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Unit 1

1. 我安排他们在小酒吧见面,但那个小伙子一直都没有来。(turn up)

I had arranged for them to meet each other at the pub, but the young man never turned up.

2. 你无法仅凭表象判断形势是否会变得对我们不利。(tell from appearances)

You can’t tell merely from appearances whether things will turn out unfavourable to us or not.

3. 那个士兵每次打仗都冲锋在前,从而赢得了国家的最高荣誉。(stand in the gap)

The soldier,who stood in the gap in every battle, gained the highest honors of the country.

4. 主席讲话很有说服力,委员会其他成员都听从他的意见。(yield to)

The chairman’s words are so convincing that the rest of the committee yield to his opinion.

5. 他们现在生活富裕了,但也曾经历坎坷。(ups and downs)

They are better off, but along the way they had ups and downs.

6. 这次演讲我将说明两个问题。(address oneself to)

There are two questions to which I will address myself in the lecture.

7. 我们正筹划为你举办一次盛大的圣诞聚会。(in sb.’s honour)

We are planning a big Christmas party in your honour.

8. 听到那个曲子,我回想起了儿童时代。(throw sb.’s mind back)

Hearing that tune threw my mind back to my childhood.

Unit 2

1. 那只鸽子被卡在树杈里,一会儿就跌落下来。(wedge)

The pigeon was wedged in the fork of a branch and it fell after a while.

2. 驾车人该付多少钱需要根据他对别人车子造成损坏的程度而定。(be proportional to)

The payment that the motorist will have to make will be proportional to the damage he has done to other person’s car.

3. 你只有伏在地上慢慢爬过一条狭长的地道才能进入山洞。(inch)

You can only enter the cave by inching through a narrow tunnel on your stomach.

4. 她一面结结巴巴地为没有敲门就进入我的办公室而道歉,一面羞怯地朝门口走去。(sidle)

She stammered some apology for entering my office without knocking as she sidled towards the door.

5. 他尽力向我解释说不是因为我工作不好而解雇我,而是因为公司面临着财政困境。(take pains to)

He took pains to explain to me that I was not being dismissed because I didn’t do my work well but because the company was confronted by financial troubles.

6. 年轻士兵的入伍给军队带来了新的希望并鼓舞了士气。(infuse … into)

The enlistment of young soldiers infused new hope and morale into the army.

7. 一旦大一些的男孩子们声称草坪属于他们,小一些的孩子就只好退避三舍。(stake a claim to)

Once the older boys stake a claim to the lawn, the younger ones have to give way to them to avoid conflict.

8. 跟在她身后的人让她心神不安,她不由得加快了脚步。(make sb. uneasy)

The man following her made her uneasy and she couldn’t help quickening her steps.

Unit 3

1. 无可否认,香烟会使人上瘾。而一旦你上了瘾,就很难戒除这个习惯。(addict)

There’s no denying that smoking is addictive. And once you are addicted, it’s very difficult to get ride of it.

2. 在日本人生产的一种电子游戏中,玩游戏的人可以模拟艾滋病患者从染上艾滋病毒直到死亡的经历。(simulate)

In a Japanese-made video game, players can simulate the experience of AIDS from HIV infection until death.

3. 我肯定,他说你可以用这笔钱继续学习音乐是认真的。(in earnest)

I’m sure that he is in earnest when he said you could use this money to continue your study of music.

4. 我们只能以牺牲质量为代价来提高产量,但这可能会损害公司的声誉。(at the expense of)

We can only increase production at the expense of quality, which could ruin the company’s reputation.

5. 她难得生气,不过这次她可真的是发脾气了。(be given to)

She is not often given to anger, but this time she really lost her temper.

6.一名外语教师如果要在中学任教,最起码要持有正规教育院校颁发的学位证书。(at the very least)

A teacher of foreign language should possess at the very least a graduate degree from a certified education school or institute if he is to teach in high school.

7. 我很快觉察到我无法使他改变想法。(perceive)

I soon perceived that I couldn’t make him change his mind.

Unit 4

1.他们的牛都打上了字母C的烙印,所以很容易辨认。(be branded with)

Their cattle were branded with the letter “C” so that they could be easily identified.

2. 本赛季他真正发挥了一个得分手的作用。(come into one’s own)

In this season he has really come into his own as a goal scorer.

3. 一场经济危机正威胁着那个国家。(hang over)

An economic crisis is hanging over that country.

4. 他是真正发号施令的人物,但他总是躲在幕后。(in the background)

He is the man who really gives the order, but he always remains in the background.

5. 派出信使后,我们所能做的就只有等待了。(dispatch)

After dispatching the messenger, what is left for us to do is nothing but to wait.

