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新目标大学英语综合教程1课后习题答案

Unit 1 College Life

Text A

Language in Use

4.

1) overlooking 2) overwhelming 3) enroll 4) keen 5) blend

6) inspiration 7) frequented 8) diversity 9) passion10) incredible

5.

1) The Sept. 4 game between the Seahawks and the Packers kicked off this year’s football season.

2) A big part of a woman’s diet should consist of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, high-fiber foods, and oily fish.

3) Eleanor Roosevelt, who was a shy young girl, was terrified at the thought of speaking in public.

4) Senior citizens, military veterans and businessmen make up the group of people requesting for government information in the United States.

5) The schedule will make you aware of how you spend your time.

6.reach a decision (达成决定) shape one’s life (塑造生活)

analyze a problem (分析问题) approvea decision (通过决定)

improve one’s life (改善生活) solve a problem (解决问题)

1) making 2) reach 3) changed 4) shape

5) enjoy 6) solve 7) analyze 8) encounter

7.

1) dishonest 2) illegal 3) substandard 4) irregular 5) unlock 6) incorrect 7) outnumber 8) supermarket 9) Undergraduate 10) overestimate

8.

1) 学习小组合作学习对应对哈佛繁重的学习任务起着重要的作用。

2) 哈佛及其周边地区值得称道之处是:一切都相当便利。

3) 我决定先实地考察一下这两所学校再做最后选择,没想到的是,我竟然喜欢上了哈佛。

4) 我申请的是医学预科,但一个学期下来,我发现在下一年确定专业之前,我实际上有无数的方向可以选择。

5) 在哈佛的学业压力会很大,但我就是宁愿呆在这里。

9.

1) As is known to all, the year 2003 saw the successful launching of China’s first manned spaceship.

2) Time has witnessed the long history, free academic atmosphere and energetic students’ life of the university.

3) The new century will see a significant and far-reaching change in China.

4) Nanjing, an ancient and beautiful city, has witnessed many great historic events.

5) A visit to the places where he had studied and worked during his youth brought back many fond memories.

Text B

Language in Use

2.

1) significantly 2) exhausted 3) relaxing 4) concealed 5) intellectual

6) triggers 7) clarified 8) integrate 9) was established 10) fatigue

3.

1) thinking about 2) focus on 3) carry on

4) contribute to 5) conform to/with 6) copes with

4 .

1) 按照轻重缓急安排工作会让你觉得一切必做之事都在自己掌控中,而且感觉一定能做好。

2) 长期的疲劳是诱发抑郁的关键因素。每晚睡七八个小时对(你的)健康很重要。

3) 这些包括:静思,深呼吸,泡热水澡,远足,锻炼——任何你喜欢且可以减轻你的压力和不适感的方法都可以。

4) 关注自己可以让你精力充沛,感到目标明确并觉得自己能掌控自己的生活。

5) 培养能够宽容各种不同类型的人的能力是这项任务的一个重要方面,该任务要求尊重和接受不同背景、信仰、文化、种族、生活方式和外貌的人。

Unit 2 Love and Friendship

Text A

Language in Use

4.

1) pondering 2) tossed 3) slipped 4) stained 5) scrub

6) straightened 7) item 8) residence 9) mysteriously 10) outfits

5.

1) a 2) b 3) c 4) b 5) c 6) a 7) b 8) a

6.

1) at the sight of 2) on the occasion of 3) on rare occasions

4) at the smell of 5) on every occasion 6) on occasion

7) at the thought of 8) at the sound of

7.

1) foresee 2) postwar 3) rebuild 4) transatlantic

5) interact 6) preview; review 7) ex-president 8) subway

8.

Reference translation

1) “哈,连泰莎的东西也忘带走了,”我说道。

2) 似乎每次我们家庭聚会以后,都会留下点什么东西。

3) 我寻思着,有些记忆总是留存在脑海里,美好的记忆对我们来说是多么珍贵。

4) 当然,也有一些记忆是该忘却的。那些曾经的伤害、怨恨、苦痛、愤怒的记

忆应该永远忘却。

5) 那是因为,除了留下的记忆以外,还有一样东西保留下来了……那就是爱。

9.

