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广州市新版教材八年级英语上册unit 1-3 语法专练

广州市新版教材八年级英语上册unit 1-3 语法专练
广州市新版教材八年级英语上册unit 1-3 语法专练

广州市新版教材八年级英语上册期中语法复习

Unit1

一、some与any的区别

1)some多用于肯定句,表示―一些,几个‖作形容词时,后面可以接①不可数名词+

单数动词;②可数名词+复数动词。

Look! Some of the students are cleaning the library.

. Some rice in the bag has been sold out.

2)any多用于疑问句、条件句和否定句中,表示―一些,任何‖用作形容词时,后面可

以接①不可数名词+单数动词;②可数名词+复数动词。

If you have any questions, please ask me.

There isn't any orange in the bottle.

Have you got any tea?

3)any和some也可以作代词用,表示―一些‖。any多用于疑问句或否定句中,some

多用于肯定句中。

How many people can you see in the picture?

I can't see any.

If you have no money, I'll lend you some.

二、复合不定代词

由some,every,no,any分别与one,thing和body组合即可得到以下复合不定代词:

someone anyone no one everyone something anything nothing everything somebody anybody nobody everybody 1.一般来说,由some构成的复合不定代词往往用于肯定句中;而由any构成的复合不定代

词则往往用于否定句或疑问句中。

I heard someone singing when I was at work last night.

Please give me something to read.

(拓展)由some构成的复合不定代词有时也可用于疑问句中,用来表示请求、建议等语句。Would you like something to read?

Why not buy something interesting?

2.复合不定代词作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。

Somebody wants to see you.

Is there anything I can do for you ?

3.形容词修饰复合不定代词something,anything,everything,nothing等时,要放在不定代词的后

面。

Do you have anything important to tell us?

We need one more helper. Can you find anyone else?

Unit 2

基数词与序数词

一、基数词的用法

基数词是表示数目多少的词

1.用于名词前表示数量的多少。

I have three pens.

2.表示时间。

It‘s eleven o‘clock now.

3.表示年龄。

My mother is thirty-eight years old.

4.表示价格

The bike is two hundred and thirty-five yuan.

5.基数词在表示确切的数字时,不能使用百、千、百万、十亿的复数形式;但是,当基数词表示不确切数字,如成百、成千上万,三三两两时,基数词则以复数形式出现。

There are two hundred people in the room.

There are hundreds of people in the room.

6.表示人的不确切岁数或年代,用几十的复数形式表示。

He became a professor in his thirties.他三十多岁时成为了教授。

It was in the 1960s.那是在二十世纪六十年代。

二、序数词的用法

序数词是表示顺序先后的词,其主要用法有

1、表示顺序

January is the first month of the year.

2、表示第几次

This is my second time to visit Nanjing.

3、表示日期

Today is the fifth of March..

(拓展)

1、序数词主要用做定语,通常在前面加定冠词the.但序数词前有形容词性物主代词或名词所有格修饰时,不用冠词the

Mr Lin lives on the fifth floor.

Simon is his third child.

2.如果序数词前出现不定冠词a或an,则表示“再,又”。

You‘ll have to do it a second time.

3.表示编号时,可用“序数词+名词”或“名词+基数词”。

Let‘s study the fifth lesson.=let‘s study Lesson Five.

三、加、减、乘、除的英文表达

1. 2 plus 2 is four.

2. 6 minus 3 is three.

3. 7 multiplied by 8 is 56.

4. 16 divided by 4 is 4.

