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根据句意及汉语提示填写单词

根据句意及汉语提示填写单词
根据句意及汉语提示填写单词

一.根据句意及汉语提示填写单词,使句意完整、正确。

1.Her mother made some apple ______(馅饼)this morning.

2.it’s important for us to protect the ______(环境).

3.We should eat ______(新鲜)fruit and vegetables every day

4.Your ______(航班)number is CA556. The plane will take off in five minutes.

5.I want to visit ______(自然的)sights this summer holiday.

6.Not all of us have ______(意识到)the important of learning English。

7.They got ______(结婚)in 2011。

8.Have you ever been to ______(山)Tai before?

9.We decided to make an ______(采访)with our principal.

10.He has lived here with his ______(妻子)since 2010.

11.Do you know the ______(主题)song for the 2014 Youth Olympic Games in Nanjing?

12.Li Ping ______(想念)his parents very much.

13.She has gone to the ______(乡下)to visit her grand parents.

14.Do you know what can travel at half the ______(速度) of light?

15.We decide to make an ____(采访)that he was wrong.

句型转换。

1. His father fell ill three days ago.(同义句)

His father has ______ ill ______ three days.

2. The old man has been dead for two months.(同义句)

The old man ______ two months ______.

3. He has taught English since two years ago. (划线部分提问)

______ ______ has he taught English?

二.单项选择

1.---Did you borrow the comic book from the library?

---Yes. I ______ it for three days. I’ll return it this afternoon.

A. borrowed

B. kept

C. have borrowed

D. have kept

2.We ______ six days a week, but now we only work five days.

A. used work

B. are used to work

C. used to working

D. used to work

3.______ she is over 50, ______ she looks young.

A. Although; but

B. But; although

C. Although; /

D. But; /

3.Steven ______ a present for his friend at this moment last Sunday morning.

A. chose

B. was choosing

C. chooses

D. is choosing

4.---Jimmy, there are so much dirty paper on your desk.

---Oh, sorry. I’ll ______ right now.

A. throw it away

B. throw them up

C. throw it on

D. throw them down 5.The teacher told the students ______ any food into the computer room.

A. not to bring

B. not bring

C. don’t bring

D. not bringing

6.We often play ______ cards and ______ Chinese chess.

A. the; the

B. a;a

C. the; /

D. /; /

7.---Have you returned the book to the library______?

---Yes. I have ______ returned it.

A. yet; yet

B. already; already

C. already; yet

D. yet; already

8.---You never told us why you were late for class, ______?

---______. I think it is not necessary to explain.

A. weren’t you; No

B. did you; No

C. did you; Yes

D. didn’t you; No

9.I have know the place ______ many years.

A. since

B. for

C. when

D. from

10.---Have you ______ joined in a football race?

---Yes, I have.

A. never

B. still

C. seldom

D. ever

11.The thirtieth Olympic Games was held ______ July 27, 2012 ______ London.

A. to; on

B. on; in

C. at; in

D. on; at

12.You can borrow the book, but you may only ______ it for two weeks.

A. borrow

B. keep

C. lend

D. stay

13.---Have you ever ______ Xuanwu Lake?

---Yes. I ______ there last month. It’s quite beautiful.

A. gone to; went

B. been to; went

C. been to; go

D. gone to; go 14.He ______ this dictionary for 5 years. He ______ it in 2004.

A. has bought; bought

B. bought; bought

C. has kept; has bought

D. has had; bought

15.Miss Gu came to our school in 2008. She ______ here for four years.

A. teaches

B. taught

C. has taught

D. is teaching

16.My father ______ in this school since he ______ college.

A. has taught; has left

B. has taught; left

C. taught; has left

D. taught; left 17.--I want to return the book to Jack, but I can’t find him.

---He ______ the library. You can find him there.

A. has been to

B. has gone to

C. has left

D. went to

18.---Has Sunshine Town changed a lot ______ the years?

---Yes.

A. over

B. more than

C. less than

D. for

19.With the help of the Internet, news can ______ every corner of the world.

A. arrive

B. reach

C. go

D. get

20.Do you think it’s necessary to ______ to reduce the pollution?

A. take off

B. take away

C. take action

D. take down

21.My mother’s never seen this film, ______?

A. is she

B. isn’t she

C. has she

D. hasn’t she

22.---I like listening to music. What about you?

---______.

A. Me too

B. Me either

C. The same to you

D. Thank you.

23.When I was in Nanjing, I bought many presents ______ my sister.

