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Unit 1


招待会上发表演讲。(no matter how)

No matter how experienced a speaker you are, and how well you have prepared your speech, you will have difficulty making a speech at such a noisy reception.

2.就像吉米妹妹的朋友都关心吉米一样,吉米也关心他们。(just as)

Just as all his sister’s friends cared about him, Jimmy cared about them.



Car manufacturers stamp a vehicle identification number at several places on new cars to help track down stolen vehicles.

4.老师回来时你敢告我状的话,我就不再和你说话了。(tell on)

If you dare tell on me when the teacher gets back I won’t say a word to you any more.

5.有些老年人愿意独自过日子,但大多数老人选择和儿女一起生活。(on one’s own)

Some elderly people prefer to live on their own while the great majority choose to live with their children.

6.现在需要面对的事情是:如何筹集创建公司所需的资金。(reckon with)

Here is something that needs to be reckoned with: How to get the necessary finances to establish the company.

Unit 2

1.被告是位年仅30岁的女子,她坚持称自己无罪。(Use an appositive使用同位语)

The defendant, a woman of only 30, kept insisting on her own innocence.

2.总体看来,枣、豆类以及一些多叶的绿色蔬菜是最好的铁质来源。(Use an absolute


All things considered, dates, beans and some leafy green vegetables are the best sources of iron.

3.正餐时不供应饮料,饮料会影响消化。(interfere with)

No beverages are served with meals because they interfere with digestion.


Taking the popularity of the region into consideration, it is advisable to book hotels in advance.

5.服药后若有呕吐感,请立即停止服用并尽快咨询医生。(throw up)

If you have a feeling of wanting to throw up after taking this drug, stop taking it immediately and consult your doctor as soon as possible.



Summing up the discussion, he said both parties should consider the most effective way to solve the problem.

Unit 3

1.在思维方面,与他的行为一样,他是非常传统的。(Use “as” with the meaning of “ in

the way that, in the manner that, like”.)

In his thinking, as in his behavior, he is very traditional.

2.教室一旦同意接受新的教学计划,他们就得面对新计划所带给他们的压力。(Use” once”

as a conjunction with the meaning “from the moment that”.)

Once the teachers agree to accept the new teaching program, they have to face the strain it puts on them.

3.从长远看,大学毕业后继续深造而不是直接参加工作是值得的。(in the long run,


In the long run, it is worthwhile to pursue one’s study after graduating from university instead of going to work directly.


(operate on)

As the school operates on the Character First Principle, moral values and academic achievements are stressed equally.

5.据说,原定于这个月召开的会议将推迟到下个月召开。(be scheduled to, put off)

It is said that the meeting, which is scheduled to be held this month, will be put off till next month.


德标准。(see… as)

The school sees its job as preparing its students for life by cultivating a comprehensive set of principles that can benefit all of them.

Unit 4

1.从各方面考虑,这座城市都是世界上最令人激动的城市。(Use an absolute structure


Everything considered, this city is the world’s most exciting city.

2.尽管没有得到父母的赞同,他还是继续他的计划出国学习。(Use the structure of

“conjunction + prepositional phrase”; go ahead)

Though with no approval from his parents, he went ahead with his plan to study abroad.

3.这座桥是以一位英雄的名字命名的,这位英雄为人民的事业献出了生命。(name after)

This bridge was named after the hero who gave his life for the cause of people.

4.据说,画家是以他母亲为模特的。他母亲的面容沧桑却不失坚定。(It is said…)

It is said that painter used his mother as the model in the painting whose face represented suffering yet strength.


场的经历。(rise to fame)

The writer instantly rose to fame in 1950 with the publication of a novel inspired by his experience with a girl on a farm.


名男子一起工作,这名男子和美国政府签订了一份合同,给军队提供肉食。(short for) One story says that “US” was short for “Uncle Sam” whose real name was Sam Wilson, who had once worked with a man who had signed a contract with the government to provide meat to the US Army.

Unit 5

1.直到看见弥留之际躺在床上的母亲,他才意识到自己是多么地爱她。(Use “not until at

the beginning)

Not until he saw his mother lying in bed, dying, did he realize how much he loved


2.考虑到他最近的身体状况,我认为他这次考试成绩还不错。(Use a present participle

as adverbial使用现在分词作状语)

Taking into account of his recent physical condition, I think he has done quite well in the exam.

3.克拉克夫人躺在床上一动不动,一时间我都纳闷她是否还活着。(wonder if)

Mrs. Clark lies in bed motionless, and I wonder briefly if she is still alive.

4.整栋楼一片黑暗,只有三楼的某个窗户透出一丝光。(except for)

The building was darkened except for a single light burning in a third-storey window.

5.这些士兵接受了严格的训练,并且对完成这项新任务有充分的准备。(be equipped)

These soldiers have received very strict training and are well equipped to fulfill the new task.

6.他伸手拿起电话,拨通了宾馆的号码。(reach for)

He reached for the phone, picked it up, and dialed the hotel’s number.


1. Not until the manager participated in the work himself did he realize that the

task was a little too difficult for the new secretary to finish on her own.(他才意识到这项任务让新来的秘书独自完成是太困难了)

2. Not until the train started to move did Mary stop weeping.(玛丽才停止哭泣)

3. Not until the managers finish their two-day meeting will all the employees

know the result of their performance evaluation.(所有员工才会知道他们的工


4. Not until Alice had a baby of her own did she become aware how hard it was for

her mother to have brought up her sister and her on her own.(她才了解她母亲独自一人把她和姐姐抚养成人有多难)

5. Not until I finished watching the movie did I get to know what happened in the

end to the main characters.(我才知道了主要任务的最终结果)

1. Every substance in the world, no matter how different it may seem form any

other substance(不管看起来和其他物质多么不同), is made partly of electrons.

2. No matter what a woman tries to do to improve her situation(不管一个女人试

图做什么来改变她的处境), there is some barrier to keep her down.

3. No matter what a excuse he gives(不管他给出什么借口), I will not forgive him

for being so late for our appointment.

4. No matter what anyone else may think(无论别人可能怎么想), only he can know

whether he made the right choice.

5. We have always been an independent people, no matter how they rewrite


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