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九年级英语第一单元知识点

新人教版英语九年级1—14 单元知识点

Da Wan Middle School of Jing yuan county

Mr. Zhang

U nit1 How can we become good learners?

一,本单元要求学生学会的知识点:

2. 学会运用by+doing的结构表达做事的方式,by “通过……方式或途径”,译成“靠、通过”。By 后面可以加名词或动名词短语。

3.动名词的结构:动词后加ing相当于名词,在句中可以做主语、宾语、表语、定语等。

二,language points (1)

1, I study by working with a group.我通过小组活动来学习。

By为介词,用法很多。请仔细观察下面的例句,分析by的用法,然后补全结论部所缺的内容。

【例句】

1). Come and sit by us 2) Peter goes to work by bus every day.

3) Tony will come back by 10:00 pm. 4) English is spoken by lots of people

5) My brother studies history by working with a group.

【结论】

1) by 可以表示位置,(1)_____________,如句1 也有“从……旁边(经过)之意”。

2)by 可以表示交通、传递等的方式,如句2

3)by 可以表示时间,“到(某时)之前,不迟于”,如句3

4)by 可以用于构成(2)___________ ,“被、由”如句4

5)by 可以表示方式或手段,(3)“______________”结构在句中做方式状语,“通过……方式(手段)”或“借助……手段”,如句5

【运用】根据提示,用含有by 的短语完成句子。

1) Annie went to Beijing ___________(乘火车)yesterday。

2) His grandfather made a living ________________(靠卖水果) in the past.

3) The scientists have to arrive at the village____________(八月以前)。

4) Allen goes _________________(经过邮局) on his way to school every morning.

5) The book was written ________________(由几个工程师)。

2.What about reading aloud to practice pronunciation.

1)词语辨析:aloud loud loudly

Aloud : 出声地、大声地。常与read,call等词连用。不用于比较级。

e.g Don’t read aloud in thelibrary .

loud 大声地、喧闹地。指说话声和笑声,常与talk/speak/laugh/sing等词连用,常用比较级。

例如: We can’t hear you ,Please speak louder.

Loudly 高声地、喧闹地。可以与loud互换,含有吵闹的意思

2) What about /How about……?后跟名词、代词或动词ing用于征求意见。

3. It’s too hard to understand spoken English.

句中的it是形式主语,不定式短语to understand spoken English 是真正的主语。该句的句型为:It’s +too +adj+(for sb.)+ to do sth.意思是:(对某人来说)做某事是太……的。

如;: It’s too important to keep healthly.

It’s difficult for him to learn two languages.

【链接】

Too …...to…结构常表示“太……而不能……”,too后面接形容词或副词,to 后面接动词原型。如:

The room is too dirty to live in .

He walks too slowly to get there on time.

【运用】

将下列句子翻译成英语。

1)孩子们在那条河里游泳是危险的。

2)晚饭后散步太有必要了。

3)水太烫,不能喝。

【EXERCISES】

1. Choose the best answer.

1) He goes to school _______ bike. A. by B. on C. in D. at

2) ---- How do you study English so well ?----- By ______ lots of books

A. read

B. look

C. watching

D. reading.

2. Compete the following sentences.

1) 大声朗读来练习发音怎么样?What about____________ to practice pronunciation ?

2) 她通过读课本来学习英语。 She studies English ____________the textbook.

3)She improves her English _______________________(通过加入英语俱乐部)

3. 翻译

1)老师要求我大声朗读课文。

2) 不要这么大声,婴儿在睡觉。

3)我爸爸经常开车去上班。

【Writing】

How do you study English?

The Second Period

Language points(2)

1. Why did Wei Fen find it difficult to learn English?

Find it difficult /hard to do sth. 发现做某事很困难。

【 Find用法归纳】

Find sb doing sth. 发现某人做某事

Find it +adj+ to do sth 发现做某事很……

Find it +adj+ to do sth 中的it 是形式宾语,adj做宾补,to do sth 是真正的宾语,同类的词还有 think ,feel consider等

【活学活用】

1) I found it ____________(interest) to talk with my grandfather

2) I found it hard for me ________(improve) spoken English.

2. But I was afraid to ask question because of my poor pronunciation .

Be afraid to do sth. 害怕去做某事。

【Afraid 用法归纳】

be afraid of sth/ doing sth . 害怕做某事(担心出现某种不良后果)

be afraid to do sth. 害怕去做某事,(“怕”或“不敢”去做某事)

be afraid that 恐怕……(礼貌地说出令人不快、失望或感到遗憾的事)

【活学活用】

1)Tine is so shy that she is afraid of _______in front of a group.

