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??程3 第二 ?案



1) on balan?ce 5) illus?trate? d 9) invol?ved

2) resis?t 6) budge?t 10) econo?mic

3) haul 7) lower?ing 11) blast?ing

4) wicke? d 8) bound?ary 12) just about?

2.1)cut back/ down 2) pick up 3) getby? 4) get throu?gh

5)face up to 6) turn in 7) makin?g up for 8) think?up

3. 1) pursu?ed his mathe?matic?al studi?es and taugh?t himse?lf astro?nomy

2) often?gener?ate misle?ading?thoug?hts

3) attac?h great?impor?tance?to combi?ning theor?y with pract?ice inour?work

4) be suspe?cted of doing?every?thing?for money?

5) befor? e he gets throu?gh life

4. 1) their?indoo?r, a profi?t, to inves?t in

2) devic?e, the impro?vemen?t, on a globa?l scale?

3) stack?ed, tempt?ation?, never?dined?out

II Confu?sable?Words?

1. 1) house?2) Home 3) home,famil?y 4) house?hold

2. 1) doubt?2) suspe?ct 3)doubt?ed 4)suspe?cted 5) suspe?ct

III. WordF?ormat?ion

1) rise 2) final? 3) regul?ar 4) cash 5) hows,whys

6) upped? 7) yello?wed 8) bottl?ed 9) lower? 10) searc?h


I. Cloze?

1. Text-relat?ed

1) get by 2) tempt?ation? 3) getth?rough? 4) impro?vemen?ts

5) aside?from 6) suspe?ct 7) suppl?ement? 8) profi?t

9) stack?ing


1) repla?ced 2) consi?der 3) quit 4) world? 5) tough?

6) fuels? 7) provi?de 8) luxur?ies 9) balan?ce 10) ideal?

II. Trans?latio?n

1. We have a probl?em with the compu?ter syste?m, but I think?it’s fairl ?ymino?r.

2. My fathe?r died when I was too young?to live on my own. The peopl?

e o

f myhom?etown?took over (respo?nsibi?lity for) my upbri?nging?at that point?.

3. The toys have to meet stric?t/ tough?safet?y requi?remen?ts befor?e they canbe?sold to child?ren.

4. Radio?and telev?ision?have suppl?ement?ed rathe?r than repla?ced thene?wspap?er as carri?ers of news and opini?on.

5. When it comes?to this magaz?ine, it is/ carri?es a diges?t of artic?lesf r?om many newsp?apers?and magaz?ines aroun? d the world?.

A decad?eago,Nancy?did what so many Ameri?cans dream?about?. She quit an execu?tive posit?ionan? d opene?d/ set up a house?hold devic?e store?in her neigh?borho?od. Peopl?elike?Nancy?made the decis?ion prima?rily for the impro?vemen?t in the quali?ty ofthe?ir lives?.

But, to run asmal?l busin?ess on a small?scale?is by no means?an eas y job. Witho?ut her stead?yinco?me,Nancy?had to cut back on her daily?expen?se. Somet?imes she did not evenh?ave the money?to pay the pr emi?um for the vario?us kinds?of insur?ance shene?eded.

Fortu?natel?y,throu?gh her own hard work, she has now got throu?gh the most diffi?cult time. Sheis?deter?mined?to conti?nue pursu?ing her vi sio?n of a bette?r life.



1) decad?es 5) slend?er 9) on the side

2) histo?ric 6) web 10) autho?rized?

3) impos?ed 7) bade 11) termi?nal

4) relig?ious 8) site 12) make the best of

2. 1) went throu?gh 2) stood?up for 3) laidd?own 4) take on

5) let (us) down 6) drawo?n 7) falli?nto 8) pass for

3. 1) The Europ?eans are fully?confi?dent that the Ameri?cans will not b

e able tojus?tify their?measu?res to prote?ct the strug?gling?Ameri?c an steel?indus?try.

2) Clint?onis,in the eyes of Joe Klein?, staff?write?r of the New Yorke?r and autho?r of TheNa?tural?, the most talen?ted polit?ician?of his gen er?ation?and the mostc?ompel?ling.

3) There?'s not much you can do if peopl? e are reall?y inten?t on destr ?oying?thems?elves?with drugs?.

4) A diffe?rent exper?ience?of the world?could?forge? a compl?etel y?diffe?rent appro?achto?life.

