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新编大学英语Book 4 第三版课后答案

Unit 1

Vocabulary 1

1)entertaining / entertainment / entertained /entertainer

2)recognizable / recognized / recognition

3)tempting / temptation / tempt

4)reasoned /reasoning / reasonable / reason

5)analyzed / analytical /analyst /nanlysis

6)valuable / valuation / valued values /value

7)humorist / humor /humorous /humorist

8)understandable /understanding /understand /misunderstand


1)Lively behavior is normal_for a four-year-old child. (活泼的举止是正常的)

2)Fast cars appeal to John, but he can’t afford one. (速度快的车对······有吸引力)

3) Dave required a lot of time to study the diverse argument. (多种多样的论据)

4) I asked my boss for clarification, and she explained the project to me again.


5) Photographic film is very sensitive to light. (对光很敏感)

6)Mutual encouragement can be a great help, especially in the early days. (互相鼓励)

7) Jimmy cried when people made fun of him. (拿他开玩笑)

8) John won’t give up. He persists in his opinion. (坚持他的观点)

9) Ted always wants to be the focus/center of attention. (成为注意的焦点)

10) Is it cheaper if we buy our tickets in advance? (我们提前买票)

Unit 2


1.However the main drawback with this type of search engine(这种搜素引擎的主要缺陷) is its tendency to include too much information.

2. She is very generous with her time(她从不吝惜自己的时间)--- always ready to help other people.

3. You may have known someone else for 20 years and yet they will never be more than a casual acquaintance (他们永远只是泛泛之交).

4. He doubted that the car was hers (他怀疑这车不是她的)because everyone knew she had no money.

5. It’s impossible to forget such horrible events---they will remain in the memory forever (它们会永远留在记忆中).

6. In a world too often filled with uncertainties (在这样一个常常充满各种不确定性的世界上), it is nice to have a safety net, something you can rely on.

7. The earthquake happened a year ahead of the prediction by the research group (比该研究小组的预报提前了一年), but earthquakes are usually difficult to predict.

8. I don’t mind being awakened once or twice in the middle of the n ight by my roommate so long as she doesn’t make a habit of it(只要她不养成习惯).

Unit 3

Vocabulary 1.

1) New genetic tests for other dread diseases are appearing almost every day.

2) When teachers assign homework, students usually feel an obligation to do it.

3) After her illness, she had become noticeably thinner.

4) I cannot support a policy of which I have never approved.

5) “Bias against girls in not something new; it has existed for a long time in our history,”she argued.

6) No one can function properly if they are deprived of adequate sleep.

7) The local authority decided that the present housing conditions constituted a risk for the mother and baby.

8) The president’s participation in the economic summit (首脑会议)is seen as vital to its success.

9) Perhaps he had slightly misled them, but it was quite unintentional.

10) Funding a course is one of the most challenging things people face when considering postgraduate study.

1. …carry over into personal life.

2. …calling on the boys more often.

3. …getting all the laundry put away…

4. …has fallen behind academically.

5. …who’s going to take over…

Unit 4


1) I think it is up to him to finish the work no matter how long it takes.(-9/7)

2) We decoded to sacrifice a trip for a new car , though it was really hard for us to make the decision.(5/6)

3) He tried not to involve his wife in the management of the company , because in the most cases the advantages outweighed the disadvantages.(2/8)

4) It is vital (of vital importance) to future generations that open spaces and parklands are protected and maintained to a high standard to keep the city increasingly attractive.(3/1)

5) We have reached the agreement at the meeting that the key to this problem is better planning. (1/1)

6) I propose pursuing this question further by considering critically the four theories well-known in this area.(8/2)

7) The house was a completely original design ---neither the interior nor the exterior was copies of any existing buildings of the kind.(-2/5)

8) Through all his life he has made efforts to promote the mutual understanding between the two countries. (2/6)

Unit 5

V ocabulary1

1)necessity / necessary / necessarily

2)disagreement / disagreed / disagreeable

3)decisive / decision / decide

4)choosy / choice / chose

5)led / lead / leading

6)perfect /perfection /perfected

7)determination /determine /determined

8)assist / assistance /assistant

9)imagination / imaginative / imaginary / imaginable / imagined

10)scared /scary /scared

11)tolerable / tolerant / tolerance / tolerate

12)expectant / expected / expectations

V ocabulary2

1) Don’t lie to him. He is bound to find out about it.