6. 你只要一叫,他马上就到。(in a flash)

You just have to call and he’s here in a flash.

7. 他们在战争的阴霾下整整生活了17年。(in the shadow of)

They have lived in the shadow of war for altogether seventeen years.

8. 这些是现存的最后7只东北虎,如果人类不加以保护的话,这一种群的老虎将濒临灭亡。(in existence)

These are the last seven Northeast Tigers in existence, if human beings failed to protect them, the tigers of this species would face extinction.

Unit 5

1.你的话的确有理,但你的表达方式近于粗暴。(border on)

Your remarks do make sense, but the way you express it borders on rudeness.

2. 失业人员都应该得到政府的帮助。(count as)

All the unemployed count as deserving government’s help.

3. 总的来说,我对这项实验是相当满意的。(on the whole)

On the whole I am quite / rather satisfied with the experiment.

4. 一个人的外表会影响别人对他的看法。(make a difference)

A person’s appearance makes a difference in how others judge him.

5. 广告倾向于把妇女描绘成非常传统的角色。(portray)

Advertising tends to portray women in very traditional roles.

6. 刚刚继承了一大笔遗产的孪生姐妹急不可耐地炫耀她们的珠宝首饰。(show off)

Having inherited a considerable fortune, the twin sisters were eager to / couldn’t wait to show off their jewelry.

7. 公众关注的中心再次转移到了城市环境的变化问题。(shift focus)

Public interest has once again shifted its focus to the changes in the urban environment.

8. 新型列车可以以500公里左右的时速平稳地行驶,相比之下,那些借车显得又慢又笨拙。(in contrast)

The new type of trains can run smoothly at the speed of about 500 kilometres per hour; in contrast, the old ones are slow and clumsy.

Unit 6

1. 大厅里回响着小号独奏的乐曲声。(resonate for)

The hall resonated with the notes of the trumpet solo.

2. 我想象得出母亲在听到儿子的死讯时那张苍白的脸。(in one’s mind’s eye)

I saw in my mind’s eye, the pale face of the mother at the news of her son’s death.

3. 他走路的样子使我想起他父亲也是这样走路的。(remind of)

The way he walks reminds me of the way his father used to walk.

4. 我把日期搞错了,所以到达的日期不对了。(mix up)

I mixed the dates up and arrived on the wrong day.

5. 听到女儿被牛津大学录取,她心中充满了自豪。(swell)

Her heart swelled with pride when she learned that her daughter had been admitted by Oxford University.

6. 理论上来说,全体公民都有权直接获取信息,而不必等候政府或媒体的过滤。(have access to)

Theoretically speaking, all the citizens should have direct access to information without waiting for its being filtered by the government or the media.

7. 在此次总统选举中,民主党发动了一场拉拢女性选民的宣传活动。(launch)

The Democrats Party have launched a campaign to win women voters over in this presidential election.

8. 他继承父亲的产业后,便沉溺于声色犬马之中。(be immersed in)

After he inherited his father’s estate, he was immersed in all kinds of sensuous pleasure.

Unit 7

1. 为了你的家庭,你要三思而后行,不要冒那么多的风险。(for the sake of)

For the sake of your family, you should look before you leap and not take so many risks.

2. 昨晚喝了太多的酒,我感到有点不舒服。(out of sorts)

I felt somewhat out of sorts because of last night’s heavy drink.

3. 他的父亲找了无数的门路,帮他在一个已经臃肿不堪的政府机构找到了一个职位。(pull wires)

His father pulled endless wires and got him a position in an inflated government department.

4. 如果你仔细读这封信,就会在字里行间发现他的真正用意。(between the lines)

If you go through the letter carefully, you can find his real intention between the lines.

5. 我知道我对她真是无礼透顶,但我为自己找了各种理由。(downright)

I knew I was downright rude to him, but I found excuses for myself.

6. 过去杰出的人物有许多是出类拔萃的多面手,像Leonardo da Vinci 就集画家与发明家于一身。(roll into one)

Many of the outstanding figures of the past were exceptional versatile men. Leonardo da Vinci, for instance, rolled a painter and an inventor into one.

7. 遭受了多年失眠的折磨后,他最终自杀了。(under the torment of)

He finally committed suicide after being under the torment of insomnia for many years.

8. 他惊讶得说不出话来。(be dumb with)

He was dumb with amazement.

Unit 8

1. 探照灯的光柱掠过漆黑的水面。(finger across)

Searching lights fingered across the black water.

2. 自从这座大厦发生了一起抢劫案之后,守夜人就更加小心了,他每小时都要巡视一次。(make one’s rounds)

Since a robbery happened in this building, the night watchman became more careful and made his rounds once every hour.