5) It is our convi?ction?that cloni?ng of human?being?s is bound?to cause?manye?thica?l and socia?l probl?ems in the long run.

4. 1) As for, do not compe?l, captu?re of, have forge?d

2) At huge risk,the missi?on, shelt?er

3) whoab?olish?ed, In the eyes of, racia?l

II. Words?withM?ultip?le Meani?ngs

1. I'll tell you in a minut? e how I have attai?ned the genui?ne sense?of belon?gingi?nAmer?ica, but first?let me hear about?your Frenc?h t rip.

2. Most McDon?ald's look almos?t the same on the outsi?de, but actu a?lly there?areab?out 16 diffe?rent basic?desig?ns.

3. Loani?ng money?from the banks?is but one of the metho?ds we can use to getth?rough? a finan?cial crisi?s.

4. This secon?d-hand car has been nothi?ng but troub?le; it's alway?s break?ing down.

5. In your resum? e you've menti?oned every?thing?but one vital?p oint?.

6. Our techn?ician?s have disco?vered? a simpl? e but effec?tive solu t?ion to the probl?em.

7. I am sorry?, but I think?you shoul?dn't have linge?red on over co ffe? e and misse?dthe last bus..

8. The bankr?uptcy?of the compa?ny was not cause? d by evil, but by si mpl? e ignor?ance

III. Usage?

1) lonel?y 2)frien?dly 3) weekl?y, month?ly 4)lovel?y

5) cowar?dly 6)kindl?y/ saint?ly 7) livel?y 8)mothe?rly


I. Cloze?

1. Text-relat?ed

1)forge? d 2) stand?up 3) compe?lled 4)convi?ction?s 5)missi?on 6)aboli?sh 7) inten?ton 8) risk 9)in theey?es of 10)threa?ts

2. (Theme?-relat?ed)

1) assis?tance? 2) invol?ved 3) estim?ated 4)coinc?idenc? e 5)emerg?ed

6) refer?red 7) numer?ous 8) stati?oned 9)conce?rn 10)captu?re

II. Trans?latio?n

1. Thoug?h great?ly affec?ted by the conse?quenc?es of the globa?l f inan?cial crisi?s, weare?still?confi?dent that we can face up to the chall ?enge and overc?ome thecr?isis.

2. Under?threa?t of const?ant sand storm?s, we were compe?lled to l eave?our cheri?shedv?illag? e and move to the new settl?ement?.

3. Accor?ding to a recen?t onlin? e surve?y, a lot of consu?mers say th ey may bemot?ivate? d to consi?der buyin?g produ?cts shown?in TV co mme?rcial?s.

4. Havin?g spott?ed a truck?drive?r dumpi?ng conta?minat?ed wast e?along?side the river?,the old man repor?ted to the polic? e at once.

5. Some scien?tists?hold to the firm convi?ction?that peopl? e will co me to likeg?eneti?cally?modif?ied crops?somed?ay since?they can in cre?ase yield?s and helpc?ombat?hunge?r and disea?se in the devel?o ping?world?.

Short?ly after?heach?ieved?freed?om Henso?n becam? e inten?t on a ssis?ting fugit?ive slave?s. He secre?tlyre?turne? d to theUn?ited State?s from?Canad?aseve?ral times?to help other?s to trave?lthe Under?groun ? d Railr?oad to freed?om. Once some slave?catch?ers close? d in on th ees?capin?g slave?s and Henso?n when they were on the run. He disgu?ised thema?nd succe?ssful?ly avoid?ed captu?re. Later?he built? a smal

l?settl?ement?inDre?sdeni?nCana?dafor?escap?ed slave?s, setti?ng u p a chape?l and a schoo?l. He heldt?o the convi?ction?that slave?ry w ould?be aboli?shed, and the day was bound?tocom? e when racia?l disc r?imina?tion no longe?r exist?ed.



1.1) threa?tens 2) by a small?margi?n 3)civil?ize 4)close? d up 5)wa nde?red 6) paste? 7) witho?ut so much as 8) sidew?ays

9) hook up to 10) unive?rsal 11) chart? 12) Bathe? d in

2. 1)narro?weddo?wn 2)looke? d back on 3)cut off 4)fit into

5)wear(the other?) down 6)lies in 7)put up 8)stand?for

3. 1)...which?islik?ely to make peopl? e vulne?rable?to asthm? a has bee n found?by resea?rcher?s at theDe?partm?ent of Clini?cal Medic?ine in Oxfor? d.

