Boxing matches were very popular in England two hundred years ago. In those days, boxers fought with bare fists for prize money. Because of this, they were known as
'prizefighters'. However, boxing was very crude, for these were no rules and a prizefighter could be seriously injured
or even killed during a match.
One of the most colourful figures in boxing history was Daniel Mendoza, who was born in 1764. The use of gloves was
not introduced until 1860, when the Marquis of Queensberry drew up the first set of rules. Though he was technically a prizefighter, Mendoza did much to change crude prizefighting into a sport, for he brought science to the game. In this day, Mendoza enjoyed tremendous popularity. He was adored by rich and poor alike.
Mendoza rose to fame swiftly after a boxing match when he was only fourteen years old. This attracted the attention of Richard Humphries who was then the most eminent boxer in England. He offered to train Mendoza and his young pupil was quick to learn. In fact, Mendoza soon became so successful
that Humphries turned against him. The two men quarrelled bitterly and it was clear that the argument could only be settled by a fight. A match was held at Stilton, where both men fought for an hour. The public bet a great deal of money on Mendoza, but he was defeated. Mendoza met Humphries in the ring on a later occasion and he lost for a second time. It
was not until his third match in 1790 that he finally beat
Humphries and became Champion of England. Meanwhile, he founded a highly successful Academy and even Lord Byron became one of his pupils. He earned enormous sums of money
and was paid as much as $100 for a single appearence. Despite this, he was so extravagant that he was always in debt. After he was defeated by a boxer called Gentleman Jackson, he was quickly forgotten. He was sent to prison for failing to pay
his debt and died in poverty in 1836.
boxing n. 拳击
bare adj. 赤裸的
prizefighter n. 职业拳击手(尤指古时赤手拳击手)
crude adj. 粗野的
marquis n. 侯爵
technically adv. 严格根据法律意义地
science n. 科学
popularity n. 名望
adore v. 崇拜，爱戴
alike adv. 一样地
fame n. 名声
eminent adj. 的，杰出的
bitterly adv. 厉害地
bet v. 打赌
academy n. 专业学校
extravagant adj. 浪费的，奢移的
poverty n. 贫困
1.The top of the hill was bare.
2.It also laid bare the limits of the firm's business model.
bare of 几乎没有，缺乏
lay bare 揭发，暴露;公开
bare feet 赤脚;光脚;光着脚
bare land 裸地;白地
bare minimum 绝对最小值
1.I condemn such crude manners.
2.At times his language turned crude and made him look foolish.
近义：rough, native, raw
1.The boys adore their mothers.
2.Who is this cute bear that so many people adore?
3.And man, do remember to adore your woman who needs it all the time.
1.All music is alike to me.
2.We gonna get a hair cut together just alike.
近义：similar, same, uniform, like, parallel
1.Emily Dickinson was an eminent writer.
2.This gave the dollar its eminent status.
1.They debated bitterly on a certain question.
2.He sobbed bitterly and his tears washed her feet.他悲痛地哭着，泪水浸湿了他母亲的脚。
【be known as...】
【rise to fame】
【attract the attention of...】
【be quick to learn】
【turn against sb.】
【settle an argument】
【in the ring】【be in debt】