2) The mine-workers went on strike, and the railroad unions threatened to follow their lead.

3) He told us that he would take the place of his father in the company for a while.

4) It is all very well to be frugal(节约的), but he goes too far / is going too far .

5) I haven’t seen that student of mine for some time. Do you think she’s dropped out?

6) Your mother would have a fit if she knew you were here.

7) Let’s face it. We won’t win whatever we do.

8) These products measure up to the national standards

9) When we were young, we were taught to look up to the police.

10) My father can make anything: chairs, tables, cupboards—you name it.


1. One of the reasons they became good friends…

2. …not by f ollowing the footsteps of others.

3. …which means he’ll miss the World Cup…

4. …whether to say she missed him very much or to continue to keep silent.

5. …the days when she was a little girl living with her dad in the country.

6.No matter how insignificant the findings were at the time…

7. Constantly being criticized by parents …

8. The danger of going too far…

Unit 6


1. 1)sensible 2)relative 3) mechanism 4)requires 5) eliminate 6) crash 7)accordingly

8) exposure 9) ratio 10) partial


1)He was finally offered the job on the strength of his good memory and the many exams he had passed.

2) She favors a bit of adventures as well as a certain degree of self-government when her children’s education is concerned.

3) Most people who are sick with AIDS want to stay at home rather than spend time unnecessarily in hospital.

4) What if I choose to give small amounts of money regularly over a period of time instead of donating a large sum once for all.

5) I am afraid, Mr. Peterson, the answer is that we have to be more efficient than our European competitors.

6) The museum does not intend to focus on a particular aspect of modern art, but prefers to offer material for the public to study and compare.

7) She has decided not to go for a drive on such a windy day even supposing a car was available.

8) I am well aware the fact that you have cut yourself off from your past and have started a totally new life.

Unit 7

1) No one can function properly if he or she is deprived of adequate sleep.

2) John and Mary stayed together only for the sake of the children.

3) If I thought I could get away with it I wouldn’t pay any taxes at all.

4) Bill dropped out of high school at the age of 16 when his parents died in a car accident.

5) I should warn you, Miss Gray. This is by no means the first time you have been late.

6) Don’t you think it’s time we got down to business?

7) The light is so dim that I cannot distinguish one speaker from another.

8) I like to look back on my high school days, which were among the happiest in my life.

9) We could tell that Robert had gone through a very difficult time.

10) She shouldn’t be working so hard? She is 70, _after all__ .

11) I didn’t enjoy marking these papers and I was glad to be rid of them.

12) I’d rather not go to the dance on my own; I do wish you’d come with me. Translation:

1)…will leave no record/won’t leave a record on students’ transcript…

2)…when confronting /facing difficulty.

3)…beyond the deadline.

4) …to toss the report on the desk.

5) …unlearning all the bad habits…

6) …deprived the house of light.

7) …pop into your mind…

8) …budget his time…

9) …were supposed to be secrets/confidential…

10) …are due this Friday.

Unit 8


? 1. Our modern world seems to live by the principle that seeing is believing.

? 2. Regular exercises strengthens the heart, thereby/thus reducing the risk of heart attack.

? 3. Watched over by guards with guns, they raised their legs in unison and made their way to the edge of the highway.

? 4. He had to walk up and down in front of an office half a dozen times before he could summon up enough courage to open the door.

? 5. The firm had never hired an unmarried lawyer, and it frowned heavily upon divorce./opposed strongly against divorce.

? 6. Scientists are on the brink of making a major discovery.

?7. A young person who has finished the course will be given priority over those who have not.

?8.The more comfortable people are in their roles and relationships, the harder/the more difficult it is to adjust to changes.

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