Punctuality is a necessary habit in all public affairs in
civilized society. Without it, nothing could ever be brought to a conclusion; everything would be in state of chaos. Only in a
sparsely-populated rural community is it possible to disregard
it. In ordinary living, there can be some tolerance of
unpunctuality. The intellectual, who is working on some
abstruse problem, has everything coordinated and organized
for the matter in hand. He is therefore forgiven if late for
a dinner party. But people are often reproached for
unpunctuality when their only fault is cutting things fine.
It is hard for energetic, quick-minded people to waste time,
so they are often tempted to finish a job before setting out
to keep an appointment. If no accidents occur on the way,
like punctured tires, diversions of traffic, sudden descent
of fog, they will be on time. They are often more industrious,
useful citizens than those who are never late. The over-
punctual can be as much a trial to others as the unpunctual.
The guest who arrives half an hour too soon is the greatest nuisance. Some friends of my family had this irritating habit.
The only thing to do was ask them to come half an hour later
than the other guests. Then they arrived just when we wanted
If you are citing a train, it is always better to be
comfortably early than even a fraction of a minted too late.
Although being early may mean wasting a little time, this
will be less than if you miss the train and have to wait an
hour or more for the next one; and you avoid the frustration
of arriving at the very moment when the train is drawing out
of the station and being unable to get on it. An even harder situation is to be on the platform in good time for a train
and still to see it go off without you. Such an experience
befell a certain young girl the first time she was traveling
She entered the station twenty minutes before the train
was due, since her parents had impressed upon her that it
would be unforgivable to miss it and cause the friends with
whom she was going to stay to make two journeys to meet her.
She gave her luggage to a porter and showed him her ticket.
To her horror he said that she was two hours too soon. She felt
in her handbag for the piece of paper on which her
father had written down all the details of the journey and
gave it to the porter. He agreed that a train did come into the station at the time on the paper and that it did stop, but only
to take on mail, not passengers. The girl asked to see a timetable, feeling sure that her father could not have made
such a mistake. The porter went to fetch one and arrive back
with the station master, who produced it with a flourish and
pointed out a microscopic 'o' beside the time of the arrival of
the train at his station; this little 'o'
indicated that the train only stopped for mail. Just as that
moment the train came into the station. The girl, tears
streaming down her face, begged to be allowed to slip into
the guard's van. But the station master was adamant ： rules could not be broken and she had to watch that train disappear towards her destination while she was left behind.
在火车进站 20 分钟前她就进了车站。因为她的父母再三跟她说，如果误了这趟车，她的东道主朋友就得接她两趟，这是不应该的。她把行李交给搬运工并给他看了车票。搬运工说她早到了两个小时，她听后大吃一惊。她从钱包里摸出一张纸条，那上面有她父亲对这次旅行详细说明，她把这张纸条交给了搬运工。搬运工说，正如纸条所说，确有一趟火车在那个时刻到站，但它只停站装邮件，不载旅客。姑娘要求看到时刻表，因为她相信父亲不能把这么大的事弄错。搬运工跑回去取时刻表，同时请来了站长。站长拿着时刻表一挥手，指着那趟列车到站时刻旁边一个很小的圆圈标记。这个标记表示列车是为装邮件而停车。正在这时，火车进站了。女孩泪流满面，央求让她不声不
【d isregard 】
英英： give little or no attention to
1. Please disregard the mess and sit right here.
2.The boy's failure was due to continued disregard of
3.Her actions manifested a complete disregard
for personal safety.
【a bstruse 】
1. Einstein's theory of relativity is very abstruse .
2.Lu Xun's works are very abstruse. You must
read between the lines.
【c oordinate 】
英英： bring order and organization to
1.Coordinate labour relations and gradually improve the living standards of the workers.
2.We should have established a rescue center or a system that can coordinate our resources.
https://www.sodocs.net/doc/1514047218.html,munication was essential if we were to coordinate
our protests and complaints.
如果我们要协调 * 和控诉活动，交流信息是必不可少的。
【r eproach 】
英英： express criticism towards
1. Do not reproach yourself, it was not your fault.
2.I have nothing either to hope or fear, and nothing to reproach him with.
3.It is illegal to reproach Jesus Christ or the holy
【t rial 】
1.Character can not be developed in ease and quiet. Only through experience of trial and suffering can the soul be strengthed.
2. His blindness is a great trial to him.
【f raction 】
1. It remains a fraction of its former size.
2.The cost of copying a disk of software or a tape of
music is a fraction of the cost of the product.
1. She was adamant in refusing to comply with his wishes.
2.Most officials are adamant that the policy remains in place.
