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新概念英语第四册课文翻译及学习笔记:Lesson46 【课文】

Punctuality is a necessary habit in all public affairs in

civilized society. Without it, nothing could ever be brought to a conclusion; everything would be in state of chaos. Only in a

sparsely-populated rural community is it possible to disregard

it. In ordinary living, there can be some tolerance of

unpunctuality. The intellectual, who is working on some

abstruse problem, has everything coordinated and organized

for the matter in hand. He is therefore forgiven if late for

a dinner party. But people are often reproached for

unpunctuality when their only fault is cutting things fine.

It is hard for energetic, quick-minded people to waste time,

so they are often tempted to finish a job before setting out

to keep an appointment. If no accidents occur on the way,

like punctured tires, diversions of traffic, sudden descent

of fog, they will be on time. They are often more industrious,

useful citizens than those who are never late. The over-

punctual can be as much a trial to others as the unpunctual.

The guest who arrives half an hour too soon is the greatest nuisance. Some friends of my family had this irritating habit.

The only thing to do was ask them to come half an hour later

than the other guests. Then they arrived just when we wanted


If you are citing a train, it is always better to be

comfortably early than even a fraction of a minted too late.

Although being early may mean wasting a little time, this

will be less than if you miss the train and have to wait an

hour or more for the next one; and you avoid the frustration

of arriving at the very moment when the train is drawing out

of the station and being unable to get on it. An even harder situation is to be on the platform in good time for a train

and still to see it go off without you. Such an experience

befell a certain young girl the first time she was traveling


She entered the station twenty minutes before the train

was due, since her parents had impressed upon her that it

would be unforgivable to miss it and cause the friends with

whom she was going to stay to make two journeys to meet her.

She gave her luggage to a porter and showed him her ticket.

To her horror he said that she was two hours too soon. She felt

in her handbag for the piece of paper on which her

father had written down all the details of the journey and

gave it to the porter. He agreed that a train did come into the station at the time on the paper and that it did stop, but only

to take on mail, not passengers. The girl asked to see a timetable, feeling sure that her father could not have made

such a mistake. The porter went to fetch one and arrive back

with the station master, who produced it with a flourish and

pointed out a microscopic 'o' beside the time of the arrival of

the train at his station; this little 'o'

indicated that the train only stopped for mail. Just as that

moment the train came into the station. The girl, tears

streaming down her face, begged to be allowed to slip into

the guard's van. But the station master was adamant : rules could not be broken and she had to watch that train disappear towards her destination while she was left behind.




在火车进站 20 分钟前她就进了车站。因为她的父母再三跟她说,如果误了这趟车,她的东道主朋友就得接她两趟,这是不应该的。她把行李交给搬运工并给他看了车票。搬运工说她早到了两个小时,她听后大吃一惊。她从钱包里摸出一张纸条,那上面有她父亲对这次旅行详细说明,她把这张纸条交给了搬运工。搬运工说,正如纸条所说,确有一趟火车在那个时刻到站,但它只停站装邮件,不载旅客。姑娘要求看到时刻表,因为她相信父亲不能把这么大的事弄错。搬运工跑回去取时刻表,同时请来了站长。站长拿着时刻表一挥手,指着那趟列车到站时刻旁边一个很小的圆圈标记。这个标记表示列车是为装邮件而停车。正在这时,火车进站了。女孩泪流满面,央求让她不声不



punctuality n.准时

rural adv.农村的

disregard v.不顾,无视

intellectual n.知识分子

abstruse adj.深奥的

coordinate v.协调

reproach v.责备

puncture v.刺破(轮胎)

diversion n.改道,绕道

trial n.讨厌的事,人

fraction n.很小一点儿

flourish n.挥舞(打手势)

microscopic adj.微小的

adamant adj.坚定的,不动摇的


【d isregard 】

英英: give little or no attention to


1. Please disregard the mess and sit right here.


2.The boy's failure was due to continued disregard of

his studies.


3.Her actions manifested a complete disregard

for personal safety.


【a bstruse 】


1. Einstein's theory of relativity is very abstruse .


2.Lu Xun's works are very abstruse. You must

read between the lines.


【c oordinate 】

英英: bring order and organization to


1.Coordinate labour relations and gradually improve the living standards of the workers.


2.We should have established a rescue center or a system that can coordinate our resources.


https://www.sodocs.net/doc/1514047218.html,munication was essential if we were to coordinate

our protests and complaints.

如果我们要协调 * 和控诉活动,交流信息是必不可少的。

【r eproach 】

英英: express criticism towards


1. Do not reproach yourself, it was not your fault.


2.I have nothing either to hope or fear, and nothing to reproach him with.


3.It is illegal to reproach Jesus Christ or the holy



【t rial 】


1.Character can not be developed in ease and quiet. Only through experience of trial and suffering can the soul be strengthed.


2. His blindness is a great trial to him.


【f raction 】


1. It remains a fraction of its former size.


2.The cost of copying a disk of software or a tape of

music is a fraction of the cost of the product.


【a damant】


1. She was adamant in refusing to comply with his wishes.


2.Most officials are adamant that the policy remains in place.



【bring to a cnoclusion】结束

【i n hand 】手头的

【in good time for】即时的

【impress upon 】使牢记

【break the rule】违反规定


First listen and then answer the following question.


Who, according to the author, are 'Fortune's favoured children'?