Reference translation

1) Watching exciting soccer games is the best way to take my mind off all the problems in my work.

2) Friends sadly watched him drive off, knowing it would be long before they could meet again.

3) It took the community workers a month to wipe off the graffiti, which used to be a notable sight of the city.

4) In high altitude areas, people use lots of ways to keep off ultraviolet rays.

5) This village’s water and power supplies have been cut off because of the

snowstorm.

Text B

Language in Use

2.

1) consumption 2) instinct 3) nurture 4) priorities 5) sustain 6) sufficient 7) enhances 8) factor 9) attributes 10) gossip

3.

1) engage in 2) with a view to 3) take the initiative 4) invest in 5) interact with 6) a wide range of 4.

Reference translation

1) 在你的生活中,有没有一些人能在你人生起伏时陪你同欢笑同哭泣呢。

2) 负责此项研究的蒂莫西?史密斯教授指出,人际关系对死亡的影响如同吸烟和酗酒等危险因素一样大,甚至比缺乏运动和肥胖产生的影响更大。

3) 到了小孩上幼儿园或者读书之后,你就有机会和你孩子同学的父母交流了。

4) 也许你会搬到一个新社区、新城市甚至是另一个国家,离婚,或者做一份新工作。

5) 我正在车上,这时我的收件箱里弹出一封邮件,告知我已经被梦寐以求的学校录取了,我顿时喜极而泣。

Unit 3 Power of Music

Section A

Language in Use

4

1) popularity 2) gorgeous 3) distinctive 4) rival 5) is/was revealed

6) professionals 7) was resolved 8) genius 9) icon 10) was adored

5

1) gives a glimpse of 2) learn a trade 3) deal with 4) pass as/for

5) had jotted down 6) take refuge 7) came to mind 8) fall in love

6

e) bring forward f) bring back g) bring up h) bring in

1) bring about 2) brought back/brings 3) bring up 4) bring forth

back

5) bring out 6) bring... down 7) bring in 8) bring forward

7

Tips

Ask students to find common suffixes in words in Text A and list more words with the same suffixes.

Give students more explanations about suffixes of verbs, nouns and adjectives. Ask them to practice the skill by adding suffixes to the words in brackets and complete the sentences in Exercise 7 with newly-formed words.

1) hardship 2) popularized 3) Creative 4) consumption 5) significant

6) admirable 7) simplify 8) musical 9) performance 10) professional

8

Tips

Let students read the first three paragraphs of Text A and find the sentences which use different ways to express superlative meanings.

Ask them to translate the sentences into Chinese.

Reference translation

1) 描述天才时,爱因斯坦是你能找到的最合适的例子,就连小孩都熟悉他。

2) 在学术界,其他人的知名度连爱因斯坦的一半都不及。

3) 世界上没有哪个天才如同阿尔伯特爱因斯坦一样受到人们如此的尊敬和爱戴。他那留着与众不同的发型的照片甚至成为一种流行文化的标志。

4) 全世界都找不到另一个像他那样的学者,其知名度可以与摇滚巨星媲美。

5) 没有谁比父母更爱你。

9

Reference Translation

1) Country music is one of the most popular forms of music in the United States today.

2) There is no other misfortune that could be compared with the loss of time.

3) There is no friend as loyal as a good book.

4) Nowhere else in the world can you find scenery as attractive as in Switzerland.

5) No cassette tapes could rival CDs in terms of sound quality.