A. to speak

B. speak

C. speaking

D. spoke

3.Then one day I watched an English movies called Toy Story.

Called=named 叫做……

【 Call的用法归纳】

Call sb=telephone sb=phone sb.=give sb.a call.=ring sb.

Call on sb 拜访某人

4.I discovered that listening to something interesting is the secret to language

learning.

本句是一个复合句,that引导宾语从句。在宾语从句中listening to something interesting 是动名词短语作主语,所以谓语动词用单数形式。

例如: Watching TV too much is bad for your eyes.

Something interesting 意为“有趣的事情”形容词修饰不定代词是要置后,(后置定语)。

例如: Ihave something important to tell you .

Discover 发现(指偶然或经过努力发现来源于客观存在但不为人所知的事物)

5. but because I wanted to understand the story , I looked them up in a dictionary.

Look up (通过词典、电脑)查阅、抬头看。

【 Look用法归纳】

Look after 照顾look like 看起来像 look out 当心、小心

look through 浏览 Look for 寻找look forward to 期待

look around 向四周看 look over 检查 Have a look看一看

【词组归纳】

发现做某事很难 find it difficult to do sth

语言学习的秘密 the secret to language learning

害怕做某事 be afraid to do sth

爱上fell in love with

肢体语言 body language

脸上的表情 the expressions on the faces

关键字 key words

对……感兴趣 be interested in ….

在词典里查找单词 look them up in a dictionary

The third period

Language points(3)

Grammar

一动名词

定义:它是一种兼有动词和名词特征的非谓语动词形式。

基本形式: V+ing

作用:动名词具有名词的性质,在句中可以做主语、宾语、表语、定语等

动名词的基本用法:

1.用作主语。

所表示的动作比较抽象,或者泛指习惯性地动作。

例如: Playing with fire is dangerous.

注意:动名词做主语,有时先用it做形式主语,把动名词置于句尾。这种用法在习惯句型中常用。

1)It is no use /good / useless+doing…

2)It’s a waste of time+doing….

3)It’s fun+doing….

在以上结构中常用动名词作主语。

2.用作宾语。

1)作动词的宾语。

动名词作动词宾语时常见的动词有practice,enjoy,finish,give up,cannot,help,keep, keep on, mind, put off, depend on, think about, succeed in, worry about, be used to , get used to , look forward to , pay attention to .

例如: How do you practice speaking?

I have finish reading a book and give a report.

2)作介词的宾语。

1.I learn English by doing grammar exercise.

2.Shall we have a rest or get down to doing our home work.

3.He was late again because of getting up late.

4.Lock the door and window before going out.

5.What about the two of us playing games.

〖活学活用〗

1.She can’t help_______(`cry )after ________ (hear) the bad news.

2.Do you feel like _______(have a break)?

3)即可接动名词又可接不定时的常用动词有:remember, forget, regret,mean, try等。但表达的意义不同。

例如:I remember seeing her at the hotel.我记得在宾馆见过他(动作发生了)

I will remember to see her at the hotel.我记着要去宾馆见他(动作尚未发生) Remember/forget/regret to do sth.(指动作尚未发生)

Remember/forget/regret doing sth.(指动作已经发生)

Try to do sth, 设法、努力去做某事。 Try doing sth .尝试去做某事。

Mean to do sth. 打算做某事(主语一般是人)mean doing sth. 意味着(主语一般是物) Regret to do sth. 对将要做的事情抱歉。

Regret doing sth. 对已经发生过的事情感到后悔。

Stop to do sth .停下去做另一件事。

Stop doing sth. 停止做手头的事情。

3.动名词作表语。

动名词作表语时句子主语常是表示无生命的名词或what引导的名词性从句。表语动名词与主语通常是对等的关系,表示主语的内容。

动名词有时态和语态的变化。(略)

The fourth period

Languages points(4)

1.I don’t know how to increase my reading speed.

〖解析〗“疑问词+不定式”结构

〖注意〗what to do 后不需要更宾语,how to do 后必须更宾语。

〖拓展〗“疑问词+不定式”结构:

九年级英语第一单元知识点

2.Maybe you should join an English club.

