UNIT 8 COPING WITH AN EDUCATIONAL PROBLEM I.I. Key words & phrases
better off break down
compete with in amazement
make a living by run out of
search for sum up
this year’s graduate 应届毕业生
golden collar worker 金领工人
net capital 净资本
academic credit system 学分制
like water off duck’s back 把…当耳边风
bullet train 子弹头列车
quality of population 人口素质
heuristic education 启发式教育
teach through lively activities 寓教于乐
emeritus professor 名誉教授
degrade oneself 掉（身价）
stamp the card 打卡
WAP phone 上网手机
excessive consumption 提前消费
top student 高材生
inter-disciplinary talent 复合型人才
human capital 人力资本
intensive training class 强化班
alleviate burdens on students 减负
online love affair 网恋
magnet train 磁悬列车
basic education 基础教育
education for all-round development 素质教育
(thesis)oral defense （毕业论文）答辩
jerry-built project 豆腐渣工程
go Dutch AA制
stealth aircraft 隐形飞机
broadband networks 宽带网
II. Vocabulary & Structure
1．Last year, the crime rate in Chicago has sharply_____.
2. The sight of physical suffering always ______ me.
3._____energy under the earth must be released in one form or another, for example, an earthquake.
4.We are interested in the weather because it______ us directly—What we wear, what we do and even how we feel.
5.We’ve _____sugar. Ask Mr. Jones to lend us some.
A. run away with
B. run down
C. run off D run out of
6.Many of us thought she had a ______occupation because she had a low salary.
C. humble D respectable
7.My boss always carries a ______ computer with him when he attends meetings.
8.He lost the _____ of sight after the car accident.
9.Thank you for applying for a position with our firm. We don’t have any openings at this, but we shall keep your application on ______ for two months.
10.When he began speaking in English, the little girl looked at him _____ amazement.
11.It is through learning that the individual ______ many habitual ways of reacting to situations.
12.One can _____ even from one’s unpleasant experiences.
13.Franklin’s ability to learn from observations and experiences ____ to his success in public life.
C. attached D .related
14.Over a third of the population was estimated to have no _____to the health service.
C. exception D .adequate
15.Science is still largely ignorant ______ the causes of many kinds of cancer.
16.Are you willing to _____ in court that you saw him do it?
C. swear D .consent
17.Running out of money, William bought only a _____ of bread and a pound of sausage at the
18.We can’t afford to have all this expensive machinery lying _____.
19.______adequate preparation, you don’t have much chance of success.
20.I have no money to spend, _____ you have nothing to spend your money on.
21. I'm quite _____ of the latest development in science.
22. He ______ when he heard the news, and for a long time he couldn' t recover.
A. broke up
B. broke out
C. broke off
D. broke down
23. Great _____ development has been achieved in this area because of correct policy.
24. When the interests of animals don't agree with those of humans, animal interests ______
nothing at all.
A. count for
B. set in
C. come across
D. look to
25. His brother ______ him to a race.
26. If you want to know the time schedule, please _______ at the booking office.
27. She is a very _____ secretary: she never forgets anything or makes a mistake.
28. The chairman ______ me as if I had said nothing.
A. was ignorant of
D. shrugged off
29. Their marriage_____ when she found out her husband was having an affair with another
A. fell apart
B. worn out
C. knocked down
D. broke down
30. He feels ______ lonely for he has few friends in his class.
31. Her clothes were too _____ for the occasion.
32. The _____ temperature of a human body, no matter in what part of the world he lives, is about
33. Such a change would not _____ to the wishes of the great majority of people.
34. He was _____ at not being invited.
35. She has a(n)______ ability to inspire people at difficult times.
36.______ as he was, he knew what was the right thing to do.
A. The child
37.To keep society in good order, it is necessary that everybody ______the laws.
38. He is _____ me ______ two years.
A. senior than; by
B. senior to; by
C. senior to; for
D. senior above; by
39.The country has not yet ______ from the effects of the natural disasters.
40.It was not until she arrived in class _____ realized she had forgotten her book.
A. and she
B. when she
D. that she
41.It's true that the old road is less direct and so a bit longer. We don't take the new one,_____ ,
because we don't feel safe on it.
B. though C therefore D. otherwise
42.He was once an athlete. Perhaps _____ why he runs so fast even when he's
getting old now.
A. it's B .this is C .that is D. which is
43. The project has to be stopped if problems keep ______ like this.
44._____children's helplessness and defenselessness, adults are responsible for granting them
A. When it is given
B. If it is given to
D. Although it is given
45.______ energy must be released in one form or another, for example, an earthquake.