Unit3

一、形容词比较级和最高级

A. 大多数形容词有三种形式,原级,比较级和最高级,以表示形容词说明的性质在程度上的不同。

B. 形容词的原级:形容词的原级形式就是词典中出现的形容词的原形。例如:poor, tall, great,glad, bad等

C. 形容词的比较级和最高级:形容词的比较级和最高级形式是在形容词的原级形式的基础

上变化的。分为规则变化和

不规则变化。

1. 规则变化如下;

一、变化规则

1.规则变化:

(1)一般在词尾加er或est:bright _____ ______;

(2)以不发音的e字母结尾的加r,或st:large; _____ ______

(3)以辅音字母加y结尾的变y为I加er或est: easy_____ ______;

(4)以辅元辅重读结尾的词先双写最后一个辅音字母,再加er或est: fat_____ ______ (5)多音节词前加more或most, 副词最高级前省略the:beautiful_____ ______

(6 ) 部分形容词本身表示最高级,因此他们没有比较级和最高级形式:favorite round 2、不规则变化:good, well; bad, badly, ill; much, many; little; far; (slowly)

★注:只有少数形容词和副词有两种比较级和最高级形式:clever lucky

2.常用的不规则变化的形容词的比较级和最高级:

3.形容词前如加less和least则表示―较不‖和?.最不‖

important less important least important

4. 形容词和副词等级的用法

一、原级的用法

1修饰原级的词通常有very,quite,so,too等

例如,He is too tired to walk on.他太累了以至于不能再继续走了。

My brother runs so fast that I can?t follow him.我弟弟跑得那么快以至于我跟不上他。

2.原级常用的句型结构

(1) A. 形容词

―甲+be+(倍数)+as+形容词原级+as+乙‖表示―甲和乙程度相同‖或―甲是乙的几倍‖

例如,Tom is as old as Kate.汤姆和凯特年龄一样大。

Tom is twice as old as Kate.汤姆的年龄是凯特的二倍。

B. 副词

―甲+实意动词+(倍数)+as+副词原级+as+乙‖表示―甲和乙程度相同‖或―甲是乙的几倍‖例如,Tom runs as fast as Mike.汤姆和迈克跑得一样快。

Tom runs twice as fast as Mike.汤姆跑得速度是迈克的二倍

(2) A. 形容词

―甲+be+not+as/so+形容词原级+as+乙‖甲不如乙…

例如,This room is not as/so big as that one. 这个房间不如那个大。

B. 副词

―甲+助动词+not+动词原形+as/so+副词原级+as+乙‖甲不如乙…

例如,He doesn‘t walk as slowly as you.他走路不像你那样慢。

二、比较级的用法

1. 可以修饰比较级的词,much,a lot,far,…的多a little,a bit,…一点儿;even甚至,still仍然

例如Lesson One is much easier than Lesson Two.第一课比第二课容易得多。

Tom looks even younger than before.汤姆甚至比以前更年轻。

This train runs much faster than that one.这辆火车比那辆跑地快。

She drives still more carefully than her husband.她开车仍然比她丈夫还认真。

2. 2.比较级常用的句型结构

(1)―甲+be+(倍数)+形容词比较级+than+乙‖表示―甲比乙…‖或―甲比乙…几倍‖

例如,Tom is taller than Kate.汤姆比凯特高。

This room is three times bigger than that one.这个房间比那个大三倍。

―甲+实意动词+(倍数)+副词比较级+than+乙‖表示―甲比乙…‖或―甲比乙…几倍‖

例如,I got up earlier than my mother this morning.我今天早晨起床比我妈妈还早。

He runs three times faster than his brother.他跑的速度比他弟弟快三倍

(2) A. 形容词

―甲+be+形容词比较级+than+any other+单数名词(+介词短语)‖表示―甲比同一范围的任何一个人/物都……‖,含义

―甲最……‖。

例如,The Yangtze River is longer than any other river in China.

=The Yangtze River is longer than any of the other rivers in China.长江比中国的任何一条其他的河都长。

=The Yangtze River is longer than the other rivers in China.长江比中国的其他所有的河都长。

=The Yangtze River is the longest river in China.长江是中国最长的河流。

※注意:The Yangtze River is longer than any river in Japan.长江比日本的任何一条河都长

B. 副词

―甲+实意动词+副词比较级+than+any other+单数名词(+介词短语)‖表示―甲比同一范围的任何一个人/物都……‖,

含义是―甲最……‖。

例如,Mike gets to school earlier than any other student in his class.

