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大学英语3课后习题加详细翻译-

大学英语3课后习题加详细翻译-
大学英语3课后习题加详细翻译-

大学英语3课后习题加详细翻译-

Unit1

1、whereby; 2. Pursuit; 3. Inhibit; 4.

Maintain; 5. Patriotic; 6. Transcended;

7.endeavors; 8. Dedication; 9. Prestige;

10.nominate

1.Most cities in the country have introduced

(引进)"Cl ean Air Zones" whereby(凭此;借以)factories(工厂)and househol ds (家庭)are only all owed to burn(燃烧)smokel ess fuel(无烟燃料).

中国的大多数城市都设立了“清洁空气区”,工厂和家庭只能使用无烟燃料。

2.He knows that the pursuit(n. 追求)of social status(地位)can consume(vt. 消耗)vast amounts of his time and effort(努力).

他知道追求社会地位会耗费他大量的时间和

精力

3.The doctors are at a loss because so far(到目

前为止,迄今为止)no medicine(药物)has been found to inhibit the spread(传播)of the

disease(疾病).

医生们不知所措,因为到目前为止还没有发

现能抑制疾病传播的药物。

4.We see many Special education directors

(导演,主管,董事长)trying to maintain (维持)the quality(质量)of their programs with much l ess money and much small er staff(职员).

我们看到许多特殊教育主管试图用更少的钱和更少的员工来维持他们项目的质量。

5.Peopl e there are tol d it is their patriotic

(爱国的)duty(责任)to support the national economy(经济)by buying their own products.

人们被告知,通过购买自己的产品来支持国家经济是他们的爱国义务。

6.Darwin's thinking both drew upon(总结)and transcended (超越)the conventional (传统的)id eas of his time.

达尔文的思想既借鉴又超越了他那个时代的传统思想。

7.In spite of (尽管)all your end eavor(努力), there may be times when you encounter (遭遇)difficulties in the training(培训)process.

尽管你做了很多努力,但在培训过程中你可能会遇到困难。

8.My advice to Mr. Stewart is to think

carefully before entering into a career(生涯;

职业)in medicine, as this is a fiel d(领域)which requires(需要)a l ot of dedication (奉献)and l ong working hours.

我给Stewart先生的建议是在进入医学领域之前仔细考虑一下,因为这是一个需要大量奉献和长

时间工作的领域。

9.Most Chinese parents woul d prefer to choose some professions(职业)that are stabl e(稳定)and coul d bring prestige (声望)and economic benefits.

大多数中国父母更愿意选择一些稳定、能带来声望和经济效益的职业。

10.It is l egally(adv. 合法地;法律上)possibl e for an el derly (adj. 上了年纪的;过了中年的;稍老的)person to nominate(vt. 推荐;提名;任命;指定)someone to act for them, shoul d they become incapabl e(没有能力的)of l ooking after themselves.

在法律上,如果一个老人没有能力照顾自己,他就有可能提名一个人来为他们做事。

1. removed from;

2. Fail ed in;

3. in the

pursuit of; 4. deviated from; 5. precludes, from; 6. triumph over; 7. work their way into; 8. written off

1.When Francis got back after Easter, he was

far behind(被抛在后面)his classmates and he was removed from(被移除)the second into the third class at this own d esire(要求).

当弗朗西斯在复活节后回来的时候,他远远落后于他的同学,他被按照自己的意愿从二等升到了

三等。

2.The presid ent acknowl edged(v. 承认;确认)that he had somehow fail ed in (失败)his ability to communicate to the American peopl e.

总统承认他在与美国人民沟通的能力上有些失败

3.Unfortunately, as history has shown, some of the companies (n. 公司,企业;伙伴)are guilty (adj.

有罪的;内疚的)of misconduct in the pursuit of(为了追求)profit(利润).

不幸的是,正如历史证明的那样,一些公司在追求利润时存在不当行为。

4.The ship d eviated from (偏离)the agreed voyage(航线)and arrived about 10 days late and in the meantime(与此同时)the price of sugar(糖)had fall en(v. 落下;跌倒)and the merchants(商人)l ost over $4000.

