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I knew I could expect my brother to stand by me whatever happened.

As a general rule, young people tend to be more interested in the present and the future.

Both sides will stand to lose if they do not compromise.

It is our hope to integrate all the courses and teaching materials.

The Chinese written language has been a major factor for integrating our nation.

In traditional Chinese art, the bamboo stands for moral integrity and uprightness.

The great majority of the people stand for reform.

Queen Elizabeth the First ruled England for 45 years, and the country prospered under her rule.

The truth is always in the hands of a small minority at first. That's the rule. Democracy means that the majority rules, but the minority's right to disagree is also respected. These two basic rules are of equal importance.

A nation cannot be strong unless it

is well-integrated economically, politically and culturally as well as geographically.

The party was boring, so she slipped out of the room and went home.

The road was muddy. He slipped and fell into the river.

One day I was drowning my sorrows in a restaurant because I was broke when he came and slipped a roll of money into my hand.

The Court of Florida ruled that it was necessary to recount the votes.

The idea that the sun moves round the earth ruled ancient scholars for more than a thousand years.

The hutongs are an integral part of old Beijing.

Days slipped by and I still had not made much progress.

He weighed every word carefully lest he should make a mistake.

Her health was such that she would not go out in the sun even in winter lest she got sunstroke.

It is a miracle how our company has become a multinational in such a short span of time.

The average life span in that country has increased from 42 years to 50 years in a matter of two decades.

The conflict between the two countries has spanned more than half a century.

There are four bridges spanning the river.

I’m much obliged to you. Without your help, I would never have

finished the book.

No, you are not obliged to go to the party. You don’t have to go if you do n’t want to.She’s always ready to oblige when people come to her for help.

In the valley is a small lake right between a meadow and a hill. It is a perfect spot for a picnic.

Sitting in a shady spot, he soon dozed off.

He criticized me on the spot when he saw me throw a plastic bad down by the roadside.

It was a white shirt with blue spots. It looked quite pretty.

The detective spotted the suspect, and he walked over and arrested him.

One of the balloons popped, and it gave me quiet a start.

It is very impolite to keep popping

in and out of the classroom when the class is still going on.

When he saw the young man ready to pay for the BMW in cash, his eyes almost popped out of his head.

In those countries, water is worth a lot more than oil. Friends will often

bring ten dollars’ worth of water as a gift.

When this project is completed, it will benefit about a hundred thousand people. It will be well worth the effort and investment.

This movie is not worth seeing twice. In fact, it is not worth seeing at all.

I think it is worthwhile to visit

that place. I hear they have kept all their traditional house intact –houses that were built in Ming-Qing styles.

Jia Baoyu was sick and tired of being his father’s worthy son. He yearned for freedom.

The cause of the aircraft crash is so far unknown.

The cause of global warming is still hotly debated among scientists.

He devoted all his life to the cause of environmental protection.The river has caused us a lot of trouble in history.

What do you think caused the upsurge in international terrorism?

We must try and unite with those who have opposed us.

There is always opposition to any progress and reform.

Some people are always opposed to new things.

A lot of those loans were never repaid. That high ratio of bad debts finally led to the financial crisis in this second economic power in the world.

The Business Bank now offers a special loan to students who can’t pay for their education.

The boy asked Mrs. Stow for the loan of her binoculars.

She concluded her speech by saying that she hoped she could come again some day and see more of the country.

As soon as they concluded the investigation, they were to report to the Security Council.

During his visit, he will conclude a new trade agreement with India.

Based on those reasonable doubts, the jury had to conclude that the boy was not guilty.

She is flying to New York by way of Tokyo.

I’d like to say a few words about the situation in the sixties of the last century by way of an

introduction to the movie.

They decided to recall their ambassador by way of protest.

Import of the country’s beef was suspended because of the mad cow scare.

During the war, they had to suspend the construction of the railway.

it was a serious offence to take drugs, Robert was suspended from school for two weeks. She was reading in a hammock suspended from two tree branches.

The sales suspension has brought us heavy losses.

This is perhaps the longest suspension bridge in Asia.

The author is very good at creating suspense.

He used to watch wit great envy children of wealthy people go to school.

I rather envy their school for its beautiful campus.

She averted her face so that people would not see her blush.

He has always had an aversion to publicity.

The government’s policy succeeded in averting a serious economic recession.

Michael Jordan is the envy of many black kids.

Every summer, hundreds of thousands

of people are sent to guard the riverbanks against floods.

it was not easy to get the golden apple, for it was guarded by a

furious giant.

Xicheng was practically unguarded so Zhuge Liang narrowly escaped being captured.

The prisoners of war killed the guards and escaped into the woods.

He is probably the greatest guard in the history of basketball.

They took Americans off guard by launching a sudden attack on a Sunday.

There were two armed soldiers standing guard at the bridge.

Napoleon exhibited his military

talent early in life.

These exhibits are all insured and carefully guarded.

When the exhibition is over, the exhibit will be given to the host country as gifts.She is going to exhibit some of her most recent sculptures at the National Art Gallery.

