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Text A课后练习答案

Unit One Fighting with the Forces of Nature

Part II Text A


1) alliance 2) at the cost of 3) stroke 4) limp

5) minus 6) regions 7) eclarations 8) siege

9) raw 10) bide his time 11) have taken their toll 12) in the case of

2. 1) is faced with 2) get bogged down 3) is pressing on / pressed on

4) drag on 5) get by 6) dine out

7) have cut back 8) get through

3. 1) The rapid advance in gene therapy may lead to the conquest of cancer in the near future.

2) Production in many factories has been brought to a halt by the delayed arrival of raw

materials due to the dock workers’ strike.

3) Sara has made up her mind that her leisure interests will/should never get in the way of her


4) Obviously the reporter's question caught the foreign minister off guard.

5) The introduction of the electronic calculator has rendered the slide rule out of date / obsolete.

4.1) Being faced with an enemy forces much superior to ours, we had to give up the

occupation of big cities and retreat to the rural and mountainous regions to build

up our bases.

2)Unity is crucial to the efficient operation of an organization. Failure to reckon with this

problem will weaken its strength. In many cases, work may be brought to a halt by constant

internal struggle in an organization.

3)The Red Army fought a heroic battle at Stalingrad and won the decisive victory against the

Germans. In fact, this battle turned the tide in the Second World War. During this famous battle,

the Soviet troops withstood the German siege and weakened the German army by launching a

series of counterattacks.

II. More Synonyms in Context

1) During the First World War, battles occurred here and there over vast areas. Some of the

most dramatic fighting took place in the gloomy trenches of France and Belgium.

2) Elizabeth made careful preparations for the interview and her efforts / homework paid off.

3)1 spent hours trying to talk him into accepting the settlement, but he turned a deaf ear to all


4)Pneumonia had severely weakened her body, and I wondered how her fragile body could

withstand the harsh weather.

III. Usage

1)But often it is not until we fall ill that we finally learn to appreciate good health.

2)A rich old lady lay dead at home for two weeks—and nobody knew anything about it.

3)It's said he dropped dead from a heart attack when he was at work

4)Don't sit too close to the fire to keep warm—you could easily get burned, especially if you fall


5)In those days people believed in marrying young and having children early.

6)Little Tom was unable to sit still for longer than a few minutes.

Comprehensive Exercises

I. Cloze

1. 1. invasion

2. stand in the way


4. catching... off his guard

5. launching

6. declaration

7. campaign

8. d rag on

9. reckon with 10. bringing...to a halt

2. 1. allow 2. reckoned

3. highly

4. forecasts

5. rapidly

6. instant

7. delivery

8. advantage

9. observing 10. powerful

II. Translation

1.1) Mr. Doherty and his family are currently engaged in getting the autumn harvest in on the


2)We must not underestimate the enemy. They are equipped with the most sophisticated


3)Having been cut of a job/Not having had a job for 3months, Phil is getting increasingly


4)Sam, as the project manager, is decisive, efficient, and accurate in his judgment.

5)Since the chemical plant was identified as the source of solution, the village neighborhood

committee decided to close it down at the cost of 100 jobs.


The offensive had already lasted three days, but we had not gained much ground. Our troops engaging the enemy at the front were faced with strong/fierce/stiff resistance. The division commander instructed our battalion to get around to the rear of the enemy and launch a surprise attack. To do so, however, we had to cross a marshland and many of us were afraid we might get bogged down in the mud. Our battalion commander decided to take a gamble. We started under cover of darkness and pressed on in spite of great difficulties. By a stroke of luck, the temperature at night suddenly dropped to minus 20

degrees Celsius and the marsh froze over. Thanks to the cold weather, we arrived at our destination before dawn and began attacking the enemy from the rear. This turned the tide of the battle. The enemy, caught off guard, soon surrendered.

Unit Two Smart Cars

Vocabulary I.

1. 1) expansion 2) automated 3) vapor 4) take control of

5) hazards 6) satellite 7) vibrated 8) magnetic

9) bunched 10) in the air 11) got/was stuck in 12) approximately

2. 1) send out 2) stand up for 3) pass for 4) were closing in on

5) starting up 6) went through 7) fill out 8 ) fall into


1) … incorporates all the latest safety features

2) …two trees ten feet apart

3) … awarding lucrative contrac ts to his construction firm

4) … the prototype of a new model before they set up a factory to make the cars.

5) … are correlated in all racial groups


1) the application, remote, has turned into a reality, are poised to

2) that vibrate, can detect, frequency

3) lanes, are mounted in, alert a, hazard

II. Word Formation

Clipped Words:

kilo kilogram memo memorandum

gym gymnasium lib liberation

doc doctor vet veterinarian

prep preparatory auto automobile

flu influenza


Medicare medical care email electronic mail

comsat communications satellite newscast news broadcast

skyjack sky hijack Eurodollar European dollar

brunch breakfast and lunch telecast television broadcast

Oxbridge Oxford and Cambridge

III. Usage

4. disturbing change

5. fully developed prototype

6. Canned foods

7. working population 8. puzzling differences

Comprehensive Exercises

I. Cloze

1. 1) computerized 2) start up 3) be poised to 4) alert 5)hazards

6) monotonous 7) take control of 8) steer 9) lane 10) decrease

11) calculate 12) eliminate 13) getting stuck in 14) mounted

15) detect 16) vapor

2. 1) generates 2) related 3) revolutionized 4) enabled

5) opportunities 6) overall 7) manufacturing 8) dependent

9) interact 10) fatalities

II. Translation

1. 1) There was an unusual quietness in the air, except for the sound of artillery in the distance.

2) The expansion of urban areas in some African countries has been causing a significant fall

in living standards and an increase in social problem.

