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Unit 1

1. aware 2. performance 3. average 4. adequate 5. set aside 6. mentions 7.
look over 8. commit
1. if/once 2. about 3. it 4. know 5. up 6. as 7. from 8. words 9. into 10.
other 11. for 12. when


His failure in the exam has made him aware of the importance of reviewing
his lessons regularly.

Be sure not to forget what your parents said to you before you left home.

I'm sure her knowledge of English is adequate for the job.

The purpose of this article is to tell the students how to develop good
study habits.

In our age, people depend more and more on computers to solve various
kinds of difficult problems.

Skimming not only helps you get some idea of what you are going to read
but also helps you read faster and improve your comprehension.

Some people believe that boys are cleverer than girls. This is not
necessarily the case, however.

Even students of average intelligence can become top students by improving
their study habits.

Unit 2

1. adventure 2. in spite of 3. determined 4.accomplish 5. voyage 6.
7. dissuade 8. give up 9. covered
1. conquer 2. about 3. succeeded 4. between 5. through 6. high 7. sail 8.
9. round 10. then 11. but 12. As 13. made 14. fast 15. did 16. ever 17.
that 18. did


Fortunately there was a hospital nearby and we took him there at one.

After succeeding in landing on George Island, the captain sent a radio
message to his headquarters.

He is determined to continue his experiment but this time he’ll do it
another way.

When she read the novel, she couldn’t help thinking of the five years she
had spent in the countryside.

Mary thought it difficult to carry out her plan all by herself.


We didn't think he could cover the distance in a quarter of an hour, but
he succeeded in doing it.

Even after his doctor told him he had lung cancer, Chichester would not
give up his old dream of sailing round the world.

I was busy making a new device for catching rats when Mark came and
dragged me out to a flower show.

Unit 3

1. occasion 2.present 3. endured 4. rare 5. trembled 6. all
7. at other times 8. disappointment 9. folded
1. neccessary 2.and 3. with 4. The 5. of 6. in 7. growing 8. if 9. one 10.
through 11. when 12 continue
1. present/gift 2. any/those 3. could 4. sing 5. sent 6. cost 7. birthday
8. bird 9. replied


That famous actor seemed content to play a minor part in the play.

National day is round the corner. Let’s give our bedroom a thorough clean.

She agreed, very reluctantly, to be operated on by a young doctor.

They’ve arranged for us to visit the Great Wall tomorrow . I’m sure we’ll
have a good time there (we’ll enjoy ourselves there).

After reading the letter the old man was so disappointed that he tore it
into little bits with trembling fingers.

The old couple were proud of their grandson, who got/won two gold medals
and one bronze medal at the 26rd Olympic Games.

Even if his grandmother could not come to his birthday party, she would
send him a lovely present. Tom was sure of that.

It was Mary’s twentieth birthday yesterday. Her father sent her a pair of
boots. Her mother bought her a box of chocolates. And her boy friend
brought her a bunch of red roses.

Unit 4

1. proposed 2. prohibited 3. social 4. communicate 5.actually 6. mental 7.
rate 8. bringing
9. together 10. proposal 11. worthwhile 12. involve
1.fun 2. turn 3. in 4. different/interesting 5. make 6. will 7. by/form
https://www.sodocs.net/doc/253220481.html,test 9. and *10. in
11. watch 12. or 13. in 14. to 15. There 16. for 17. ma

y 18. home 19.

1. but https://www.sodocs.net/doc/253220481.html,ed 3.little/bit 4.few 5.little 6.number 7.some 8.while 9.any
10.deal 11.no 12. Now


To take this job would involve working on weekends frequently, but John
didn’t mind.

It is well know that lung cancer is caused at least in part by smoking too

My grandparents said that the man who invented television had once lived
in their neighborhood.

I propose that we go to find Prof. Smith in his office right after the
meeting and invite him to our English evening.

Having been operated on twice for the disease, she was so weakened that
she could barely stand up.