A gifted American psychologist has said, 'Worry is a spasm of the emotion; the mind catches hold of something and will not let it go.' It is useless to argue with the mind in

this condition. The stronger the will, the more futile the

task. One can only gently insinuate something else into

its convulsive grasp. And if this something else is rightly chosen, if it really attended by the illumination of another

field of interest, gradually, and often quite swiftly, the

old undue grip relaxes and the process of recuperation and repair begins.

The cultivation of a hobby and new forms of interest is therefore a policy of the first importance to a public man. But this is not a business that can be undertaken in a day or swiftly improvised by a mere command of the will. The growth of alternative mental interests is a long process. The seeds must be carefully chosen; they must fall on good ground; they must be sedulously tended, if the vivifying fruits are to be

at hand when needed.

To be really happy and really safe, one ought to have

at least two or three hobbies, and they must all be real. It is

no use starting late in life to say:'I will take an

interest in this or that.' Such an attempt only aggravates the

strain of mental effort. A man may acquire great knowledge

of topics unconnected with his daily work, and yet get hardly

any benefit or relief. It is no use doing what you like; you

have got to like what you do. Broadly speaking,

human beings may be divided into three classes : those who are toiled to death, those who are worried to death, and

those who are bored to death. It is no use offering the

manual labourer, tired out with a hard week's sweat and

effort, the chance of playing a game of football or baseball

or Saturday afternoon. It is no use inviting the politician

or the professional or business man, who has been working or worrying about serious things for six days, to work or worry

about trifling things at the weekend.

As for the unfortunate people who can command everything they want, who can gratify every caprice and lay their hands

on almost every object of desire -- for them a new pleasure,

a new excitement if only an additional satiation. In vain

they rush frantically round from place to place, trying to

escape from avenging boredom by mere clatter and motion. For them discipline in one form or another is the most hopeful


It may also be said that rational, industrious, useful

human being are divided into two classes : first,those whose work is work and whose pleasure is pleasure; and secondly

those whose work and pleasure are one. Of these the former

are the majority. They have their compensations. The long

hours in the office or the factory bring with them as their reward,

not only the means of sustenance, but a keen appetite for

pleasure even in its simplest and most modest forms. But

Fortune's favoured children belong to the second class. Their life is a natural harmony. For them the working hours are never long enough. Each day is a holiday, and ordinary holidays, when they come, are grudged as enforced interruptions in an absorbing vocation. Yet to both classes, the need of an alternative outlook, of a change of atmosphere, of a diversion of effort, is essential. Indeed, it may well

be that those work is their pleasure are those who and most need the means of banishing it at intervals from their minds.

WINSTON CHURCHLL Painting as a Pastime

【New words and expressions生词和短语】

gifted adj.有天才的

psychologist n.心理学家

spasm n. 一阵 ( 感情 ) 发作

futile adj.无用的

insinuate v.便潜入,暗示

convulsive adj.起痉挛的

illumination n.启发,照明

undue adj.不造当的

grip n.紧张

recuperation n.休息

improvise v.临时作成

sedulously adv.孜孜不倦地

vivify v.使生气勃勃

aggravate v.加

trifling adj.微小的

gratify v.便意

caprice n.任性

satiation n.足

frantically adv.狂乱地

avenge v.替?复

boredom n.

clatter n.喧的

sustenance n.生

appetite n.欲望

grudge v.怨恨

absorbing adj.引人入的

banish v.排除,放弃


1.catch hold of抓住??

let ... go放掉??

2.The stronger the will, the more futile the task种意志越是烈,种越是徒。

futile adj.无用的

例句: Pace considers attempts at timing futile.


It is futile to attempt to convince him that certain

things are simply undoable.


3.insinuate v.使潜入,暗示

例句: What are you insinuating?


Are you insinuating that I am a liar?


He insinuated his doubt of her ability.


4. undue adj.不适当的,过度的

例句: I didn't want to show undue excitement.


Don't give undue deference to the opinions and feelings of others.


He used it to discourage any undue sense of danger.



例句: vt.恶化

Scratching can aggravate the rash.


The Europeans' appeasement policy towards irrational

regimes would only

aggravate the hidden dangers.

欧洲国家对非理性政权的绥靖政策, 只会让潜在危机恶化。

The lack of rain aggravated the already serious

shortage of food.


6.those who are toiled to death, those who are worried to

death, and those who are bored to death 劳累至死的人,忧虑至死的人,无聊至死的人

7.tired out with 疲惫,精疲力尽

例句: She was tired out with wonder and marvelling.


He was tired out with mountain climbing.


8.gratify v.使满足,使高兴

例句: Now that she has a job in France she can

gratify her desire to see Europe.


I was gratified to see how much my birthday present was appreciated.


https://www.sodocs.net/doc/1514047218.html,y their hands on 得到 ...... 抓到 ......

10.Fortune's favoured children 中的Fortune 指“命运女神”

11.banish vt.

① 驱逐,流放

例句: His lies caused his wife to banish him from

the house.


The sound of doctrine rings out daily in order to banish

various curiosities about this



的种种好奇与揣测 !


例句: You can banish that idea from your mind.


The doctor advised her to banish fear and anxiety.




















3 类:劳累至死的人、忧虑至死的人、无聊至死的人。对于流汗出力干


球或打垒球是不合适的 ; 同样,对于为严肃的公务操劳或烦恼了 6 天的政界人士、专业人员、商人来说,在周未再让他们为琐事而动脑子和








类是他分清工作是工作,娱乐是娱乐的人; 第二类人的工作和娱乐是一回事。这两类人当中,第一类人是绝大部分,他们能够得到补偿。在



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