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1, There has been this long lull with nothing particular turning up!

you are beginning to be anxious because there has been no progress of the war in such a long quiet period…

2,we must "...meet with Triumph and Disaster. And treat those two impostors just the same."

We are sure to experience both Triumph and Disaster and we must treat them as the same thing taking different appearances because they are essentially interchangeable. 3,never give in, except to convictions of honor and good sense

Never give in unless we are convinced that it is honorable and sensible for us to do so. 4,Britain, other nations thought, had drawn a sponge across her slate.

Britain, in other nations’ eyes, was completely wiped out/conquered.

5,we have only to persevere to conquer.

… we have no choice but to hold on until victory comes.


1, The phrase "personal space" has a quaint, seventies ring to it

The phrase “personal space” sounds old-fashioned and reminds one of the seventies…2, T-shirt weather can make proximity more alluring (or much, much less).

… I have suspected that maybe the cause (of the space invasion) is the season: summer may either make people want to be closer to each other or more likely, to keep a distance between each other.

3, The logistics of it vary according to geography

people in different regions are given different size of personal space.

4, individuals routinely commandeer booths and sets of facing seats meant for foursomes.

…individuals, as usual, occupy the booths and seats which are desi gned for four people. 5,In the same way that the breeze from a butterfly's wings in Japan may eventually produce a tidal wave in California, I have decided to expand the contracting boundaries of personal space.

Because the initial invasion of personal space can cause a chain of reactions, which may bring about a catastrophic consequence, as the breeze from a butterfly’s wings in Japan, if it initiates a chain of waves, may eventually produce a tidal wave in California, I have decided to enlarge the shrinking personal space.


1,Given the relatively few restrictions governing access and usage, it is the communications modal equivalent of international waters

As there are relatively few restrictions for reaching and using the Internet, communications via the Internet are comparable to traveling through the international waterways.

2,But much less widely reported has been the notion that the Internet may be responsible for furthering the fragmentation of society by alienating its individual users A lot of people talk about the “new information age”, but not so many people are acquainted with the idea that the Internet separates people form each other and fragments society further as a result

3,It seems to me that we are a society that values immediate gratification above all else, and what better place to achieve it than in cyberspace, where cyber-world is your cyber-oyster.

I think that in our society the top priority is given to the satisfaction of one’s immediate needs, the internet is the best tool for this purpose, for on the internet once can do whatever he likes to do where the cyber-space is the very thing that gives you immediate gratification.


1,It was therefore left to Yamahata to record, methodically — and, as it happens, with a great and simple artistry — the effects

The responsibility was therefore placed on Yamahata’s shoulders to record the effects systematically and incidentally with a great and simple artistry.

2,That absence, even more than wreckage, contains the heart of the matter.

The vanished city rather than its remains represents the true measure of the event.

3,In the photographs, Nagasaki comes into its own.

In the photographs Nagasaki regains its own status.

4,the human imagination had stumbled to exhaustion in the wreckage of the first ruined city without reaching even the outskirts of the second.

The human imagination had been exhausted and stopped at the wreckage of the first ruined city and failed to reach even the outskirts of Nagasaki.

5,we seem to need, in addition, some other picture to counterpoise against ruined Nagasaki

… apart from the pictures of Nagasaki we seem to need other picture to inspire in us a hope of life to counterbalance the sense of doom suggested by the ruined Nagasaki…Unit5

1,Slowly, it panned across the tapestry of friendship

Slowly, the movie gave a panoramic picture of friendship.

2,This wasn't just another binge of trendiness, but a kind of cinema vérité

This was not simply a shift from one fashion to another, but a truthful description of friendship.

3,Well, that duality must have been mortally wounded in some shoot-out at the You're OK, I'm OK Corral.

The two sides must have been mortally wounded in the OK Corral gunfight.

4,Buddies hang tough together; friends hang onto each other.

Buddies hold on together in face of adversity, friends cling tightly to each other for emotional support.


