;居中 eliminate 排除;淘汰encouragement鼓励enthusiastically 满腔热情地esteem 尊重 excessively 过多地 hobby 业余爱好 impression 印象;印记improvement 改进

inadequacy 不够格;不充分inferior 差的 inferiority 低劣 interpret 解释;翻译isolate 使孤立 numerous 众多的overcome 消除;压倒overdo 低头 overweight 超重的passive 消极的reasonable 合理的reevaluate 重新评价rejection 拒绝 self-esteem 自尊 shyness 害羞spontaneous 本能的statement 陈述 swirl 旋转 thoughtful 经过缜密思考的timid 害羞的 unattractive 没有吸引力的uncomfortable 不舒服的

worrisome 令人忧虑的 a great many 很多 come along 出现;与某人一起来到dwell on 谈或想的太多 hand in hand 相伴;手拉手地 have something at heart 对…深切关心 in contrast 与…截然相反 of one’s choice 中意的 set aside (为某目的)节约(时间或钱)aptitude 天资 attach 连接;缚;认为有(重要性)awe 敬畏 brand-new 暂新的 confine 限制;监禁 convinced 确信的 crib 有围栏的婴儿床 deafness 聋 despair 绝望 disagreement 分歧 dismissal 解雇 divorce 离婚;分离;与…离婚employer 雇主


Unit 1 ●Part Two Reading centered activities Pre-reading Reading Comprehension 1.Understanding the structure of the passage Para.1-4 c para.5-7 a para.8-11 b para.12-13 d 2. 1) They would stare at them. 2) He felt embarrassed/ ashamed 3) He never let on. 4) He usually walked there with the help of his son 5) He was pulled on a child’s sleigh to the subway station 6) He like basketball, dances, and parties 7) He asked them to sit down and fight with him. 8) He was proud of his son 9) He missed him very much and was sorry for what he had thought about him. 10) He learned to have a good heart from his father. 3. 1) C 2) A 3) C 4) B 5) D 6) A7) B 8) C 9) D 10) A 4. Understanding the reference Words. 1)the difficulty in coordination the steps 2)whether a person has a good heart 3) a good heart 4)the baseball team 5)sat down to fight 6)what the son has achieved 7)sensed 8)the reluctance to walk with him ●Vocabulary 1. 1) urged 2) halted 3) bother 4) embarrassed 5) adjusted 6) complain 7) kid 8)engage 9)subject 10)saw to it that 11)coordinate 12)participate 2.Word-building patience


Unit1 1 Shyness can vary from feeling mild discomfort to high levels of anxiety (从感觉轻微的不适高度的焦虑) that impact us in almost everything we do. 2 Despite his stubbornness, he knew in his heart that he should avoid arousing any suspicions(避免引起任何怀疑). 3 It will be interpreted as criticism no matter what you say.(成批评,无论你说什么). 4 Let’s not allow ourselves to be upset by trifles (让我们不要为小事情烦心) (which) we should ignore and forget. 5 Too much time spent dwelling on the past (花太多的时间老是想着过去) can get in the way of enjoying life as it happens. 6 People who believe they can accomplish goals and solve problems (相信自己能够完成目标并解决问题的人) are more likely to do well in school. Unit2 1.She wore a dress with pattern of roses (有玫瑰图案)on it. 2.Helen had prepared a wonderful meal for us.(为我们准备了一顿丰盛的饭菜) 3.Ann promised faithfully (信誓旦旦地保证)that she would never tell. 4.Could you deliver this letter(把这封信送到)to the accounts department? 5.We well offered a selection of milk and plain chocolate.(精选的牛奶巧克力和纯巧克力) 6.Tell the children to keep out of mischief themselves.(别胡闹) 7.We could hear the sound of distant thunder.(远处打雷的声音) 8.The project has now received approval form the government .(得到政府的批准) 9.Kelly loved her husband in spite of the fact that he drank too much.(虽然他喝酒太多) 10.Experts seem unable to agree whether the drug is safe or not .(就这个药是否安全取得一致意见) Unit 3 1.由于紧急情况,这个医生几小时内都没有空 Because of an emergency, the doctor will not be available for several hours. 2.税收将会如何影响低收入的人? How will taxes affect people with low incomes? 3.我母亲总是告诉我,从长远来看我会很高兴我没有放弃练钢琴 My mother always told m e that in the long run I would be glad I didn’t give up practicing the piano. 4.这些书的价格从10美元到20美元不等 These book range in price from $10 to $20. 5.在我看来你没有什么选择 6.It seems to me that you don’t have much choice. 6.考虑到他们缺乏经验,这工作他们已做的相当不错了 Given their inexperience, they have done quite a good job. 7. 对这么一幢大房子来说这价格相当便宜,但你得考虑维修费用 For such a big house the price is fairly low/cheap, but you’ve got to take into consideration the money you will spend on repairs. 8.我们能否从讨论上会议产生的问题开始? Can we begin with discussing questions arising from the last meeting?