Text B

Language in Use

2

1) bet 2) preferences 3) distracting 4) be alleviated 5) implies

6) affecting 7) random 8) spatial 9) subjective 10) variations

3

1) a variety of 2) feel like resorting 3) In general 4) in other words 5) lighten up 6) tune out

4

Reference translation

1) 之前的研究发现,在完成某一任务之前听音乐有许多好处:可以提高注意力、记忆力,甚至心算能力。

2) 然而,更加现实的情况却是,学生边听背景音乐边学习或者做家庭作业。

3) 令人惊讶的是,实验结果竟然显示,无论受试者听喜欢的、不喜欢的音乐或者持续变化的语言,测试成绩并没有明显区别。

4) 研究者们推测,如果他们用阅读理解测试来重复这次试验程序,可能会得到相似的结果。

5) 所以你是不是应该一边学习或做家庭作业一边听音乐呢,

Unit4 Driving Forces of Sports Text A

Language in Use

4

1) contract. 2) countered. 3) extraordinary. 4) flap. 5) flipped. 6) quit. 7) stems.

8) relived 9) moderate. 10) shivering

5

1) compete in. 2) are competing for. 3) in the zone. 4) in the lead. 5) have gained in

6) gaining on. 7) come up with. 8) catch up with. 9) fall off. 10) fell down

6

break one's heart; break one's promise break the record; break the habit break the law; break the silence break the ice; break new ground 1) the record. 2) the ice. 3) the law. 4) one’s promise.

5) my heart. 6) the habit

7

tain maintain; attain; obtain

volv evolve; revolver; involvement vis visible; video; visit; visual serv conserve; observe; deserve;

reservation rupt bankrupt; abrupt; disruptive; erupt scrib ascribe; inscribe; scribble mot automotive; promote; demote tact (tag) tactile; contagion; intact viv vivid; revival; survivor

ject inject; project; subject

dict contradict; dictionary; dictator 1) revolutions 2) involved 3) involvement 4) evolved 5) revise

6) supervise

7) visible 8) visual 9) dictators 10) contradicted 11) dictation 12) predict

8

1) 看她游泳真是太棒了~她转身转得非常好。

2)她又得游回去触碰池壁,这样一来耽搁了时间。

3)这样不断交换,直到每个队员都完成一个来回。

4)队员给她穿袜子时,伊丽莎白踩着水。

5)但是伊丽莎白先于另一个女孩触壁,赢得了比赛。

9

1) None of the competitors could catch up with the untiring runner who was in the lead.

2) The football team was not in the zone and lost the game with the score 2 to 3.

3) If you make a great effort to practice your oral English, it will pay off in the long run.

4) In the event of rain, the football match will be postponed.

5) When the day of the finals arrived, she was very nervous. Whether she could win or not was still up in the air.

Text B

Language in Use

2.

1) feats 2) persist 3) literally 4) transition 5) rebounding 6) remarkable

7) peers 8) championship 9) staff 10) dictate

3.

1) wind down 2) take over 3) get over 4) hang out 5) look forward to 6) go about

4.

1) She is not sure whether she will be able to come back to the court after she has had a baby.

2) We will move on to the next phase soon, and you all have to make quick adjustments.

3) In this interview he talked about how he had transitioned from a successful player to a responsible coach.

4) Summer holiday is approaching and children are looking forward to playing soccer every afternoon.

5) Children aspire to hang out with friends or do whatever they want after school.

Unit5 Growing Pains

Text A

Language in Use

4

1) proclaim 2) scar 3) speculation 4) discharging 5) clarity

6) contacted 7) compromise 8) grieved 9) affirmed 10) prompted

5.

1) end up with something you don’t want.

2) to be crammed with sun-seekers.

3) impose graciousness on/upon you.

4) find it hard to let go of bitterness or anger,

5) other than his lack of experience.

6.

in hand(在手头;在掌控中) along the way(一路上;沿途) by hand(用手) on the way to …(在去……的路上) at hand(在手边) in the way(妨碍人的;挡道的) on hand(现有;在现场) out of the way(偏远的)

by the way(顺便说说)

under way(进行中)

1) in hand 2) by hand 3) on hand 4) at hand 5) along the way 6) out of the way 7) in the way 8) on the way to 9) By the way 10) under way

7.For reference

firm reaffirm; infirm; affirmant

spec; spect suspect; aspect; respect; spectacle; retrospect; perspective

claim; clam declaim; clamor; disclaim

pose dispose; compose; oppose; propose

stru; struct structure; instruct; reconstruct

fac;fic, fact; fect effect; infect; defect; factory; factor

sci scientific; scientist; prescience

port import; portable; support; report

ceed; ced; cess succeed; process; procedure

vert; vers invert; revert; diverse; vertical; extrovert; introvert

tract distract; subtract

1) B 2) A 3) A 4) A 5) A 6) C 7) A 8) C

8.