= Mike gets to school earlier than any of the other students in his class.迈克比他们班上任何一个其他的同学到校都早。

= Mike gets to school earlier than the other students in his class.迈克比他们班上其他的同学到校都早。

= Mike gets to school earliest in his class.迈克在他们班到校最早。

※注意:Mike gets to school earlier than any student in Tom‘s class.迈克比汤姆班上任何一个学生到校都早。(迈克和

汤姆不是同一个班)

(3)―甲+be+the+形容词比较级+of the two+……‖表示―甲是两者中较……的‖。

例如:Look at the two boys.My brother is the taller of the two.看那两个男孩,我弟弟是两

个当中较高的那个。

(4)―比较级+and+比较级‖表示―越来越……‖。

例如,He is getting taller and taller.他变得越来越高了。

The flowers are more and more beautiful.花儿越来越漂亮。

He does his homework more and more carefully.他做作业越来越认真了。

(5)―the+比较级,the+比较级‖表示―越……,越……‖。

例如,The more careful you are,the fewer mistakes you‘ll make.你越认真,犯的错误越少。

(6)―特殊疑问词+be+形容词比较级,甲or乙?‖

例如,Which is bigger,the earth or the moon?哪一个大,地球还是月球?

―特殊疑问词+实意动词+副词比较级,甲or乙?‖

例如,Who draws better,Jenny or Danny?谁画得比较好,詹妮还是丹尼?

3. 最高级常用句型结构

(1)―主语+be+the+形容词最高级+单数名词+in/of短语‖表示―……是……中最……的‖。

例如,Tom is the tallest in his class./of all the students.

This apple is the biggest of the five.

―主语+实意动词+(the)+副词最高级+单数名词+in/of短语‖表示―……是……中最……的‖。

例如,I jump (the) farthest in my class.

(2)―主语+be+one of the+形容词最高级+复数名词+in/of短语‖表示―……是……中最……之一‖。

例如,Beijing is one of the largest cities in China.北京是中国最大城市之一。

(3)―特殊疑问词+be+the+最高级+甲,乙,or丙?‖用于三者以上的比较。

例如,Which country is the largest,China,Brazil or Canada?

―特殊疑问词+be+the+副词最高级+甲,乙,or丙?‖用于三者以上的比较

例如,Which season do you like (the) best,spring,summer or autumn?

Unit1语法专练

单项选择题

1.We have______apples. But we don‘t have_____ bananas.

A.some;some

B.any;any

C.some;any

D.any;some

2.Is there_______ in this book?

A.something interesting B,anything interesting C.interesting something

D.interesting anything

3.--Is _______ here?

--- Yes, we are all here.

A.anybody

B.everybody

C.somebody

D.nobody

4.--- Does______ know the answer to the question?

---Me.

A.everybody

B.anybody

C.somebody

D.nobody

5.--Peter has nothing to do at the moment.

-- Let me give him_______ to read.

A.anything

B.something

C.everything

D.nothing

6.I asked my friend for some ink, but she didn't have .

A. some

B. any

C. no

D. a lot

7.Parents should understand that they can't do_____for their children and kids have to learn to be independent.

A. something

B. nothing

C. everything

D. Anything

8.I felt so hungry at midnight, but I couldn't find ________ to eat in my flat.

A. everything

B. something

C. anything

D. Nothing

9.The English guest could speak only Chinese, but she managed to communicate with us.

A. few

B. little

C. a little

D. a few

10.-Have you brought _______ with you? We won‘t have time to come back.

-Don‘t worry. All the things we need are here, in this big bag.

A. something

B. anything

C. nothing

D. Everything

Keys: 1-5CBBBB 6-10BCCCD

Unit2语法专练

1.--Can you write the number eighty-five thousand,six hundred and twenty-six?

-- Yes, it is__________.

A. 856,620

B. 85,626

C. 58,662

D. 58,626

2.September _______ is Teachers‘ Day.

