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大学英语阅读教程第一册练习答案(全)

Unit 1

I. Reading for information

1.B

2.D

3.B

4.C

5.A

6.C

II. Translation

1. 但是只要说上几句话,他的口音就很容易被辨认出来。

2. 他不会轻易发火,有一颗金子般的心,你很少能从他的嘴里听到攻击和批评别人的话。

3. 常言道:善行胜于善言。父亲的身教对我的影响远远超过了他的言传。

4. 面对生活的沧桑,大布鲁诺怎么能不提高嗓门,怎么能保持心气平和?难道力气这么大的人不该脾气也大吗?

5. 体育明星和歌星|、影星的确能够鼓舞人心,但是“英雄”这个头衔还是应该留给像我父

亲那样,为了自己所爱的人孜孜不卷地工作的人。

III. Summary

1.hard work, pays off

2.Big Bruno, strong in stature, a gentle spirit

3.most patient, slow to get angry, a heart of gold, a lot of friends

4. a role model, a true friend, a treasure

5.hero, does good, loves everyone, doesn’t expect anything, in return, work tirelessly, the good

race

Reading Strategies(1) Skimming and Scanning

I Skimming question 1 A

II Skimming question 2

A teacher should…

1.be pleasantly live and attractive

2.have a genuine capacity for sympathy

3.be both intellectually and morally honest

4.be mentally alert

5.be capable of infinite patience

6.have the kind of mind which always wants to go on learning.

III Scanning question 1 4. Classic Matches

大学英语阅读教程第一册练习答案(全)

Part II Reading for pleasure

I. Answer the following questions.

1. Kelly and the boy were neighbors as well as schoolmates. They used to be close friends, but Kelly turned her back on the boy while they were in middle school.

2. Kelly’s parents were getting a divorce. This made Kelly very sad. She was afraid that the divorce would damage her image and that she wouldn’t ever be able to recover. At that time the boy seemed to be the only person she could trust at school, the only one she could turn to. So Kelly kissed the boy.

3. Kelly wanted to prove that she wasn’t fond of the boy at all and that she despised him from the bottom of her heart. Thus she was able to keep her image at school.

4. The boy grew up to be a handsome young man. He had a lot of friends, both old and new. He became popular at school and he was more confident than before.

5. He thought that Kelly should try not to make herself feel better by putting others down.

Part III Homework

Passage 1 F T T F F

Passage 2 F T F T F

Passage 3 B A C A D

Passage 4 B A C B A

Unit 2

I.Reading for information

1. A

2. D

3. B

4. C

5. A

6. C

II. Translation

1.我当时19岁,是德克萨斯大学的学生,一帆风顺,正在实现我的“梦想”---成为一名整形外科医生。

2.她开始意识到我受了伤,但她并不了解、也无法想象我的伤势有多么严重。

3.莎朗在我受伤以后退了学,以便能随时守在我的身边。

4.是她的信念和爱帮助我度过了那么多黑暗的日子。

5.当我们健康、活泼、出色的女儿来到这个世上的时候,我禁不住流下了幸福和快乐的泪水。

II.Summary

●1978---Mike started a relationship with his sweetheart Sharon.

●Feb.17,1981, night---Mike got shot in the head during a convenience store robbery.

●Feb. 18, morning --- Mike had an operation.

● 2 weeks after the operation---Mike was moved from the ICU to a private room.

● 3 weeks after the operation---Mike was moved to Del Oro Rehabilitation Hospital in

Houston.

● 6 weeks after the operation---Mike’s right leg began to move.

●7 weeks after the operation---Mike’s right arm began to move.

●8 weeks after the operation--- Mike uttered his first few words.

●Fall, 1983---Mike returned to the University of Texas.

●June 1986--- Mike graduated with highest honors.

●After graduation---Mike went on with a master’s degree in social work and got a full-time

job in the Texas Pain and Street Center.

●May 24, 1987--- Mike and Sharon got married.

●3:10 p.m, July 11, 1990--- Mike’s daughter Shawn was born.

Part II Reading for pleasure

Exercises

I. Answer the following questions.

1. That day the author’s father gave him 50 cents to get a haircut. In order to save money, he decided to go to Prof. Amoroso, the barber academy downtown, where a haircut cost only 15 cents. He hitched a ride on the back of an ice wagon. When he hopped off the ice cart in front of the barber academy, he was run over by a huge old-fashioned trolley car and lost his left leg.