We need to increase our oil import in the coming years to meet the growing

Demand for energy

Our profit has increased by 20% in the past two years.

The number of privately-owned cars has increased five times (fivefold ) in five years.

The number of mobile phone owners in our city has increased from 20 thousand

to about half a million in less than 5 years.

She propped her bike against a tree.

The local economy is largely propped up by tourism.

He was fast asleep with his head propped on a big rock.

You need strong props to keep the tower from leaning any further.

Flight 901 is due to land at the airport at 8:55.

Many foreign observers say that the next man to land on the moon may very well be a Chinese.

One of the stones they threw landed on the head of a young soldier.

If you go on like this, you will land yourself in a jail.

I landed a powerful punch to his chin and sent him sprawling.

When you approach a drowning person, you must not let him grip your hands.

Reports of the sundden appearance of these whales gripped the interest of the whole city.

If she lost grip on the rope, she’d fall 1,000 feet to sure death.

You must keep a grip on yourself. Don’t despair.

Our government did everything possible to defend the value of our currency.The total value of our exports to

that country in the first nine months this years has reachd $94 billion.

A man who dares to waste one hour of time has not discovered the value of life.(Charles Darwin)

At college, students acquire certain values. This is an important part of their education.

If your value your life, quit smoking.

This painting is valued at $20 million.

We will achieve this result at any cost.

Our economy began to grow by leaps and bounds as a result of the reform and open policy.

His repressive policies only resulted in his quick fall.

Many of our present problems in a way to dispose of nuclear waste.

The fact that you like somebody may dispose you to like his ideas also.

So far we still have not found a safe way to dispose of nuclear waste.

These shoes fit me perfectly. I’ll take them.

This set of furniture fits into our sitting room.

The innkeeper found that the man fit the description of the wanted murder suspect.

To keep fit, you should avoid eating too much salt, sugar and fat.

The water was no longer even fit to swim in, let alone to drink.

He was suddenly seized by a fit of laughter.

She has had fits every now and then since she was a child.

This subway will be extended to cover the whole city.

I would like to take this opportunity to extend my heartfelt thanks to you.

The effect of the economic reform

will naturally extend to other fields.Many people prefer government bonds to stocks.

This kind of jacket is out of stock.

This is one of his stock jokes. I have heard it many times.

Zhuge Liang pretended to be very calm and succeeded in fooling Sima Yi who did not know that the city was really unguarded.

He pretended that nothing had happened.

She pretended to be listening, but actually her mind had already wandered far away.

I don’t want to pretend that I’m an expert on this subject.

How would you compare your life today with your life before the reform started?

If you compare American students with Chinese students, you’ll find some interesting similarities and differences.

Social Darwinists believe that we can compare our human society to the animal world.

These mass-produced chickens do not compare with the chickens we used to raise at home.

Our exports to that region increased by 30% compared with the same period the previous year.

The water-pipe has burst. We must get it fixed immediately.

It sounded like the bursting of a ballono.

As usual, the Giant Panda House was bursting with children.

You can see that the students are bursting with question.

There were about 800 people watching a play when some thirty armed terrorists burst into the theater.

The man was bursting to tell his fellow-traveler why he had pitched his suitcase out of the train window.When the prisoners burst into song, the prison warden was frightened.

The spaceship left the launching-pad and rose majestically, soon becoming a little dot.

The whole area is now dotted with factories.

The company has camp-sites dotted around the country.

Young people are more likely to rebel against old traditions.

He was quite a rebel even when he was a boy.

He declared that all the rebels would be pardoned if they laid down their arms.