A.the ten

B.the tenth

C.the ten‘s

D. Ten

3.---How many new words are there in______lesson?

---There are only______.

A.nine;three

B.ninth; three

C.the ninth; the three

D.the ninth; three

4.--Which room do you live in?

--I live in_______.

A. Room 405

B.the 405‘s room

C.the 405 room

D. Room 405th

5.There are _____of students in our school but only_____of them are boys.

A.hundreds; two hundred

B.hundred; two hundreds

C. Hundreds; two hundreds

D.hundred; two hundred

6._______plus seven is thirteen.

A. Five

B. Six

C. Eight

D. Nine

7.We‘re the students of_______.

A. Grade Three

B. Three Grade

C.the Grade Three

D.the Three Grade

8.The road is over_______metres long.

A.six hundred and fifty-two

B.six hundreds and fifty-two

C.six hundred,fifty-two

D.six hundred;fifty and two

9.--What should we do now,Mr. Black?

--Please turn to Page______ and look at the_____picture.

A. Twelve;fifth

B. Twelfth; fifth

C. Twelve ;five

D. Twelfth ;five

10. There are_______ in our classroom.

A.hundred of books

B.the hundreds of books

C.hundreds of books

D.hundred of book

Keys:BBDAABAAAC

Unit3-4语法专项训练

一、写出下列单词的比较级和最高级

https://www.sodocs.net/doc/1c18824840.html,rge_________ _________

2.happy________ ___________

3.big__________ ___________

4.easy_________ ____________

5.important_____________ _______________

6.interesting ___________ ____________

7.early _________ ___________

8.clever________ _________

9.expensive____________ ______________

10. careful_________ __________ 11.good/well_________ _________

12.many/much__________ _________ 13.little_________ ___________

14.far_______ ________ 15.bad/ill__________ ___________

https://www.sodocs.net/doc/1c18824840.html,rger largest

2.happier happiest

3.bigger biggest

4.easier easiest

5.more important most important

6.more interesting most interesting

7.earlier earliest

8.cleverer cleverest 9.more expensive most expensive 10.more careful most careful

11.better best 12.more most 13. less least 14.farther/further farthest/furthest

15.worse worst

二.单项选择题。

1. __Dad ,how can I get on well with my classmates?

—Try to be friendly to them .That will make it much____.

A.easily

B.more easily

C.easy

D.easier

2. I think these cards are than those cards.

A. nice

B. nicer

C. nicest

D. the nicest

3.—Which city is your favorite?

—Hangzhou, of course. It‘s the _____place that I want to visit.

A. worse

B. worst

C. better D .best

4.—Which do you like , summer or winter?

—I prefer summer.

A. good

B. well

C. better

D. best

5.—Whose home is ______ away from school in our class?

—Liu Mei‘s.

A. father

B. far

C. the farthest

D. near

6.Many people eat_____ meat than they did before.

—Yes, that‘s why they‘re getting fatter and fatter.

A.more

B. less

C. fewer

D. Much

7.— There used to be lots of fish in the lake.

— Yes, but there are very __________ now.

A. few

B. fewer

C. little

D. less

8.Nanjing isn‘t so large __________ Shanghai, however, it‘s the second __________

city in East China.

A. like; largest

B. as; largest

C. like; large

D. as; large

9.The actress is already 50, but she looks ______ than she really is.

A. young

B. more young

C. more younger

D. much

younger

10.– Is the meeting-room _________ to hold 200 people? (2011天河区一模)

-- Don‘t worry. It can hold more than 250 people.

A. big enough

B. bigger enough

C. enough big

D. enough

bigger

11.Of all the subjects,Math seems to be_______for me.

A.difficult

B.too difficult

C.more difficult

D.the most difficult

12.--Hi,Ella.Which is the______ street in your city?

--High Street.Many people go shopping there.

A.busier

B.quieter

C.busiest

D.quietest

13.During this year‘s Reading Week, I read the most books in our class.No one reads____books than I I.