3. 虽然已经没有任何力量支持他了,他依然坚持自己的计划。(prop up)

There was nothing left to prop him up, but he stuck to his plan.

4. 他被警方雇佣刺探恐怖分子的活动。(spy on)

He is paid by the police to spy on the activities of the terrorists.

5. 总有一天他们会接受这个残酷的现实的。(in time)

In time they will come to accept the harsh reality.

6. 那个人的行为非常可疑。他假装睡觉,却不时窥视过往的行人。(furtive)

That man’s behavior looks very suspicious. He is pretending to sleep, but now and then he steals a furtive glance at the passers-by.

7. 这个国家近几年发生的社会、经济变化如此彻底,是所有邻国相形见绌。(dwarf)

The social and economic changes that have taken place in this country are so sweeping that dwarfed all its neighbors.

8. 在拂晓前昏暗的光线中,我看到一个黑影挡在门口。(athwart)

In the dim light of the daybreak, I saw a dark shape looming athwart the door.

Unit 9

1. 随着经济的发展,大量农民从乡村涌进城市打工。(flood)

With the development of economy, large numbers of farmers flooded into cities to seek a job.

2. 他年纪虽小,但评委们一致认为他在本次国际钢琴比赛中的表现已经接近完美。(come close to)

Young as he is, all judges share the opinion that his performance at the international piano competition has come close to perfection.

3. 也许是因为喝了烈性酒的关系,她在去伦敦的路上一直恍恍惚惚的。(in a daze)

Perhaps because of the spirits she had drunk, she was in a daze all the way to London.

4. 在这个山区疗养所你会找到全国最好的气候。(retreat)

In this mountain retreat you can find the best climate in the country.

5. 他倚到座位上,浑身放松,细细体味那份舒适。(savor)

He leaned back into his seat, relaxed, savoring the comfort.

6. 让这对年轻夫妇引以为荣的是他们的孩子3岁就能背诗了。(recite … from memory)

What makes this young couple proud is that their child could recite poems from memory at the age of three.

7. 他当众重复了他私下说过的话。(in public)

He repeated in public what he had said in private.

8. 建立一个充满生机和爱意的家庭需要全家人的共同努力。(vibrant with)

A family vibrant with life and love is to be built with the joint efforts of all its members.

Unit 10

1.政府承诺将不遗余力地支持我们的环保项目。(spare no effort)

The government promises to spare no effort to support our environmental protection projects.

2. 她来之前对中国的历史、地理和文化一无所知。(have no knowledge of)

She had no knowledge of Chinese history, geography and culture before she came to China.

3. 幼儿园里燃起的大火危及23个孩子的生命。(endanger)

The big fire that broke out in the kindergarten endangered 23 children’s lives.

4. 我们竭力把他从那个话题上扯开,因为我们知道他会泄露机密。(head)

We tried our best to head him off the topic, because we knew he would reveal confidential information.

5. 演讲人洪亮的声音在大厅里回荡。(echo)

The sonorous voice of the speaker is echoing round the hall.

6. 勤勉和忠诚有时可以弥补能力的不足。(compensate for)

Diligence and loyalty sometimes compensate for the lack of ability.

7. 就我所知,他是从激烈的竞争中挣脱出来的少数人之一。(rat race)

As far as I know, he was one of the few people who got out of the rat race.

8. 他留下了一些士兵来清除敌人的最后阵地。(clean up)

He left a few soldier behind to clean up the final position of the enemy.

Unit 11

1. 我整个上午的工作都由于那件不幸之事而陷于停顿。(out of gear)

My whole morning’s work has been out of gear because of the mishap.

2. 他躲在树丛中,终于甩掉了追赶的人。(fling off)

By hiding himself among the bushes, he flung off his pursuers at last.

3. 我们应该尽力消除制度中不公正的东西。(wipe out)

We must spare no effort to wipe out the injustice in the system.

4. 士兵们坚守在那个孤立无援的阵地上,直到援兵的到来。(hold on to)

The soldiers held on to that isolated position until reinforcements arrived.

5. 在所有的事实面前,他不得不承认偷了那份绝密文件。(compel)

He was compelled to admit that he had stolen that confidential document in front of all the facts.

6. 他不会说英语,这使他在参加国际会议的时候处于不利的地位。(at a disadvantage)

His inability to speak English puts him at a disadvantage when he attends international conferences.

7. 这个地方几英里内都看不到一个人,这使我感到十分孤独。(in sight)

There is no one in sight for miles, which makes me feel very lonely.

8. 1945年5月初,即使是希特勒最狂热的支持者也都明白“千年帝国”是注定要毁灭的。(doom)

At the beginning of May 1945, it was clear even to the most zealous of Hitler’s followers that the “Thousand-Year Reich” was doomed.

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