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I. Key words & phrases

resume identify

flash calculate

loose crash

shelter mess

spot injure

internal via

trap plunge


struggle with draw sb’s attention cool down mess around clear of out of the way race past make one’s way gather speed at the same instant catch up to

Additional Vocabulary

a pleasant morning 气候宜人的上午

a thick row of tree 一排密密麻麻的树

a passenger express 特快客车

a freight train 货车

medium in height 中等身材

at the same instant 在同一瞬间

be surpassingly valorous 勇武过人

emergency personnel 紧急救护人员

hard seat 硬座

emergency brake 紧急制动

make it hot for 刁难

magnetic suspension train (MST) 磁悬浮列车

sleeping berth 卧铺

courage and insight 胆识

most of the day 一天的大部分时间

a couple of restless hours 烦躁不安的几小时

life jacket 救生衣

a sense of peace 一种平静感

flooded area 泛洪区

flood peak 洪峰

mighty torrent 洪流

flood information 洪讯

combat a flood 抗洪

provide disaster relief 救灾

Indian Summer 秋老虎

scared stiff 吓傻了

between a rock and a hard place 进退两难

make-up test 补考

beyond my means 我支付不起

Ⅱ. Vocabulary & Structure

It’s not easy to learn English well, but if you _____, you’ll succeed in the end.

A. hang up

B. hang about

C. hang on

D. hang onto

The plane _____, its bombs exploding as it hit the ground.

A. smashed

B. crushed

C. plunged

D. crashed

The travelers _____ their journey after a short break.

A. recovered

B. resumed

C. renewed

D. restored

It is predicted that heavy rains are threatening ______ the area in a few days.

A. to flood

B. flooding

C. flood

D. flooded

You would be ____ a risk to let your child go to school by himself.

A. omitting

B. attaching

C. affording

D. running

What size do you want , large, _____, or small?

A. medal

B. middle

C. media

D. medium

The television show _____ after a commercial break.

A. resumed

B. assured

C. consumed

D. presumed

My sole object was to get shelter ____ the snow, to get myself covered and warm.

A. for

B. off

C. from

D. over

You see the lightening _____ it happens, but you hear the thunder later.

A. the instant

B. for an instant

C. on the instant

D. in an instant

During the storm we took ____ in the doorway of a shop.

A. rescue

B. shelter

C. comfort

D. guards

His face _____ with pain when badly hurt by the shopkeeper.

A. contracted

B. twisted

C. was twisted

D. was wrinkled

He offered the old car for $400, which I think is a bit ______.

A. steeply

B. steep

C. steady

D. step

All his life he had been _____ illness.

A. making with

B. doing with

C. struggling with

D. dealing with

He messes ___ all day long, doing noting.

A. up

B. with

C. around

D. everywhere

Let’s postpone ______ a decision until we have more information.

A. make

B. making

C. made

D. to make

Don’t put your life _______ by jumping into the river since you don’t know how to swim.

A. at risk

B. on risk

C. by risk

D. over risk

Catching sight of her old friend Tom, Lucy _____ for him to come over and sit in a seat next to her.

A. moved

B. swayed

C. signaled

D. twisted

Building the railway was very difficult and involved ____ ten tunnels.

A. dig

B. to have dug

C. digging

D. having dug

People complain that the cost of establishing an office are so much that only the rich can afford ___ for an office.

A. running

B. to have run

C. to run

D. having run

_____ the temperature failing so rapidly, we couldn’t go on with the experiment.

A. Since

B. For

C. As

D. With

21.He bought a bag of ________ in from the car.

A. grocery

B. groceries

C. grocer

D. grocers

22.He gave us a ________ gesture to show his approval.

A. thumb-up

B. thumb

C. thumbs-up

D. thumbs-down

23.Your books and magazines are almost _____; go and put them in order.

A. in a mess

B. in mess

C. in a mass

D. in mass

24.Rich _____ the air –horn handle when he saw the kids on the track.

A. pulled out

B. held on

C. pulled on

D. hang on

25.______ his life, Anthony saved the lives of the two kids.

A. Risking

B. Risked

C. Risk

D. Being risked

26.Anthony insisted that Kate ______ the police and the ambulance immediately.