A.many

B.more

C.few

D.fewer

14.Takings buses in Beijing is ______ than taking a taxi.

A.more cheap

B.much cheaper

C.a little cheap

D.less cheaper

15.Yao Ming is_______ Chinese basketball player that ever player in NBA.

A.tall

B.taller

C.tallest

D.the tallest

Keys:DBDCC AABDA DCBBD

八年级下册英语语法知识点

1、Smell的用法smell作系动词后面跟形容词作表语例子:Themilkintheabitsour.瓶里的牛奶闻起来有点酸 2、What引导感叹句句型:what[a/an]+形容词+名词/名词性短语+主语+谓语 3、youlike....Wouldlike意为想要可以直接跟宾语Wouldyoulike....意为:你想要.....吗?回答为yes.../no...例子:Wouldyoulikesomenoodles 4、Try的用法作名词意为:努力,尝试。常用短语haveatry:试试看try还可以做动词意为:尝试,努力。常用结构:trydoingsth(尽力去做某事)/trytodosth(尝试去做某事) 5、Hearfromsb的用法意为:收到某人的来信相当于get/receivealetterformsb.注意:hearfrom 的宾语是人,而get与receive的宾语是事物 6、Can’twaittodosth.的用法Can’twaittodosth意为:迫不及待做某事列子:Summerholidayiscoming.Childrencan’twaittogobackhome.暑假快到了,孩子们都迫不及待地回家了。 7、With具有;带有(1)with作介词,意为:具有;带有列子:Idreamofabighousewithanicegarden 我梦想拥有一个带花园的大房子(2)with+宾语+宾语补足语表示方式或伴随情况。宾语补足语由形容词、分词或介词短语来充当。列子:Helefttheroomwiththedooropen 他没关门就离开了房间。 8、Spend的用法(1)spendtime/moneyonsth.在……上花费时间(金钱).例子:Ispenttwohoursonthismathsproblem.这道数学题花了我两个小时.(2)spendtime/money(in)doingsth.花费时间(金钱)做某事.例子:Theyspenttwoyears(in)buildingthisbridge.造这座桥花了他们两年时间.(3)spendmoneyforsth.花钱买…….(某物)例子:Hismoneywasspentforbooks.他的钱用来买书了. 9、Beproudof.....意为为...而感到骄傲无论什么情况都不用主格,因为是做介词of的宾语,只能用宾格。如果主语和of后的词指代的是同一个人,就可以用反身代词,如:I'mproudofmyself.Youareproudofyourself.Heisproudofhimself.如果主语和of后的词指代的不是同一个人,不可用反身代词。如:I'mproudofyou.Youareproudofhim. 感官系动词感官系动词主要有feellooksmellsoundtaste。作为系动词这些词本身含有词义,但不能单独作为谓语,后面必须跟形容词构成表系结构,说明主语的状况、性质、特征等 10、Whatdo/doessb.looklike的用法Whatdo/doessb.looklike某人长什么样常用来形容外貌拓展:whatis/aresb.Like的用法whatis/aresb.Like意为某人怎么样?常用来形容性格 11、Close的用法close意为靠近;接近(1)close可作为副词列子:Wesatclosetogether.我们紧挨着坐在一起(2)close作形容词表示空间、时间上的接近相当于never。句型;becloseto意为:离....很近(3)close可作为动词意为:关闭反义词:open 12、While的用法while意为:当....的时候(1)while作连词引导时间状语从句,强调句中的动作与主句中的动作同时发生,但持续时间较长或主句的动作在从句的动作过程中发生。(2)while还可以用来表示对比,连接两个并列句子,对比某两件事物。 13、When的用法when引导的时间状语从句when意为:当(在)......的时候既可以连接一个时间点,又可以连接一个时间段。When引导的从句中的谓语多用终止性(瞬间)动词,主从句的动作可以同时发生也可以有先后顺序发生。列子:WhenIgotback,Ifoundmymothercookingforme.当我回家时,我发现妈妈正在为我做饭。 现在完成时的重点和难点 一、现在完成时的“完成用法”和“未完成用法”