1) 在哭闹了5分钟之后,我最终妥协了,心想如果明天妈妈一大早就来接我,那我现在就去。

2) 他提醒我们要对上帝心存感激,因为我们终于在一起了。

3) 当我回想过去,令我惊讶的是其实一切都没有改变,尽管看起来我们的生活样样在变。

4) 最值得一提的是我放弃了曾经向妈妈许下的要当医生的诺言。

5) 一路走来,我开始明白唯一能让我开始自己人生的方式便是放下对母亲离去的那份伤感。在这样的人生中,我相信自己不仅仅是一个因表现得不够好而得不到妈妈爱的女儿。

9.

Reference translation

1) Resultantly, the fans had to accept the rescheduling of the concert due to the weather.

2) Luckily, we could cook all these delicious courses by following the steps provided in the recipe book.

3) Notably, the credits earned from Internet open courses have been officially accepted by many universities.

4) More importantly, students understand that they should find a balance between their study and entertainment.

5) Clearly, the media has hidden some important information from the public.

Text B

Language in Use

2.

1) jealous 2) pursue 3) household 4) rejections 5) permanent

6) frustrating 7) switch 8) delicate 9) gambling 10) progressively

3.

1) right now 2) is addicted to 3) No wonder

4) narrow down 5) sign up for 6) What if

4.

Reference translation

1) 那晚回家后,我想了想他对我说的话。

2) 书籍之于全人类正如记忆之于个人。

3) 他对自己未来追求什么已有明确而又专注的想法,而我对该学什么专业还懵懵懂懂,对此我应该妒忌吗,

4) 现在的问题并不是我打算要学什么。

5) 我想我暂时还是要好好享受我剩下的童年时光,马上去看部迪士尼电影。

Unit 6 Pleasure of Reading

Text A

Language in Use

4.

Noun(s) Verb Adjective(s)

accumulation accumulate accumulative;

accumulable

charm charm charming; charmed

comfort comfort comfortable

delight delight delighted; delightful

expenditure; expend expensive

expense

fame fame famous; famed

imagination imagine imaginable;

imaginary; imaginative

Noun(s) Verb Adjective(s)

marvel marvel mavel(l)ous

philosophy philosophize philosophic; philosophical

reflection reflect reflected; reflective

sorrow sorrow sorrowful

1) charm 2) philosophy 3) accumulated 4) sorrowful 5)

comfort

6) imaginative/delightful 7) famous 8) reflect 9) expenses

10) delights

5. 1) a 2) c 3) b 4) b 5) c 6) a 7) b 8) a 9) c 10) b 11) a

6. 1) endow 2) filled 3) supply 4) are provided 5) equipping 6) was

honoured

7. 1) The feedback from consumers greatly supports Facebook and its development.

2) If you Google “scenic spots”, you’ll get more than a million results.

3) The newspaper headlined the movie star’s divorce with his wife.

4) While riding home, she relived her moment of glory again and again.

5) The citizens have expressed their desire for peace and order.

6) They present us a picture of the marvels and beauties of nature.

7) He has been the host of the famous TV talk show for three years.

8) A lot of high-tech components will be sent by ship to Shanghai to be

assembled.

8.

