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1)在生活中,我们最愚蠢的行为就是太执着于自己的东西,不愿意放弃。(cling to sth., let go) In life, our stupidest course of action is to cling too much to what we have and refuse to let go. 2)我愿意在IT行业工作,但我不知如何着手。(go about sth.)

I am willing to work in the IT industry, but have no idea how to go about it.

3)许多人都已意识到和大自然和谐相处的重要性。(aware of, in harmony with)

Many people are aware of the importance of living in harmony with nature.

4)像“代沟”这样的问题是不可以被掩盖起来的。(sweep … under the carpet)

Problems like the generation gap cannot be swept under the carpet.

5)我始终不懂什么事在使她烦心。(eat away at)

I never did understand what was eating away at her.

6)他一生都和世无争。(at peace with)

He has been at peace with the world all his life.

7)他没有说出自己的想法。一则她未必了解,二则他怕自己得不到她的宽恕。(for one thing …, for another …)

He did not speak out / say what he thought. For one thing, she might not understand. For another, he was afraid that she might not forgive him.

8)随着岁月的流逝,她对中国文化越来越感兴趣。(roll by)

As the years rolled by, he became increasingly interested in / fascinated by Chinese culture. Unit 2

1)这种情景总是令我感动,让我深思。(set sb. doing sth.)

Such a sight always moves me and sets me thinking. / This is a sight that never fail to move me and set me thinking.

2)别怪她了,在类似情况下,你自己也会这么做的。(under … circumstances)

Stop scolding / blaming her – You’d have done the same thing under / in similar circumstances. 3)我们应当为自己所拥有的一切而心存感激,而不是对任何事情都漫不经心。(be appreciative of / grateful for, take … for granted)

We should be appreciative of / grateful for what we have instead of taking everything for granted.

4)他也许会答应改变,但无非又是说一套做一套罢了。(It’s the same old story of)

He may promise to change, but it’s the same old story of saying one thing and doing another. 5)我苦苦思索该怎样把这可怕的消息告诉他。(rack one’s brains about sth., break the news to sb.)

I racked my brains about how to break the terrible news to him.

6)我将永远无法报答父母为我所做的一切。(repay sb. for sth.)

It will be impossible for me to repay my parents for everything they have done for me.

7)且让我再次感谢大家的参和,祝你们工作顺利。(it remains to sb. to do sth.)

For now, it remains to me to thank you once more for joining us and wish you good luck in your work.

8)我一开始就说过,他会给我们惹麻烦的。(right from the beginning)

I said right from the beginning that he would cause us trouble.

Unit 3

1)听说他的新书是根据发生在田纳西州一个小镇上的真事写的。(rumor has it that)

Rumor has it that his new book is based on a true story about a family in a small Tennessee

2)他在中学教书,但也兼职做些翻译来赚取外快。(on the side)

He teaches in a middle school, but he dose some translation work on the side to bring in extra cash / money.

3)自信是件好事,但自信和自负(conceit)是有区别的。(there’s a difference between … and …) It’s good to be confident, but there’s a difference between confidence and conceit / It’s good to be confident about yourself, but there’s a difference between self-confidence and conceit.

4)只有坚持到底的人才会成功。半途而废的人永远也无法实现梦想。(stick it out)

Only those who stick it out can achieve success. Those who give up halfway will never realize their dreams.

5)一个真正的英雄有勇气,有高尚的目标,而且乐于贡献。(make sacrifices)

A true hero possesses / has courage, a noble purpose and a willingness to make sacrifices.

6)任何人只要拿起这本小说读了第一段,就会发现很难把它放下。(be hard pressed to do sth.) Anyone who picks up this novel and reads the first paragraph will be hard pressed to put it down.

7)从某种意义上说,生活就像游泳。如果你总是扶住池边,就永远也学不会。(in a sense) In a sense, life is like swimming, if you keep holding on to the sides of the pool, you (will) never learn.

8)一个民族的前途在很大程度上取决于其教育和培训的质量。(in a large measure)

The future of a nation depends in a large measure upon the quality of education and training. Unit 4

1)只有那些有过类似经历的人,才能够完全理解这一点。(live through)

Only those who have lived through a similar experience can fully appreciate this. / The only people who can full appreciate this are those who have lived through a similar experience.

2)科学家们一直没弄明白这些粒子是怎样形成、又是如何互相作用的。(figure out) Scientists have been hard pressed to figure out how these particles from / are formed and interact (with one another).

3)我要特别感谢每一个在这些年来以不同方式作出贡献了的人。(in one way or another)

I’d like to express my special thanks to everyone who has contributed over the years in one way or another.

4)团队环境中员工个人的成功能带来公司的成功。(result in)

The individual success of the employees in a team environment results in success for the company.

5)这场战争,虽说从军事角度而言是成功的,却令经济几乎崩溃。(in … trems)

The war, although successful in military terms, left the economy almost in ruins.

6)他决定把自己的精力用到有益的事上,而不是整天守在电视机前。(channel sth. into … ) He decided to channel his energies into something useful, instead of being glued to / sitting in front of the TV set all day long.

7)力量和勇气是有区别的。生存需要力量,生活需要勇气。(it takes sth. to do sth.) There’s a difference between strength and courage. It takes strength to survive. It takes courage to live.

8)她天生就是个非常温柔亲切的人,总是乐于向别人伸出援手。(by nature)

She was by nature a very affectionate person, always ready to give a helping hand to others. Unit 5


He consults for our company and we often consult him when we encounter problems in our work.