A. call

B. to call

C. calling

D. called

27.There are no _____ of life about the house.

A. signals

B. gestures

C. marks

D. signs

28.A high percentage of the computer books ______ in English.

A. is published

B. are published

C. has published

D. have published

29.We want to create music for the ______.

A. mass

B. masses

C. mess

D. messes

30.Sound travels through the _____ of air.

A. middle

B. murder

C. media

D. medium

31.The plane _______, its bombs exploding as it hit the ground.

A. smashed

B. crushed

C. plunged

D. crashed

32.They stopped talking for a moment to see where the noise was coming from and then ____ their conversation.

A. began

B. repeated

C. resumed

D. went on

33.Just when he found himself lost in this new city, he _____ a friend in a crowd.

A. saw

B. knew

C. spotted

D. pointed out

34.She was so ______ in her job that she didn’t hear anybody knocking at the door.

A. absorbed

B. attracted

C. drawn

D. concerned

35.Please be careful when you are drinking coffee in case you ____ the new carpet.

A. crash

B. pollute

C. spot

D. stain

36.It is not far from here, only _____ drive.

A. ten minute’s

B. ten-minute’s

C. ten minutes’

D. ten-minutes’

37.You can do whatever you like. No one will be ______.

A. in the way

B. in no way

C. in any way

D. in a way

38.Many people ____ the continent of Africa in the 19th century.

A. exploded

B. exposed

C. exported

D. explored

39.Children who are cared too much by their parents may become _____.

A. hurt

B. damaged

C. spoiled

D. harmed

40._____ with the size of the whole earth, the highest mountain does not seem high at all.

A. While comparing

B. Comparing

C. When compared

D. Compare

41.You see the lightning _____ it happens , but you hear the thunder later.

A. the instant

B. for an instant

C. on the instant

D. in an instant

42.By ____, he discovered that all the money had been drawn from the bank..

A. incident

B. incidence

C. accident

D. accidence

43.We found the Smiths struggling ____ their car suck in the mud.

A. for

B. against

C. on

D. with

44.The express train “Beijing- Dalian” _______ past.

A. flew

B. flared

C. flashed

D. flushed

45.These cells are not ____ to the human eye.

A. invisible

B. perceptible

C. visible

D. obvious

46.He _____ his parents’ anger by marrying me.

A. risked

B. challenged

C. gambled

D. ventured

47.He was so lucky that he escaped from the accident without _____.

A. injure

B. injury

C. insult

D. damage

48.The trees _____ the field from the cold wind.

A. distinguish

B. shelter

C. ban

D. substract

49.The children ______ all the hot dogs and hamburgers.

A. consumed

B. presumed

C. resumed

D. assumed

50.Taiwan issue is regarded as one of the ____ affairs in China.

A. external

B. internal

C. outward

D. inward

Ⅲ. CET 4 Vocabulary

1.Scientists have _______ many new methods of increasing the world’s food supply.

A. put up with

B. caught up with

C. brought up with

D. come up with

2.Since the old man was in such a serious condition, I felt _______ to send him to hospital.

A. essential

B. obliged

C. devoted

D. responsible

3.I’m sure that you’ll _____ all your difficulties in time.

A. get over

B. get through

C. go over

D. put through

4.Mr. Keith was an honest man. He never ______ any gifts from people who sought his help.

A. contained

B. received

C. accepted

D. attained

5.He _____ me that he’d be waiting for me at the entrance of the park at about seven.

A. ensured

B. assured

C. engaged

D. assumed

6.The Englishmen and the Australians not only look alike but also_____ a large number of social customs.

A. combine

B. share

C. join

D. correspond

7.It was very ____ you to give him money while his father was seriously ill in bed.

A. generous to

B. considerate of

C. considerable for

D. generous with

8.We can’t ____ the fact that quite a few of the students do not study English very hard.

A. decline

B. reject

C. deposit

D. neglect

9.The road lay ahead of her, a ____ gray line stretching to the horizon.

A. constant

B. continual

C. continuous

D. consistent

10.The development of science and technology ____ a change in our life.

A. brought about

B. brought up

C. brought forward

D. brought out

11.After the discussion they have _____ the price for the house.