1) ……我们还能遍访山川海岸,尽享大地之最美,而不觉疲倦,没有不便,更不用破费。

2) 但她说:“我希望他们在园子里打猎的快乐,与我在柏拉图文字里获得的愉悦相比,只不过是影子而已。”

3) 书籍的确赐予我们一座令人神往的思想宫殿。

4) “凡事皆镜像,”乔治?麦克唐纳说。“从镜子里面看,再普通的房子我也觉

得充满诗情画意。”

5) 无须起身离开火炉,我们就可漫游天涯海角,或是飞到斯宾塞笔下的王国,在那里我们受到成群结队非凡美丽的仙女们的欢迎,或是飞到弥尔顿的天堂,在那里我们欣赏天使们合唱天堂颂歌。

9.

1) Driving is to Americans what flying is to birds. It is almost part of their nature.

2) The outline is to a writer as the blueprint is to an architect.

3) As food is to the body, so is learning to the mind.

4) The sun is as hot as the competition that he was confronted with at the Olympic Games.

5) Just as a sword is the weapon of a warrior, a pen is the weapon of a writer.

Text B

Language in Use

2 . 1) belongings 2) dropouts 3) grand 4) request 5) originally

6) commitment 7) figures 8) surfing 9) soul 10) classics 3. 1) passed down 2) passed away 3) passed by 4) run away 5) take away

6) Stay away 7) reflect upon 8) come upon 9) give you a ride 10) go for a ride

4. 1) 我追寻着我的梦想,日出即行,日落即息。2) “儿子,追寻你的梦想和心中的憧憬是重要的。” 3) 我把行李放在那位慈祥的老人那里,便走进了那座宏伟的知识殿堂。4) “第一是切记不要从封面来判断一本书的好坏,因为外表有时也会蒙你。” 5) 书籍为我们展示大自然的神奇与美丽;艰难时扶持我们,伤痛难过时安抚我们,疲惫厌倦时娱乐我们,用思想充实我们的心智,愉悦我们的心绪,并鼓舞着我们战胜自我、超越自我。

Unit 7 Body Language

Text A

Language in Use

4.

Noun(s) Verb Adjective(s)

appreciation appreciate appreciable; appreciative

association associate associable; associative

calculation calculate calculable; calculating; calculated

embarrassment embarrass embarrassing; embarrassed

engagement engage engaged; engaging

extension; extent extend extensive; extended

equalization; equalize; equal

equality equal

intimacy / intimate

involvement involve involved

symbolization; symbolize symbolic(al)

symbol

threat threaten threatened; threatening

1) symbolize 2) involved 3) appreciates 4) extend 5) engaging

6) embarrassed 7) intimate 8) associations 9) equality 10) threatened

5. 1) stretch out 2) vary with 3) associate with

4) drop in 5) comment on 6) fended off

6.

physical distance (身体social space (社交空间) extreme situation (极端情境)

距离)

safe distance (安全距personal space (私人空real-life situation (现实生活情离) 间) 境)

long distance (长距离) limited space (有限空间) current situation (现状) walking distance (很近的距离)outer space (外层空间;宇宙空间)difficult situation (困境)

travelling distance (旅境)living space (生存空间) dangerous situation (危险的处行距离)

open space (露天场所) embarrassing situation (尴尬的境地)

parking space (停车位) financial situation (财务状况)

1)physical distance 2) long distance 3) personal space 4) living space

5) current situation 6) walking distance 7) parking space 8) financial situation

7.

A B Compound nouns

1) real road real estate

2) feed quake feedback

3) check heart check-in

4) cross back crossroad

5) soft date software

6) high light highlight

7) earth estate earthquake

8) sweet seeing sweetheart

9) sight in sightseeing

10) up ware update

1) check-in 2) feedback 3) update 4) sweetheart

5) crossroad 6) earthquake 7) highlight 8) real estate

8. Reference translation

1) 人和人之间的身体距离因其关系亲疏和地位高低而不同。

2) 一个极端是“不可接触”,无论按照字面上的意思(如种姓制度里)还是通过保持空间距离,如贵族会觉得接近平民是件令人生厌的事情。

3) 在一些社会当中,人们不太理会个人隐私、互不干扰以及不被人打扰的受保护的私密空间的需要。

4) 人们之间的距离应该是近得可以显示你被吸引和积极参与,但又不至于近得侵入私人空间,让人尴尬。

5) 因此,交友是一种平衡的行为,如同芭蕾或者其他舞蹈。

9. Reference translation

1) He is very rude in private, though in public he is usually very polite.