A. for

B. to

C. with

D. on

24.All our teachers make us ______ hard.

A. to work

B. work

C. working

D. worked

25.The old man lives ______ but he never feels ______.

A. alone; alone

B. lonely; lonely

C. alone; lonely

D. lonely; alone 26.The baby didn’t cry ______ when she saw her mother.

A. not much

B. any more

C. no more

D. any long

27.______ does it take you to fly to Singapore last week?

A. How long

B. How often

C. How far

D. soon

28.It’s hot inside. You can keep the window(s) ______.

A. open

B. opened

C. close

D. closed

29.Look! There is ______ milk in the glass.

A. a bit

B. a little of

C. a bit of

D. little of

30.My father ______ America for about three years. What about your father?

A. has gone to

B. has been to

C. has been in

D. has left

31.---Have you ______ been to Korea?

---No, ______.

A. ever; ever

B. ever; never

C. never; never

D. never; ever

32.My friend Li Xiao knows my hometown very well because he ______ there many times with me.

A. has been

B. has gone

C. had gone

D. went

33.I’m worried about my English. I really don’t know ______ better.

A. what to learn

B. how to learn

C. what to learn it

D. how to learn it

34.---Can I ______ you bike?

---Sorry. I’ve ______ it to a friend.

A. borrow; borrowed

B. borrow; lent

C. lend; lent

D. lend; borrowed

35.If you have little money with you, you can get some from the ______.

A. shop

B. bank

C. market

D. school

36.---What do you think of the film Avatar?

---It’s fantastic. The only pity is that I ______ the beginning of it.

A. missed

B. was missing

C. miss

D. will miss

37.If you want to see a film, you can go to the ______.

A. hospital

B. hotel

C. cinema

D. park

38.My grandfather lives ______. But he doesn’t feel ______.

A. alone; alone

B. alone; lonely

C. lonely; lonely

D. lonely; alone

39.Today we all wear ______ clothes for the party.

A. colour

B. colours

C. colourful

D. colourless

40.After ______ months, the boy has made great progress(进步).

A. few

B. a few

C. little

D. a little

41.---Look! Mr Wu ______ at home. The light in his house is on.

---No. he ______ at home. He’s gone to Beijing.

A. must be; can’t be

B. mustn’t be; can be

C. mustn’t be; can’t be

D. must be; can be

42.I don’t think it’ll be sunny tomorrow, ______?

A. don’t I

B. do I

C. won’t it

D. will it

43.If you go to Italy, you should visit the place of interest called ______.

A. The Great Wall

B. The Summer Palace

C. The Leaning Tower of Pisa

D. The Forbidden City

44.---Jack, I haven’t seen your father for a long time.

---He ______ Shanghai on business for two weeks.

A. went to

B. has gone to

C. has been in

D. has been to

45.---How long ______ Kitty and her parents ______ Hong Kong?

---For two days.

A. has; come to

B. has; been in

C. have; come to

D. have ; been in

46.When our teacher comes into the classroom, we should ______.

A. stop talking

B. stop to talk

C. to stop talking

D. to stop to talk

47.In Hong Kong Disneyland, everyone was ______ about Disney characters’______ performance.

A. excited; excited

B. excited; exciting

C. exciting; exciting

D. exciting; excited 48.The girl is so ______ that she often makes quite a few mistakes in her exercises.

A. careful

B. carefully

C. careless

D. carelessly

49.When will your parents celebrate their fifteenth year of ______?

A. marry

B. marries

C. married

D. marriage

50.By the way, how long does it ______ to fly to Hefei from Guangzhou?

A. spend

B. take

C. cost

D. pay

51.There may be some rain in Lushan Mountain at that time, ______ the weather is nice.

A. and

B. but

C. or

D. so

52.I ______ school at 6:50 a.m. today. When did you ______?

A. arrived in; arrived b. arrived in; arrive C. arrived at; arrived D. arrived at; arrive 53.---Excuse me, how long may I ______ the book?

---At most two weeks.

A. borrow

B. lend

C. keep

D. return

54.---How many times ______ you ______ Wuhu?

---Only once.