Educators think that the generation growing up with television spend so
much of their time in front of the TV that they do not have enough time
to study.

I do hope that you can come up with a better solution than this.


At first glance the picture didn’t look very good, but after examining it
carefully we found that it was indeed a masterpiece.

Unit 5

1. nothing but 2.impatience 3.lest 4.miserable 5.indignant 6.wronged
7.misery 8.broke into
9.anxiously 10.caught sight of
1.to 2.mine 3.going 4.ought 5.nothing/nobody 6.mind/decision 7.and 8.then
9.on 10.town 11.find/see
12.full 13.walded 14.before 15.to 16.the 17.returned 18.looking 19.when
21.However 22.restaurants 23.for 24.feling 25.which 26.before 27.where
28.must 29.Merry

Looking out of the window, Dr. Smith caught sight of a young man running
towards his clinic.

Amy used to drink nothing but coffee.

Myra broke into tears when she learned that her husband had got injured in
an accident.

W haven’t seen Miss White for quite a few days. Has she fallen ill of

The director of the research institute came in person to make sure that
everything was

all right.

Lennie was late for school again this morning. He ought to /should have
got up earlier. He must have stayed up too late last night.

Say you oughtn’t to have driven away those kids. They came to lend you a
hand, not to make trouble.

It is important for nurses to stick to this rule.

Unit 6

(A) basis, efficiency, neat, quality, inspect, productive, findings, flow, amazed, suggestions, management
(B) places/roles, bored, enjoy/like, traveling/going, hour, the, in, telling/ordering,
didn't, until, job, mine, take/accept, stay, at, being, understand, so, boring/dull, work,
an, until, on, right/correct, so, what, problems

It was reported that the building of the railway had been held up by a flood.
The strike resulted in the management accepting the workers’ demands.
The coalminers decided to go on strike for better working conditions.
I’d like very much to buy the English dictionary Unfortunately , I haven’t got enough money on me.
I’d like to talk over with you the English translation of the article before sending it to Mr. Hobbs.
The Blacks happened to be at the cinema when their house caught fire.
What do you think a scientist must do in order to keep up with the latest developments in his field?
The author thinks that if excellent workers get frequent pay increases and promotions, they will have greater incentive to produce.

Unit 7

(A) elderly, worn, evident, afford, laid out, sampled, intention, out of place,
prosperous, come down, favour, counted out
(B) when, in, deep, for, of, must, so, went, kindly, come, drink, offer,
bar, a, to, haven't, catch, ask, answered

Sam could not afford (to buy) the camera he longed for because it was too expensive.
He was busy writing the story all the morning , only breaking off occasionally to have some tea.

He is the son of a wealthy family, but he seems to have come down in the world.
4、他常利用她缺乏(lack)生意头脑(business sense)而欺骗她。
He often took advantage of her lack of business sense to cheat her.
Prof. Wang , would you do us a favor by coming to our English evening this Saturday?
He does not seem to be an old man in his eighties, considering his appearance.
Undoubtedly they do not have the intention of making an engineer of him, and I suspect they never will.
I suspected there was no quality control whatsoever in the factory. After making observations for a week I found it was indeed the cases.

Unit 8

(A) deliver, tragic, nervous, awkward, immediately, extended, eager, came out,
responsible, hold, in, got to his feet
(B) were, everywhere, of, was, left, go, an, towards, where, far, battle, who,
angrily/loudly, when, know

She stooped to pick up the handkerchief and smoothed it out on the table.
The implication of his statement is that he'd like a job in a government department.
She paused a moment, wiped her mouth with a small handkerchief and then went on to tell us what had happened in the shirt factory.
Mr. Adams was greatly shocked to find his 13-year-old son stealing money from his wallet.
“Please do not interrupt me , ” said Mr. Adams to his wife. “I’m talking to Tom about what he was just done.”
How can I be responsible for what he says?
The young boy was eager to make the woman less unhappy, but he did not know what to do.
With an effort, he held in his feelings and pretended not to hear the sad news.

