It distressed me a great deal to hear the news that he had suffered repeated failure.
2.他虽然失去了老板的欢心，但仍然装出一副高兴的样子。（assume）He assured an air for cheerfulness, even though he lost favor with his boss.
Gulliver met with extraordinary adventures and saw a strange assortment of people.
He will be furious with you if you repeat the same mistake.
We were all greatly drawn by his frank views, humorous words and genial manner.
After cheers and applause died down, the Nobel Prize Winner began his speech.
with the crowd）
He is gifted with a sore of insight and foresight, so he rarely runs with the crowd.
8.我发现现实毕竟是非常严酷的，一个人难以完全按照自己的理想去生活。（live up to）
I feel realities are after all very harsh, so one can hardly live up entirely to his ideals.
My immediate boss is a typical workaholic, for he works for over ten hours each day all the year round.
The principal attaches much importance to extracurricular activities and he believes that they will help to cultivate students' tremendous interest in the external world.
He always grabs a shower, a sandwich and then a taxi to go to work every Monday morning.
4.既然你要离开公司了，你要在本周内清算账目。（straighten out）Since you are leaving the company, you should straighten out the accounts within the week.
He often stays up late at night in order to finish writing his Ph.D dissertation on time.
Nothing can replace the profoundest love lodged in one's heart of hearts.
He is considered a natural for the post of the president, for he has been an excellent vice-president for almost ten years.
He is just too common to be picked out from the crowd.
1、这所大学是世界上历史最悠久的高等学府之一。（venerable）The university is one of the most venerable institutions of higher learning in the world.
If one is deficient in practical experience, he can hardly make himself a success with only what he has acquired in class.
I felt exasperated by constant interruptions, for I had to finish writing the monograph by the end of this week.
4、他认为用就问题来写一个当代的主题是滑稽可笑的。（ludicrous）He feels that it is ludicrous to write on a contemporary theme in an ancient style.
The Bund in Shanghai was a place where young couples liked to come to coo in the 70s and the 80s of the last century.
His daughter is very sedate for a girl of about ten, for she kikes reading more than playing.
The couple strolled hand-in0hand along the country road when the sun in its first splendor steeped the earth.
8、这个诗人在世时被普遍认为是一个怪癖的浪漫天才。（eccentric）The poet was commonly considered as an eccentric romantic genius when alive.
1、毫无疑问，莎士比亚是各个时代剧作家相形见绌。（overshadow）It goes without saying that Shakespeare overshadows all the other playwrights throughout the ages.
The Great Gatsby is commonly deemed as the epitome of the Jazz Age of the last century in America.
3、你最好不要在他去哈佛大学深造的兴头上泼冷水。（put a damper on）
It is advisable for you not to put a damper on his enthusiasm to further his studies at Harvard.
4、年轻人容易盲目崇拜体育圈和娱乐圈迷人的明星。（make a fetish of）
Young people tend to make a fetish of glamorous stars in sports and entertainment circles.
They traipsed all the way to the downtown area to watch the National Day fireworks display.
He does not deserve such a severe punishment as he has committed neither serous errors nor grave crimes.
7、我每次遇到他，他总是说一堆无聊的话。（a whole lot of）Every time I met him, he would talk a whole lot of nonsense.
Reputation is a trap into which many people are ready to fall.
1、当哈姆雷特拿不定注意该采取什么行动时，他就装疯。（feign）Hamlet feigned madness when he was hesitating what to do.
2、搪塞推诿是这生意人的惯用伎俩。（prevarication）Prevarication is one of the techniques this businessman likes to employ.
3、真理之光有时太刺目，于是善意的谎言随处可见。（ubiquitous）Sometimes the light of the truth is just too dazzling, so white lies are ubiquitous.
Many women in America profess that they are unhappy with their status as second-class citizens.
On the impulse of the moment, he blurted out the secret.
You should get rid of any prejudice, resist temptations and let nothing warp your judgment.
7、他是一个过于敏感和富于想象的人，经常在头脑里编织一张复杂的网络。（a tangled web）
Being over-sensitive and imaginative, he often weaves a tangled web in his mind.
8、他在伙伴中很受欢迎，因为他尽量不给别人添麻烦。（spare）He is very popular among his peers as he always tries to spare others any trouble.
Sometimes, we have to make a choice because there is no middle ground.
He often conjured up visions of the past when he was free from the pressures of life.
3、当他有倦意的时候，经常喝杯浓浓的咖啡提提神。（refresh）He often refreshed himself with a cup of string black coffee when he felt fatigued.