2. With the artificial leg, he did not walk around like everyone else. Even after weeks of stumbling, aching, cursing and weeping, he still was not able to walk around like other ordinary people. He swayed and dragged like those who had a wooden leg.

3. A teenager wants more than anything else in life to look, act, and be treated like all other teenagers.

4. Because the street corner was a totally different world to him. There he was a totally different guy. As long as he stayed in one place, the girls he stared at and whistled at treated him like any other street-corner-wise guy.

5. Because she wanted the boy to pick up so that they could have a chance to get to know each other. Besides, she also had an artificial leg and she wanted to hide that from the boy.

Part III Homework

Passage 1 F F T T F

Passage 2 T F T F T

Passage 3 C B D C D

Passage 4 C C D B C

Unit 3

Part I Working Christmas Day

I.Reading for information

A.Reading to find main ideas

1. C

2. A

B.Reading to find major details

3. D

4. A

C.Reading to find relevant facts

5. B

6. D

II.Translation

1.医院里很安静,只有围在护士站那儿的护士们在抱怨圣诞节还要上班。

2.这情景有些不大对头。

3.这一家人竟在圣诞节找地方取暖,这使那些正在抱怨着圣诞节还要上班的护士们不由得

起了恻隐之心。

4.所有的护士都行动了起来,就跟我们处理紧急医疗情况一样。

5.我的同事们都站在那里,其中一个拿着一盒纸巾,递给每一个护士。她们永远也不会忘

记这个在工作中度过的圣诞节。

III.Summary

A.Complete the following statements with words and expressions from the box. Use their proper

forms.

1.grumbling about ; emergency room

2.triage nurse; petite

3.something wrong; preliminary questions

4.compassion; went into action

5.banquet; meal; hospital cafeteria; crayons; clipped onto

6.locate; shelter

READING STRATEGIES (2): Guessing Unknown Words

I.Read the following sentences and guess the meaning of the highlighted words.

1.famished:非常饥饿的

2.flipper:游泳时套在脚上的鳍状橡皮脚蹼

3.shred:碎片, 细条

4.trudge:跋涉, 吃力地走

5.lintel:门楣

6.gaudy:俗丽的, 没有品位的

7.sallow: 灰黄色的, 菜色的

8.surreptiously:偷偷地

9.goggle:瞪大眼睛看

10.pillion:摩托车的后座

II.Read the following text and guess the meaning of the highlighted words and expressions.

1.baggy pants:肥大而松垂的裤子

2.fall flat:失败

3.cripple:使陷入瘫痪

4.shapeless:不成样子的

5.flap:摆动

6.wink:眨眼

7.smirk:假笑

8.ribald:粗鄙的, 下流的

9.wisecrack:俏皮话

10.get sb. down:使…沮丧

11.plant one on:给了…一拳

12.intervene:调停,干涉

13.suspend:暂令停职

14.reinstate:使复职

Part II Reading for pleasure

I Answer the following questions.

1.The author was put into a Nazi concentration camp because he was a Jew.

2.At the time an apple was an expression of life and love, which gave the author courage to

live on.

3.No, they just exchanged a few words occasionally but didn’t tell each other their name.

4.The author met the girl again at a blind date many years later in the U.S.

5.He wanted to honor her and tell her what he felt for her in his heart every day.

Part III Homework

Passage 1 F F T F F

Passage 2 F F T F T

Passage 3 B D B C B

Passage 4 C A D B D

Unit 4

I. Reading for information

1. B

2. C

3. D

4. A

5. C

6. D

II. Translation

1.我在牌桌上赢了300美元。通常我是钱烧口袋漏,一有就不留,可我当

时却怎么也摆脱不了那种巨大的悲哀。

2.这一天的大部分时间里,我神思恍惚,在欢笑的人群中漫无目的地游荡。

3.我能听到那无可奈何的叹息—流露出爸爸买不起玩具火车,只好强忍

失望的心情。

4.看得出来,他非常勤劳,但累死累活也只能勉强糊口。他明白自己无法

满足家人的所有需要。

5.在赶往车站搭车返回基地的路上,我意识到那些令人心烦的疑虑已经烟

消云散了。

III. Summary

1.in a mental fog; I couldn’t shake an overwhelming sadness;

2. a boy outside a department store; two electric trains chugging through a

miniature, snow-covered town;

3.the same longing; the same desperate hoping;

4. a hard-working man; couldn’t give his family all they wanted;

5.getting the trains put together and set up; make the boy’s dream come

true;

6.what the war and the fighting was about; a place of dreams;

a place of dreamers who had the faith and the will to make dreams come

true.