1,July 4 is one of the times when the American in me feels a twinge of unease about the great lacunae in our children's understanding of who they are and is prompted to try to fill the gaps.

The American in me: the feeling of being American which is deeply rooted in my mind. 2,And our physical separation from our native land is not much of an issue.

and living away from our native country does not matter (in our children’s acquisition of our native language).

3,In my day little French kids looked like nothing other than little French kids

when I live in France as an expatriated child, the French kids were dressed in the unique French style, thus looking quite different from their counterparts in other countries.

4,That experience no longer seems possible in Western countries — a sad development, in my view.

Full immersion in a truly foreign world no longer seems possible in Western countries, and I think this is a deplorable impact of globalization upon the growth of children in a foreign country.

Unit 1

1. 我安排他们在小酒吧见面,但那个小伙子一直都没有来。(turn up)

I had arranged for them to meet each other at the pub, but the young man never turned up.

2. 你无法仅凭表象判断形势是否会变得对我们不利。(tell from appearance)

You cannot tell merely from appearances whether things will turn out unfavourable to us or not.

3. 那个士兵每次打仗都冲锋在前,从而赢得了国家的最高荣誉。(stand in the gap)

The soldier, who stood in the gap in every battle, gained the highest honors of the country.

4. 主席讲话很有说服力,委员会其他成员都听从他的意见。(yield to)

The chairman spoke so forcefully that the rest of the committee yielded to his opinion.

5. 他们现在生活富裕了,但也曾经历坎坷。(ups and downs)

They are well-to-do now, but along the way they had their ups and downs.

6. 这次演讲我将说明两个问题。(address oneself to)

There are two questions to which I will address myself in this lecture.

7. 我们正筹划为你举办一次盛大的圣诞聚会。(in sb.’s honour)

We are planning a big Christmas party in your honour.

8. 听到那个曲子,我回想起了儿童时代。(throw one’s mind back)

Hearing that tune threw my mind back to my childhood.

Unit 2

1. 那只鸽子被卡在树杈里,不多一会儿就跌落下来。(wedge)

The pigeon was wedged in the fork of a branch and it fell after a while.

2. 驾车人该付多少钱需要根据他对别人车子造成损坏的程度而定。(be proportional to)

The payment that the motorist will have to make is proportional to the amount of damage he has done to the other person’s car.

3. 你只有伏在地上慢慢爬过一条狭长的地道才能进入山洞。(inch)

You can only enter the cave by inching through a narrow tunnel on your stomach.

4. 她一面结结巴巴地为没有敲门就进入我的办公室而道歉,一面羞怯地朝门口走


She stammered some apology for entering my office without knocking as she sidled towards the door.

5. 他尽力向我解释说不是因为我工作不好而解雇我,而是因为公司面临着财政困

境。(take pains to)

He took pains to explain to me that I was not being dismissed because

I didn’t do my work well but because the company was confronted by

financial troubles.

6. 年轻士兵的入伍给军队带来了新的希望并鼓舞了士气。(infuse ... into ...)

The enlistment of young soldiers infused new hope and morale into the army.

7. 一旦大一些的男孩子们声称草坪属于他们,小一些的孩子就只好退避三舍。

(stake a claim to)

Once the older boys stake a claim to the lawn, the younger ones had to give way to them to avoid conflict.

8. 跟在她身后的人让她心神不安,她不由得加快了脚步。(make sb. uneasy)

The man following her made her uneasy and she couldn’t help quickening her steps.

Unit 3

1. 无可否认,香烟会使人上瘾。而一旦你上了瘾,就很难戒除这个习惯。(addict)

There’s no denying that smoking is addictive. And once you are addicted, it’s very difficult to get rid of the habit.

2. 在日本人生产的一种电子游戏中,玩游戏的人可以模拟艾滋病患者从染上艾滋病毒直到死亡的经历。 (simulate)

In a Japanese-made video game, players can simulate the experience of AIDS from HIV infection until death.

3. 我肯定,他说你可以用这笔钱继续学习音乐是认真的。(in earnest)

I’m sure he was in earnes t when he said that you could use this money to continue your study of music.