A. agreed for

B. agreed on

C. agreed with

D. agreed at

12.When he was asked about missing camera, the boy ______ ever seeing it.

A. refused

B. pretended

C. denied

D. opposed

13.At the universities of Oxford and Cambridge the ____ of teachers to students is very high.

A. ratio

B. number

C. amount

D. portion

14.His actions were not ____ his beliefs.

A. in regard to

B. in line with

C. in terms of

D. in touch with

15.She was homesick and _____ all her friends and family.

A. longed

B. missed

C. desired

D. isolated

16.“Can I go and see the dentist when I want?”

“Well, usu ally you have to make an appointment, unless it is ___.”

A. in a hurry

B. in haste

C. in change

D. an emergency

17.Our children and grandchildren will ____ if we don’t look after our planet.

A. bear

B. endure

C. suffer

D. tolerate

18.The discovery of oil can bring great _____ to a country.

A. property

B. belongings

C. purchases

D. wealth

19.I know he hasn’t finished the work, but, _____ , he is a very busy man.

A. at all

B. in all

C. above all

D. after all

20.Hangzhou is a beautiful city and we are having a ______ time here.

A. lively

B. lovely

C. alive

D. lonely

21.I have considered ____ a part-time job ____ pay for my school expenses.

A. to get; to help

B. to get; helping

C. getting; to help

D. getting; helping

22.She is two hours late. What ___ to her?

A. can have happened

B. can happen

C. should have happened

D. should happen

23.You should reply when you ____ to.

A. speak

B. are speaking

C. spoke

D. are spoken

24._______ for a while, he agreed to take this work.

A. To think

B. Having thought

C. Thought

D. Having been thought

25.What the teacher said threw new light on the novel and the students found themselves ___ with a fresh eye.

A. to read them

B. read it

C. reading it

D. reading

26.In general, ____ little water, you can’t find a green field.

A. wherever there is a

B. when there is

C. where there is a

D. where there is

27.Our teacher as well as our classmates ____ to attend the evening party.

A. was asked

B. were asked

C. be asked

D. have asked

28.We consider it necessary that a plan_____ in advance.

A. be made

B. to be made

C. should make

D. will be made

29.____ good China’s economic prospects are, we still have a long way to go.

A. Whatever

B. However

C. Even if

D. Although

30.Seldom ______ any mistakes during my past five years of service here.

A. would I make

B. I did make

C. I would make

D. did I make

31.The book is _____ to be put into that envelope. You need a bigger one.

A. big enough

B. so big

C. too big

D. rather big

32.I object ____ as he is still too young.

A. to my son’s smoking

B. my son to smoke

C. to my son smoke

D. my son smoking

33.Some people prefer classical music, but _____ prefer rock music.

A. others

B. other

C. another

D. the others

34.No sooner ____ they started to work.

A. had they got to the plant than

B. had they got to the plant then

C. had they got to the plant when

D. they had got to the plant than

35.None of the food was wasted, ______?

A. were i t

B. was it

C. wasn’t it

D. weren’t it

36.Had I been Peter, I _____ that way.

A. won’t talk

B. didn’t talk

C. wouldn’t have talked

D. wouldn’t talk

37.Mr. Wang _____ now, for the light in his office is still on.

A. can be working

B. must be working

C. must have been working

D. may have been working

38.____ his wealth, John is not very happy.

A. Beside

B. Besides

C. In spite of

D. Because of

39.Bill is one of the brightest students who ____ from Harvard University.

A. is graduated

B. have graduated

C. has graduated

D. are graduated

40._____ on the second day of our camping trip _______ the storm suddenly struck and destroyed much of our equipment.

