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Unit 1


He has prepared answers to the questions that he may confront during the interview.


His sad experience touched us so deeply that we nearly cried.

3.他们俩手挽着手沿着河边散步,有说有笑。(hand in hand)

The two of them are walking hand in hand along the riverbank, chatting and laughing.

4.听到这令人激动的消息之后,他眼睛里涌出欢乐的泪水。(well up)

When he heard the exciting news, tears of joy welled up in his eyes.

5.上海人容易听懂苏州话,因为上海话和苏州话有许多共同之处。(in common)

People from Shanghai can understand Suzhou dialect with ease, for Shanghai dialect and Suzhou dialect have much in common.

6.亨利和妻子正在考虑能不能在3年内买一幢新房子。(look into)

Henry and his wife are looking into the possibility of buying a new house within three years.

7.女儿再三请求到国外去深造,他最终让步了。(give in to)

He finally gave in to his daughter’s repeated requests to further her education abroad.

8.我们在动身去度假之前把所有的贵重物品都锁好了。(lock away)

We locked all our valuables away before we went on holiday.


Although we have parted from each other, I hope that we will remain good friends and that we will care for and help each other just as we used to.


At the critical moment, the army commander summoned all the officers to work out new strategies and tactics to conquer the enemy.

Unit 2


A government delegation headed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs arrived in South Africa yesterday, starting a three-day friendly visit to the country.

2.看看这些讽刺社会弊端的漫画实在好笑。(awfully funny)

It is awfully funny to look at these caricatures which satirize social ills.


出来。(show on a screen)

Computers are one of the most useful teaching tools, for all your lessons as well as all the questions and all the answers can be shown on a screen.

4.张利的母亲前天突然病倒,他赶紧派人请来医生。(send for)

Zhang Li’s mother fell ill the day before yesterday, so he sent for a doctor immediately.


He failed in the college entrance examination last year, but he didn’t feel disappointed. Instead, he continued to study hard, passed the examination successfully and became a student in a famous university this year.


This middle school student can’t pronounce many English words correctly.


adjusted to)

In this era of information explosion, we have to make constant efforts to renew our knowledge. Only thus can we become adjusted to the requirement of our work.


With his shirt t ucked into the top of his trousers and a leather bag under his arm, the boy looks just like a boss.

9.这位女孩虽然只有8岁,但已擅长计算分数了。难怪她父母为她感到自豪。(fraction)Although she is only eight years old, the little girl is quite good at calculating fractions. No wonder her parents feel proud of her.


All the neighborhood have heard of the news, but you haven’t. D on’t you think it is strange?

Unit 3

1.对不起,我迟到了,我刚才在开会脱不开身。(get away)

I am sorry I am late, but I was at a meeting just now and couldn’t get away.


At the concert, whenever a singer finished singing a beautiful song, the audience would cheer loudly to show their appreciation.


She is always wearing stylish clothes, but she seldom cares about diet.

4.护士告诉我医生奇迹般地治好了你的心脏病。(do wonders for)

The nurse told me that the doctors had done wonders for your heart disease. 5.主席颁奖时赞美获奖者为人类作出了巨大的贡献。(compliment)

When awarding the prize, the chairman complimented the winner on his great contribution to mankind. c:\iknow\docshare\data\cur_work\ t


This problem has bothered the experts for many years.

7.警察到达后,示威的人群逐渐散开了。(melt away)

The crowd of demonstrators melted away when the police arrived.

8.既然准时是个好习惯,我们应该十分注意准时,努力养成这种好习惯。(punctuality)Since punctuality is a good habit, we should pay special attention to it and make every effort to cultivate it.


The old man cherishes that girl, as if she were his own daughter.


It is just a routine physical checkup, and there is nothing to be worried about. Unit 4


It is an attempt made to strengthen our competitive ability.

2.这个地区的警察知道那些小偷经常出没于哪些地方。(hang out)

The police in this area know where the thieves usually hang out.

3.这些签署的协议将冲破对自由贸易设置的所有障碍。(break down)

The agreements signed will break down all the barriers to free trade.


It was a very difficult situation, but he handled it very successfully.

5.他是我最好的朋友。既然他需要我的帮助,我不可能对他置之不理。(turn one’s back on)

He is my best friend. I just can’t t urn my back on him since he needs my help.

6.只要你努力工作,你迟早一定会获得成功,实现自己的抱负。(sooner or later)

So long as you work hard, you are bound to succeed and realize your ambition sooner or later.

7.虽然他讨厌这工作,但他决心坚持干下去,因为他需要钱来养家。(stick it out)Although he hates the job, yet he is determined to stick it out because he needs the money to support his family.


an attitude)

That cancer patient kept an optimistic attitude towards his disease, persisted

in combating it, and conquered it in the end.

9.这所大学拥有教职工2000多人,其中包括150名左右教授和500余名副教授。(have a


This university has a staff of more than 2000, including about 150 professors

and over 500 associate professors.


The concert was held to mark the 75th anniversary of the composer’s death.

Unit 5


That psychiatrist who had talked about his patients in public, was charged with violating professional ethics.

2.教室的墙上悬挂着一些名言,令人鼓舞,催人奋发。(hang on)

Hanging on the walls of the classroom are some famous sayings, which inspire and

urge all the students to exert themselves.

3.各种各样的商品应有尽有,什么都不短缺。(in short supply)

Various commodities are available, and nothing is in short supply.


We all trust the president of the board, who is a man of absolute integrity.

5.在我们投票支持他之前,我们想知道他的主张。(stand for)

Before we vote for him, we’d like to know what he stands for.

6.这笔钱是在被告家里发现的,被告不能对此做出令人满意的解释。(account for)

The defendant couldn’t account for the fact that the money was found in his house.