初二英语语法学习归纳

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busy→busier→busiest happy→happier→happiest (5)其他双音节词和多音节词,比较级在前面加more,最高级在前面加most。 beautiful→more beautiful→most beautiful different→more different→most different easily→more easily→most easily (6)有少数形容词、副词的比较级和最高级是不规则的,必须熟记。 good→better→best well→better→best bad→worse→worst ill→worse→worst old→older/elder→oldest/eldest many/much→more→most little→less→least far →further/farther→ furthest/farthest

20180114人教版八年级上册英语各单元语法

一复合不定代词 不指明代替任何特定名词或形容词的代词叫不定代词,它们有some, any, much, many 等以及由every-, some-, any-, no-加上-thing, -body, -one构成的复合不定代词。下面我们主要学习有关复合不定代词的内容。 1、复合不定代词的分类 指物:everything, something, anything, nothing 指人:everybody, somebody, anybody, nobody everyone, someone, anyone, no one 2、复合不定代词的用法 1. ◆some-类的复合不定代词一般用于肯定句中。如: There is somebody at the door. ◆any-类的复合不定代词一般用于否定句或疑问句中,表示“某事;某物;某人”;也可用 于肯定句或条件从句中,表示“任何东西;任何人”。如: There isn't anything in the box. Did you see anybody there? If anybody comes here, please ask him to wait. 2. 复合不定代词作主语时,谓语动词常用单数形式。如: Everybody knows he sings well. 3. 复合不定代词若有定语(形容词或不定式)修饰时,定语要放在其后。如: There's nothing new about this. I want something to eat. 【运用】单项选择 1. —Who taught Zhu Zhiwen to sing? —________! He learned singing by himself. A. Everybody B. Somebody C. Nobody 2. There is ________ wrong with my back and it hurts seriously. A. anything B. something C. nothing 3. I always believe that ________ is difficult if we try our best to do it. A. something B. anything C. everything D. nothing 4. —Would you please tell me ________ in today's newspaper? —Sorry, I haven't read it yet.

八年级上学期的英语语法总结(精)

八年级上学期的英语语法总结(全部! 一、只能修饰可数名词的词语有: many, many a(n, a good / great many, a (great / large number of, scores of, dozens of等。例如: Scores of people went there in the first few days after its opening. 开张后的头几天,很多人去了那儿。 I have been there dozens of times. 我已去过那儿很多次了。 There’re a number of students reading English in the classroom. 教室里有许多学生在读英语。 Many a student has(=many students havevisited the Great Wall.(谓语动词用单数 很多学生都游览过长城。 In winter, a good many animals sleep under the snow. 冬天很多动物在雪下冬眠。 注意: many所修饰的复数名词前若有限定词,many 后面要接of, 表示―……中的很多‖。例如: A great many(of the graduates have found jobs. 毕业生中很多人已经找到了工作。 二、只能修饰不可数名词的词语有:

much, a great deal of, a great / large amount of等。例如: Is there much water in the bucket? 桶里有很多水吗? He always has a great amount of work to do. 他总是有很多工作要做。 三、既能修饰可数名词又能修饰不可数名词的词语有: a lot of, lots of, plenty of (以上三个词语后谓语动词的数依of 后的名词的单复数而定,a great / large quantity of (其后谓语用单数,quantities of (其后谓语用复数。例如: There is still lots of snow in the garden. 花园里还有许多雪。 There is plenty of rain here. 这儿的雨水很多。 A great quantity of flowers was placed in the hall. 大厅里放了很多鲜花。 There are large quantities of food in the cupboard. 橱柜里有许多食物。 在所有这些表示―很多‖的词语中many, much 是最常用的词,它们既可以用于肯定句,也可以用于疑问句和否定句。例如: Are there many people in the street?

八年级英语语法知识点归纳.