船偏离同意航行并且迟到了10天左右,在此期间糖的价格下降,商人损失了超过4000美元5.Because the transcript(n. 成绩单;抄本,副本;文字记录)is still und er seal(盖上公章), the law precludes them from reading and discussing the

evidence(证据)in d etail.

因为这份笔录还盖章,法律禁止他们详细阅读和讨论证据

6.In carrying out(执行)the plan we are likely to come across (v. 偶遇;无意中发现)difficulties, but we are d etermined(坚决的)to(下定决心)triumph over (击败)them all.

在执行计划时,我们很可能遇到困难,但我们决心要战胜它们。

7.Without increasing investment(n. 投资;投入)in education, it will be increasingly (adv. 越来越多地;

渐增地)difficult for l ow-income peopl e to work their way into the mid dl e class(中产阶级).

如果不加大对教育的投资,低收入人群进入中产阶级的难度将越来越大。

8.All the passengers(乘客)in the plane that crashed(坠毁)in the mid dl e of the Andes Mountains a week ago were written off(被认为)as dead(死亡).

一周前在安德斯山中部坠毁的飞机上的所有乘客都被认定已经死亡。

Unit2

1. intervene;

2. underestimate;

3. recede; ;

4.

deem; 5. bleak; 6. appraise; 7. paralyzed; 8.

symptoms; 9. dismay; 10. brink

1.Kids are more likely to intervene(干涉,介入)in a situation if they believe their parents

expect(期望)them to help.

如果孩子们相信他们的父母希望他们帮忙,他们更有可能介入。

2.The first lesson I learned as a newcomer for the company was never to underestimate (vt. 低估;看轻)degree of difficulty(难度系数)I would face in career advancement.(进步,发展)作为公司的新人,我学到的第一课就是永远不要低估自己在职业发展中所面临的困难。

3.Just as I started to think that I was never going to get well(恢复健康), the illness(疾病)began to recede.(减弱)

就在我开始认为我永远不会康复的时候,疾病开始消退

4.Whatever the decision is, I would like you to know that your department is my first choice and I deem (认为)it a great honor(荣誉)if I could study in your department.

无论决定是什么,我希望你知道你的部门是我的首选,如果我能在你的部门学习,我将感到非常

荣幸

5.During one particularly bleak

(荒凉的、暗淡的)moment(时刻)in my career, a senior colleague(同事)of mine(我的)said to me, "If you follow your dreams, the money will come. Follow the money, and you'll lose your dreams."

大学英语3 课后翻译

1.发言人明确表示总统在任何情况下都不会取消这次旅行。 The spokesman made it clear that the President would not cancle the trip under any circumstances. 2.我们相信他所说的,因为他受过良好的教育,出生于受人尊敬的家庭,更重要的是他 为人可靠。 We trust what he has said,because he is well educated, comes from a respectable family ,and what’s more ,he is reliable. 3.随后发生的那些事件再次证明了我的猜疑是对的。 The subsequent events once again confirmed that my suspicions were right. 4.在赛后举行记者招待会上,这位足球教练因该队表现不佳而向球迷们致敬。 At the press conference held after the game, the football coach apologized to the fans for his team’s poor performance. 5.令我们吃惊的是,这位常被赞为十分正直的州长竟然是个贪官。 To our surprise ,the governor, who had often been praised for his honesty ,turned out to be a corrupt official. 6.只有少数工人工人得到提升,在这同时却有数百名工人被解雇。 A few workers were promoted ,but meanwhile hundreds of workers were dismissed. 7.如果有机会,约翰也许成为一位杰出的画家了。 Given the chance, John might have been an excellent painter. 8.起初我以为他是开玩笑,可后来我知道他是当真的。 At first I thought he was joking , but soon I realized that he was serious. Unit3 1.许多美国大学生申请政府贷款交付学费。 Many American students apply for government loans to pay for their tuition. 2.除阅读教材外,使用电影和录像会激发学生学习的兴趣。 In addition to reading materials ,the application of films and videotapes can stimulate students’ interest in their study. 3.这位律师试图?服陪审团他的当事人是无辜的。 The attorney tired to convince the jury that his client is innocent. 4.自从20世纪80年代以来,医学方面的科学家们一直在努力寻找治疗艾滋病的方法。 Scientists in medicine have been working at finding a cure for AIDS since the early 1980s. 5.我已经把我的简历寄往几家公司,但尚未收到回复。 I have sent off my resume to a few companies, but haven’t received a reply yet. 6.不少人希望有机会去国外学习,然而仅有少数人有此可能。 Many people wish for a chance to study abroad, but only some of them have it. 7.我们满怀希望地来参加会议,离开时却大失所望。 We came to the meeting with great expectation, but we left very disappointed. 8.尽管这位教授详细地讲解了这一点,但许多学生仍然不理解。 Though the professor explained the point in detail, many students still couldn’t understand it.

