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2.4 CNN采访李连杰

CNN:Congratulations on “Hero”. I mean,is the part very similar to what you normally play?



译文:No, this is a very unique role in a very unusual movie, different from all the other roles I have played before. It can be said to be one of my most important action movies. CNN:Why do you say that? You have made about 30 movies. How is this one different from the rest?



译文:Normally, action movies follow such a formula: a child’s parents got killed, and this child started playing Kongfu at a very young age, determined to take his revenge. And when he grows up, he will have become an outstanding Kongfu master, he will kill the bad guy and take the revenge for his parents. But Hero has a much broader theme. CNN:Is it very similar to “Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon” for example?



译文:Absolutely different. Ang Lee is a very talented director; he uses martial arts to depict love. While Zhang Yimou uses martial arts to describe Chinese culture, the thoughts of Chinese people as well as the world in their eyes.

CNN:That’s very deep. We know your first-ever movie was “Shaolin Temple” made in 1979 when you were still just a teenager. The movie was a huge hit in Asia and was followed by two sequels. Let me ask you, how did you move from being a martial arts champion to becoming a Hollywood action star?




译文:I think the most important reason is that I started practicing Kongfu when I was very young, this is my speciality. I can use my unique martial arts in movie. And I have been longing to do sth different, for example, I would like to discuss peace and how to realize peace through martial arts.

CNN:That almost sounds like a contradiction, right? You are a fighter here, and you talk about peace?



译文:That’ true. In fact Chinese culture is not only what it looks like. Not all Chinese understand Kongfu, it is not the case that they only know fighting or they are with no brain, no thoughts. There is a sophisticated philosophy in Chinese culture and I feel that I have the responsibility to let the world know about it.

4.4 保持农历新年的核心价值观


To people of Chinese descent around the world, the Lunar New Year (also called Spring Festival) is undoubtedly the most important festival of the year. Dating back 3,000 years, it celebrates the passing of a peaceful year and welcomes the new one.


The reunion dinner, eaten on New Year’s Eve, is de rigueur(required, standard custom), with members of extended family gathering for the most significant meal of the year. Even the absent members will endeavor to return home in time for it. It underscores the supreme importance of the family in Chinese culture, and aims at strengthening the

sense of togetherness and cohesion.

人们庆祝新年的方式,体现了两个重要的核心价值观。首先,多代同堂的家庭成员,齐聚家中享受一顿丰盛的团圆饭,是每一个人都会遵守的习惯。准备一顿丰富晚餐的工作当然是落在家中女成员的身上,比较富裕的家庭则可能有佣人帮忙。其次,亲戚朋友间也会兴高采烈互访。这样的欢庆方式,有助于加强亲情和友情。The way people celebrate the New Year embodies two important core values. The first value is the sense of family togetherness; members of multi-generation families are all there to have a big reunion dinner. Everyone will follow this custom. The female members are always held responsible for preparing the dinner, and some rich families may take on extra hands. The second value lies in the happy visits mutually made between friends and relatives, a good way to strengthen kinship and friendship.


However, economic development has resulted in some changes in lifestyles. After a busy year, people are tired of preparing for the reunion dinner, and would rather hold their reunion dinner in a posh restaurant despite the exorbitant cost. The festival door-to-door visits have given way to New Year greeting via phone or text messages. Some families even go to such extreme as to travel or seek temporary refuge in a hotel so as to avoid being visited.


Some tradition-minded people regard the reunion dinner and visits to relatives and close friends during the New Year as core values, without which the holiday would lose much of its significance. Some pessimistics contend that, as the popularity of western culture grows, Chinese traditional festivals gradually lose their original meaning and degenerate into commerce festivals like Christmas.


The Spring Festival is an important part of the Chinese cultural heritage, and it will

continue to be celebrated. The modes of celebration may change, but the core value should be sustained: that of respect for kinship and friendship.



It has been over two decades since China adopted the Family Planning Policy. However, there still exist misunderstandings about this policy. People mistakenly think that China’s Family Planning Police equal s the One Child Policy, which allows one couple to have only one child. Their impression is that this policy is implemented more strictly in urban areas :in cities where people are better off, one couple can have only one child, while in the poor rural areas, one couple can have two or three children. Furthermore, they think that the One Child Policy is the cause of gender imbalance. I will now clarify these misunderstandings.


As a matter of fact, the policy adopted in the early 1980s is a multivariate policy called the Family Planning Policy, or the fertility policy. Its multivariate nature can be proved by two facts.


First, the total fertility rate in China now stands at 1.8, which means there is more than one child per family in most areas.

For example, there is generally only one child in a family in urban area, but two in rural areas, and three in ethnic minority areas. In some areas, like Tibet, there are no restrictions at all on the number of children a family can have. We can tell from the fact that China’s Family Planning Pol icy varies in accordance with the economic and social

development level of different areas.


Secondly, China is seeing an unbalanced sex ratio at birth at the moment. The sex ratio at birth refers to the number of boys born per 100 girls born. This is not the same concept as the sex ratio of the total population.


The unbalance is not entirely the result of the Family Planning Policy. I would like to cite two interesting examples. My first example is the Republic of Korea. In 1988, the sex ratio at birth in the ROK was 114, and the ratio now in China is 117. I believe there is no family planning policy in the ROK, My second example is Singapore, whose sex ratio at birth in 1984 was 109. Why is it a common problem in Asia? There are two main reasons. The first reason is the influence of traditional culture and ideology, that is a preference for sons, which poses a great problem for the sex ratio at birth. Second, China’s unbalanced birth ratio is attributable to the poor social security system in rural areas.


The Chinese government has launched a nationwide Girl Care Project to hamper the rising sex ratio at birth. This project aims to educate the general public to abandon their traditional preference for male children and to advocate female children’s status and rights. Secondly, the Chinese government is also making an effort to establish and improve the social security system, particularly in rural areas.


Thirdly, the phenomenon of allowing one child for urban families and two the three children for families in poor areas is called reverse selection of population quality. I have two points to make in this regard. The policy in rural areas is made in accordance with the economic situation there. The social security system is being gradually improved in rural areas. If a stringent One Child policy is to be introduced in this process, the household insurance coverage is likely to be reduced for rural families. Therefore, the number of children allowed in rural families is dependent on the economic situation.

13.3 印度洋海啸

2004 年底发生的印度洋海啸,使全球陷入了震惊和悲痛。它席卷了印尼、泰国、斯里兰等诸多印度洋沿岸国家,死亡人数接近30万,仅在印尼就造成至少10万人死亡,无数家庭失去父母、兄弟和姐妹。在这场突发的灾难中,直接或间接受灾的人数达到500 万。国际社会对受灾地区进行了积极援救和捐款。中国政府和民间对灾区的援助超过了12亿人民币。在人类已进入21世纪的今天,人类社会还发生如此大的悲剧,让人深思。痛定思痛,人们不禁要问,这样的悲剧,为何会发生,能否避免?人们对灾难发生的原因进行了广泛的探讨和分析。





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