八年级英语(仁爱版上册语言点归纳Unit 1 Playing Sports Topic 1 What’s your favorite sport?重点词语: 1. almost(反义词never 2.win(过去式won(名词winner 3.skate (现在分词skating 4.famous(比较级more famous 5.arrive(同义词get to 6.leave(过去式left 7.popular(最高级most popular 8.healthy(同义词fit(名词health 词组 1. during the summer holidays 在暑假期间 2. between…and… 在两者之间 3. cheer sb. on 为某人加油 4. prefer doing sth. 更喜欢做某事 5. quite a bit/a lot 很多

6. plan to do sth. 计划做某事 7. have a skating club 举办滑雪俱乐部 8.go skating/skiing/bicycling/climbing/hiking 去滑雪/滑冰/骑车/爬山/远足 9. arrive in 到达 10. play against…与……对抗/较量 11. for long 很久 12. leave for… 动身去… 13. the day after tomorrow 后天 14. places of interest 名胜 16. play baseball 打棒球 17. at least 至少 18. be good at=do well in 善于做某事 19. take part in=join in =be in 参加 20. all over the world =around the world全世界 21. be good for 对……有益 22. a good way to do sth 做…的一种好方法 23. keep fit/healthy 保持健康

初二英语上册(人教版)重点语法

初二英语上册(人教版)重点语法 初二(上)人教版全册重点语法 形容词:放在名词前,修饰名词例如:beautiful 美丽的。It’s a beautiful map 它是一张漂亮的地图 副词:放在动词后,修饰动词例如:fast 快,He runs fast 他跑得很快。 形容词前面,He is really good 他是真真地很好 形容词和副词级的变化规则 口诀:长加前,短加后,长前加more ,most ,短后er,est, 1. 长加前: 2. The book is as interesting as that one 这本书和那本书一样有趣 The book is much more interesting than that one 这本书比那本书有趣得 多 The book is a little more interesting than that one 这本书比那本书有趣一 点点 The book is even more interesting than that one 这本书甚至比那本书更加 的有趣

1. 短加后。 2. 1. 一般直接加er,est, 2. He is taller 他更高, He is the tallest 他最高 1. 以重读闭音节结尾,双写最后一个辅音字母,并且加er,est 2. 例如:thin---thinner---thinnest He is thinner 他更瘦 He is the thinnest 他最瘦 1. 以不发音的e结尾加r,st 2. 例如:nice—nicer---nicest It’s nicer 它更加美好 It’s the nicest 它是最美好的 1. 以辅音字母加y 结尾,去掉y加ier,iest 2.

八年级上册英语语法知识点总结

八年级上册英语语法知识点总结(一)一般将来时 一般将来时表示将来某个时间要发生的动作或者存在的状态。通常与表示将来的时间状语连用,如tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, next year, next month, next week, in 100 years等。 be going to do(动词原形)结构:表示打算、准备做的事情或者肯定要发生的事情。如:It is going to rain. will do结构表示将来的用法: 1. 表示预见 Do you think it will rain? You will feel better after a good rest. 2. 表示意图 I will borrow a book from our school library tomorrow. What will she do tomorrow? 基本构成如下: 一般疑问句构成: (1)will+主语+do…? Will Sarah come to visit me next Sunday? (2)there be 结构的一般疑问句:Will there + be …? Will there be fewer trees? Yes, there will. / No, there won’t

否定句构成:will + not (won’t)+do Sarah won’t come to visit me next Sunday. 特殊疑问句构成: 特殊疑问词+will+主语+…?What will Sarah do next Sunday? 练一练 根据例句,用will改写下列各句 例:I don’t feel well today. (be better tomorrow) I’ll be better tomorrow. 1. Gina has six classes today. (have a lot of homework tonight) _____________________________ 2. I’m tired now. (sleep later) _____________________________ 3. My parents need a new car. (buy one soon) _____________________________ 4. We can’t leave right now. (leave a little later) _____________________________ 5. The weather is awful today. (be better tomorrow) _____________________________ 答案:1. She’ll have a lot of homework tonight.

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