2)...with mirro?red doors?had to be built?in so as to make their?small ?bedro?om look large?r.

3)...featu?re the space?shutt?le Chall?enger?blowi?ng up in Janua?ry1 98?6---killi?ng all seven?crew.

4)...threa?tened?to keep the pupil?s in after?schoo?l, they were quiet?ed atonc? e.

5)... are a major?barri?er to the count?ry's econo?mic growt?h due to t

hefa?ct that/becau?se impor?ted oil has absor?bed 40% of its forei?gn e xcha?nge.

4. 1) looke?dback?on/ atmos?phere?/urban?life

2)era/ hooke? d up to the / the elect?ronic?

3) the subur? b / a sophi?stica?ted / syste?m / analy?ze / make error?s

II. 1)away 2)insid?e/in 3)forwa?rd/throu?gh 4)back

5)off 6)home 7) back down 8)in...out

III. 1) Inter?netis?not such an unusu?al word as it used to be

2) Most men do not look unatt?racti?ve in them

3) Wealt?hy as she is, she is not uncon?cerne? d by her sudde?nunem?ploym?ent

4) The claim?is not unrea?listi? c in view of a sharp?decre?ase in thec i?ty's viole?nt crime?s.

5)His poor healt?h is not unrel?ated to his unhea?lthy way of life. Compr?ehens?iveEx?ercis?es

1. Cloze?

1. 1) Stati?stics? 2)rural? 3)era 4)stood?for 5)on the latch?

6)vulne?rable? 7)barri?er 8)elect?ronic? 9)refle?ction? 10)civil?ized 2. 1) toget?her 2)liabl? e 3)shift? 4)elect?ric 5)cauti?ous

6)sophi?stica?ted 7)thiev?es 8)break? 9)chanc?es 10)signs?

II. Trans?latio?n

1.1) The Inter?net is chang?ing the way peopl? e live, (no matte?r) wheth ?er they arein?urban?or rural?areas?.

2)Mediu?m-sized?and small?compa?nies are more vulne?rable?to the t hrea?t of the globa?l econo?miccr?isis than large?ones.

3) Withr?egard?to our term paper?, the profe?ssor asked?us to analy?ze the unemp?loyme?ntcha?rt first?, and then provi?de criti?cal refle?cti on?s on the natio?ns econo?micde?velop?ment.

4)It never?occur?red to him that their?team would?win the baske?tball ?match?by alarg? e margi?n.

5) Looki?ngbac?k on my twent?y years?' teach?ing in high schoo?l, I at tri?bute my succe?ss topat?ience?, talen?t, and the const?ant pursu?it of knowl?edge.

2. It is almos?timpo?ssibl? e to keep a deter?mined?burgl?ar out. All yo u can do is disco?urage?himfo?r a few minut?es. Thus expos?ing him to polic? e patro?ls. Commo?n sense?tells?ustha?t light?ing is a barri?e r to crimi?nal activ?ity. A light?shoul? d be fixed?in thedo?orway?and switc?hed on at night?. Make sure/Assur? e yours?elf that you don'tleav?e the door on the latch?if you happe?n to be the last to come in. If youd e?cide to buy a sophi?stica?ted elect?ronic?alarm?syste?m, be sure to ask for itssi?gns and put them up on both windo?ws and doors?. In addi t?ion you may have ithoo?ked up to a polic? e stati?on.



1.1) accor?dingl?y 2) loose? 3)conce?ntrat?ion 4)stimu?latin?g 5)f abri? c 6)ifany?thing? ) reali?ty 8)intui?tion 9) trifl? e 10)at the turn of the centu?ry 11) mess 12)under?mine

2. 1) appro?veof 2) slow down 3) taken?in 4)sucke? d into5?) set ap art?

6)dozed?off 7)call forth? 8)stret?ch into 9) keep up with 10)belie?v

e in

3. 1)...provi?dedin?spira?tion for many artis?ts and music?ians over the d ecad?es.

2)...is credi?ted to his power?s of imagi?natio?n

3)...on the found?ation?s of an agric?ultur?al revol?ution?

4)...not to make any compl?aints?in the prese?nce of the nurse?.

5)...the outbr?eak of the Secon? d World?War.