【bring to a cnoclusion】结束
【i n hand 】手头的
【in good time for】即时的
【impress upon 】使牢记
【break the rule】违反规定
First listen and then answer the following question.
Who, according to the author, are 'Fortune's favoured children'?
A gifted American psychologist has said, 'Worry is a spasm of the emotion; the mind catches hold of something and will not let it go.' It is useless to argue with the mind in
this condition. The stronger the will, the more futile the
task. One can only gently insinuate something else into
its convulsive grasp. And if this something else is rightly chosen, if it really attended by the illumination of another
field of interest, gradually, and often quite swiftly, the
old undue grip relaxes and the process of recuperation and repair begins.
The cultivation of a hobby and new forms of interest is therefore a policy of the first importance to a public man. But this is not a business that can be undertaken in a day or swiftly improvised by a mere command of the will. The growth of alternative mental interests is a long process. The seeds must be carefully chosen; they must fall on good ground; they must be sedulously tended, if the vivifying fruits are to be
at hand when needed.
To be really happy and really safe, one ought to have
at least two or three hobbies, and they must all be real. It is
no use starting late in life to say：'I will take an
interest in this or that.' Such an attempt only aggravates the
strain of mental effort. A man may acquire great knowledge
of topics unconnected with his daily work, and yet get hardly
any benefit or relief. It is no use doing what you like; you
have got to like what you do. Broadly speaking,
human beings may be divided into three classes ： those who are toiled to death, those who are worried to death, and
those who are bored to death. It is no use offering the
manual labourer, tired out with a hard week's sweat and
effort, the chance of playing a game of football or baseball
or Saturday afternoon. It is no use inviting the politician
or the professional or business man, who has been working or worrying about serious things for six days, to work or worry
about trifling things at the weekend.
As for the unfortunate people who can command everything they want, who can gratify every caprice and lay their hands
on almost every object of desire -- for them a new pleasure,
a new excitement if only an additional satiation. In vain
they rush frantically round from place to place, trying to
escape from avenging boredom by mere clatter and motion. For them discipline in one form or another is the most hopeful
It may also be said that rational, industrious, useful
human being are divided into two classes ： first,those whose work is work and whose pleasure is pleasure; and secondly
those whose work and pleasure are one. Of these the former
are the majority. They have their compensations. The long
hours in the office or the factory bring with them as their reward,
not only the means of sustenance, but a keen appetite for
pleasure even in its simplest and most modest forms. But
Fortune's favoured children belong to the second class. Their life is a natural harmony. For them the working hours are never long enough. Each day is a holiday, and ordinary holidays, when they come, are grudged as enforced interruptions in an absorbing vocation. Yet to both classes, the need of an alternative outlook, of a change of atmosphere, of a diversion of effort, is essential. Indeed, it may well
be that those work is their pleasure are those who and most need the means of banishing it at intervals from their minds.
WINSTON CHURCHLL Painting as a Pastime
【New words and expressions生词和短语】
spasm n. 一阵 ( 感情 ) 发作
1.catch hold of抓住??
let ... go放掉??
2.The stronger the will, the more futile the task种意志越是烈，种越是徒。
例句： Pace considers attempts at timing futile.
It is futile to attempt to convince him that certain
things are simply undoable.
例句： What are you insinuating?
Are you insinuating that I am a liar?
He insinuated his doubt of her ability.
4. undue adj.不适当的，过度的
例句： I didn't want to show undue excitement.
Don't give undue deference to the opinions and feelings of others.
He used it to discourage any undue sense of danger.
Scratching can aggravate the rash.
The Europeans' appeasement policy towards irrational
regimes would only
aggravate the hidden dangers.
The lack of rain aggravated the already serious
shortage of food.
6.those who are toiled to death, those who are worried to
death, and those who are bored to death 劳累至死的人，忧虑至死的人，无聊至死的人
7.tired out with 疲惫，精疲力尽
例句： She was tired out with wonder and marvelling.
He was tired out with mountain climbing.
例句： Now that she has a job in France she can
gratify her desire to see Europe.
I was gratified to see how much my birthday present was appreciated.
https://www.sodocs.net/doc/1514047218.html,y their hands on 得到 ...... 抓到 ......
10.Fortune's favoured children 中的Fortune 指“命运女神”
例句： His lies caused his wife to banish him from
The sound of doctrine rings out daily in order to banish
various curiosities about this
例句： You can banish that idea from your mind.
The doctor advised her to banish fear and anxiety.
球或打垒球是不合适的 ; 同样，对于为严肃的公务操劳或烦恼了 6 天的政界人士、专业人员、商人来说，在周未再让他们为琐事而动脑子和