A. It was / that

B. It was / then

C. It is / when

D. It is / that

Ⅳ.Reading Comprehension


Americans do not give cooking, "considered as one of the fine arts", an important place in life. Lunch is for them a kind of gratuity(报酬)paid to the body. They hurriedly toss(抛)it a fruit or a fish and go back to work. Certain writers, in rebellion, have founded the club, "Three Hours for Lunch', but they are an agreeable exception. Even at dinner, general conversation is rare. After dinner the men linger(逗留) at the table, a custom inherited from England, but they only talk to his neighbor. In New York your host will often propose taking you to the theatre, or else he will provide a pianist, a singer, a lecturer. The idea of leaving the guests to themselves, and expecting them to get pleasure out of meeting one another, astonishes and even shocks him. His excessive (过渡的) modesty does not permit his imagining the fact that his friends can be happy merely in being in his house, with one another. He treats them like children. On Christmas Eve you will see, in some of the pleasant homes in New York, Christmas trees for grown people. In other places, after a dinner at which you exchange ideas, they will be a magician(魔术师) who will do his best to amuse the elderly people. There you must realize that the absence of conversation in American homes comes, not from absence of ideas or lack of intelligence of understanding, but from an unconquerable shyness and a great self-distrust.

1. The Americans hurry through lunch because________.

A. they are ambitious of success in their career

B. they have rebelled against English customs

C. they don't think it is important

D. talking while eating is impolite

2. The author believes that___________.

A. people are capable of getting pleasure out of meeting one another

B. people enjoy their food more when it is attractively served

C. Americans don't want to act like cultured gentlemen

D. Americans don't think deeply enough to be good conversationalists

3. The author talks about some American writers who________.

A. wrote stories about American eating habits

B. decided to enjoy leisurely lunches

C. eat while they work

D. wrote short plays to be presented at night clubs

4. The author feels that Americans lack_______.

A. understanding

B. self-confidence

C. self-control

D. a rebellious spirit

5. According to the author, in England_________.

A. the guests expect the host to have entertainment for them

B. the men remain at the table to talk

C. people don't consider Christmas dinner important

D. the men usually spend three hours at dinner


"What we want is rest," said Harris.

"Rest and a complete change," said George, " Change of scene, and no need to think about anything."

I agreed with George, and suggested we should look for some quiet place far from crowds and the noisy world.

Harris said he thought it would be terrible. He said he knew the kind of place I meant, where everybody went to bed at eight o' clock, and you couldn't get an Evening News for love or money, and had to walk ten miles to the nearest cinema. "No," he said, "if you want rest and a change, you had better take a sea trip."

I was strongly against a sea trip. A sea trip does you good when you are going to have a couple of months of it, but for a week, it is pointless.

George said, "Let's go up the river. "He said we should have fresh air and rest, the constant change of scene would broaden our minds, and the hard work would give us a good appetite(食欲)and make us sleep well.

Harris said he didn't think George ought to do anything that might make him sleepier than he already was but all the same he agreed the river would suit him, Harris, perfectly. It suited me too and we therefore decided to go up the river.

1. George's idea of rest and a complete change is_______.

A. having nothing on his mind

B. not having any worries in life

C. relaxing in new places

D. not thinking about new scenes

2. When Harris said, "You couldn't get an Evening News for love or money', he meant "you couldn't get a paper________。”

A. by any means

B. for its selling price

C. simply to read about love or money

D. as a kindness

3. When Harris also said, "One had to walk ten miles to the nearest cinema", he meant_________.

A. there was no cinema ten miles round

B, the nearest cinema was about ten miles away

C. the nearest cinema was too far away for him

D. there wasn't a cinema, even ten miles away

4. When the writer said it was pointless to go on a sea trip for a week, he meant _______.

A. it was a pleasure to have nothing to do for a week

B. a week was too short

C. it was better than going for two months

D. you did not go to a certain place

5. The hard work would give them a good appetite because_______.

A. they would eat a lot

B. they would drink a lot

C. it would make them sleep well

D. it would make them hungry


I had always known that the Chinese new year was different from our own but otherwise assumed that the way we Europeans divided up the year was something we have always had in common. Quite recently, though, I found out that there used to be some pretty dramatic differences. During the middle ages the official start of the year varied enormously within Europe. In Spain, Portugal, Switzerland and

Germany it began on Christmas Day, whereas it started on the 1st March in Venice and the 21st in England. In Rome it was at one time the 25th January but then changed to the 25th March. In Russia the new year coincided(恰好重合)with the spring equinox(春分).

If this isn’t complicated enough the French used to start their official year from Easter day. Easter, as I am sure you all know, is a moveable feast(宗教节日) whose complicated calculation is quite a mystery to me. However this French or "Easter" style of working out the beginning of the year led to some years being as short as three hundred days while others could stretch to four hundred with two spring times, one at each end!