46. The mere fact _____ most people believe nuclear war would be madness
does not mean that it will not occur.
47.It is essential that those application forms ____ back as early as possible.
A. must be sent
B. will be sent
C. are sent
D. be sent
48. He came all the way to China for promoting friendship _____for making
A. other than
B. rather than
C. better than
D. more than
49. The time has come _____ we can make extensive use of nuclear energy.
50. John's leg got hurt ______ the Purple Mountains.
A. while he is climbing up
B. while we were climbing up
C. while we climbed up
D. while he climbed up
III. CET4 Vocabulary
1. In this school, students are encouraged to develop and express their ______thought.
2. He can't speak his own native language well, ______ a foreign language.
A. let out
B. let off
C. let down
D. let alone
3. She has caught a bad cold and it's not ______ that she will recover before
4. Make sure you _____ enough time for doing your homework.
A. set about
B. set up
C. set aside
D. set apart
5. It took me a long time to _____ the disappointment of losing the match.
A. get through
B. get off
C. get over
D. get down
6. Get in the car. There is enough _____ for you.
7. I've had so little ______ time recently--I think I've forgotten how to relax.
8.I wanted to make a bookcase, but I couldn't make ______ of the instructions.
9. He could see he was losing the argument, so he said, “I'd rather not _____ the matter. "
10. The ______ of living will only go up. It won't go down.
B. value C cost D. expense
11. The fire department ordered that the elevator should ______.
A. be turned off
B. be turned down C .be turned up D. be turned out
12. I've hardly been ______ since Christmas.
13. Peter's latest book is so good that it is _______ all praise.
14. It is important that you reply without ______.
15. There are several characteristics of this book _____special attention.
B. worthy of
C. worth of
16. Neither rain nor snow can stop postmen from ______ letters and parcels.
B. caring C .delivering D .transferring
17. ______ your request, we have already presented it to the committee for consideration.
A In regard to B. In contrast to C. In case of D. In relation to
18. His reaction to the doctor's ______ was satisfactory.
19. ______, we keep records on all the experiments so that we may have enough data.
A. As a whole
B. On the average
C. As a rule
D. By all mean
20. Don't be so _____ as to believe everything he says.
21. We are late. I expect the film ______ by the time we get to the cinema.
A. will already have started
B. would already have started
C. had already been started
D. has already been started
22. No sooner had we sat down ______ we found it was time to go.
23.______ tired after hard work, he went to sleep right away.
C. Being felt
D. To feel
24. But for his intelligence, we ______ able to achieve it.
A. would never have been
B. were never
C. had never been
D. shall never be
25. Only when you have obtained sufficient data,_____ come to a sound conclusion.
A. you will
B. would you
C. you can
D. can you
26. I’d _____ the operation unless it is absolutely necessary
A. not rather have
B. rather not have
C. rather not to have
D. rather not having
27. ______ would happen if your father knew you failed?
A. What you suppose
B. What will you suppose
C. What do you suppose
D. What you would suppose
28. This tape recorder is far ______ that one both in quality and in design.
A. more superior to
B. superior than
C. superior to
D. more superior than
29. ______ I do it or not is none of your business.
C. No matter
30. Unfortunately, when I arrived, she _____, so we only had time for a few words.
A. just left
B. has just left
C. had just left
D. was just leaving
31. He has _____ heavy a work load that it is difficult for him to find time to travel around.
C. so D .much
32. The piano weighs three hundred pounds, so it is too heavy _______.
A. for me to move
B. to move by me
C. for me not move D .not to move by me
33. Before leaving the country, the old couple sold their house ______ 60,000 dollars.
34. Either the college professors or the college president ______ responsible for setting the policy.
A. is B .are C. has D. have
35. The investigation,______ will soon be published, was made by Professor Smith.
A. at which the results
B. he results on which
C. whose results
D. of whose results
36. It is because he is not proud of his achievements ______ he is respected by his fellow students.
D. that is
37. It' s no use ______ him over. It' s too late now.
A. to send
C. by sending
D. having sent
38. I remember _____ once somewhere.
A. see him
B. to see him
C. have seen him
D. seeing him
39. "I wonder why they are late. " " They ______ the train.”
A. might miss
B. may have missed
C. could miss
D. can have missed
40._______ all necessary preparations for the meeting, it was cancelled.
A. Having made
C. After I have made
D. When I had made
IV. Reading Comprehension
The U.S. Department of Labor statistics ( 统计)indicates that there is an oversupply of college-trained workers and that this oversupply is increasing. Already there is an overabundance ( 过多) of teachers, engineers, physicists and other specialists. Yet colleges and graduate schools continue every year to turn out highly trained people to compete for jobs that aren' t there. The result is that graduates cannot enter the professions for which they were trained and must take temporary(临时的) jobs which do not require a college degree. These "temporary' jobs have a habit of becoming permanent(永久的).