4. 我们只能以牺牲质量为代价来提高产量,但这可能会损害公司的声誉。(at the expense of)

We can only increase production at the expense of quality, which could ruin the company’s reputation.

5. 她难得生气,不过这次她可真的是发脾气了。(be given to)

She is not often given to anger, but this time she really lost her temper.

6. 一名外语教师如果要在中学任教,他最起码要持有正规教育院校颁发的学位证书。(at the very least)

A teacher of foreign language should possess at the very least a graduate

degree from a certified education school or institute if he is to teach high school.

7. 我很快觉察到我无法使他改变想法。(perceive)

I soon perceived that I couldn’t make him change his mind.


1. 他们的牛都打上了字母C的烙印,所以很容易辨认。

Their cattle were branded with the letter “C” so that they could be easily identified. 2. 本赛季他真正发挥了一个的分手的作用。

In this season he has really come into his own as a scorer. 3. 一场经济危机正威胁着那个国家。

An economic crisis is hanging over that country.

4. 他是真正发号施令的人物,但他总是躲在幕后。

He is the man who really gives the order, but he always remains in the background. 5. 派出信使后,我们所能做的就只有等待了。

After dispatching the messenger, what is left for us to do is nothing but to wait. 6. 你只要一叫,他马上就到。

You just have to call and he’s here in a flash. 7. 他们在战争的阴霾下整整生活了17年。

They have lived in the shadow of war for altogether seventeen years.

8. 这些是现存的最后7只东北虎,如果人类不加以保护的话,这一种群的老虎将濒临灭亡。

These are the last seven Northeast Tigers in existence. If human being s failed to protect them, the tigers of this species would become dist inct.


1. 你的话的确有理,但你的表达方式近于粗暴。

Your remarks do make sense, but the way of expression borders on ruden ess. 2. 失业人员都应该得到政府的帮助。

Any employed person counts at deserving government help. 3. 总的来说,我对这项实验是相当满意的。

On the whole I am quite satisfied with the experiment. 4. 一个人的外表会影响别人对他的看法。

A person’s appearance makes a difference in how others judge him. 5. 广告倾向于把妇女描绘成非常传统的角色。

Advertising tends to portray women in very traditional roles.

6. 刚刚继承了一大笔遗产的孪生姐妹急不可耐地炫耀她们的珠宝首饰。

Having inherited a considerable fortune, the twin sisters just couldn ’t wait to show off their jewelry.

7. 公众关注的中心再次转移到了城市环境的变化问题。

Public interest has once again shifted its focus to the changes in the urban environment. 8. 新型列车可以以500公里左右的时速平稳地行驶,相比之下,那些旧车显得又慢又笨拙。

The new type of trains can run smoothly at the speed of about 500 kilo metres per hour; in contrast, the old ones are slow and clumsy.


1. 大厅里回响着小号独奏的乐曲声。

The hall resonated with the notes of the trumpet solo. 2. 我想想得出母


I saw, in my mind’s eye, the pale face of the mother when she heard t he news of her son’s death.

3. 他走路的样子使我想起他父亲也是这样走路的。

The way he walks reminds me of the way his father used to walk. 4. 我把日期搞错了。所以到达的日期不对了。 I mixed the dates up and arrived on the wrong day. 5. 听到女儿被牛津大学录取,她心中充满自豪。

Her heart swelled with pride when she learned that her daughter had be en admitted by Oxford University.

6. 理论上来说,全体公民都有权直接获取信息,而不必等候政府或媒体的过滤。 Theoretically speaking, the whole population should have direct a ccess to information without waiting for its being filtered by the gov ernment or the media.

7. 在此次总统选举中,民主党发动了一场拉拢女性选民的宣传活动。Democrats have launched a campaign to win women voters over in this pr esidential election.

8. 他继承父亲的产业后,便沉溺于声色犬马之中。

After he inherited his father’s estate, he was immersed in all kinds of sensuous pleasures.

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