With all these different dating systems in operation you can imagine the strong possibility of confusion.. This can create headaches for students engaged in studying the period from original documents(文件) as they can actually find somebody' s death being recorded months before they are married and battles still being fought weeks after a peace agreement had been signed! It would all depend on where the events had been recorded. As an actual example the student could easily get muddled(糊涂的) over the date of the famous trial of the Knights Templar in Paris. According to records this long and complex trial ended in 1313 as the new year didn't officially start until the 7th April. Fortunately for all of us these differences were eventually solved. In December 1564 the French decided to start the new year from the 1st January. The Russians adopted this new style of dating in 1725 and the English a further twenty-seven years later.

1. The writer______.

A. had always known about the dating systems

B. knew Europeans varied in their dating systems

C. had just found out about the Chinese New Year

D. had been forced to revise his opinion

2. What used to be the most common start of the official year? _______.

A. Christmas Day

B. The Spring equinox

C. 1st January

D. 25th March

3. What was a feature of the French official year? ___

A. It could have two Easters

B. It could vary in length

C. It could be shorter than three hundred days

D. It often had two summers

4. Why do students sometimes get confused? ________.

A. Documents are inaccurate

B. Trials used to be long and complicated

C. Events appear illogical

D. Because the new year started on April 7th

5. The system for the new year starting on January 1st________

A. wasn't immediately adopted by the English

B. was adopted by the Russians a century, before the French

C. was accepted by the French

D. was adopted by the English in 1750


My father had returned from his business visit to London when I came in, rather late, to supper. I could tell at once that he and my mother had been discussing something. In that half-serious way I knew so well when he said, “ How would you like to go to Eton?”

“Sure?” I cried quickly catching the joke. Everyone knew it was the most expensive, the most famous of schools. You had to be entered at birth, if not before. Besides, even at 12 or 13, I understood my father ---- he disliked any form of showing off. He was always very conscious of his proper station in life, which was in the middle of the middle class: our house was semi-detached(半独立的); he had shrunk from joining the well-known Royal Liverpool Golf Club and entered a smaller one instead; though once he had acquired a second-hand Rolls-Royce at a remarkably low price, he felt uneasy driving it and quickly changed it for an Austin 1100.

This could only be his delightful way of telling me the whole Eton idea was to be dropped. Alas! I should also have remembered that he had a liking for being different from everyone else, if it did not conflict(冲突) with his fear of drawing attention to himself.

It seemed that he had happened to be talking to Graham Brown of the London office, a very nice fellow, and Graham had a friend who had just entered his boy at the school, and while he was in that part of the world he thought he might just as well phone them. I remember my body shaking with the confusion of my feelings. There was excitement at the heart of great sadness.

"Oh, he doesn't want to go away," said my mother, "You shouldn't go on like this. ""It's up to him, "said my father. "He can make up his own mind."

1. The writer suggests that a father should apply for a place at Eton________.

A. as soon as his son is born

B. when his son is 12 or 13

C. even before his son is born

D. only if his son is clever enough

2. The house they lived in was_______.

A. the best they could afford

B. right for their social position

C. near the Golf Club

D. in poor condition

3. His father sold his Rolls-Royce because_______.

A. it made him feel nervous

B. it was too old to be efficient

C. it was too expensive to run

D. he needed the money just then

4. The writer's father enjoyed being different as long as_______.

A. it enabled him to show off

B. it didn't involve him in arguments

C. it was understood as a joke

D. there was no danger of his showing off

5. What was the writer's reaction to the idea of going to Eton?_________.

A. He was very unhappy

B. He had mixed feelings

C. He was quite delighted

D. He didn't believe it


公交车开到路边的空地上,让那些小汽车通过。(pull into)


3.我们在小提箱上贴了一张名片。(attach to)

4.总统似乎对批评毫不在意。(be immune to)




“嗨,”我说,“拿去吧。”我一边说,一边把肯得基快餐盒放到停在小路旁边的播种机上,同时设法把我的房子的钥匙扔进灌木丛中。(cautious, pull into, emerge, contrive)

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