大学英语三课后习题翻译及答案

Unit 1 From her accent I guess she’s from the Northeast. 从她的口音我猜她是来自东北地区的。 It was very clever of her to turn his argument against himself. 她很聪明,使他对自己的论点 I found a couple of shoes under the bed but they don’t make a pair. 我在床下发现了一双鞋,但他们不做一双 4. Dr. Bright always takes his time as he examines his patients and treats them with extreme care. Bright博士总是把他的时间用于他检查他的病人,并把他们的极端护理 5. British companies are trying to avoid the fate their American counterparts have already suffered. 英国公司正试图避免他们的美国同行已经遭受的命运。 6. Wilfred’s remarks confirmed me in my opinion that he was an honorable young man. 威尔弗雷德的话证实了我在我看来,他是一个光荣的年轻人 7. The key witness for the prosecution was offered police protection after she received death threats. 检察机关的主要证人在收到死亡威胁后提供了警方的保护 8. I thought that was the end of the matter but subsequent events proved me wrong. 我认为这是事情的结束,但随后的事件证明我错了。 9. Having practiced for so long, the New York baseball team stands a chance winning the World Series this year. 经过这么长时间的练习,纽约棒球队赢得了今年的世界系列赛的机会。 10. At the trial , Bob’s teacher, who was called as a character witness, said he was a quiet boy who had never been in trouble before. 在审讯中,鲍伯的老师,被称为证人,说他是个安静的男孩以前从未惹过麻烦。 Unit 2 11. We’ve just had a very fruitful meeting with the management and we’re now much more hopeful about the pay rise. 我们刚刚与管理层有了一个非常富有成效的会议,我们现在对加薪的希望更大了 12. The book I’m reading explains the evolution of plant and animal life on earth. 我读的这本书解释了地球上动植物的进化

大学英语精读第一册课后翻译1-8单元

1) 史密斯太太对我抱怨说,她经常发现与自己十六岁的女儿简直无法沟通。 Mrs. Smith complained to me that she often found it simply impossible to communicate with her 16-year-old daughter. 2) 我坚信,阅读简写的 (simplified) 英文小说是扩大我们词汇量的一种轻松愉快的方法。 I firmly believe that reading simplified English novels is an easy and enjoyable way of enlarging our vocabulary. 3) 我认为我们在保护环境不受污染 (pollution) 方面还做得不够。 I don’t think we’re doing enough to protect our environment from pollution. 4) 除了每周写作文外,我们的英语老师还给我们布置了八本书在暑假里阅读。 In addition to/Apart from writing compositions on a weekly basis, our English teacher assigned us eight books to read during the summer vacation. 5) 我们从可靠的消息来源获悉下学期一位以英语为母语的人将要教我们英语口语。 We’ve learned from reliable sources that a native English speaker is going to teach us spoken English next term/semester. 6) 经常看英语电影不仅会提高你的听力,而且还会帮助你培养说的技能。 Seeing English movies on a regular basis will not only improve your ear, but will also help you build your speaking skills. 7) 如果你们对这些学习策略有什么问题,请随便问我。我将更详细地进行讲解。 If you have any questions about these learning strategies, please feel free to ask me. And I’ll explain them in greater detail. 8) 那个加拿大女孩善于抓住每个机会讲汉语。这就是她为什么三年不到就熟练地掌握了汉语口语的原因。 The Canadian girl is good at seizing every opportunity to speak Chinese. That’s why she has gained a good command of spoken Chinese in less than three years.

