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1.这种植物只有在培育它的土壤中才能很好地成长(other than)

The plant does not grow well in soils other than the one in which it has been developed.

2.研究结果表明,无论我们白天做了什么事,晚上都会在大约两小时做梦(may have done )

Research findings show that we spend about two hours dreaming every night, no matter what we may have done during the day.

3.有些人往往责怪别人没有尽最大的努力,一次来为自己的失败辩护。(justify sth by)

Some people tend to justify their failure by blaming others for not trying their best.

4.我们终于我们的承诺:凡答应做的,我都会做到。(remain true to)

We remain tree to our commitment: Whatever we promised to do; we would do it.

5.连贝多芬的父亲都不相信自己的儿子日后有一天可能成为世界上最伟大的音乐家。爱迪生也同样如此,她的老师觉得他似乎过于迟钝(discount;be true of)

Even Beethoven's father discounted the possibility that his son would one day become the greatest musician in the world. The same is true of Edison, who seemed to his teacher to be quite dull.

6.当局控告他们威胁国家安全。(accuse sb of sth)

They were accused by authorities of threatening the state security.


1.要是这部戏剧中的人物更幽默些话,就会吸引更多的观众。(if…had+past participate,would have done )

If the characters in this comedy had been more humorous,it would have attracted a larger audience.

2. 她从未对自己的能力失去信心,因此他可能成为一名成功的演员。(it is possibility to)

She has never lost faith in her own ability, so it is a possibility for her to become a successful actress.

3. 我从未受过正式的培训,我只是边干边学。(go along)

I never had formal training,I just learned as I went along·

4. 随着产品进入国际市场,他们的品牌知名度越来越高了。(find one’s way into)

As their products find their way into the international market,their brand is gaining in popularity.

5. 她可以编造一个故事,说自己被窃贼打昏,所有的钱都没了,但他怀疑自己是否能让这个故事听起来可信。(make up)

She could make up a story by saying she was knocked unconscious by thieves and that all her money was gone,but she doubted whether she could make it sound believable.

6. 谁都不清楚他是否故意推迟了这次访问,可是这引起了对他更多的批评。(on purpose)

No one was certain whether he postponed the visit on purpose, but this brought more criticism of him.

1. 据报道有七八位官员收受贿赂,市长决定亲自出马调查这件事。(be reported to;look into)

Seven or eight officials are reported to have taken bribes and the mayor has decided to look into the affair in person.

2. 这些工人后悔当时接受管理部门的意见重新回去工作。现在他们再次面临失业的危险了。(regret doing sth;yield to;be faced to)

These workers regret yielding to the management's advice and going back to work. Now they are again faced with the threat of losing their jobs.

3. 你只需填写一张表格就可以取得会员资格,她可以使你在买东西时享受打折的优惠。(fill out)

Y ou only need to fill out a form to get your membership, which entitles you to a discount on goods.

4. 不知为什么他们的汽车在半路上坏掉了,结果他们比原计划晚到了三个小时。(break down)

Their car broke down halfway for no reason. As a result they arrived three hours later than they had planned.

5.那位官员卷入一场丑闻,数周后被迫辞职。(get involved in)

The official got involved in a scandal and was forced to resign weeks later. 6. The man living on welfare began to build up his own market, one step at a time and his business is thriving.

6.这个靠救济过日子的人开始慢慢建立起自己的市场,生意日渐兴隆。(build up;one step at a time)

The man live on welfare began to build up his own market ,one step at a time and his business thriving.

Unit 4

1.我父母不是对我的教育的投资,而是把钱花在了买新住房上。(rather than)

Rather than invest in my education, my parents spent their money on a new house.

2. 如今,人们用于休闲娱乐的开支是过去的两倍(twice as …as)

Today, people are spending twice as much on entertainment and relaxation as they did in the past.

3.一家公司要成功,他必须跟上市场的发展。(keep peace with)

In order to be successful, a business must keep pace with developments in the marketplace. 4. 与申请这个职位的其他女孩相比,他流利的英语是个优势。(give an advantage over)

Her fluency in English gave her an advantage over other girls for the job.

