First listen and then answer the following question.
Who, according to the author, are 'Fortune's favoured children'?
A gifted American psychologist has said, 'Worry is a spasm of the emotion; the mind catches hold of something and will not let it go.' It is useless to argue with the mind in this condition. The stronger the will, the more futile the task. One can only gently insinuate something else into its convulsive grasp. And if this something else is rightly chosen, if it really attended by the illumination of another field of interest, gradually, and often quite swiftly, the old undue grip relaxes and the process of recuperation and repair begins.
The cultivation of a hobby and new forms of interest is therefore a policy of the first importance to a public man. But this is not a business that can be undertaken in a day or swiftly improvised by a mere command of the will. The growth of alternative mental interests is a long process. The seeds must be carefully chosen; they must fall on good ground; they must be sedulously tended, if the vivifying fruits are to be at hand when needed.
To be really happy and really safe, one ought to have at least two or three hobbies, and they must all be real. It is no use starting late in life to say: 'I will take an interest in this or that.' Such an attempt only aggravates the strain of mental effort. A man may acquire great knowledge of topics unconnected with his daily work, and yet get hardly any benefit or relief. It is no use doing what you like; you have got to like what you do. Broadly speaking, human beings may be divided into three classes: those who are toiled to death, those who are worried to death, and those who are bored to death. It is no use offering the manual labourer, tired out with a hard week's sweat and effort, the chance of playing a game of football or baseball or Saturday afternoon. It is no use inviting the politician or the professional or business man, who has been working or worrying about serious things for six days, to work or worry about trifling things at the weekend.
As for the unfortunate people who can command everything they want, who can gratify every caprice and lay their hands on almost every object
of desire -- for them a new pleasure, a new excitement if only an additional satiation. In vain they rush frantically round from place to place, trying to escape from avenging boredom by mere clatter and motion. For them discipline in one form or another is the most hopeful path.
It may also be said that rational, industrious, useful human being are divided into two classes: first,those whose work is work and whose pleasure is pleasure; and secondly those whose work and pleasure are one. Of these the former are the majority. They have their compensations. The long hours in the office or the factory bring with them as their reward, not only the means of sustenance, but a keen appetite for pleasure even in its simplest and most modest forms. But Fortune's favoured children belong to the second class. Their life is a natural harmony. For them the working hours are never long enough. Each day is a holiday, and ordinary holidays, when they come, are grudged as enforced interruptions in an absorbing vocation. Yet to both classes, the need of an alternative outlook, of a change of atmosphere, of a diversion of effort, is essential. Indeed, it may well be that those work is their pleasure are those who and most need the means of banishing it at intervals from their minds.
WINSTON CHURCHLL Painting as a Pastime
【New words and expressions 生词和短语】
gifted adj. 有天才的
psychologist n. 心理学家
spasm n. 一阵(感情)发作
futile adj. 无用的
insinuate v. 便潜入，暗示
convulsive adj. 起痉挛的
illumination n. 启发，照明
undue adj. 不造当的
grip n. 紧张
recuperation n. 休息
improvise v. 临时作成
sedulously adv. 孜孜不倦地
vivify v. 使生气勃勃
aggravate v. 加剧
trifling adj. 微小的
gratify v. 便满意
caprice n. 任性
satiation n. 满足
frantically adv. 狂乱地
avenge v. 替…报复
boredom n. 厌烦
clatter n. 喧闹的谈话
sustenance n. 生计
appetite n. 欲望
grudge v. 怨恨
absorbing adj. 引人入胜的
banish v. 排除，放弃
1.catch hold of 抓住……
let ... go 放掉……
2.The stronger the will, the more futile the task 这种意志越是强烈，这种尝试越是徒劳。
例句：Pace considers attempts at timing futile.
It is futile to attempt to convince him that certain things are simply undoable.
例句： What are you insinuating?
Are you insinuating that I am a liar?
He insinuated his doubt of her ability.
4. undue adj.不适当的，过度的
例句：I didn't want to show undue excitement.
Don't give undue deference to the opinions and feelings of others.
He used it to discourage any undue sense of danger.
S cratching can aggravate the rash.
The Europeans' appeasement policy towards irrational regimes would only aggravate the hidden dangers.
The lack of rain aggravated the already serious shortage of food.
6.those who are toiled to death, those who are worried to death, and those who are bored to death劳累至死的人，忧虑至死的人，无聊至死的人
7.tired out with疲惫，精疲力尽
例句：She was tired out with wonder and marvelling.
He was tired out with mountain climbing.
8.gratify v. 使满足, 使高兴
例句：Now that she has a job in France she can gratify her desire to see Europe.
I was gratified to see how much my birthday present was appreciated.
https://www.sodocs.net/doc/2e12387172.html,y their hands on得到......抓到......
10.Fortune's favoured children 中的Fortune指“命运女神”
例句：His lies caused his wife to banish him from the house.
The sound of doctrine rings out daily in order to banish various curiosities about this world.
例句：You can banish that idea from your mind.
The doctor advised her to banish fear and anxiety.