Unit 9

(A) potential, complex, differs, ancient, recent, limit, ability, recall, exactly, compared to,
unable, complicated
(B) 1. to, with, hear, side, with, it, side, work, both, done/made, which, with, both, who, much, working, which, therefore, to
2. An, something, forgotten, and, im

portant, you, review, have, what, of, where, learnt, continue, shown, what, for, break, will, just, During, exercise, because, Therefore/So, Listening, air, other/right

Certain chemicals should not be mixed, as they may have a violent reaction.
Recent events have proved that their attitude to the government's new foreign policy is correct.
This philosopher of ancient Greece seemed able to put complicated thoughts into simple words.
Over and over again, the nation has got involved in foreign wars.
We had a very heated discussion about the question. However, it’s not easy to tell exactly what each person said.
In the past twenty years, there has been a great increase in the amount of research being done on the cause of cancer.
There seems to be no limit to human beings' ability to learn.
Scientists all agree that a better understanding of the human brain will help man to make full se of its limitless potential.

Unit 10

(A) mysterious, caught up in, dusty, made her way, painfully, approached, take him back, vanish, pulled into
(B) least, feel, at, for, unless, with, anywhere, happened, its, the, better, anything, in, one, said, about, over, name, which, offered, who, frightened, take, by, dead, cut, else, sleeping, following, had, on, if

We were caught up in a discussion about the situation in the Middle East when the professor walked into the classroom.
A truck pulled into the snow-covered playground of the school.
Sometime after midnight, the enemy was/were forced to retreat.
It was in that small room that they worked diligently and dreamed of better days to come.
When she heard the bell ringing, the old lady rose from her chair and made her way to the door.
After a day’s fight, our soldiers succeeded in taking over some important enemy positions.

The elderly woman angrily exclaimed that she had been cheated by the shop girl.
Soon after I boarded the bus, I noticed a strange-looking man. He wore an ill-fitting coat, and sat rooted in his seat.

Unit 11


1 intensive 2 leisurely 3 occasion 4 landed 5 stacks 6 Reluctant 7 swaying 8 took in 9 pulled into 1o unloading 11 beats/beat 12 beside

1 stay put 2 go easy on 3 made a point to 4 pulled away from/pulled into 5 put...on 6 pay...off 7 do... a favor


1 are to complete the task

2 is to be built close to Shanghai

3 are not to tell him

4 are to be taken twice a day

5 is to meet in January

Text B

1 necessity 2 Polls 3 putting aside 4 Fill out 5 recommend 6 expense 7 applications 8 stability 9 expectations 10 employed 11 labor

1 夏天已经正式来临。对大多数青少年来说这意味着他们不用上学,并有很多空余时间——用来打工。

2 我从每次收到的工资支票中取出10-50%,把这钱存起来,以后上大学用。

3 研究表明,如果青少年有早期工作经验的话,他们就会得到较高的工资和较为稳定的工作。

4 这些窍门包括:了解可能雇佣你的雇主的期望、获得较好的学习成绩以及学会填写求职申请表。

Unit 12


1 briefly 2 circumstances 3 violently 4 recruits 5 enquiries 6 qualifications 7 magnificent 8 reacted 9 brutal 10 Otherwise 11 entire 12 supply

1 blown up 2 face up to 3 get over 4 sent for 5 make sure 6 in recognition of

Text B

1 detailed 2 response 3 amazing 4 apart 5 clean out 6 lived through 7 passed...on 8 tough 9 correspondence 10 guess 11 distance

