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大学英语1教材课后答案

Unit 1

Vocabulary

1.Fill in the gaps with words…….

1). Respectable 2).agony 3).put down 4).sequence

5).hold back 6).distribute 7).off and on 8).vivid

9).associate 10).finally 11).turn in/out 12).tackle

2. Rewrite each sentence……

1)…has been assigned to the newspaper’s Paris office.

2)….was so extraordinary that I didn’t know whether to

believe him or not.

3)….a clear image of how she would look in twenty years’

time.

4)….gave the command the soldiers opened fire.

3. Complete the sentences…

1).reputation; rigid; to inspire

2).and tedious; What’s more; out of date ideas

3).compose; career; avoid showing; hardly hold back

Ⅱ. Synonyms in Context

https://www.sodocs.net/doc/4715024712.html,posed

2.severe

3.agony

4.extraordinary

5.recall

https://www.sodocs.net/doc/4715024712.html,mand

7.was violating

8.anticipate

Ⅲ.Collocation

1.at

2.for

3.of

4.with

5.as

6.about

7.to 8.in; in 9.from 10.on/upon Comprehensive Exercises

Ⅰ.Cloze Text-related

(1).hold back

(2).tedious (3).scanned

(4).recall (5).vivid (6).off and on (7).turn out/in (8).career Theme-related (1).last (2).surprise (3).pull (4).blowing (5). dressed (6).scene

(7).extraordinary

(8).image (9).turn (10).excitement

Ⅱ.Translation

1.As it was a formal dinner party, I wore formal dress, as Mother told me to.

2.His girlfriend advised him to get out of/get rid of his bad habit of smoking before it took hold.

3.Anticipating that the demand for electricity

will be high during the next few months, they have decided to increase its production.

4.It is said that Bill has been fired for continually violating the company’s safety rules./Bill is said to have been fired for continually violating

the company’s safety rules.

5.It is reported that the government has taken proper measures to avoid the possibility of a severe water shortage./ The local government is reported to have taken proper measures to avoid the

possibility of a severe water shortage.

Susan lost her leg because of/in a car accident. For a time, she didn’t know how to face up to the fact that she would never (be able to) walk again.

One day, while scanning(through) some magazines, a true story caught her eye/she was attracted by a true story. It gave a vivid description of

how a disabled girl became a writer. Greatly inspired, Susan began to feel that she, too, would finally be able to lead a useful life.

Unit 2

Vocabulary

Ⅰ. 1.Fill in the gaps with…

1).absolutely 2).available 3).every now and then 4).are urging/urged 5).destination 6).mostly 7).hangs out 8).right away 9).reunion

10).or something

11).estimate 12).going ahead

2. Rewrite each sentence with…

1)….in the examination was still on his mind.

2)….completely chocked up by the sight of his team losing in the final minutes of the game.

3)….was so lost in study that she forgot to have dinner.

4)….Something has come up and I am afraid I won’t be able to accomplish the project on time.

5)…. of equipping the new hospital was estimated at$2 million.

3. Complete the sentences, using…

1). were postponed; the awful; is estimated 2). reference; not available; am kind of 3). not much of

a teacher; skip; go ahead

II. Collocation 1. to 2. for 3.at 4.from 5.in 6. to;on 7.on 8.with

III. Usage 1.more or less 2. kind of/sort of 3.Something 4.kind of/sort of

5.more or less

6.or something

Comprehensive Exercises

Ⅰ. Cloze 1.Text-related (1).choked up (2).awful (3).practically (4).neighborhood (5).correspondence( 6).available (7).destination (8).reunion (9). Mostly (10). postponing (11).absolutely

2.Theme-related(1).how (2). savings (3). embarrassment (4).phone (5).interrupted (6).touch

(7). Envelope( 8).signed (9).message (10).needed

Translation

1. Half an hour had gone by, but the last bus hadn’t come yet. We had to walk home.

2. Mary looks as if she is very worried about the Chinese exam because she hasn’t learned the texts by hear t.

3. Since the basketball match has been postponed, we might as well visit the museum.

4. He stayed in Australia with his parents al the way through World War II.

5. Since I graduated from Nanjing University in 1985, I have kind of lost touch with my classmates.

It is not easy to keep in touch with friends when they are far away. This is certainly true in my case.

It has been a couple of years sine I left my old neighborhood and all the friends I had there. I’ve been meaning to write to them but something or other comes up and I just don’t seem to find the time. They are always on my mind, however, and I think I will certainly make an effort to keep up correspondence with them in future.

Unit 3

Vocabulary

Ⅰ1. Fill in the gaps with…

1). brief 2). in terms of 3). cut off 4). tend 5). anyway 6). precise

7). in the form of 8). initiative 9). convey

10). in two minds

11).concept 12).grasp

2. Rewrite each sentence with…

1)…has ensured their team a place in the Cup Final. 2)….medical worker s’responsibility to heal the wounded and rescue the dying.

3)….entertainas well as

educate the leader.

4)….can do without air and water.

5)….is likely to be held in June.

3. Complete the sentences…

1). lies in; contact bwtween

2). basis of; is likely; sufficient; at the moment 3). the steady; ensures; will be highly

Ⅱ.Word Formation

1.regained

2. undecided

3.

undersupplied 4. disabled

5. precondition

6. foresight

7. mispronounced

8. Enrich

Ⅲ. Antonyms

1.略

https://www.sodocs.net/doc/4715024712.html,plete the sentences by…

1).majority 2).accepted

3).increased

4).weaknesses

5).local 6).late 7).wrong 8).false Comprehensive Exercises

ⅠCloze 1.Text-related (1).highly (2).bring about (3).evident (4).rate (5).sufficient (6).put across (7).proportion (8).Hence (9).ensure

2.Theme-related (1).understand (2). travel (3).practical (4).use(5). Another (6).likely (7).affect

(8).development (9).supply (10).Someday

Ⅱ.Translation

1.As it predicted by scientists, global pollution has been one of the most serious problems

humans are faced with.

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