4. 1) flaw/camet?o the concl?usion?/would?get nowhe?re

2) in a row/dozed?off/a mess of

3) outbr?eak of/ has under?mined?/ has strai?ned

II. 1)WithC?hrist?mas only a week away

2) With his physi?cal condi?tion impro?ving day by day

3) With our GDP growi?ng stead?ily

4) With all the shops?close? d

5) with her eyes close? d

6) With the fog lifti?ng durin?g the night?

III. 1)like/as 2) as 3)like 4) like/as

5) as/like 6)as 7)like 8) as


1. Cloze?

1. 1) cauti?on 2) came tothe?concl?usion?that 3)never?get anywh ?ere

4)under?minin?g 5) notgi?ve/care a fig 6) flaw

7) beyon? d any doubt? 8)found?ation? 9)remar?kable?/impre?ssive?

10) imagi?natio?n

2. 1) exten?t 2)inven?tions? 3)bet 4)manag?es 5)visio?n

6)event?ually? 7)achie?vemen?t 8)pover?ty 9)utili?zed 10)break?thro u?gh

II. Trans?latio?n

1.1) The volun?teers?sent/assig?ned by the Red Cross?disin?fecte?d, wi th great?cauti?on, the drink?ing water?in the villa?ge so as to avoid?a n outbr?eak ofpla?gue.

2)Einst?ein spent?many years?tryin?g to unify?the theor?ies of elect ?romag?netis?mand gravi?ty but faile? d.

3)Profe?ssor Wang recei?ved/won the Presi?denti?al Award?for his excel

?lence?in stimu?latin?g stude?nts' creat?ive imagi?natio?n.

4) As there?were some major?desig?n flaws?, the board?of direc?tors

didn't appro?veof the econo?mic stimu?lus packa?ge.

5) Havin?g reali?zed that nobod?y could?help him,Jorda?n final?ly cam

e to theco?nclus?ion that he had to face reali?ty and take up/meet the ch

all?enge byhim?self.

2. What wasre?marka?ble about?2005 was perha?ps that the UN decla?r

ed it "The World?Yearo? f Physi?cs". It was the 100th?anniv?ersar?y of Einst?ein's theor?y ofrel?ativi?ty and the 50th anniv?ersar?y of his death ?. In 1905 Einst?ein publi?shedf?ive highl?y impor?tant essay?s in the h isto?ry of scien?ce, thus revol?ution?izing?physi?cs. His great?achie?ve men?ts can be credi?ted to his impre?ssive?power?s ofima?ginat?ion, const?ant quest?ionin?g, and not givin?g a fig for autho?rity. It isbey?o nd doubt?that Einst?ein was the great?est scien?tist in the 20th centu?r y

Unit 5

Text A


1.He wrote?them on a ship on the way to theis?lando?fTula?giin theSo?ut

h Pacif?ic on Thank?sgivi?ng Day, 1943.

2.Prepa?ring a tradi?tiona?l Thank?sgivi?ng dinne?r featu?ring roast?turke

?y made the write?r extre?mely busy.

3.The write?r was think?ing about?Thank?sgivi?ng.

4.He decid?ed to write?lette?rs to show grati?tude to those?whoha? d hel

pe? d him in his life.

5.He had alway?s accep?ted what they had done for him, but never?expre?s

sed to any of them a simpl? e “Thank?you.”

6.He decid?ed to write?to his fathe?r, his grand?mothe?r, and theRe?v. Lo

nua?l Nelso?n, his gramm?ar schoo?l princ?ipal.

7.His fathe?r had impre?ssed upon him from boyho?od a love ofboo?ks and


8.He remem?bered?that each morni?ng Nelso?n would?open the schoo?l

with? a praye?r over his assem?bled stude?nts.

9.He recal?led how his grand?mothe?r had taugh?t him to tell thetr?uth, to

share?, and to be forgi?ving and consi?derat? e of other?s. And he than k?edher?for her delic?ious food and for all the wonde?rful thing?s she had done forhi?m.

10.His readi?ng of their?lette?rs left him not only aston?ished?butal?so m

ore humbl?ed than befor?e, becau?se they all thank?ed him rathe?r than sayin?gthey?would?forgi?ve him for not havin?g previ?ously?thank ?ed them.

11.The write?r learn?ed that one shoul? d learn?to expre?ssapp?recia?tion

for other?s’effor?ts.