5.对于学生而言,没有任何地方比图书馆更好了,在那里所有的图书都任由他们使用。(at one’s disposal)

For students, nowhere is better than the library, where all the books are at their disposal.

6. 我们要充分的利用好这个平台,加强交流,拓展合作领域,公谋发展大计。(make use of)

We should make full use of the platform to strengthen communication, expand cooperation in more areas and seek further development through joint efforts.

1. 这位小个子男子并不如他看上去那么单纯。(not so…as)

This little man is not so innocent as he appears.

2. 对这个问题我已束手无策了,所以你不妨去求助于王教授吧。(might as well)

There's nothing I can do about the problem, so you might as well turn to Professor Wang for help.

3. 双方高度评价了不同领域合作取得的成果,并希望合作进一步加深。(speak highly of)

Both sides speak highly of the fruits in their cooperation in different areas, and hope that the cooperation can be furthered.

4. 一方面,亲民形象能使新政策更易于被民众接受,另一方面,她也能“广直言之路,启进善之门”。(on the one hand , on the other hand)

On the one hand, an image of being close to the people can get a new policy more easily accepted. On the other hand, it will "encourage people to speak their minds and come up with constructive suggestions".

5. 他孤独地感觉时起时落,他有时会对自己、对宠物、对电视唠叨不休。(rise and fall,at length)

His sense of loneliness rose and fell and he sometimes would talk at length to himself and his pets and the television.

6. 毕竟,金钱不是万能的,最富有的人不一定是最幸福的。(after all)

After all, money is not everything. The richest people are not necessarily the happiest.

Unit 6

1. 假设你发现了你自己的同事受贿,你会不会无动于衷呢?(Use “suppose”as aconjunction) Suppose you found out that your colleague takes bribes, would you just ignore it?

2. 如此固执,我们已对他失望了。别跟他争论一点意义都没有。(give up on;it is+adjective+to do/thaet-claus)

We've given up on him because he is so stubborn. It is pointless to argue with him.

3.他突然想到了一个加速实验进程的好办法,但组里的成员却对此意见不一。(hit upon;speed up)

He hit upon a good method to speed up the progress of the experiment, but opinions differed among members of the group on it.

4. 今天我能够使自己的职业与兴趣相符,之前我是做不到的。(square…with)

Today I'm able to square my profession with my interest, which I wasn't able to do before.

5. 要成为一名驾驶员,视觉上分辨红色与绿色的能力是必不可少的。(distinguish between) The ability to visually distinguish between red and green is essential to becoming a driver.

6. The team consisted of seven people who met on a regular basis to share their information with each other.

6.这个组由七个人组成,他们经常见面,分享彼此的信息。(consist on)

The team consisted of seven people who met on a regual basis to share their information with each other.

1. 这些科学家在创建基因图谱的过程中体会到:合作不仅仅是一种有吸引力的选择,它还是一种责任。(more than)

In the process of creating the genetic map, these scientists realized that cooperation was more than an attractive option; it was a responsibility.

2. 他们的研究发现简直就是一个奇迹。由于他们的发现,人们对基因的历史有了新的了解。(nothing less than;shed light on)

Their research findings were nothing less than a miracle. As a result of their findings, new light has been shed on the history of human genes.

3.事实上,只有勤奋加方法得当才能使你在学习上比他人更有优势。(in combination with;give advantage over)

In fact, only hard work in combination with proper methods will give you an advantage over others.

4. 法官说这种惩罚将起到杀一儆百的作用。(sever as)

The judge said the punishment would serve as a warning to others. (be confined with)

5. 感染的危险只限于那些与病人有亲密接触的人。

The risk of infection is confined to those who have close contact with the patients.

6. 从这一分析中我们可以更好地知道发生了什么以及要做些什么。(in the better position to do)

From such an analysis we are in a better position to understand what has happened and what to do about it.

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