First listen and then answer the following question.
What is one of the features of modern camping where nationality is concerned?
Economy is one powerful motive for camping, since after the initial outlay upon equipment, or through hiring it, the total expense can be far less than the cost of hotels. But, contrary to a popular assumption, it is far from being the only one, or even the greatest. The man who manoeuvres carelessly into his twenty pounds' worth of space at one of Europe's myriad permanent sites may find himself bumping a Bentley. More likely, Ford Escort will be hub to hub with Renault or Mercedes, but rarely with bicycles made for two.
That the equipment of modern camping becomes yearly more sophisticated is an entertaining paradox for the cynic, a brighter promise for the hopeful traveler who has sworn to get away from it all. It also provides and some student sociologist might care to base his thesis upon the phenomenon -- an escape of another kind. The modern traveller is often a man who dislikes the Splendide and the Bellavista, not because he cannot afford, or shuns their material comforts. but because he is afraid of them. Affluent he may be, but he is by no means sure what to tip the doorman or the chambermaid. Master in his own house, he has little idea of when to say boo to a maitre d'hotel.
From all such fears camping releases him. Granted, a snobbery of camping itself, based upon equipment and techniques, already exists; but it is of a kind that, if he meets it, he can readily understand and deal with. There is no superior 'they' in the shape of managements and hotel hierarchies to darken his holiday days.
To such motives, yet another must be added. The contemporary phenomenon of car worship is to be explained not least by the sense of independence and freedom that ownership entails. To this pleasure camping gives an exquisite refinement.
From one's own front door to home or foreign hills or sands and back again, everything is to hand. Not only are the means of arriving at the holiday paradise entirely within one's own command and keeping, but the means of escape from holiday hell (if the beach proves too crowded, the local weather too inclement) are there, outside -- or, as likely, part of -- the tent.
Idealists have objected to the practice of camping, as to package tour, that the traveller abroad thereby denies himself the opportunity of getting to know the people of the country visited. Insularity and
self-containment, it is argued, go hand in hand. The opinion does not survive experience of a popular Continental camping place. Holiday hotels tend to cater for one nationality of visitors especially, sometimes exclusively. Camping sites, by contrast, are highly cosmopolitan. Granted, a preponderance of Germans is a characteristic that seems common to most Mediterranean sites; but as yet there is no overwhelmingly specialized patronage. Notices forbidding the open-air drying of clothes, or the use of water points for car washing, or those inviting 'our camping friends' to a dance or a boat trip are printed not only in French or Italian or Spanish, but also in English, German and Dutch. At meal times the odour of sauerkraut vies with that of garlic. The Frenchman's breakfast coffee competes with the Englishman's bacon and eggs.
Whether the remarkable growth of organized camping means the eventual death of the more independent kind is hard to say. Municipalities naturally want to secure the campers' site fees and other custom. Police are wary of itinerants who cannot be traced to a recognized camp boundary or to four walls. But most probably it will all depend upon campers themselves: how many heath fires they cause; how much litter they leave; in short, whether or not they wholly alienate landowners and those who live in the countryside. Only good scouting is likely to preserve the freedoms so dear to the heart of the eternal Boy Scout.
NIGEL BUXTON The Great Escape from The Weekend Telegraph 【New words and expressions 生词和短语】
assumption n. 假定
manoeuvre v. (驱车)移动
myriad adj. 无数的
paradox n. 自相矛盾的事
cynic n. 愤世嫉俗者
sociologist n. 社会学家
shun v. 避开
affluent adj. 富有的
chambermaid n. 女招待员
boo b. 呸的一声
maitre d'hotel n. [法语]总管
snobbery n. 势利
hierarchy n. 等级制度
entail v. 便成为必要
inclement adj. 险恶的
package tour 由旅行社安排一切的一揽子旅游
insularity n. 偏狭
cater v. 迎合
exclusively adv. 排他地
cosmopolitan adj. 世界的
preponderance n. 优势
overwhelmingly adv. 以压倒优势地，清一色地
patronage n. 恩惠，惠顾
sauerkraut n. 泡菜
vie v. 竞争
municipality n. 市政*
itinerant n. 巡回者
heath v. 荒地
alienate v. 便疏远
eternal adj. 永久的
1.it is far from 远不是
be far from 毫不, 一点也不, 远非, 几乎相反
例句：His explanation was far from satisfactory.
What he said was far from the truth.
2.twenty pounds' worth of space 价值20镑的空地，其中worth是名词。
3.myriad permanent sites 无数的常年营地
4.hub to hub with 轮毂与……轮毂相接
5.bicycles made for two 双人自行车
6.the Splendide and the Bellavista 两大酒店的名字
例句：They shun personal fame and gains.
This recluse shunned all company.
Wise men love truth, whereas fools shun it.
He shunned meeting any of his friends.
例句：We live in an affluent society .
He was born to an affluent family.
A car and a house are considered as necessities in an affluent society.