He trust past a throng of drunken men and bargaining women and walked on through the flaring streets.
5、唠叨的译者虽然理论不多，但可以凭借经验将一种语言转换成另一个语言。（rule of thumb）
Experienced translators thought lacking in theory can render one language into another by rule of thumb.
6、人们普遍认为外长此行的主要目的是打破两国关系的僵局。（break the ice）
It was generally believed that the major purpose if the foreign minister’s trip was to break the ice with regards to the relations between the two countries.
Reading good books and making friends with good people can elevate the mind.
The flowers and the colorful lights lent a festive atmosphere to this ancient small town.
To me, you are definitely more than an acquaintance.
Many artisans in this region deal in a variety of handicrafts.
3、他们为这次意外的成功感到欣喜若狂。（go into rapture）They went into raptures over the unexpected success.
Much to my surprise, he analyzed with extraordinary detachment the dangerous situation that threatened all of them.
She peered at the stranger from behind the curtain.
6、假日里，她在海滩上尽情享受日光浴的快乐。（indulge in）During the holidays, he indulged in the luxury of a bath of sunshine on the beach.
When she learnt the news of his death, she was overwhelmed with grief.
I’m not in favor of buying a house on th e installment plan; instead, I maintain that everyone of us should save up for a rainy day.
The result of the experiment far surpassed their expectations.
2.我们应该充分考虑这个项目的费用和可能遇到的问题。（take account of）
We should take full account of the cost of the project and the difficulties we might encounter
3.好天气是这次远征科学考察成功的原因之一。（contribute to）The fair weather contributed to the success of the scientific expedition.
Ronaldo, one of the football stars from Brail, scored several spectacular goals in 2002 FIFA World Cup.
Many honorary degrees from different colleges and universities in America were conferred upon Robert Frost for his remarkable contributions to poetry.
Patience and perseverance are required in emancipation from bad habits.
They tried to instill such new ideas into students’ minds.
You should demonstrate impartiality in your assessment of the employees.
You should have told me in advance that you would further your studies in United States.
He lavished too much care on his grandchildren.
Various new technology industries have sprung up.
4.许多英语单词源于拉丁语、希腊语和法语词汇。（derive from）Many English words derive from Latin, Greek and French words.
A philosopher holds that contradictory oppositions are ubiquitous.
6.仁慈善良是他本性中不可缺少的一部分。（part and parcel）Kindness is part and parcel of his nature.
He possessed phenomenal memory and intelligence.
He is fastidious about what he eats and wears.
These modernist artists look vaguely bohemian.
2.不要搞错啊，他并不是你以为的什么纯洁的孩子。（fool oneself）Don’t fool yourself; he is by no means a pure boy as you think.
He is a frequent guest in some chic cafes and bars which mainly cater to f oreigners.
He gave an account of his adventurous experiences in Africa with gusto.
5.他的人生目标之一是将自己的职业与爱好结合起来。（avocation）One of his objectives in life is to unite his vocation with his avocation.
The elderly are vulnerable to the deceit practiced by dishonest sales peopl
This magazine is frequently covered with glamorous actresses.
I really feel fed up with commercial gimmicks on TV.
1.他的父母对他有很高的期望，他感到压力很大。（feel weighted）He felt heavily weighted with such high expectations from his parents.
He interpreted the incident in a favorable.
3.我很讨厌他，因为他特别喜欢诽谤他人。（go out of one's way）
I detest him, for he often goes out of his light way to backbite others.
Many religious teachings urge people to transcend mundane success. 5.个人的主动性是促进事业发展的要素之一。（initiative）Personal initiative is one of the essential elements in promoting your care er.
I don't think it is a good method of reaching to spoon-feed students.
8.I will spare no efforts to accomplish the task by the end of next month, for I don't want to suffer from the stigma of having broken my promise.
I've got much information pertinent to the new policy in education.
A man living at close quarters with fear cannot possibly feel happy.
He felt greatly depressed,for misprints glared from so many pages of his newly published book.
A man of calculating nature likes to play tricks,but tends to lack much wis dom.
4.老人感到纳闷，为什么这么多姑娘想当流行歌曲明星。（crave）The old man is wondering why so many girls crave to become pop stars.
I consider it an inhumane act to jump upon other's blunders.
He often taunted his brother in an arrogant voice and called the latter an i gnorant coward.
In the scorching heat,the girl in delicate health suddenly keeled over. 8.在过去的5年中，城市不断的朝四周无序蔓延。（sprawl）
Over the past five years,the city has been sprawling out in all directions.