Lesson Eight The Kindness of Strangers Mike Mclntyre 1. One summer I was driving from my home town of Tahoe City, Calif, to New Orleans. In the middle of the desert, I came upon a young man standing by the roadside. He had his thumb out and held a gas can in his other hand. I drove right by him. There was a time in the country when you' d be considered a jerk if you passed by somebody in need. Now you are a fool for helping. With gangs, drug addicts, murderers, rapists, thieves lurking everywhere, "I don't want to get involved" has become a national motto. 2. Several states later I was still thinking about the hitchhiker. Leaving him stranded in the desert did not bother me so much. What bothered me was how easily I had reached the decision. I never even lifted my foot off the accelerator. 3. Does anyone stop any more? I wondered. I recalled Blanche DuBois's famous line: "I have always depended on the kindness of strangers." Could anyone rely on the kindness of strangers these days? One way to test this would be for a person to journey from coast to coast without any money, relying solely on the good will of his fellow Americans. What kind of Americans would he find? Who would feed him, shelter him, carry him down the road? 4. The idea intrigued me. 5. The week I turned 37, I realized that I had never taken a gamble in my life. So I decided to travel from the Pacific to the Atlantic without a penny. It would be a cashless journey through the land of the almighty dollar. I would only accept offers of rides, food and a place to rest my head. My final destination would be Cape Fear in North Carolina, a symbol of all the fears I'd have to conquer during the trip. 6. I rose early on September 6, 1994, and headed for the Golden Gate Bridge with a 50-pound pack on my back and a sign displaying my destination to passing vehicles: "America." 7. For six weeks I hitched 82 rides and covered 4223 miles across 14 states. As I traveled, folks were always warning me about someplace else. In Montana they told me to watch out for the cowboys in Wyoming, In Nebraska they said people would not be as nice in Iowa. Yet I was treated with kindness everywhere I went. I was amazed by people's readiness to help a stranger, even when it seemed to run contrary to their own best interests. 8. One day in Nebraska a car pulled to the road shoulder. When I reached the window, I saw two little old ladies dressed in their Sunday finest." I know you're not supposed to pick up hitchhikers, but it's so far between towns out here, you feel bad passing a person," said the driver, who introduced herself as Vi. I didn't know whether to kiss them or scold them for stopping. This woman was telling me she'd rather risk her life than feel bad about passing a stranger on the side of the road. 9. Once when I was hitchhiking unsuccessfully in the rain, a trucker pulled over, locking his brakes so hard he skidded on the grass shoulder. The driver told me he was once robbed at knifepoint by a hitchhiker. "But I hate to see a man stand out in the rain," he added. "People don't have no heart anymore." 10. I found, however, that people were generally compassionate. Hearing I had no money and would take none, people bought me food or shared whatever they happened to have with them. Those who had the least to give often gave the most. In Oregon a house painter named Mike noted the chilly weather and asked if I had a coat. When he learned that I had "a light one," he drove me to his house, and handed me a big green army-style jacket. A lumber-mill worker named Tim invited me to a simple dinner with his family in their shabby house. Then he offered me his tent. I refused, knowing it was probably one of the family's most valuable possessions. But Tim was determined that I have it, and finally I agreed to take it. 11. I was grateful to all the people I met for their rides, their food, their shelter, and their gifts. But what I found most touching was the fact that they all did it as a matter of course.


Unit 1 Your college years 1你可曾考虑过作为一个大学生你生活中正在发生和即将发生的变化?你可曾想到过大学时代教授们以及其他教职工为了你的成长和发展制定了目标?你可曾注意过你在从青少年渐渐成人的过程中会发生某些变化?尽管大学生很少想这些,但是在大学生时代很可能会发生一些主要的变化。 2在这段时期,学生们正经受自我认同危机,他们努力要了解自己的身份,掌握自身的优缺点。当然,优缺点他们兼而有之,且两者都为数不少。重要的是人们如何看待自己,其他人又如何看待他们。皮尔斯和兰多曾在一篇文章中探讨了爱立信在《国际社会百科全书》中有关理论,根据他们的观点,性格特征是由先天基因(即父母的遗传物质)所决定,由外部环境而形成,并受偶然事件的影响的。人们受环境的影响,反过来也影响他们的环境。人们如何看待自己扮演的这两个角色无疑正是他们性格特征的部分表现。 3学生们经历自我认同危机的时候,他们也开始渐渐独立,但是可能仍然非常依赖父母。这种介于独立与依赖之间的冲突常常发生在青少年末期。事实上,这种冲突很可能因为他们选择继续接受大学教育而愈发激烈。高中一毕业,一些学生便会立即走入社会开始工作。这种选择的结果就是他们可能他们在经济上获得独立。但是大学生已经选择了用几年的时间继续掌握新知并且发展自我,因此他们在一定程度上还要依赖父母。 41984年4月杰利弗·A·霍夫曼在《心理咨询杂志》上发表了《即将成人的青年与父母的心理距离》,文章中他提及了人与父母产生心理距离的四个不同方面。第一,独立处理日常生活的能力,它包括个人独立处理实际事物和自身事务的能力,如理财的能力、选购服装的能力和决定每天工作日程的能力。第二,态度独立,即个人学会正确看待和接受自己与父母的态度、价值和信仰上的差异。第三个心理分离过程是情感独立,霍夫曼将这一过程定义为“摆脱父母的认可、亲近、陪伴和情感支持的过分依赖”。例如,大学生们会随自己所愿自由选择专业,而且并不认为必须征得父母的认同。第四是摆脱“对父母的过度内疚、焦虑、疑惑、责任、反感和愤怒的心理”。大学生们需要退一步看清自己在介于独立与依赖之间的冲突中所处的位置。 5可能大学生们面临的最紧张的问题之一就是构建自己的性别特征,这包括与异性之间的关系和对未来自身男性或女性角色的设计。每个人必须将其性格特征定义为男性或女性角色。这一过程中兴奋与受挫并存。也许没有什么比恋爱更能让学生们情绪低落或高涨的。例如,我曾经和一位年轻的大学生共事,一次他欢呼雀跃的进了我的办公室,面带笑容,声音激动。年轻人宣布:“我刚度过了人生中最灿烂的一天。”他继续解释他是如何与一位超凡脱俗的女子相遇的,而且这份浪漫的爱情与他梦中所期待的完全一致。而不倒一个星期,同一个年轻人却拖着脚步神情沮丧的进了我的办公室。他在同一张椅子上坐下来,深深地叹了口气,宣布说:“我经历了人生中最糟糕的一天。”他和那个年轻女子刚刚吵过架,两人的关系不再看好。因而,大学生们与异性交往的方式对他们的情感必定有所影响。 6于此同时,这些刚刚成年的大学生也在学习如何在成年人的世界里奉献和收获情感。在这一角度上,成长不仅要处理与异性之间的关系,还要处理与两性及所有年龄段的朋友之间的关系。随着他们渐渐成人,他们与异性交往的方式也在发生变化。这时作为成年人他们应该思索如何与同龄人和睦相处并有礼有节,如何与他们生活中的青少年儿童和睦相处,如何与他们的父母和睦相处并表达自己的感情。举个我在西南浸礼教会学院读研究生时的例子,当我刚刚修完一门咨询课程后,我去探望父母。在学习这门课的过程中我渐渐意识到,当我的世界不断扩展,新的机遇不断出现时,我的父亲,一个年过花甲之人,正在亲眼目睹自己的世界在变小,选择在变少。在家的那些日子里,我和父亲几次谈心,共同探讨了我课程的内容以及它如何应用到我的生活中。我发觉自己正以一种不同的方式看待父亲,并且把他看作一个我可以鼓励的朋友。我有意识的去鼓励这个从前鼓励过我的人。我在以一种不同的方式与父亲交流。 7大学生的另一个变化就是内化他们的宗教信仰、价值尺度和道德观念。从出生开始,就有一位或更多的父母成为他们的榜样,教给他们特定的信仰、价值和道德。然而,当他们到了青春期,这些问题却遭到了质疑,在一些情况下甚至遭到了反叛。现在他们刚刚成年,他们有机会为自己决定人生中将会如何选择何种信仰、价值和道德。60年代末,一位生活在极度歧视其他种族的环境中的年轻女子深信自己种族的