A. have; gone to

B. have; been to

C. have; come to

D. have; been in

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UNIT 4 Having Fun Topic1 What can I do for you? Ⅰ词汇 A、根据句意及首字母提示补全单词。 1.I'd like some rice and v for lunch. 2.Don't w . I'll help him. 3.I don't like this dress. Give me a one, please. 4.We don't have any milk. We n to buy some food for breakfast. 5.The running shoes look very nice. Please t them on. B. 用所给词的适当形式填空,使句意完整。 6.There are two (hundred) students in the school. 7.How do you like this pair of (run) shoes, Kangkang? 8.Pick up some salt and two (kilo) of eggs. 9.How much (be) these jeans? 10.I think Chinese people are very (friend). C. 根据汉语提示完成下列句子。 11、我想给我女儿买衣服。 I want clothes for my daughter. 12.再另试一条,好吗? Would you like to try on ? 13.你能帮助我吗? Could you me. 14.别担心,我会帮你的。 . I'll help you. 15.哦,谢谢。我只是看看而已。 Well, thanks . I'm looking. Ⅱ、单项选择题 ( )1.The phone is yuan. A.nine hundreds and ninety-five B.nine hundred ninety--five C.nine hundred and ninety--five D.nine hundred and ninety five ( )2.-- is that bike? --About 100 yuan. A.How much B.How long C.How old D.How many ( )3.-- do you like this red sweater? --Not bad. A.How B.When C.What D.Why ( )4.The shirt me. I'll take it. A.fit B.is fit C.fits D.is fitting ( )5.What can I do you? A.for B.to C.with D.like ( )6.There are only apples on the desk. A.a little B.little C.a few D.few ( )7.The coat looks . I like it very much.

专题四、根据汉语提示填词

专题四、根据汉语意思填词 (2017·广西贵港) 76. Tina is my cousin. She is tall and she has long _______ (直的) hair. 77. Mr Smith is sitting ______(在其中) a group of children, telling the story. 78. Nobody was _______(缺席) from school though it rained heavily yesterday. 79. His uncle is going to ______(参加) a business meeting in Beijing next week. 80. It’s important for young people to make a right ______(决定) for their future. 76. straight 77. among 78. absent 79. attend 80. decision (2017·江苏常州) B)根据句意及汉语提示,写出各单词的正确形式,每空填一词。 45. We must be ▲ (勇敢的)enough to face difficulties in our life. 46. Some wild animals are in ▲ (危险)as the earth is getting warmer and warmer. 47. Mary goes to work every day ▲ (除…之外)Sundays. 48.The general manager always thinks twice before ▲ (回复)to the customers. 45.brave【解析】用形容词brave作表语,表示“勇敢的。” 46.danger【解析】介词后跟名词danger表示“危险。” 47.except【解析】用介词except表示“除……之外,”含有排除关系。 48.replying【解析】动词reply和介词to连用跟宾语,介词before后用动名词形式。 B)根据句意及汉语提示,写出歌单词的正确形式,每空一词。 (2017?江苏镇江)41. The dentist suggests that the girl should brush her _ (牙齿) before going to bed. (2017?江苏镇江)42. The boy threw the ball to the dog and it _ (捉住,搂住) the ball successfully. (2017?江苏镇江)43. When Mr. Jiang got up in the morning, his suit was ironed _ (平整地) by the robot. (2017?江苏镇江)44. In the first half of this year, there are _ (四十) twins among all the newborn babies in that hospital. (2017?江苏镇江)45. —Where’s the city museum? —It’s (在……对面) the front gate of the Grand Hotel. 41. teeth 【解析】“刷牙”用brush one’s teeth表达,tooth用复数形式。 42. caught【解析】前文threw提示用catch的过去式形式threw。 43. smoothly【解析】修饰动词用副词smoothly表示“平整地”。 44. forty【解析】基数词forty表示“四十”。 45. opposite 【解析】用介词opposite表示“在……对面”。 B. 根据中文提示完成单词,使句子完整、通顺。 (2017·新疆建设兵团)71. We’ve got a lot of new ___________ (杂志) in our school library. (2017·新疆建设兵团)72. The glasses can keep the worker’s eyes __________ (安全的). (2017·新疆建设兵团)73. The houses are so expensive that he can’t ___________ (承担得起) to buy one. (2017·新疆建设兵团)74. My parents are always ____________ (严格的) with me. (2017·新疆建设兵团)75. Each different part of China has its own special forms of traditional __________ (艺术). 71. magazines 【解析】句意:我们学校图书馆有很多新杂志。空格前的a lot of说明“杂志”