9.say boo to a maitre d'hotel 对酒店的经理表示不满。say boo to a maitre d'hotel , 是从 not say boo to a goose(非常胆小，不敢得罪)演变而来的。在这个成语中， a goose 常被人们幽默地换成其他字眼。
11.in the shape of 以……形式出现的
例句：This job entails a lot of hard work.
It will entail driving a long distance every day.
例句：The alteration would entail an expenditure of 50 pounds.
例句：He would have sold the property long ago had it not been entailed.
13.be to hand 垂手可得
14.cater for 迎合……
例句：TV must cater for many different tastes.
Our politicians should learn to cater for the man in the street.
Unfortunately, these firms rarely cater for retail customers, the supposed beneficiaries of the crusade.
15.be wary of 提防
例句：She was wary of strangers.
I would advise you to be wary of Kevin; he's been gunning for you since you stole his girlfriend.
例句：We'd better not alienate ourselves from the colleagues.
The Prime Minister's policy alienated many of her followers.
例句：His attempts to alienate the two friends failed.
She tried to alienate him from his brother
例句：The law required all citizens to alienate their property to the government.
The executive could not alienate any part of our territory.
例句：The numbing labor tended to alienate workers.
17.Boy Scout 童子军
First listen and then answer the following question.
How does the older investor differ in his approach to investment from the younger investor?
There is no shortage of tipsters around offering 'get-rich-quick' opportunities. But if you are a serious private investor, leave the Las Vegas mentality to those with money to fritter. The serious investor needs a proper 'portfolio' -- a well-planned selection of investments, with a definite structure and a clear aim. But exactly how does a newcomer to the stock market go about achieving that?
Well, if you go to five reputable stock brokers and ask them what you should do with your money, you're likely to get five different answers, -- even if you give all the relevant information about your age, family, finances and what you want from your investments. Moral? There is no one 'right' way to structure a portfolio. However, there are undoubtedly some wrong ways, and you can be sure that none of our five advisers would have suggested sinking all (or perhaps any) of your money into Periwigs*.
So what should you do? We'll assume that you have sorted out the basics -- like mortgages, pensions, insurance and access to sufficient cash reserves. You should then establish your own individual aims. These are partly a matter of personal circumstances, partly a matter of psychology.
For instance, if you are older you have less time to recover from any major losses, and you may well wish to boost your pension income. So preserving your capital and generating extra income are your main
priorities. In this case, you'd probably construct a portfolio with some shares (but not high risk ones), along with gilts, cash deposits, and perhaps convertibles or the income shares of split capital investment trusts.
If you are younger, and in a solid financial position, you may decide to take an aggressive approach -- but only if you're blessed with a sanguine disposition and won't suffer sleepless nights over share prices. If you recognize yourself in this des cription, you might include a couple of heady growth stocks in your portfolio, alongside your more pedestrian in vestments. Once you have decided on your investment aims, you can then decide where to put your money. The golden rule here is spread your risk -- if you put all of your money into Periwigs International, you're setting yourself up as a hostage to fortune.
*'Periwigs' is the name of a fictitious company.
INVESTOR'S CHRONICLE, March 23 1990
【New words and expressions 生词和短语】
portfolio n. 投资组合
tipster n. (以提供证券投机等内部消息为主的)情报贩子
Las Vegas n. 拉斯韦加斯
fritter v. 挥霍，浪费
reputable n. 享有声望的
broker n. 经纪人
finance n. 资金，财源
mortgage n. 抵押贷款
pension n. 养老金
priority n. 优先权
gilt n. 金边证券(高度可靠的证券)
convertible n. 可换证券
sanguine adj. 乐观的
heady adj. 令人陶醉的
alongside prep. 在……旁边，和……一起
pedestrian adj. 平淡无奇的，乏味的
fritter away v. 浪费(时间等)
3.go about 从事，做
例句：She went about her work quite as cheerlessly as usual.
Despite the threat of war, people go about their work as usual. 尽管战争一触即发，人们仍像平时一样工作。
Could you please inform me how to go about contacting a lawyer? 请您告诉我怎样去联络律师?
5.sort out the basics
例句：She spent a whole afternoon sorting out her stamps.
They sorted out the data and carded them.
例句：Sort out things you want to keep and throw everything else away . 把你要保存的东西拣选出来，其余的扔掉。
例句：Let us leave that couple to sort themselves out .
例句：If you don't stop that noise, I'll come in and sort you out. 如果你们还在那里吵吵闹闹，我就进来惩罚你们。
例句：They sort out items that can be recycled.
6. the basics 这里指基本情况、基本要素
7.cash reserves 现金储备
例句：This new technique will boost food production.
例句：The publication of this book boost my confidence.
例句：The change of management has boosted morale throughout the company.
例句：Boost me up the tree and I'll get the apple.
例句：They launched a campaign to boost new fashions.
9.the income shares of split capital investment trusts 分割资本投资信托公司的所得股
split capital investment trusts 分割资本投资信托公司
例句：He is not very sanguine about our chances of success.
We are sanguine that we shall be succeeding.
11.If you recognize yourself in this des cription 如果你觉得你的情况是这样的话。
例句：We enjoy all pedestrian activities.