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综合英语 1 Comprehensive English1 【学分】4 【学时】64 【编写】袁邦照【审核】程莹 (一)授课对象 四年制本科英语专业学生 (二)课程的性质和地位 本课程是是本科英语专业低年级的一门学科基础课程,是英语专业基础阶段全面培养和提高学生语言能力和交际能力的一门课程,在整个基础英语教学中具有重要奠基作用。本课程的教学,是在学生已初步掌握一定的英语词汇、语音、语法基本知识和听、说、读、写基本技能的基础上进行的,因此,主要教学目的在于进一步提高学生综合运用英语的能力,特别是要加强口笔头语言表达能力,同时加深对词汇、语法、写作、修辞等方面的知识,同时指导学生学习方法,培养逻辑思维能力,为进一步接受英语专业高年级教育打下全面的牢固的基础。本课程以课文教学为中心,采用精讲多练、讲练结合的方式,主要通过语言基础训练与篇章讲解分析,启发学生学习语言的积极性和自觉性,使学生逐步提高语篇阅读理解能力,了解英语各种文体的表达方式和特点,扩大词汇量和熟悉英语常用句型,具备基本的口头与笔头表达能力,并逐步形成用英语思维的能力。 (三)课程教学的目标 1.改变观念:帮助学生尽快熟悉大学学习环境和自主学习方法;使学生养成良好的学习习惯;培养学生的独立工作能力。引导学生改变应试学习的观点,逐步树立“To know English is to speak English.”的观念。 2.语音:通过一对一纠音练习,语音模仿秀等,整顿学生的语音面貌,提高学生的朗读技巧。 3.词汇和语法:盘活中学所学语法和词汇,使之成为语言交际的实际技能。认知词汇3000-4000个(其中含中学已学2 000个),熟用其中1600-1800个及其最基本的搭配。听力:能在15分钟听写根据已学知识编写的材料(词数120左右,念四遍,第一、四遍语速为每分钟100个词,第二、三遍根据意群停顿),错误率不超过8%。要求学生每天收听CRI及VOA的Special English。熟悉新闻广播的特点和语速。 4.口语:能使用课文中的重点词汇和短语复述课文;能用英语正确表达所学的功能意念,以达到实际交流运用的目的。 5.阅读和写作:能读懂词汇量为2000-2500的浅易材料及简易读物,阅读速度每分钟60-80个词,理解基本正确,能抓住中心大意。对重点句子能够释义。学会初步使用“英英”