3) The research shows that atmospheric carbon dioxide levels are closely correlated with

global temperatures.

4) The frequency of the bus service has been improved from 15 to 12 minutes recently

5) The diver stood on the edge of the diving board, poised to jump at the signal from the


2. Automobiles have, since their invention, revolutionized transportation, changing forever the way people live, travel, and do business. On the other hand, they have brought hazards, especially highway fatalities. However, today the application of computer technology and electronic sensors in designing and manufacturing cars makes it possible to eliminate most of traffic accidents. For example, electronic sensors mounted in your car can detect alcohol vapor in the air and refuse to start up the engine. They can also monitor road conditions by receiving radio signals sent out from orbiting satellites and greatly reduce your chances of getting stuck in traffic jams.

Unit 3 Job Interview

Text Organization

Paragraphs Main Ideas

Paras1- 6 : An ill-prepared college graduate failed his interview.

Paras 7-27: Four pieces of advice on being a successful interviewee.

Paras 28-31 Make your own tracks in whatever you do.

2. Suggestions

1) Prepare to win. 2) Never stop learning.

3) Believe in yourself, even when no one else does.

4) Find a way to make a difference.


1) Michael Jordan 2) a 90-year-old tennis player

3) the four-minute mile, the New York Marathon and the Vietnam veteran. 4) a New York


Language Sense Enhancement

1. (1) checked with (2) interview (3) grill (4) clippings (5) be right for

(6) follow up (7) indicating(8)hand-delivered (9) prepared

(10) prospective



1. 1) rude 2) physically 3) structure 4) made a difference

5) blurted (out) 6) chuckling 7) measurable 8) prospective

9) preparations 10) sparkled 11) took a crack at 12) partner

2. 1) go after 2) look back at/on 3) be put up 4) stood for

5) build in 6) follow up 7) be hooked up to 8) closed up

3. 1) grilled her about where she had been all night

2) beyond Cinderella’s wildest dreams that she could one day dance in the King’s palace

3) will be in readers’ hands soon

4) do your homework before going on an interview.

5) was in the neighborhood of 150 dollars.

4. 1)applicants, veteran, the prospective

2)From his standpoint, has made every endeavor to go after

3) as the saying goes, to have a crack at, barely

II. Words with Multiple Meanings

1. behave

2. used to avoid repetition

3. Clean

4. get along

5. perform/complete

6. perform/complete

7. study 8. be enough 9. be acceptable

III. Usage

1. There is so much to say and it is hard to know where to begin. OK, I’ll talk about myself first.

2. Thank you very much, John, for your beautiful Christmas card. By the way, I have something here

for you.

3. The new computer language can be quite easily understood by anyone who can read the daily

newspaper. Now, why is this an advantage?

4. I’m going to work out the outline a nd will let you know how it goes. By the way, I will see you in

February, as I plan to attend your seminar in Shanghai.

5. OK, you got the job. Now, how to maximize your profits with as little effort as possible?

6. Chris is back from Australia. Incidentally, those pictures you sent me are wonderful.

Comprehensive Exercises

I. Cloze

1. (1) prospective (2) As I see it (3) relevant (4) beforehand

(5) endeavor (6) structure (7) partners (8) Respond

(9) take a crack (10) from the standpoint

(11) make a difference (12) follow up

2. (1) encouraging (2) inquiry (3) done your homework

(4) samples (5) references (6) advice

(7) preparing (8) seriously (9) probably (10) exhibit

II. Translation

1. 1) Despite the inadequate length of the airstrip in this emergency landing, the veteran pilot

managed to stop the plane after taxiing for only a short while.

2) Grilled by the reporters, the movie star eventually blurted (out) that she had undergone

two plastic surgeries.

3) We have the technology and our partner has the capital. Working together, we’ll have the

future in our hands.

4) If I had known beforehand that you would bring so many friends home, I would have

made better preparations. You see, I have barely enough food and drinks for a snack.

5) People gave generously upon learning that new school rooms with stronger structures

were to be built in the earthquake-stricken area.

2. Well begun, half done, as the saying goes. It is extremely important for a job applicant to do his homework while seeking employment. From my standpoint, whether or not one has done his homework clearly makes a difference in his chance of success. I have a friend who is earning somewhere in the neighborhood of 100,000 dollars a years in a large computer software company. He told me that from his own experience the decision makers who interview prospective employees like people who are well prepared. Those who make no endeavor to learn as much about his prospective employer as pos sible don’t have much of a chance of success.

Unit 4


I.1.advantageous; let alone; witnessing…vanishing; landmark; entitled; displace;

Established; patriotic…strengthen; contradictions; aspires; divorced; pend ulums

https://www.sodocs.net/doc/406559397.html,e to; dozed off; belived in; was set apart; take in; sucks in; clean up; turn away

3. 1) makes no/little difference whether we go there by train or by bus

2) overtaken General Motors as the world’s biggest car maker

3) at odds with his wife over money matters

4) been at the forefront of nanotechnology research

5) let alone cook a meal

4. a) is increasingly…to accelerate…their investment

b) economy…make an earnest…domestic…strike a balance between

c) a handful of…be endorsed by…on a large scale

II. Word Formation

WTO 世界贸易组织

GDP 国内生产总值



Computer-aided design

Information technology 信息技术

International direct dialing

Music television 音乐电视

International Olympic Committee

Very importment person 贵宾,大人物



III. Usage

1) An unusual present, a book on ethics, was given to Henry for his birthday.

2) The reason (he gave) that he didn’t notice the car till too late was unsatisfactory.

3) Football, his only interest in life, has brought him many friends.

4) Cloning had been raised as a possibility decades ago, then dismissed, something that

serious scientists thought was simply not going to happen anytime soon.

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