On the other hand, there is a tremendous need for skilled workers of all sorts: carpenters, electricians, mechanics, and TV repairmen. These people have more work than they can handle and their annual(每年的) incomes are often higher than those of college graduates. The old difference that white -collar workers make a better living than blue-collar workers no longer holds true.
The reason for this situation is the traditional myth(神话)that a college degree is a passport to bright future. Parents begin telling their children this myth before they are out of school. Under this pressure the kids fall in line. Whether they want to go to college or not doesn' t matter. Everybody should go to college.
One result of this emphasis on a college education is that many people go to college who do not belong there. Of the 60 percent of high school graduates who enter college, half of them do not graduate with their class. Many of them drop out within the first year. Some struggle on for two or three years and then give up.
1. What do the U.S. Department of Labor statistics show? _______.
A. Many college graduates find it increasingly hard to get suitable jobs
B.There is an oversupply of workers and this oversupply is recently increasing
C. Teachers, engineers, physicists and other specialists are extremely needed
D. Colleges and graduate schools have become aware of the hard situation in the labour
2. By saying “These temporary jobs have a habit of becoming permanent.” The author means that ______.
A. once college graduates take a temporary job, they soon get used to it
B. college gradutes have the habit of taking temporary jobs
C. many college graduates might never find jobs for which they were trained for
D. college graduates are accustomed to taking permanent jobs
3. The author implies in the passage that in the past_______.
A. blue-collar workers worked harder than white-collar workers
B. white-collar workers had little difficulty getting good jobs
C. there were more white-collar workers than blue-collar workers
D. colleges and graduate schools trained more skilled workers than now
4. By saying that "many people go to college who do not belong there", the author means
A. many people do not have money support to go to college
B. many people are not fit for college education
C. many college students drop out in the first year
D. many college students are bored with their education
5. It can be concluded that_____.
A. every young man and woman should go to college if possible
B. college education has become worse and worse in recent years
C. people with a college education should receive a higher pay
D. fewer students should go to college but more be trained for skilled jobs
Not too long ago, anyone seventy years old was considered to have lived to a ripe(高龄的)old age. This is no longer true; the number of people in their seventies and eighties is steadily growing, and many of these people are still very active in society.
Medical progress, coupled with a greater knowledge of personal care and hygiene( 卫生) is a major reason for this change. But the longer life-span(寿命), despite its obvious value, has given a new problem to today's world.
Many older people can take care of themselves, but many others can't. More importantly, their children cannot take care of them in their homes as once the common practice. Nursing homes have been opened to provide such care.
A nursing home is a long-care organization for people too sick or weak to care for themselves. These establishments are not hospitals, but residents may need medical attention at any time.
Today there are about 22,000 nursing homes in America housing 1.2 million men and women. Eighty-five percent of the residents are more than 65 years old. They are fed and cared for, and limited activities are available for those who are able to move about. Except for reading and watching television, however, there is often little for residents to do. Visitors are the high point in their lives.
Those elderly folk are not in the nursing homes for a short time. Most of them are not going to"get better" and return home.
1. A nursing home is a place for______.
A. people who are near their death
B. people over seventy years old
C. people who can’t takecare of themselves
D. people who don’t have children
2. Men and women are living longer because_______.
A. there are many more nursing homes available
B. doctors know more about illness and health care
C. there is much more to do than there was 100 years ago
D. people have a better knowledge of the world
3. One of the most difficult tasks a nursing home faces is_______.
A. providing tasty meals for so many people
B. helping people get better, so they can return home
C. planning interesting, meaningful activities for the residents
D. the lack of money for daily costs
4. It is no longer true that______.
A. people of seventy year old are considered long-lived people
B. the number of people in their 70s or 80s is increasing
C. many old people are still active in society
D. the residents of the nursing home need medical care
5. Most people in nursing homes are_______.
A. lacking medical treatment
B. over 65 years old
C. too sick to be engaged in some kinds of physical activities
D. not pleased to meet the visitors
Mr Enderby, the headmaster, stopped Anna one day at the school gate.
"Now, "he said, "I want you to tell me the truth, my dear. ""Naturally, "said Anna shortly, fearing something terrible had happened.
"I have had a most serious accusation(控告)made against you by Mrs Bond."
"Mrs Bond?"said Anna, not understanding. Janet Bond was a quiet little mouse of a child. As far as Anna could remember, she had never had cause to speak an angry word to the girl.