1 母亲海伦.维西斯科拉会给当兵的儿子们回信,姐妹们也会给他们回信。

2 这是一个因战争而分离的家庭建立的传递消息与情感的网络。

3 因时间而发黄变旧的信笺和笔记本纸上详细地叙述了这几个兄弟的日常生活。

4 “我不知道她怎么熬过来的。她能熬过来真令人惊讶,我想是那些信件使她坚持了下来,”拉尔夫说道。

Unit 1 Some Strategies for Learning English 翻译
1.Mrs. Smith complained to me that she often found it simply impossible to communicate with her 16-year-old daughter.
2.I firmly believe that reading simplified English novels is an easy and enjoyable way of enlarging our vocabulary.
3.I don’t think we’re doing enough to protect our environment from pollution.
4.In addition to / Apart from writing composition on a weekly basis, our English teacher assigned us 8 books to read during the summer vocation.
5.We’ve learned from reliable sources that a native English speaker is going to teach us spoke

n English next term / semester.
6.Seeing English movies on a regular basis will not only improve your ear, but will also help you build your speaking skills.
7.If you have any questions about these learning strategies, please feel free to ask me. And I’ll explain them in greater detail.
8.The Canadian girl is good at seizing every opportunity to speak Chinese. That’s why she has gained a good command of spoken Chinese in less that three years.


Unit 1

Word Building
a heated discussion 热烈的讨论 colored flags 彩旗 a pigtailed girl 大辫子姑娘
a gifted musician 有天赋的音乐家 a bearded old man 长了胡子的老人
a pointed roof 尖屋顶 an experienced teacher 有经验的老师
an aged woman 上了年纪的老妇人 a skilled worker 熟练工人 a diseased plant 生病的植物

During the time that, As long as, Although, as long as, Whereas, Although, Whereas, Although

Part A
host, heated, argument, impulse, tone, shortly, emerged, slam, crawled, crisis
Part B
corner, attention noticed, shining, directed, There, bed, snake, its, feet, from, however, do, as, forward, neither, still, if through, floor, pulling, under, cried, out, to, where, made, eyes

1. 她砰地关上门,一声不吭地走了,他们间那场争执就此结束。
Their argument ended when she slammed the door and left without a word.

2. 出席晚宴的客人对那个美国人威严的语气感到有点以外。
The guest at the dinner party were slightly surprised at the commanding tone of the American.

3. 约翰尼已长大成熟,不再害怕独自呆在家里了。
Johnny has outgrown the fear of staying at home alone.

4. 当全部乘客都向出口处走去时,他却独自留在座位上,好象不愿意离开这架飞机似的 。
While all the other passengers made for the exit, he alone remained in his seat as if unwilling to leave the plane.

5. 这封信必须交给威尔逊博士本人。
The letter is to be handed to Dr. Wilson himself.

6. 南希虽然很想参加辩论,但腼腆得不敢开口。
While she felt like joining in the argument, Nancy was too shy to open her mouth.

7. 你觉得什么时候最有可能在家里找到他 。
What do you think is the likeliest time to find him at home?

8. 猎人一看见有只狐狸从树丛中出现并向他设下的陷阱方向跑去,脸上顿时闪出了兴奋的表情 。
The hunter’s face (was) lit up with excitement as soon as he saw a fox emerge from among the bushes and run in the direction of/ make for the trap he had laid.

Reading Activity
Exercise C


Unit 2

Word Building
a wait-and-see attitude 等着瞧的态度 a life-and-death stuggle 生死搏斗
a down-to-earth spirit 求实精神 an out-and-out lie 彻头彻尾的谎言
an out-of-the-way mountain village 偏僻的山村 a face-to-face talk 面对面谈话
a divide-and-rule policy 分而治之的政策 up-to-date machine 最新式机器
word-for-word translation 逐字翻译 a never-to-be-forgotten night 永远不会忘记的夜晚
self-conscious 害羞的,不自然的 self-sufficient 自给自足的,傲慢的
self-educated 自学的 self-respecting 自尊,自重
self-supporting 自立的 self-made 自己做的,个人奋斗的

Part A
action, personal, source, obtain, educated, origin, agreement, go, conflict, constantly, acted on, left behind
Part B
before, aged, following, Now, lying, for, that, as, in, that, might, life, away, saved, was, given, does, the, done, more, in, and

1. 会上有人建议任命一个十一人委员会来制定新章程。
It was suggested at the meeting that a committee of 11 be appointed to make a new constitution.