一、词汇练习

一、词汇练习 【一】词汇训练 Unit 1 (一)根据句意及首字母或汉语提示补全单词 1.The students enjoy creating an interest in what they learn.So they can learn better. 2.Gina is active in class.She often answers questions. 3.She practices the pronunciation(发音) of English words every day to improve her spoken English.(2019恩施) 4.The students are having a chemistry(化学) class in the lab. 5.The nurses in the hospital take good care of their patients(病人).(2019丽水改编) (二)用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空 6.As students,we should try to master more knowledge(know) to build our motherland better. 7.The singers in the CCTV talent show Sing My Song have ability /abilities(able) to write songs. 8.Children should be taught how to spend their pocket money wise ly(wise).(2019滨州改编) 9.The policeman discovered(discover)who had stolen the car. 10.Of all the teachers in the school,Mrs.Smith is the most patient (patient) with students. Unit 2 (一)根据句意及首字母或汉语提示补全单词 1.The thief stole food from the supermarket and was caught by the policemen. 2.Mary is an excellent girl.We admire her very much. 3.We want to buy our mother some presents for her birthday.

根据句意及首字母提示

Ⅰ. 根据句意及首字母提示,补全单词。 1. —What’s the m with Jim? — He has a sore throat. 2. John feels s and you’d better take him to see a doctor. 3. — Do you want to go to Harbin? —No. We’ve made a d to go to Sanya. 4. We were tired and we wanted to have a good r. 5. — What does his mother do? —She’s a n. She works in a hospital 6. You shouldn’t(run) out of money. 7. Helen and I found (us) in a very dangerous situation. 8. The doctor didn’t agree(cut) off his left arm. 9. That boy (hit) her on the head with a book just now. 10. His uncle hurt himself (play) football. Ⅲ. 选用方框中适当的短语,并用其正确形式填空。 take one’s temperature, be used to, get off, to one’s surprise, get out of 11. That cat a small box and climbed up the stairs. 12. Those passengers and entered a building. 13. His brother staying up late and getting up late. 14. Lily asked her brother to help her with her homework. But , he said sorry to her. 15. After Mrs. Black , she knew she didn’t have a fever Ⅰ. 根据句意及汉语提示,填入正确的单词。 1. Every Sunday Lucy (自愿做) to work in her father’s store. 2. Please look at these (公告牌). 3. When I got to the park, I saw Lisa and her friends were (募集) money. 4. At last he gave up (修理) his old bike.

小学汉语拼音字母表_26个汉语拼音字母表

小学汉语拼音字母表 26个汉语拼音字母表 一、声母表 b p m f d t n l ㄅ玻ㄆ坡ㄇ摸ㄈ佛ㄉ得ㄊ特ㄋ讷ㄌ勒ɡk h j q x ㄍ哥ㄎ科ㄏ喝ㄐ基ㄑ欺ㄒ希 zh ch sh r z c s ㄓ知ㄔ蚩ㄕ诗ㄖ日ㄗ资ㄘ雌ㄙ思 b [玻] p [坡] m [摸] f [佛] d [得] t [特] n [讷] l [勒] g [哥] k [科] h [喝] j [基] q [欺] x [希] z [资] c[;雌] s [思] r [日] zh[知] ch [嗤] sh [诗] y [医] w [巫] 二:韵母表 a[阿] an[安] ao[奥] ai[哀] ang[昂] o[喔] ong[翁] ou[欧] e[鹅] en[恩] er[儿] ei[唉] eng[摁] i[衣] ia[呀] iu[由] ie[耶] in[因] ing[英] u[乌] un[温] ua[蛙] uo[窝] ue[月] ui[威] ü[迂] iao[腰] ian[烟] iang[央] iong[用] uai[外] uan[弯] uang[往] 三:整体认读音节 zhi chi shi ri zi ci si yi wu yu ye yue yin yun yuan ying 注意:(1)"知、蚩、诗、日、资、雌、思”等字的韵母用i。 (2)韵母ㄦ写成er,用做韵尾的时候写成r。(3)韵母ㄝ单用的时候写成ê。

字母表 a o e i u ü b p m f d t n l g k h j q x zh ch sh r z c s y w 声母表 b p m f d t n l g k h j q x zh ch sh r z c s y w 单韵母表 a o e i u ü 复韵母 ai ei ui ao ou iu ie üe er an en in un vn ang eng ing ong 整体认读音节 zhi chi shi ri zi ci si yi wu yu ye yue yuan yin yun ying 顺序 a o e i u ü b p m f d t n g k h j q x zh ch sh r z s y w ai ei ui ao ou iu ie ue er an en in un ün ang eng ing ong zhi chi shi ri zi ci si ye yue ying yuan yi wu yu yin