大学英语精读1课文翻译

大学英语精读1课文翻译 Unit1 Some Strategies or Learning English 学习英语绝非易事。它需要刻苦和长期努力。 虽然不经过持续的刻苦努力便不能期望精通英语,然而还是有各种有用的学习策略可以用来使这一任务变得容易一些。以下便是其中的几种。 1. 不要以完全同样的方式对待所有的生词。你可曾因为简直无法记住所学的所有生词而抱怨自己的记忆力太差?其实,责任并不在你的记忆力。如果你一下子把太多的生词塞进头脑,必定有一些生词会被挤出来。你需要做的是根据生词日常使用的频率以不同的方式对待它们。积极词汇需要经常练习,有用的词汇必须牢记,而在日常情况下不常出现的词只需见到时认识即可。你会发现把注意力集中于积极有用的词上是扩大词汇量最有效的途径。 2.密切注意地道的表达方式。你可曾纳闷过,为什么我们说 "我对英语感兴趣"是"I'm interested in English",而说"我精于法语"则是"I'm good at French"?你可曾问过自己,为什么以英语为母语的人说"获悉消息或秘密"是"learn the news or secret",而"获悉某人的成功或到来"却是"learn of someone's success or arrival"?这些都是惯用法的例子。在学习英语时,你不仅必须注意词义,还必须注意以英语为母语的人在日常生活中如何使用它。 3.每天听英语。经常听英语不仅会提高你的听力,而且有助你培养说的技能。除了专为课程准备的语言磁带外,你还可以听英语广播,看英语电视和英语电影。第一次听录好音的英语对话或语段,你也许不能听懂很多。先试着听懂大意,然后再反复地听。你会发现每次重复都会听懂更多的东西。 4.抓住机会说。的确,在学校里必须用英语进行交流的场合并不多,但你还是可以找到练习讲英语的机会。例如,跟你的同班同学进行交谈可能就是得到一些练习的一种轻松愉快的方式。还可以找校园里以英语为母语的人跟他们随意交谈。或许练习讲英语最容易的方式是高声朗读,因为这在任何时间,任何地方,不需要搭档就可以做到。例如,你可以看着图片或身边的物件,试着对它们详加描述。你还可以复述日常情景。在商店里购物或在餐馆里吃完饭付过账后,假装这一切都发生在一个讲英语的国家,试着用英语把它表演出来。

大学英语三课后翻译答案(8单元)