7.看到他是正确的。我只好放弃原来的主张。(back down)

Seeing that he was right, I had to back down.


She has been appointed sales manager, for she is both intelligent and diligent.


One of the biggest challenges confronted by the present government is to create more jobs.


The enemy succumbed soon after our soldiers stormed its stronghold.

Unit 6


The dilemma she is facing is whether to tell her husband the truth about his fatal disease.


Don’t you think it a sort of stigma that you, already in your thirties, still have to depend on your old parents?

3.全世界几乎所有的政府都十分关注这个金融问题。(be concerned about)

Almost all the governments in the world are very much concerned about the financial issue.

4.至于英语教学研讨会,我建议在本周末召开。(with regard to)

With regard to the seminar on English teaching, I suggest that it be held on the coming weekend.

5.要不要出国进修就完全由你自己决定吧。(whether or not)

Whether to go abroad for further education or not is entirely up to you.

6.只要有一颗火星就能在充满煤气的房间里引起爆炸。(lead to)

Just a single spark can lead to an explosion in a room filled with gas.


No matter what efforts the government has made, the price for housing has barely declined.

8.为了通过“托福”考试,他把业余时间的每分每秒几乎全花在学习英语上了。(devote…to)In order to pass TOEFL, he has devoted almost every minute of his spare time to English studies.

9.凭借他的表演潜力,那个小伙子有可能成为娱乐界的超级明星。(potential n..)

With his acting potential, the young man is likely to be a superstar in the field of entertainment.

10.人们相信,兄弟姐妹之间的妒忌多见于有钱之家,而不是贫困人家。(sibling jealousy)

It is believed that sibling jealousy exists more in a rich family than in a poor one.

Unit 7


I scrambled up the cliff for a good view of the sea.


He lunged at the burglar and wrestled with him for the weapon.


I figure that our national economy will continue to develop rapidly.


The chairman made an effort to reassure the shareholders that the company’s bad results would not be repeated.

5.别像个孩子似的,要控制住你自己!(pull oneself together)

Stop behaving like a baby! Pull yourself together!

6.他是个非常隐秘的人,从不向任何人透露自己的秘密。(confide in)

Being very much a private man, he doesn’t confide in anyone.


We all hate the terrorists’ indiscriminate violence against ordinary people.


Many people in this country are alarmed by the dramatic increase in violent crimes.


We anticipated that the enemy would try to cross the river, so we destroyed the bridge.

10.我十分感谢那些为使聚会取得圆满成功而不辞辛劳的人们。(be indebted to)

I am indebted to all the people who worked so hard to make the party a great success. Unit 8


At Christmas people enjoy themselves very much; they visit one another and give Christmas cards and presents to each other.


The walls of her bedroom and living room are all decorated with photos of pop singers and film stars.


(tease sb. about)

Sophia teased Tom about his new hat mildly, but Tom teased her about her curly hair unmercifully.


He had attained remarkable achievements which surpassed the goal he had set for himself.

5.他痛哭不止,我设法劝他不要过度悲伤。(give way to)

He kept crying bitterly, and I tried to persuade him not to give way to grief.

6.我想当然地认为你想看这出戏,所以给你买了一张票。(take for granted)

I took it for granted that you would like to see the drama, so I bought you a ticket.


They have relegated these problems somewhere down on the priority list.


I am going to address the letter to Donna in care of her lawyer.

9.我告诉她那个消息时,不知自己为什么喉咙哽咽起来。(a lump in one’s throat)

I don’t know why telling her the news put a lump in my throat.


Sailors signal with flags by day and with lights at night.

Unit 9


Towering above all others, this mountain peak commands a fine view.


I have asked my friends to recommend a doctor who is good at treating children.


The children were swinging on a rope hanging from a tree.

4.政府下决心无论如何要避免食品价格陡然上涨。(at all costs)

The government is determined to avoid at all costs a sharp rise in food price.

5.他竭尽全力试图去救那个溺水的男孩,但没能成功。(in vain)

He tried his best to save the drowning boy, but in vain.

6.那个老妇人总是喜欢管别人的事情。(interfere in)

That old woman is always inter fering in other people’s affairs.


After having several influential papers published, he became quite distinguished in the academic world.

8.那个地区污染严重,村民们几乎找不到适合饮用的水。(fit a.)

Pollution is so serious in this area that the villagers can hardly find any water that is fit for drinking.


I packed a suitcase with all the things that might be needed.

10.我们中国人往往将春节与家人团聚联系起来。(associate with)

We Chinese usually associate the Spring Festival with family reunion.

Unit 10

1.有些学生渴望学自己想要学的,而不是被要求学的东西。(long v.)

Some students long to study what they want to, not what they are asked to. 2.许多志愿者为北京2008奥运会提供了有价值的服务。(render a service to)

Many volunteers rendered a valuable service to the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games.


The world economy is in a desperate situation, so all governments must take desperate measures to cope with.

4.剪刀、刀具、火柴及药物都必须置于孩子们拿不到的地方。(beyond the reach of)

Scissors, knives, matches, and medicine must be kept beyond the reach of children.

5.我身边总放着一笔钱,至少一千元,以备急用。(on hand)

I always keep a sum of at least 1000 yuan on hand, in case of an emergency.


Honest people despise lies and liars.

7.我花了很长的时间才开始感觉到能自如运用英语。(feel at home)

It was a long time before I began to feel at home in English.

8.由于经济衰退,有些中小企业家可以说是债台高筑。(so to speak)

Because of the financial recession, some of small- and-medium-size enterprises are, so to speak, up to their necks in debt.

9.他就是这样的人,总是人前甜言蜜语,背后恶语相向。(mouth v.)

He is a man that always mouths fine words about people to their faces and speaks ill of them behind their backs.


I was greatly scared by the zest demonstrated by those radicals.