2) Starvation is at one extreme of the spectrum of food intake; obesity is at the other extreme.

3) It is in the company of a good friend that the heart finds a home. 4) Although her father is in the firm, she got the job on her own. 5) At the start of the project we were all full of passion but unfortunately we’ve lost a

lot of our early enthusiasm.

Text B

Language in Use

2. 1) claiming 2) represent 3) split 4) impressive 5) witness 6) commercials 7) twisted 8) origin 9) resemble 10) slapped

3. 1) is known for 2) are known as 3) is known to 4) caught on

5) catch up with 6) catch at 7) hold out 8) hold on

9) held up 10) pull down 11) pull away 12) pull out

4.

Reference translation

1) The guide told us that you’re meant to take your shoes off when you enter a Hindu temple.

2) Overuse of the exclamation mark could be interpreted as being pushy or trying to make a point.

3) He has been good at drawing since he was a little boy and we’re sure he’ll become well known as an artist.

4) Rules should be based on scientific research and the outcomes of investigations.

5) The report shows that 80% of children are addicted to computer games.

Unit 8 To Be Creative

Text A

Language in Use

4

1) genuine 2) discipline 3) facilitate 4) talents 5) motivate 6) appetite 7) dynamic 8) acquires 9) flourished 10) ambition

5

1) admitted to 2) working on 3) pass through 4) thrown out 5) end up 6) do with

6

a group of a flock of a ray of

a bunch of a heap of a packet of

1) a body of 2) a block of 3) a chain of 4) a ray of 5) a gust of 6) a mountain of 7) a herd of 8) a string of 9) a bunch of 10) a packet of

7

1) rosy-cheeked, good-tempered, warm-hearted

2) so-called, newly-built, well-known

3) long-standing, high-performing, funny-looking

4) duty-free, snow-white, life-long

5) part-time, first-class, mid-term

6) hand-painted, self-centered, snow-covered

7) time-consuming, world-shaking, English-speaking

8) hand-in-hand, heart-to-heart, three-year-old

1) easy-going 2) heart-broken 3) self-confident 4) poverty-stricken 5) up-to-date 6) narrow-minded 7) long-distance 8) well-educated

8

1) 我认为创造性是获得有价值的创意的过程。任何行业的创意工作都会经历一系列典型的过程。

2) 在这个动态变化的过程中,会建立新联系,跨越不同专业领域,运用隐喻和类比思维。

3) 创意即立意新颖。创意也意味着权衡判断,判断你所做的的事是否有价值,理论模型是否合乎逻辑,设计方案是否合理,一首诗是否有诗意。

4) 首先,创造力如同普通的学习一样是一个高度因人而异的过程。人都有着不同的天分、资质和理解事物的方式。

5) 其次,创新并非循序渐进的过程,不一定非得学会所有必备的技能方才开始。

9

1) The trouble is that the battery in the black box can only function for 30 days.

2) The researchs’ suggetion is that people should have more face-to-face

communication and less use of social networks.

3) The question was whether the rumor was true or not.

4) The attraction is that this organization provides college students an oppotunity to

work overseas for two months with salary.

5) The frustration is that I always made up my mind to go to bed on time but I never

did it.

Text B

Language in Use

2

1) probed 2) extract 3) asset 4) coordinate 5) evaluate 6) financial 7) designated 8) principle 9) advocate 10) routine

3

1) Allowing for 2) at the cost of 3) figure out 4) sort out 5) transform…into 6) called upon

4

1) Next, study the ideas and try to work them into something practical. 2) Offer the employees the services of babysitting as a benefit.

3) Encourage employees to take courses in marketing, advertising, public relations and so on in the community college.

4) Have each employee bring in a family photo and put it on the working desk.

5) Provide free services of real estate consultation and lectures on investment for employees so that they might utilize their assets reasonably.

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