5源于汉语的英文单词

Long time no see好久不见。大约在19世纪末由大批移民美国的华籍劳工而成为了一个美式英语短句。其后随着英美之间的商业和海事往来而进入了英式英语的领域。其他同样因此而进入英式英语词汇的洋泾浜英语还有―no can do‖(不能做)和―chop chop!‖(赶快!)Kung fu (1966年来自―功夫‖) Yin yang (1671年来自―阴阳‖) Kowtow (1804年来自―叩头‖) Tofu (1880年来自―豆腐‖) Lychee或litche (1588年来自―荔枝‖) Gung ho或gung-ho(热心)(1939年来自―工合‖) Mahjong或Mah-jong (1920年来自―麻将‖) Feng shui (1797年来自―风水‖) Tai chi (1736年来自―太极‖) Yamen (1747年来自―衙门‖) Kaolin (1727年来自―高岭‖) Kylin (1857年来自―麒麟‖) Longan (1732年来自―龙眼‖) Pe-tsai (1795年来自―白菜‖) Petuntse (1727年来自―白墩子‖ Sampan (1620年来自―舢板‖) Suan-pan (1736年来自―算盘‖) Tao (1736年来自―道‖) Taipan(大商行的总经理)(1834年来自―大班‖) Toumingdu(透明度)(来自1980年代中英谈判期间用语―透明度‖) Tuchun (1917年来自―督军‖) Tung(油桐属)(1788年来自―桐‖) Ho-ho bird (1901年来自―凤凰‖) Wampee(一种果)(1830年来自―黄皮‖) Whangee(一种竹)(1790年来自―黄藜‖)

请根据句意及所给首字母提示补全单词

Ⅰ. 请根据句意及所给首字母提示补全单词。 1. Y ou’ll make your back a________ if you carry too many things. 2. Daddy said that mountain climbing was good e________ to keep fit. 3. Jenny kept running half an hour every day so that she could lose some w________. 4. Her father wanted her to be a musician, but she had no i________ in music at all. 5. There will be a football m________ on TV tonight. Ⅱ. 请用适当的介词填空。 1. He is training ________ the coming sports meeting. 2. They are talking ________ a movie called The Forbidden Kingdom. 3. I’ll tell you something ________ the ways of cooking. 4. The people ________ Jackie Chan and Jet Li are my favourite movie stars. 5. They enjoyed themselves ________ the school dance. Ⅲ. 请根据汉语意思完成英语句子,每空一词(含缩写)。 1. 你不觉得收音机的声音有点高吗? Don’t you think the radio is ________ loud? 2. 他再也不玩网络游戏了。 He ________play online games . 3. 几年前,我把大部分零用钱花在了垃圾食品上。 I spent most of my ________ on junk food several years ago. 4. 在去机场的路上我碰到了姐姐的一个老朋友。 I ________ an old friend of my sister’s on my way to the airport. 5. 祝你好运,托尼! ________ ,Tony! 6. 去年我爸爸设法戒了酒。 Last year my father managed to ________ drinking. 7. 如果你同意我的看法,你就应该允许我这样做。 Y ou should allow me to do so if you ________ me. 8. 请为我和简拍张照片好吗? Could you please ________ of Jane and me? 9. 昨天我们拜访了朱先生。他的儿子去年上了大学。 Y esterday we visited Mr Zhu ________ went to college last year. 10. 我不够高,够不着架子上的书。 I’m not ________ to reach the books on the shelf. Ⅰ. 请根据句意及所给汉语提示写出相应的单词。 1. She put some ________ (糖) into her coffee. 2. If you always ________ (表现) like that, you’ll get yourself disliked. 3. Parents should ________ (教育) their children to be polite. 4. Waiter, show me the ________ (菜单) please. 5. My mother is a good cook. Everything she cooked is very ________ (美味的). Ⅱ. 请选出适当的单词填空,有的需要变换形式。 typical, cook, persuade, diet, ban 1. I ________ her to accept my plan last week. 2. The doctor says that she is a bit overweight, so she is on a ________ now. 3. In our school, students are________from going out after 9 pm.