新编大学英语(第三版浙江大学编著)4视听说教程原文Unit 7

新编大学英语(第三版/浙江大学编著)4视听说教程原文 Unit7 Part1 Listening 1 Maria: Oh, hi Dave. Long time no see! Dave: Hi Maria. I was in the neighborhood, so I thought I’d drop by. Maria: Come in. Have a seat. Would you like something to drink? I have Sprite and orange juice. Dave: Sprite would be fine. Uh, so, how have you been? Maria: Oh, not bad. And you? Dave: Oh, I’m doing OK, but school has been really hectic these days, and I haven’t had time to relax. Maria: What’s your major anyway? Dave: Hotel management. Maria: Well, what do you want to do after graduation? Dave: Uh… I haven’t decided for sure, but I think I’d like to work for a hotel or travel agency in this area. How about you? Maria: Well, when I first started college, I wanted to major in French, but then I realized I might have a hard time finding a job, so I changed to computer science. With the right skills, landing a job in the computer industry shouldn’t be as difficult. Dave: So, do you have a part-time job to support yourself through school? Maria: Well, fortunately I received a four-year academic scholarship that pays for all my tuition and books. Dave: Wow, that’s great. Maria: Yeah. How about you? Are you working your way through school? Dave: Yeah. I work three times a week at a restaurant near campus. Maria: Oh, what do you do there? Dave: I’m a cook. Maria: How do you like your job? Dave: It’s OK. People there are friendly, and the pay isn’t bad. Listening 2 1. Do you need a place where you can juggle without breaking furniture? Our club offers a place


新编大学英语第二版第三册 第三单元课文翻译 编著:浙江大学 出版社:外语教学与研究出版社 挂钥匙的孩子——笃、笃,家里有人吗? 在过去的几十年中,美国的生活费用一直在持续增长。食品价格。服装费用、房子开销和学费都越来越高。母亲们纷纷放弃传统的全职家庭主妇的角色,这一部分是由于经济需要,一部分是想通过工作取得成就感。她们越来越多地从事家庭以外的有薪水的工作。 如此重大的角色转换影响着整个家庭,尤其是孩子们。某些后果是非常明显的。例如,晚饭时间推迟了。而另一方面,这种转变对情感的影响就更微妙了。母亲们早上带着愧疚感离开家,因为孩子放学回来时她们会不在家。她们压抑着愧疚心理,因为她们相信她们的工作从长远来讲对大家有益。她们的收入将能够使家庭存下钱来供孩子上大学。度一次长假、买辆新车,等等。 孩子们在情感上所受到的影响是很大的。通常,孩子会感到受伤和愤怒。毕竟,他们一个人呆几个小时,他们感到他们的母亲应该“在那儿”等着他们。他们可能需要有人帮他们完成作业,或者想把一天的活动说给母亲听。然而,母亲们通常筋疲力尽地回到家,又要面临一个紧迫的任务——准备晚饭。她们的首要任务是给全家人做晚饭,而不是轻松的聊天。 挂钥匙的孩子年龄从六岁到十三岁不等。每天,他们放学回家,用挂在脖子上的钥匙打开门,独自一人,孤孤单单地呆在安静而空荡荡的屋子里。对某些孩子来说,这段个人时间是很有所作为的,而对于另外一些孩子,却是令人害怕的孤单的空虚。由于安全原因,很多父母不允许孩子出去玩,或带客人到家里来。因此,孩子们感到一种被隔离的感觉。 被采访的挂钥匙的孩子们反应不同。一些孩子说,每天自己呆上几个小时培