Part II Reading for pleasure

Exercises

I Answer the following questions.

1.She was a career woman before the author was born.

2.Her mother made her believe that she was the only important thing she had on

her mind.

3.Because no matter how easily the author delivered her lines at home, she

forgot every word when she stepped onstage.

4.She made her understand that every flower gave pleasure in its own way and

there was no shame in not being a princess.

5.She learned that life is not savored in pre-measured increments, but in the sum

of daily rituals and small pleasures we casually share with loved ones.

Part III Homework

Passage 1 T F T T F

Passage 2 F F T T F

Passage 3 C D D C B

Passage 4 C B B B C

Unit 5

Part I. Reading for information

I. 1. D 2. B 3.C 4.D 5.A 6.D

II. Translation

1.玛丽亚很小的时候就有一种坚定的使命感。

2.于是,玛丽亚求助于罗马当时最有权力的人---教皇利奥十三世。1893年,玛丽亚成为意

大利有史以来第一位医科女学生。

3.玛丽亚的演讲如此精彩,令在场听众都为之惊叹。大家热烈鼓掌、欢呼,其中甚至包括

她的父亲,而他原来是不想来的。

4.蒙泰索里到罗马各个精神病院巡诊,并对治疗弱智儿童产生了兴趣。她为孩子们的生活

条件深感不安。

5.蒙泰索里的学生们表现非常出色,甚至还通过了针对同龄的正常孩子们的国家考试。III. Summary

1.female doctor, a famous educator, science and medicine, the Montessori method, young

children

2.technical studies, shocked her parents, determined to follow her dream

3.exciting but difficult, had a lot of willpower, give up

4. a psychiatric clinic, the treatment of mentally retarded children, these children were hopeless

5.lectured at training centers, wrote several books, stopped working, determination,

independence, hardwork, education

Unit 6

Part I Reading for pleasure

I. 1. D 2. B 3. D 4. A 5. B 6. C

II.Translation

1.他会对警察保留那些细节——只告诉他这女人干了什么,以及皮夹里有些什么东西。

2.她瞟了他一眼,似乎根本不认识他。

3.你们这些家伙怎么老想这个,我们女孩子难道是迷路的猫狗,你们随随便便就能搞到

手?

4.他很得意自己有了“摸走”这个词,他觉得这个字眼比“偷走”、“盗走”,甚至“掏走”

听上去更加妥帖。

5.虽然释去了重负,但他觉得从今以后自己看到警察都会有犯罪感,在女人们面前都会难

为情了。

III.Summary

1.the ticket counter, a leather coat

2. a cocktail bar, catches sight of, a blonde girl, a Travellers Aid counter

3. a magazine, becomes aware, jostling, blushes

4.lifted, back pocket

5. a front window, hand her over

6.wrong, bolts

7.has stolen

Part II Reading for pleasure

I Answer the following questions.

1.It is not a human but a rat.

2.Because people in this neighborhood are careless and unobservant and it is always easy

for him to find plenty of food.

3.Though he likes them and thinks they are like gods, he sometimes feels a little distainful

of their careless wastefulness.

4.Because the cat is too fat and complacent to exert itself to chase away intruders like him.

5.Never get too self-conceited like the thief in the story, otherwise you will one day pay for

it.

Part III Homework

Passage 1 F T F F T

Passage 2 F F F F F

Passage 3 D A D D C

Passage 4 A B C B B

Unit 7

Part I Reading for Information

I. Reading for information

1. C

2. D

3. B

4. A

5. C

6. A

II. Translation

Translate the following sentences into Chinese.

1. 当时录音机还没有自动启停功能,要一边手动调控录音机一边打字,这活做起来太难了。

2. 我每星期都会收到完美的打印稿,我从中提取了足够的好素材完成了我的第一本书。

3. 我欣然同意,五点整如约到达约定地点。

4. 我被领到一间温馨的小屋,只见一位年轻姑娘坐在轮椅上,她的头扭向了一边,脸部扭曲,身体微微地抽搐着,双手紧紧地夹在膝间。

5. 此后,她一如既往,真诚奉献,生活充实,从不动摇。虽然她的每个动作都要靠脚来完成,靠她那发自内心的幽默来支撑。

III. Summary

A. Complete the following statements with information from the text.

1.Dr. Curtis has been looking someone to transcribe his Sunday speeches, but could

find no one because transcribing directly from the tape was too much to handle. 2.However, a letter from Mary Louise came out of the blue, saying she would

transcribe the tape recording because she wanted to share the inspirations she got from Dr. Curtis.