20年来英语对中国大陆现代汉语词法和句法的影响_郭鸿杰

20年来英语对中国大陆现代汉语词法和句法的影响 郭鸿杰,周国强 (上海交通大学外国语学院上海200240) 摘 要:近20年来,随着英汉语言的相互接触,现代汉语发生了某种程度的变化,不仅涌现了大量的英语借词,而且在词法和句法平面上也出现了借用和变异。本文在观察和分析大量汉语报章语料的基础上,分析了英语对中国大陆现代汉语词法和句法的影响。 关键词:英语;现代汉语;词法;句法 中图分类号:H035 文献标识码:A 文章编号:1000-5544(2003)05-0018-05 Abstract:In th e past20year s,as a co nseque nce of contact with English,chang es hav e taken place to some ex tent in M oder n Chinese.Th ousa nds of Eng lish loan wo rds hav e entered into Chinese.In additio n,th ere also ha s manifested bo r ro wing and tra nsfer ence a t the mo rpho-sy ntac tic lev el.T he paper aims to ex amine Eng lish impact upon Chinese mor pho lo gy and sy nta x in M ainla nd China by analy zing the data co llected fr om v arious newspape rs. Key words:Eng lish;M oder n Chinese;mo r pho log y;syntax 1.引言 中国大陆自改革开放以来,与世界的接触越来越频繁,英汉语言接触的频度和密度不断提高。在这种情况下,英语作为一种强势语言向现代汉语书面语的迁移,成了一种客观存在的语言事实。在英语影响下,现代汉语发生了某种程度的变化,即汉语的欧化现象①。这些变化在语言的各个平面都得到了反映。 在词汇平面上,中国学者关于外语借词系统的研究,起步较晚,第一个对外语借词进行分析并划定外来语词范围的是罗常培(1950)。不同的学者在不同时期对它的称呼也不尽一致。吕叔湘(1942)叫“外来语”,罗常培(1950)称“借字”,孙常叙(1956)叫“外来语词”,周祖谟(1959)叫“外来词”(或称“借词”),高名凯、刘正琰(1958,1984)叫“外来词”,其他如史有为、符淮青、葛本仪、刘叔新等都采用了“外来词”一说。“借词”术语的使用出现在20世纪50年代,是随着“词”的确立才开始将它作为“外来词”的等义形式。除了广义的借词定义达成共识外,其他方面一直存在分歧,主要围绕着意译词是不是借词。否定“意译词是借词”的学者,坚持“语素原则”,认为借概念不算是借词,因为是用汉字语素创造的。用纯粹意译方法来仿造别种语言的新词,虽然表示新概念,但仍使用汉语的构词成分和构词方法,因此不是真正的外来词。只有将别的语言中的词连音带义都接受过来的音译词才是借词。认为“意译词是借词”的学者,坚持“语义原则”,认为该概念来自国外或外族(陈原,1983)。 笔者认为,意译词应该属于外来词,虽然是使用汉字语素造词,但是明显地具有文化意义上的外来性质。如果把意译词排除在外来词之外,其一,我们的外来词研究就不能全面反映语言接触的实际情况,不能反映出汉语对外来语的语言和文化意义的吸收;其二,潘文国(1993)认为,这种争论意义本身并不大,重要的是要知道有这几种类别的词,在分析它们的构成时恐怕与分析固有的汉语词不一样。所以,从汉语构词法的角度来看,把意译词划为外来词是非常必要的。 虽然英语借词在借入汉语时,受汉语言系统各种规限,但经过20多年大陆社会与汉语之间的共变,大量借词被借入,且呈现出新的特点,使汉语言系统出现了一些冲破标准汉语语法规范的语言变异现象,它们有的已经或正在逐步扩散开去,有的已经或正在变成有序的变异,主要表现在词法和句法平面上的变异,从而向汉语原有的语法体系提出了新的挑战。 王力是第一位精心研究汉语欧化现象的语言学家,至今未有人能够企及。可惜50年代初以后,大陆的学者很少有这一方面的研究成果问世,在这方面的研究还没有令人振奋的进展。令人欣慰的是,港、澳、台、新加坡地区的一些学者一直关注英语对现代汉语的影响。其中的一些研究主要集中在词汇借用与社会、文化、心理因素方面的探索(Chan&Kw ok,1984),另外一些研究就英语对现代汉语或粤语句法、构词法方面所造成的影响作了大胆的假设和分析(Kubler,1985; Hsu,1994;石定栩、朱志瑜,1999,2000)。本文拟考察20多年来中国大陆书面汉语词法、句法的借用和变异现象。使用的语料来自几份影响较大的报纸《北京晚报》(以下简称BJE)、《人民日报》(PD)、《北京青年报》(B JY)、《新民晚报》(XM E)、《文汇报》(W HN)、《南方周末》(SW)、《羊城晚报》(YCE)等。 2.英语对现代汉语词法的影响 2.1语素化 语素化是外来词在汉语词汇系统中的动态形式, · 18·

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