Page 39 6. Translate the following sentences into English. 1.It seemed impossible to me, but all the others looked very confident. Sth. seems (to be) + adj.(表) + to sb. 2.We looked around. There wasn't a building standing in sight. The earthquake seemed to have destroyed everything. Sth. /sb. +(seem + to do)复合谓语3.He seems to be in low spirits these days. Sth./Sb. + seem to be + 表语 wonder why. I think it's because he doesn't seem to be making much progress in his studies. He is afraid of being looked down upon by his classmates. Sb. + seem to do sth There seems to be 4.What are you looking for, Dick? I seem to have lost my key. How annoying! 5.If you find that a word doesn't seem to

make any sense in the sentence, you should look it up in the dictionary. That's the only way to learn to use a word. 6.They went on arguing for hours. Neither of them seem (to be) willing to listen to each other. I suddenly remembered someone saying "Discussion is an exchange of knowledge while argument is an exchange of ignorance." 7.The situation there seems to be very complicated. The government has promised to look into it. 8.My grandpa seems to be getting better and better, but he still needs somebody to look after him. 9.Economists have already come to the conclusion that the crisis seems to be coming to an end. W orld economy is looking up. 10.When I got well I looked at my bank account. To my sadness, I found my balance was almost zero. All my savings in


Unit 1 一个大学男孩,不清楚赚钱需要付出艰苦的劳动,被一份许诺轻松赚大钱的广告吸引了。男孩们很快就明白,如果事情看起来好得不像真的,那多半确实不是真的。 轻轻松松赚大钱 “你们该看看这个,”我向我们的两个读大学的儿子建议道。“你们若想避免因为老是向人讨钱而有失尊严的话,这兴许是一种办法。”我将挂在我们门把手上的、装在一个塑料袋里的几本杂志拿给他们。塑料袋上印着一条信息说,需要招聘人投递这样的袋子,这活儿既轻松又赚钱。(“轻轻松松赚大钱!”)“我不在乎失不失尊严,”大儿子回答说。 “我可以忍受,”他的弟弟附和道。 “看到你们俩伸手讨钱讨惯了一点也不感到尴尬的样子,真使我痛心,”我说。 孩子们说他们可以考虑考虑投递杂志的事。我听了很高兴,便离城出差去了。午夜时分,我已远离家门,在一家旅馆的房间里舒舒服服住了下来。电话铃响了,是妻子打来的。她想知道我这一天过得可好。 “好极了!”我兴高采烈地说。“你过得怎么样?”我问道。 “棒极了!”她大声挖苦道。“真棒!而且这还仅仅是个开始。又一辆卡车刚在门前停下。” “又一辆卡车?” “今晚第三辆了。第一辆运来了四千份蒙哥马利-沃德百货公司的广告;第二辆运来四千份西尔斯-罗伯克百货公司的广告。我不知道这一辆装的啥,但我肯定又是四千份什么的。既然这事是你促成的,我想你或许想了解事情的进展。” 我之所以受到指责,事情原来是这样:由于发生了一起报业工人罢工,通常夹在星期日报纸里的广告插页,必须派人直接投送出去。公司答应给我们的孩子六百美金,任务是将这些广告插页在星期天早晨之前投递到四千户人家去。 “不费吹灰之力!”我们上大学的大儿子嚷道。 “六百块!”他的弟弟应声道,“我们两个钟点就能干完!” “西尔斯和沃德的广告通常都是报纸那么大的四页,”妻子告诉我说,“现在我们门廊上堆着三万二千页广告。就在我们说话的当儿,两个大个子正各抱着一大捆广告走过来。这么多广告,我们可怎么办?” “你让孩子们快干,”我指示说。“他们都是大学生了。他们自己的事得由他们自己去做。” 第二天中午,我回到旅馆,看到一份紧急留言,要我马上给妻子回电话。她的声音高得很不自然,而且有些颤抖。家里又运到了好几卡车的广告插页。“有百货公司的,廉价商店的,杂货店的,食品店的,汽车行的,等等。有些像整本杂志那么厚。我们这里有数十万页,说不定是几百万页的广告!我们家整个房子从东墙到西墙,从南墙到北墙统统堆满了广告,一堆又一堆,比你大儿子还要高。现在只剩下一点点空间,刚够一个人走进去,从十一种插页中各取一份,卷在一起,套上橡皮筋,再塞进一只塑料袋内。我们的塑料袋足够供应全美所有的外卖餐厅!”她越讲声音越响,几乎震耳欲聋。“这么多的广告必须在星期日早晨七点以前统统送出去。”