2)不要试图去作弊——你绝不会得逞的。(get away with sth.)

Don’t try to cheat—you’ll never get away with it.

3)不论可能面临什么样的困难,我父亲总是很乐观。他给我们树立一个正面的榜样。(regardless of, role model)

My father is always optimistic, regardless of the difficulties that he may face. He is a positive role model for us.

4)这本小说描绘了20世纪二三十年代中国一个大家庭的兴衰沉浮。(ups and downs)

This novel describes the ups and downs of a big family during China’s 1920’s and 1930’s.

5)做事只有好心是不够的,还要有理智。(in good faith)

It is not enough to act in good faith. We also need to act reasonably.

6)测试前开夜车(burn the midnight oil),你也许能考个好分数,但从长远看,平时用功才能真正取得学业成功。(in the long run)

You may score good marks by burning the midnight oil before the exams, but in the long run you have to study hard every day to achieve academic excellence.

7)不要长时间盯着电脑屏幕,每过一阵就要抬眼看看远处。(once in a while)

Don’t stare at the computer screen for too long. Raise your eyes once in a while and look into the distance.

8)从别人所犯的错误中吸取教训是很有益处的。(to one’s advantage)

It’s to your advantage to learn from the mistakes of others.

Unit 6

1)只有通过反复实践我们才能学习和进步。(by trial and error)

It is only by trial and error that we learn and progress / make progress.

2)你应该知道心灵的教育是很重要的。它会使你和众不同。(distinguish … from …)

You should know that the education of the heart is very important. It will distinguish you from others.

3)一个追求完美的人对痛苦的容忍度往往很低。周围的事情会让他们看不顺眼。(strive for, a low threshold of)

A person who strives for perfection tends to have a low threshold of pain. Things around bother them.

4)他们认为正直是个原则问题,愿意为之牺牲一切。(a matter of, for sth.’s sake)

They regard honesty as a matter of principle and they are willing to sacrifice everything for its sake.


People judge you by the company you keep. You’re inviting trouble if you get into bad company.

6)直言不讳(speak one’s mind)、不顾其他人的感受不是一种美德。(without regard to) Speaking your mind without regard to other people’s feelings is not a virtue.

7)她的敏感令她承受的痛苦比普通人所能想像的要多。(expose … to …)

Her sensitivity exposes her to more suffering and pain than ordinary people can imagine.

8)我们必须使人们意识到保护环境的必要性。(awaken sb. to sth.)

We must awaken people to the need to protect our environment.

Unit 7

1)我们一起工作已经很长时间了,从来没有因为意见分歧而妨碍到我们之间的友谊。(get in the way of sth.)

We’re worked together for a long time and have never let our differing opinions get in the way of our friendship.

2)这项协议将为两国间的持久和平铺平道路。(pave the way for)

This agreement will pave the way for a lasting peace between the two countries.

3)他们通常要等你开始放松警惕,才提出他们的要求。(let one’s defenses down)

They usually don’t mention their requirements until you are beginning to let your defenses down.

4)要有勇气面对自己的失误,不要出了问题就想把责任推到别人身上去。(shift the blame onto sb.)

You should have the courage to face your own mistakes. Don’t try to shift the blame onto others when things go wrong. / Don’t try to shift the blame onto other shoulders when things go wrong. 5)如果你经常担惊受怕,你会发现这本书很有帮助。(more often than not)

If you are more often than not affected by fear and worry, you will find this book very useful. 6)我既然接受了这个职位,就会尽自己所能完成本职工作。(to the best of one’s ability) Now that I have accepted the position, I shall certainly do to the best of my ability all that is required of me.

7)如果你每天要做的事情没有计划,你就很可能做不了多少事情。(Chances are high that …) If you don’t have a plan of what you will do every day, chances are high that you won’t do much.

8)真是英雄所见略同啊。你的想法跟他的完全一致呢。(in line with)

Great minds think alike. Your ideas are completely in line with this.

Unit 8

1)诚然,没有人是完美的,但是我们总是可以做更好。(It is true that … but …)

It is true that no one is perfect, but we can always do better.

2)莫扎特(Mozart)常被称为有史以来最伟大的音乐家之一。(refer to … as, of all time) Mozart is often referred to as one of the greatest musicians of all time.

3)人人都会遇到逆境,但你的生活质量在很大程度上取决于你如何利用可用资源去应对逆境。(tap into)

Adversity comes to every one, but the quality of your life may depend in a large measure on how you tap into resources available to handle that adversity.

4)写作时,你可以利用亲身经历举例来解释自己的观点。(draw on)

When writing, you can draw on your personal experience for examples to help explain your ideas.

5)圣诞节是严冬中的一丝温暖(warmth),黑暗里的一盏明灯。(in the depth of)

Christmas is a little warmth in the depth of winter and a bright light in the dark.

6)有时,当我们试图得到更多时,收获却越少。(go for)

Sometimes we do get less when we go for more.

7)如果你不愿意原谅那些伤害过你的人,一心想要以其人之道还治其人之身,只会令你的生活更糟糕。(in kind)

If will only make your life worse if you refuse to forgive those who have done you wrong and be determined to repay them in kind.

8)许多农场主声称今夏的恶劣天气使他们绝望了。(drive sb. to sth.)

Many farmers claim that the vicious weather this summer has driven them to despair.

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