"Mrs Bond, "went on Mr Enderby, "tells me that you scolded her daughter yesterday afternoon."
"Scolded?"cried Anna."I don't scold. At least not in school,'she added honestly.
"Mrs Bond's story, is that Janet was a little late back to school in the afternoon. She said that the child had to spend some time in the bathroom, which meant she set out from home a little late."
"Just a minute, " said Anna, beginning to understand. "She did come late, very late. I had marked her absent, of course. Then she wandered in, when we' d started our paper-cutting, and I believe I said she was a nuisance(令人讨厌的). She didn' t appear to hear, and was certainly quite cheerful."
"Ah, a nuisance. "Mr Enderby jumped on the word. You’re sure you only said a nuisance?"
"I may not even have said that, "Anna replied. "It was no more than slight displeasure that I felt ----and I certainly didn't scold."
“Mrs Bond said that you called her child a blasted(该死的)nuisance . Is that true?"
“Indeed it isn't, "said Anna. “The child-or the mother--has made it up!"
Mr Enderby was satisfied with Anna's explanation.
“Just as I thought, my dear, but of course I had to make sure."
1. When Mr Enderby stopped Anna at the school gate, he______.
A.made her feel worried at first
B.thought she had done something wrong
C.had made up his mind to scold her
D.wanted to tell her a true story
2. During this meeting, Anna _____.
A.did not understand Mrs Bond
B.heard Mrs Bond's story
C.apologized for having scolded Mrs Bond's child
D.said that she respected Mrs Bond
3. Mr Enderby thought that_______.
A.Janet had scolded Anna
B.Anna had scolded Janet
C.Mrs Bond had not told the truth
D.Anna would not tell the truth
4. To call a child a nuisance is_______.
A.notconsideredseriousby the teacher
B.considered a serious accusation
C.obviously upsetting for the child
D.a sign of great anger
5.Mr Enderby considered Anna a ______ teacher.
In a room where four men were seated at a large table. One of them rose and walked round to shake hands with me. He introduced his colleagues and then indicated a chair, in which I seated myself. After asking me briefly about my place of birth and my Royal Air Force experience, they began to question me carefully on telecommunications. Now I was confident, at ease with a familiar subject. They questioned me thoroughly, but 1 was relaxed now. The years of study and work began to pay off, and I knew I was doing well. I was even enjoying it. When it was over, Mr Symonds, the man who had welcomed me, leaned back in his chair and said : "Well, now, my colleagues and I are completely satisfied with your replies and we feel sure that, in terms of qualifications, ability, and experience, you are well suited to the post we have in mind. But we are faced with a certain difficulty. If we employ you, it means we must place you in a position of authority(权威)over a number of our English employees. Many of them have been with us for a long time, and we feel sure that your appointment would
upset good relations within the firm. We could not offer you the post without the responsibility, and we would not ask you to accept one or two other positions of a different type. They exist, but they are not suitable for someone like you. So, I'm afraid, we will not be able to offer you the job."
I felt suddenly weak, and I was quite unable to think. Yet somehow I managed to leave that office, realizing that I had either forgotten or completely ignored during the six exciting years of the war---my own black skin.
1. From this passage we can see the author was______.
A.a man looking for a job
B. a man at a scientific meeting
C.Mr Symonds' friend
D.Mr Symonds' employee
2. What happened when the author went into the interview room ?______.
A.Hewastold to move a chair close the lable
B.He shook hands with everybody
C. He sat down confidently
D.He was told who the other people were
3. How did the author feel when Mr Symonds interviewed him?______.
A. He felt that years of study and work had been wasted
B. He felt sure that he could get the job
C. He was not sure whether he could be qualified for the job
D. He was afraid that he might not be offered the job
4. Mr Symonds said he could not offer the author the post they had in mind. Which of the
following was the excuse he gave? ______.
A. They had enough English employees
B. The author was not qualified for the job
C. The offer would upset good relations within the firm
D. The job would not satisfy the author
5. The real reason why the author was not offered the job was probably that ________.
A. Mr Symonds didn't really believe his words
B. the relations between him and the other employees were not good
C. Mr Symonds thought that he was not qualified for the job
D. he was a black man
3.她正忙于打扫那幢大房子。(be occupied with)
5.他在房间里走来走去，等候他儿子的消息。(back and forth)
一切真正创造性的活动似乎都在某种程度上依赖于潜意识中的这些信号；一个人的洞察力越强，这些信号就越鲜明、越富有戏剧性。(experience, personality, write down, creative, dramatic)