Lesson One Half a Day Naguib Mahfous 1. I walked alongside my father, clutching his right hand. All my clothes were new: the black shoes, the green school uniform, and the red cap. They did not make me happy, however, as this was the day I was to be thrown into school for the first time. 2. My mother stood at the window watching our progress, and I turned towards her from time to time, hoping she would help. We walked along a street lined with gardens, and fields planted with crops: pears, and date palms. 3. "Why school ?" I asked my father. "What have I done ?" 4. "I'm not punishing you, " he said, laughing. "School's not a punishment. It's a place that makes useful men out of boys. Don' t you want to be useful like your brothers?" 5. I was not convinced. I did not believe there was really any good to be had in tearing me away from my home and throwing me into the huge, high-walled building. 6. When we arrived at the gate we could see the courtyard, vast and full of boys and girls. "Go in by yourself, " said my father, "and join them. Put a smile on your face and be a good example to others. " 7. I hesitated and clung to his hand, but he gently pushed me from him. "Be a man, " he said. "Today you truly begin life. You will find me waiting for you when it's time to leave. " 8. I took a few steps. Then the faces of the boys and girls came into view. I did not know a single one of them, and none of them knew me. I felt I was a stranger who had lost his way. But then some boys began to glance at me in curiosity, and one of them came over and asked, "Who brought you?" 9. "My father, " I whispered. 10. "My father's dead, " he said simply. 11. I did not know what to say. The gate was now closed. Some of the children burst into tears. The bell rang. A lady came along, followed by a group of men. The men began sorting us into ranks. We were formed into an intricate pattern in the great courtyard surrounded by high buildings; from each floor we were overlooked by a long balcony roofed in wood. 12. "This is your new home, "said the woman. "There are mothers and fathers here, too. Everything that is enjoyable and beneficial is here. So dry your tears and face life joyfully. " 13. Well, it seemed that my misgivings had had no basis. From the first moments I made many friends and fell in love with many girls. I had never imagined school would have this rich variety of experiences. 14. We played all sorts of games. In the music room we sang our first songs. We also had our first introduction to language. We saw a globe of the Earth, which revolved and showed the various continents and countries. We started learning numbers, and we were told the story of the Creator of the universe. We ate delicious food, took a little nap, and woke up to go on with friendship and love, playing and learning. 15. Our path, however, was not totally sweet and unclouded. We had to be observant and patient. It was not all a matter of playing and fooling around. Rivalries could bring about pain and hatred or give rise to


Unit 1 1.adolescence .青春期 2.adolescent .青少年时期 3.adulthood.成年 4.affection .喜爱 5.affirm. 断言 6.agenda.日程表 7.Approval .同意,批准 8.attitudinal .态度的 9.counsel .建议 10.crisis . 危机 11.encyclopedia .百科全书 12.endeavor.尝试 13.endowment.天赋 14.ethical.道德的 15.evaluate.估算,评估 16.excessive.过分的,极度的 17.feminine .女性的 18.functional .职务的 19.genetic 基因的 20.heighten . 提高 21.inherit遗传,继承 22.inhibition压抑的情绪 23.interaction合作 24.internalize内化 25.masculine 男性的 26.newscast 新闻广播 27.option 选择 28.peer 同龄人 29.perceive理解 30.prejudiced 偏见 31.rebel抗议 32.resentment 怨恨 33.seminary学院的 34.theological神学的 35.wardrobe衣橱 Unit 2 36..abate 减弱 37..akimbo两手叉腰 38..barrel桶 39..bookworm极爱读书的人 40..careerism追求个人事业成功 41..clan家族 42..coax 哄骗https://www.sodocs.net/doc/4a18793174.html,prise 组成 https://www.sodocs.net/doc/4a18793174.html,pulsion 冲动 45..convent女修道院 46..corollary 推论 47..couched 表达 48..courser骏马 49..crayfish小龙虾 50..curled卷曲的 51..discontented不满足的 52..dishearten 让人失去希望 53..dogged顽强的 54..domino---多米诺骨牌 55..equivalent等效 56..ethos精神 57..exclusivity---排他性,排外性 58..flatten使平整 59..frigate- 护航舰 60..gable---三角墙 61..guillotine- 断头台 62..hale--健壮的 63..installment- 一期 64..interior--内部的 65..inveterate- 积习难改的,成瘾的 66..invincible 太壮而无法击败 https://www.sodocs.net/doc/4a18793174.html,tter-下半年 68..literacy-有文化的 69..literati-识字的 70..lure 诱惑力 71..mockingbird--知更鸟 72..ottoman- 奥斯曼帝国 73..parallel平行的,同时的 74..perplexed- 迷惑的 75..plummet--暴跌 76..portray-- 描绘,勾画 77..prance-欢腾 78..prize-对---很重要 79..pundit-某一学科的权威,专家 80..safari-野外狩猎 81..Saint--圣徒,圣人 82..sanction-批准 83..seduce 诱使 84..sling-挂在 85..snobbery- 势力 86..solace安慰

大学英语精读 第三版 第四册课文翻译

大学英语精读(第三版)第四册课文翻译 第一单元 两个大学男孩,不清楚赚钱需要付出艰苦的劳动,被一份许诺轻松赚大钱的广告吸引了。男孩们很快就明白,如果事情看起来好得不像真的,那多半确实不是真的。 轻轻松松赚大钱 约翰·G·哈贝尔 “你们该看看这个,”我向我们的两个读大学的儿子建议道。“你们若想避免因为老是向人讨钱而有失尊严的话,这兴许是一种办法。”我将挂在我们门把手上的、装在一个塑料袋里的几本杂志拿给他们。塑料袋上印着一条信息说,需要招聘人投递这样的袋子,这活儿既轻松又赚钱。(“轻轻松松赚大钱!”)“我不在乎失不失尊严,”大儿子回答说。 “我可以忍受,”他的弟弟附和道。 “看到你们俩伸手讨钱讨惯了一点也不感到尴尬的样子,真使我痛心,”我说。 孩子们说他们可以考虑考虑投递杂志的事。我听了很高兴,便离城出差去了。午夜时分,我已远离家门,在一家旅馆的房间里舒舒服服住了下来。电话铃响了,是妻子打来的。她想知道我这一天过得可好。 “好极了!”我兴高采烈地说。”你过得怎么样”我问道。 “棒极了!”她大声挖苦道。“真棒!而且这还仅仅是个开始。又一辆卡车刚在门前停下。”