〖解析〗join/join in/take part in

(1).join=be a member of 参加(指加入某种组织,并成为其中一员)

Join the army. Joion the club

(2). Join in ;后接活动名称。

(3)Take part in : 参加(指加入群体活动中并在活动中发挥重要作用)

3.It’s also easier for you pay attention to for a long time.

该句句型是:it is +adj +for sb+ to do sth,

〖注〗若形容词表示事物的特征如:easy/difficult/ hard/ important等,须用介词for 〖注〗若形容词表示人的性格、品质与特点,如good /kind/nice/wrong等,须用介词of 【中考链接】It’s very convenient ____us to buy what train tickets now because we can buy them either from the station or on the Internet.

A. to

B. of

C. by

D. For

4.Good learners often connect what they need to learn with something interesting.

Connect 动词,意为“连接、与……有联系”

当表示把两个物体连接起来的时。常用的结构是:conncet A to/with/ and B,其中to 表示把A接到B上,多用来指动作而不指状态。例如

Connect the speaker to the record player. please.

The subway connect the train station and the airport.

5.Good learners think about what they are good at and what they need to practice more.

【think相关的短语】

Think about想起、考虑 think of 想到、认为 think over 仔细考虑

think out考虑好 think up想出来 think through 认真的考虑

6.Even if you learn something well , you will forget it unless you it.

【注】even though= even if 即使,引导让步状语从句,不能与but连用。

【中考链接】---this dress was last year’s style.

---I think it still looks perfect _______ it has gone out this year.

A.so that B, as if C, even though D, ever since

7. ....they are not afraid of making mistakes.

(1) be afraid of sth/ doing sth . 害怕做某事(担心出现某种不良后果)

(2) be afraid to do sth. 害怕去做某事,(“怕”或“不敢”去做某事)

(3) be afraid that 恐怕……(礼貌地说出令人不快、失望或感到遗憾的事)

(4). 回答别人提问时,可以用省略形式I’m afraid so(not).

8.They even ask each other and try to find out the answers

(1)try on 试穿 (2) try to do sth 努力做某事,侧重尽力做。

(3)try doing sth. 试图做某事,侧重尝试做

(4)try one’s best to do sth. Do one’s best to do sth.尽某人最大的努力做某

〖拓展〗find / look for / find out

(1)find. V 找到(强调找的结果) look for寻找(强调找的动作)

(2)Find out 查找、找到(指经过调查、询问等弄清事情的真相)

9. But whether or not you can do this well depends on your learning habits.

1) 此句中 whether or not you can do this well 是从句,做整个句子的主语,这种从

句叫“主语从句”。

2) whether or not 是英语从句中的一个连词结构,意思和功能相当于whether,表示“是否”。常出现在宾语从句、主语从句中,使用时,也可以把whether 和or not 分开, or not 放在句尾。

例如:I can’t tell whether or not the teacher likes me==I can’t tell whether the teacher likes me or not

10.knowledge comes from questioning

Question 动词“质疑”

当 question 用作动词,表示对某人或某事物进行提问时,是一种十分正式的用法。

〖单元练习〗

1.写出下列词语

1. 注意、关注

2. 把……和……联系起来

3. 天生具有。。。。

4. 取决于

5. 即使

6. 恐怕

7. 犯错误

8.向……学习 9. 熟能生巧

2.完成句子

1)好的学习者市长把他们需要学习的和有趣的东西联系起来。

Good learners often _______what they need ___ ___________ ______something interesting

2)即使你学的一些东西好,但如果你不用它将会忘记。

________ ________you learn something well,you will forget it _____you use it.

3)好的学习者也不害怕犯错误。

Good learners are also ____ _____ ____ making________.

3.单项选择

1) Good learners often ask _____ because they know knowledge comes from ______ A, question ,question B, questions ,questions

C,questions ,questioning D,questioning ,questioning

2)I sometimes learn English by_______ English language videos.

A, watch B, watching C, look D, looking

3) ---____do you study for an English test? ----By making words lists.

A. What

B. When

C. How

D. Who

4) Jeans practices English by ______ English language videos.

A, read aloud B, reading aloud C, read loudly D, reading loudly 5)My pronunciation is not good ._______ reading aloud to practice

Pronunciation.

A. How

B. What

C. What about

D. Can

6)_____ the English club at school is the best way to improve our English.

A. Join

B. Joined

C. Joining

D. Joins

7) if you don’t know a word, you must _____ in a dictionary .

A, look it up B, look up it C, look over it D, look it out

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