Unit 1 1.我还要感谢那些在我处境艰难时支持我的人。(stick by; fall on hard days) 2.他出版了一本通俗小说,赚了很多钱,所以有能力买新房和轿车。(now that) 3.警察说,他们产生怀疑是因为姑娘的尸体上还有其他印记。(suspicion) 4.你怎么能这样对她说话?是她把你养大,帮你完成学业。(like that) 5.尽管这些学生毕业后的道路会很艰难,但他们的前途却是光明的。(as) 6.为了有足够的钱来经营这个商行,他拍卖了新买的房子,损失了一大笔钱。(at auction)7.他批评警察局长对自己的部门监管不严是完全有道理的。(justify) 8.为吸引外宾,这些受保护的附带建筑被修复的很漂亮。 1. My thanks go to those who still stuck by me when I fell upon dark days. 2. Now that he has published a popular novel which earns him a large amount of money, he is able to buy a new house and a car. 3. The police said that their suspicions were aroused because the girl had other marks on her body. 4. How can you talk to her like that? She is the one who brought you up and helped you finish school. 5. Hard as the road for these students after school will be, their prospects are bright. 6. In order to have enough money to run the business, he sold his newly-bought house at auction even at a substantial loss. 7. He is fully justified in criticizing the police commissioner for poorly supervising his department. 8. These ancient buildings which are under protection have been restored beautifully to attract foreigners. Unit 2 1.大多数缺铁的人并不知道他们缺铁。 2.仅仅查出运输氧气的血液蛋白的含量是不够的。 3.男性也不安全,尤其是那些吃肉少、运动量却很大的男性。 4.属于这些类型的人,最好每年做一次血液检查,看看体内铁质的储量如何。 5.铁质补剂会让人有一种想吐的感觉,有些情况下它们还可能有毒。 6.最好的铁质来源是肉、鸡、枣、豆类以及一些带叶子的绿色蔬菜。 7.有时人们需要服用铁质补剂是因为这些补剂补充了谷类食物中原本含量不多的铁质。8.把番茄酱在铁锅内熬上三小时,其铁的含量会明显增加。 1. Most people with low iron reserves don’t know they have an iron deficiency. 2. It is not sufficient only to check levels of the blood protein that transports oxygen. 3. Men are not safe, especially those who eat little meat and have a high level of physical activity. 4. It’s advisable for people in these groups to have a y early blood test to check blood iron reserves. 5. Iron supplements may produce a feeling of wanting to throw up, and may be poisonous in some cases. 6. The best sources of iron are meat, chicken, fish, dates, beans, and some leafy green vegetables. 7. The reason why people sometimes take iron supplements is that the supplements

全新版大学英语综合教程1课后习题翻译

1.那是个正规宴会,我照妈妈对我讲的那样穿着礼服去了。 (formal) As it was a formal dinner party, I wore formal dress, as Mother told me t o. 2.他的女友劝他趁抽烟的坏习惯尚未根深蒂固之前把它改掉。(take hold) His girlfriend advised him to get out of/get rid of his bad habit of smoking before it took hold. 3.他们预料到下几个月点的需求量很大,决定增加生产。(anticipate) Anticipating that the demand for electricity will be high during the next few months, they have de cided to increase its production. 4.据说比尔音译在违反公司的安全规章而被解雇。(violate) It is said that Bill has been fired for continually violating the company’ s safety rules. /Bill is said to have been fired for continually violating the company’ s safety rules. 5.据报道地方政府已采取适当措施避免严重缺水(water shortage)的可能性。 (avoid,severe) It is reported that the government has taken proper measures to avoid the poss ibility of a severe water shortage. 1.半个小时过去了,但末班车还没来。我们只好走回家。(go by) Half an hour had gone by, but the last bus hadn’t come yet. We had to walk home. 2.玛丽看上去对汉语考试很担心,因为她还没背熟课文。 (learn by heart) Mary seems to be very worried about the Chinese exam because she hasn’t learned the texts by heart. 3.既然篮球赛已被推迟,我们不妨去参观博物馆。(postpone) Since the basketball match has been postponed, we might as well visit the museum. 4.整个二次世界大战期间他一直和父母住在澳大利亚。 (all the way) He stayed in Australia with his parents all the way through WWⅡ. 5.自1985年从南京大学毕业至今,可以说我与我的大学同学失去了联系。(kind of,lose touch) Since I graduated from Nanjing University in 1985, I have kind of lost touch with my classmates. 1.正如科学家所预言的那样,全球污染成了人类面临的最严重的问题之一。(global) As is predicted by scientists, global pollution has become one of the most serious problems huma ns are faced with. 2.谋求这些职位的竞争很激烈——今年的求职者(applicant)是去年的五倍。(competition) Competition for these jobs is very tough – we have five times as many applicants this year as we did last year/ there are five times as many a pplicants this year as there were last year. 3.正如事实表明的那样,教育大纲应该符合国家的经济发展计划。(fit into)

大学英语精读课后翻译汇总(1-7单元)

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