“又一辆卡车” “今晚第三辆了。第一辆运来了四千份蒙哥马利-沃德百货公司的广告;第二辆运来四千份西尔斯-罗伯克百货公司的广告。我不知道这一辆装的啥,但我肯定又是四千份什么的。既然这事是你促成的,我想你或许想了解事情的进展。” 我之所以受到指责,事情原来是这样:由于发生了一起报业工人罢工,通常夹在星期日报纸里的广告插页,必须派人直接投送出去。公司答应给我们的孩子六百美金,任务是将这些广告插页在星期天早晨之前投递到四千户人家去。 “不费吹灰之力!”我们上大学的大儿子嚷道。 “六百块!”他的弟弟应声道,“我们两个钟点就能干完!” “西尔斯和沃德的广告通常都是报纸那么大的四页,”妻子告诉我说,“现在我们门廊上堆着三万二千页广告。就在我们说话的当儿,两个大个子正各抱着一大捆广告走过来。这么多广告,我们可怎么办” “你让孩子们快干,”我指示说。”他们都是大学生了。他们自己的事得由他们自己去做。” 第二天中午,我回到旅馆,看到一份紧急留言,要我马上给妻子回电话。她的声音高而颤抖,很不自然。家里又运到了好几卡车的广告插页。“有百货公司的,廉价商店的,杂货店的,食品店的,汽车行的,等等。有些像整本杂志那么厚。我们这里有数十万页,说不定是几百万页的广告!我们家整个房子从东墙到西墙,从南墙到北墙统统堆满了广告,一堆又一堆,比你大儿子还要高。现在只剩下一点点空间,刚够一个人走进去,从十一种插页中各取一份,卷在一起,套上橡皮筋,再塞进一只塑料袋内。我们的塑料袋足够供应全美所有的外卖餐厅!”她越讲声音越响,几乎震耳欲聋。”这么多的广告必须在星期日早晨七点以前统统送出


Michael Welzenbach 1. When I was 12 years old, my family moved to England, the fourth major move in my short life. My father’s government job demanded that he go overseas every few years, so I was used to wrenching myself away from friends. 2. We rented an 18th-century farmhouse in Berkshire. Nearby were ancient castles and churches. Loving nature, however, I was most delighted by the endless patchwork of farms and woodland that surrounded our house. In the deep woods that verged against our back fence, a network of paths led almost everywhere, and pheasants rocketed off into the dense laurels ahead as you walked. 3. I spent most of my time roaming the woods and fields alone, playing Robin Hood, daydreaming, collecting bugs and bird-watching. It was heaven for a boy —but a lonely heaven. Keeping to myself was my way of not forming attachments that I would only have to abandon


现代大学英语精读教案 Revised final draft November 26, 2020

U n i t1H a l f a d a y 教学目的 1. 了解作者及其背景知识; 2.熟悉本文使用的写作手法; 3.掌握修辞疑问句、倒装句等修辞手法; 4.熟练掌握三类构词法; 5.通过深刻理解文章内涵,培养学生社会洞察力和相关的讨论能力,同时掌握文中的核心语言点。 教学内容 1. 热身 2.作者 教育与背景 主要着作 创作观 3.作品赏析 结构分析 如何赏析文学作品 扩展式讨论 4.写作技巧 省略疑问句和修辞疑问句 倒装句 “with”独立结构 5.语言理解 长难句解析 核心词汇学习 band, convince, daze, exert, intricate, observe, overlook, rank, revolve, startle, uviverse, vary 介词练习 构词法:-tion; -volve; -ly 6.课堂讨论 7.练与讲 教学重点 1. 文学作品的赏析; 2.文学中的修辞手法――省略疑问句和修辞疑问句;倒装句;“with”独立结构 3.构词法:前缀 教学方法结合实际吸收各种教学法(讲授、问答、讨论、模仿、练习、多媒体使用)的优点。 教学手段用投影仪播放PowerPoint课件及板书;群发电子邮件布置课堂资料和课后作业(或其来源)。 ⅠAbout the author ★ Naguib Mahfouz was born on the 11th Dec. 1911 in an old quarter of Cairo, the youngest son of a merchant. (mummies and pyramids / sphinx 狮身人面)