2. 这些青年科学家通过现场观察,获得了研究工作所需的第一手资料 。
By making on-the-spot observation, the young scientist obtained first-hand information they needed in their research work.

3. 他很可能会因视力不好而被拒收入伍 。
It is very likely that he will be rejected by the army because of his bad eyesight.

4. 委员会成员在新机场最佳选址这一问题上持有不同意见。
The committee members have conflicting opinions as to the best location of the new airport.

5. 亨利创作的艺术品在许多方面比他兄弟的要好。
Henry’s works of art are superior in many respects to those of his brother’s.

6. 我们产品质量的稳步提高在很大程度上是由于设备有所改进。
The steady rise in the quality of our products owes much to the improvement of our equipment.

7. 吉姆本想按照自己的判断行事,但他没有这样做,因为作为军人他得服从命令 。
Jim would have preferred to act on his own judgment, but he didn’t because as a soldier he had to obey the order.

8. 如果让我来决定我们是要一个没有自行车的城市呢,还是要一个没有汽车的城市,我会毫不犹豫地选择后者 。
Were it left to me to decide whether we should have a city without bikes or one without cars. I should not

hesitate a moment to prefer the latter.

Reading Activity
Exercise C
l. 作者们注意到,林肯纪念堂与古希腊人为纪念众神而造的神庙没有什么不同,他们也注意到,在公众场合和学校一年一度的林肯生日的纪念仪式上有一些宗教的色彩。
2. 美国人崇尚那些人--那些自我奋斗的人--这些人没有钱,没有家庭背景,完全靠自己努力而达到社会的高层。
3. 当北方的改革家给议会施加压力,不允许后来成为美国一部分的西部疆土存在奴隶制时,南方各州要从联邦中退出。
4. 作为总统,。他任命那些他认为最有能力的人任政府高官,尽管他们之中的一些人公开蔑视过他。
5. 举国上下对于他的去世的不可控制的感情反应几乎是令人难以置信的,这表明他深受人民的热爱。

Unit 7 Not on My Block
1 peered 2 right off/away 3 tough 4 checks (in) on 5 take to 6 waging 7 extending 8 impact 9 established 10 abandon 11 confront 12 ran into 13 raged 14 get throught to
1 tragedies 2 (has) established 3 cautious 4 took to 5 talk back 6 take a stand 7 exploded 8 (have) stepped up 9 get through to 10 fuss 11 vacant 12 stream 13 drifted 14 challenges 15 property
1 moved in 2 waged 3 property 4 take a stand 5 drifted 6 tragedy 7 prompt 8 impact 9 took to 10 got through to 11 ran into 12 fussing (fussin)
1 Judging 2 Confronted 3 change 4 You 5 treated 6 But 7 set 8 never 9 called/named 10 boys 11 your 12 the 13 on 14 make 15 bring 16 through 17 later 18 showing

第二册第1-8单元课后翻译练习答案参见:大学英语精读第二册教学课件 点击查看

Unit 1 A Brush with the Law 翻译
1. The spokesman made it clear that the President would not cancel the trip under any circumstances.
2.Jack didn’t know anything about any of the books on the bookshelf, so his choice was quite arbitrary.
3.The subsequent events confirmed my suspicions once again.
4.I think we should encourage high school students to find temporary jobs/employment during their summer holidays.
5.To our surprise, the governor who had often been praised for his honesty turned out to be a corrupt official.
6.A few workers were promoted, but meanwhile hundreds of workers were dismissed.
7.Given the chance, john might have become an outstanding painter.
8.Several hours later, the boy was found wandering around in the woods.

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