12. The write ?r wishe ? d for all peopl ? e the commo ?n sense ? to achie ?vewor

?ld peace ?, and find the good and prais ? e it.

TextO ?rgani ?zatio ?n


Parts ?

Parag ?r aphs ? Main Ideas ? Part One Paras ?. 1-9 On Thank ?s givi ?n g Day 1943, as a young ? coast ?

guard ?s man at sea, the write ?r came up with the

idea of expre ?s sing ? his grati ?tude to peopl ?e who

had helpe ?d him befor ?e.

Part Two Paras ?. 10-16 The write ?r wrote ? three ? thank ?-you lette ?r s to

his fathe ?r, the Rev. Nelso ?n and his grand ?m o the

?r .

Part Three ?

Paras ?.17-23 The write ?r got three ? lette ?rs in reply ?. Part Four Paras ?. 24-26 The write ?r wishe ?s every ?o ne to find the good and

prais ?e it.


Corre ?s pond ?e nts Lette ?rs Sent

Lette ?rs Recei ?ved Fathe ?r Thank ?s him for teach ?ing the write ?r from boyho ?od to love books ? and readi ?ng. Tells ? the write ?r how he, as a

teach ?er and a fathe ?r as well,

felt conte ?nt with his own son.

The Rev. Nelso ?n Thank ?s him for his morni ?ng

schoo ?l praye ?r s.


Tells ? the write ?r about ? his

retir ?ement ? coupl ?e d with self-doubt ?, and the reassur ?ance broug ?ht to him by the write ?r's lette ?r. Grand ?m othe ?r Thank ?s her for teach ?ing Expre ?sses her lovin ?g grate ?

the write?r how to tell the

fulne?ss to her grand?son.

truth?, to share? and to be

forgi?ving, and for her

good cooki?n g and her sprin

?k ling?the write?r's life

with stard?ust.

Langu?age Sense?Enhan?cemen?t

I. 1) decad?es 2)under?going?

3) had donew?rong 4) welco?me reass?uranc?e

5) appre?ciate? d 6) broug?htbac?k

7) relat?ives 8) accom?plish?

9) consu?me 10) repre?senti?ng

Langu?age Focus?


1. 1) sprin?kled 2) in turn

3) rever?sed 4) repay?

5) atsea? 6) tradi?tiona?l

7)state?ment 8) longe? d for

9) insec?ret 10) unloa?ded

11)weep 12) under?way

2. 1) stret?ch out 2) make out

3) hopef?or 4) turns?(it) over

5) putaw?ay 6) bring?s back


II. Collo?catio?n

1, fondo? f 2. sick of

3. thoug?htful?of

4. confi?dent of

5. consc?iouso? f

6. criti?cal of

7. guilt?yof 8.asham?ed of

III. Usage?

1.To know what peopl? e reall?y think?, pay regar? d to what they do,rathe?r

than what they say.

2.It is coope?ratio?n, rathe?r than confl?ict, that will enabl? e youto?achie

?ve your succe?ss.

3.Ann made stude?nts think?for thems?elves?rathe?r than telli?ngthe?m

what to think?.

4.I think?I'll stay at home this eveni?ng rathe?r than go / going?out.

1.Most peopl? e are conte?nt to let perfe?ct days happe?n at rando?mrath

?er than plan / plann?ing for them.


I. Cloze?


1) atsea? 2) Turni?ng over

3) rever?se 4) got to

5) repay? 6) grati?tude

7)assem?bled 8)immer?sed in

9)unloa?ding 10) swift?


1)Inste?ad 2) posse?ssion?s

3)riche?r 4) breat?h

5) cheri?sh 6) speci?al

7) speci?fic 8) shini?ng

9)mirac?les 10) gift

II. Trans?latio?n

1). Grand?ma took it for grant?ed that food price?s would?soar, so she bough?t a lot ofric? e.

2). I can quote?you sever?al insta?nces of her dedic?ation?to scien?c e.

3). The 1980s?saw the start?of the swift?devel?opmen?t of some sp eci?al econo?mic zones?inChi?na.

4). Tensi?on betwe?en the two count?ries stemm?ed in part from the la tes?t spy affai?r.

5). Peter?has worke? d in a law firm for many years?. You can consi?de r havin?g him asyou?r lawye?r to act on your behal? f when you need leg al?help.



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