Unit1 Twocollege-ageboPs,unawarethatmakingmonePusuallPinvolveshardwork,aretemptedbPanadvertis ementthatpromisesthemaneasPwaPtoearnalotofmoneP.TheboPssoonlearnthatifsomethingseemstog oodtobetrue,itprobablPis. 一个大学男孩,不清楚赚钱需要付出艰苦的劳动,被一份许诺轻松赚大钱的广告吸引了。男孩们很快就明白,如果事情看起来好得不像真的,那多半确实不是真的。BIGBUCKSTHEEASPWAP轻轻松松赚大钱"Pououghttolookintothis,"Isuggestedtoourtwocollege-agesons."ItmightbeawaPtoavoidtheindignitP ofhavingtoaskformonePallthetime."Ihandedthemsomemagazinesinaplasticbagsomeonebadhungon ourdoorknob.AmessageprintedonthebagofferedleisurelP,lucrativework("BigBuckstheEasPWaP!")o fdeliveringmoresuchbags. “你们该看看这个,”我向我们的两个读大学的儿子建议道。“你们若想避免因为老是向人讨钱而有失尊严的话,这兴许是一种办法。”我将挂在我们门把手上的、装在一个塑料袋里的几本杂志拿给他们。塑料袋上印着一条信息说,需要招聘人投递这样的袋子,这活儿既轻松又赚钱。(“轻轻松松赚大钱!”) "Idon'tmindtheindignitP,"theolderoneanswered.“我不在乎失不失尊严,”大儿子回答说。"Icanlivewithit,"hisbrotheragreed.“我可以忍受,”他的弟弟附和道。"Butitpainsme,"Isaid,"tofindthatPoubothhavebeenpanhandlingsolongthatitnolongerembarrassesPou."“看到你们俩伸手讨钱讨惯了一点也不感到尴尬的样子,真使我痛心,”我说。TheboPssaidthePwouldlookintothemagazine-deliverPthing.Pleased,Ilefttownonabusinesstrip.BPmi dnightIwascomfortablPsettledinahotelroomfarfromhome.Thephonerang.ItwasmPwife.Shewantedt oknowhowmPdaPhadgone.孩子们说他们可以考虑考虑投递杂志的事。我听了很高兴,便离城出差去了。午夜时分,我已远离家门,在一家旅馆的房间里舒舒服服住了下来。电话铃响了,是妻子打来的。她想知道我这一天过得可好。 "Great!"Ienthused."HowwasPourdaP?"Iinquired.“好极了!”我兴高采烈地说。“你过得怎么样?”我问道。 "Super!"Shesnapped."Justsuper!Andit'sonlPgettingstarted.Anothertruckjustpulledupoutfront."“棒极了!”她大声挖苦道。“真棒!而且这还仅仅是个开始。又一辆卡车刚在门前停下。”"Anothertruck?"“又一辆卡车?” "Thethirdonethisevening.ThefirstdeliveredfourthousandMontgomerPWards.Thesecondbroughtfour thousandSears,Roebucks.Idon'tknowwhatthisonehas,butI'msureitwillbefourthousandofsomething.S incePouareresponsible,IthoughtPoumightliketoknowwhat'shappening.“今晚第三辆了。第一辆运来了四千份蒙哥马利-沃德百货公司的广告;第二辆运来四千份西尔斯-罗伯克百货公司的广告。我不知道这一辆装的啥,但我肯定又是四千份什么的。既然这事是你促成的,我想你或许想了解事情的进展。” WhatIwasbeingblamedfor,itturnedout,wasanewspaperstrikewhichmadeitnecessarPtohand-deliverth eadvertisinginsertsthatnormallPareincludedwiththeSundaPpaper.ThecompanPhadpromisedourboPs $600fordeliveringtheseinsertsto4,000housesbPSundaPmorning.我之所以受到指责,事情原来是这样:由于发生了一起报业工人罢工,通常夹在星期日报纸里的广告插页,必须派人直接投送出去。公司答应给我们的孩子六百美金,任务是将这些广告插页在星期天早晨之前投递到四千户人家去。 "Pieceofcake!"ouroldercollegesonhadshouted.“不费吹灰之力!”我们上大学的大儿子嚷道。"SiGhundredbucks!"Hisbrotherhadechoed,"Andwecandothejobintwohours!"“六百块!”他的弟弟应声道,“我们两个钟点就能干完!” "BoththeSearsandWardadsarefournewspaper-sizepages,"mPwifeinformedme."TherearethirtP-twot housandpagesofadvertisingonourporch.Evenaswespeak,twobigguPsarecarrPingarmloadsofpaperup thewalk.Whatdowedoaboutallthis?"“西尔斯和沃德的广告通常都是报纸那么大的四页,”妻子告诉我说,“现在我们门廊上堆着三万二千页广告。就在我们说话的当儿,两个大个子正各抱着一大捆广告走过来。这么多广告,我们可怎么办?”"JusttelltheboPstogetbusP,"Iinstructed."TheP'recollegemen.TheP'lldowhatthePhavetodo."“你让孩子们快干,”我指示说。“他们都是大学生了。他们自己的事得由他们自己去做。”AtnoonthefollowingdaPIreturnedtothehotelandfoundanurgentmessagetotelephonemPwife.Hervoic