3.Although Dr. Curtis insisted that he deliver the tape personally, Mary declined his

request. Dr. Curtis felt puzzled by the mystery of the arrangement but he happily went along with it.

4.Dr. Curtis had no personal contact with his transcribing angel until one year later

when he was invited to Mary’s home where he found the truth that Mary had been spastic since birth.

5.Mary continued to type the transcription for several years and never asked for

reward. She lived a full and dedicated life of service and was regarded as the most beautiful soul.

Reading strategies(4)

I.

1. I need a drink.

2. Politicians often lie.

3. I love my girlfriend.

4. If you don’t eat, you’ll die.

5. Maths is difficult.

6. The bill/check, please.

7. British weather is changeable.

8. Shut up.

II. Page 133

Stan Murch stood in front of the Hilton. A Chrysler imperial pulled into the driveway and stopped at the entrance. Murch held the door for the driver and asked him to leave the keys in the car. The man did so and got out. As Murch was about to get in, the

man stopped him and gave him a dollar bill. Murch thanked him and then drove away. He was very happy because it wasn’t every day a man gave you a tip for stealing his car.

Part II Reading for pleasure

Page 138 exercises

1.Despite her blindness, the author’s mother never fails to amaze her children

with her knowledge of what is going on around her. For them she seems to know everything.

2.The moment she touched the dead bird, she screamed and drew back her hand

immediately. Then she ordered the author and the bird outside and admonished her never to let her touch such a thing again.

3.She was aware of the dog’s presence because she heard its toenails clicking

on the bedroom floor.

4.She was trying to tell her children that she knew everything about them and

loved them, the way every mother knew and loved their children. Besides, she wanted to show her children that she was also rearing them with her mind’s eye.

5.This is because her mother is great. She knows that a blind person can also

have dignity, character, wisdom, as well as a great love and devotion for her family. The author is in fact proud of her mother.

Part III Homework

Passage 1 1. F 2. T 3. F 4. T 5. T

Passage 2 6. F 7. F 8. F 9. T 10. T

Passage 3 11. C 12. B 13. D 14. B 15. A

Passage 4 16. C 17. B 18. D 19. C 20. A

Unit8

I.Reading for information

1.D

2.C

3.B

4.A

5.A

6.D

II.Translation

1.在电脑面前,她偶尔会懊丧,甚至把它当人一样诅咒,不过大多数时候,他还是挺安静

的。

2.在我教育孩子的资源排行榜上,电脑要远低于好书。

3.读书的体验是根本无法用数字技术来复制的。

4.书本可以代代相传,而且也不需要接通电源,而电脑代码只需几年就会落伍。

5.我坚信儿童教育的最佳途径是阅读大量的书籍,并在此过程中与慈爱的父母不断地交流

互动。

III. Summary

Advantages of books Disadvantages of computers

intensely personal intensely impersonal, depersonalizing

real with tangible joy of turning pages imaginary, cold

providing a palpable peacefulness providing physical instead of spiritual

peace

sharpening the lines of reality dulling the lines of reality

generating a(n) emotional warmth generating only a physical warmth that

that lasts for a lifetime quickly dissipates when the thing is turned off leaving memories of a shared experience leaving no memories of shared experience

full of personal interaction, reflecting having no interaction with real

parental love, and bringing family people, only flashing, flickering

closeness images on a screen

ideal source of childhood education a cyber-wasteland of wasted time

no need to be plugged in computer code becoming outdated

within a few years

Part II Reading for pleasure

Page 157 exercises

1.Mrs. Rene was fond of bragging about what her child had and could and would

accomplish.

2.Mrs. Rene had a late start to the adventures of motherhood. She gave birth to Stacy when

she was 40. And the little girl proved to be smarter than even the mother had imagined, and amazed friends and relatives with an impressive display of her intellectual talents.

3.Mrs. Pillai was a Train Examiner.

4.She was fined because she had bought her daughter Stacy only a half ticket while a full

ticket was required of her since she was already a seventh-grader.

5.The irony lies in the fact that Stacy was herself guilty of the offence described and that

her showing off led to her being found out.

Part III Homework

Passage 1 1. F 2. T 3. F 4. T 5. T

Passage 2 6. F 7. F 8. F 9. T 10. F

Passage 3 11. D 12. C 13. B 14. A 15. C

Passage 4 16. B 17. C 18. D 19. B 20. A

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