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Unit 1 Access to success

Further practice in listening

Short conversations Scripts

Conversation 1 W: Hello, Mr. Williams. This is John Barrett’s secretary. I’m calling to cancel his appointment with you at 10 today as he is not feeling well. M: Thanks for calling. It’s quite all right. We’ll arrange some other time to meet. Q: What is the man going to do?

Conversation 2 M: I need to use more than just my math skills for these questions but I don’t have a calculator. Shall I go and buy o ne? W: Actually, I’ve got two. And I’ll let you have one for the price of a coffee. Q: What do we learn about the woman from this conversation? Conversation 3 M: Professor Smith, I’d like to have your advice as to my career development in the future. W: I t’s my pleasure. I think you are good at abstract thinking. I am sure you’ll make it if you pursue your graduate work in theoretical physics. Q: What does the woman advice the man to do?

Conversation 4 W: I can’t believe Ken missed such an important lectu re even though I reminded him the day before yesterday. M: You should know him better by now. He’s known for taking everything in one ear and straight out the other. Q: What does the man imply?

Conversation 5 W: I hear you’re working as a market surveyor this summer. It’s got to be awfully difficult going to so many places in such hot summer days. M: Well, it is challenging, but I get to meet lots of new people and the pay is decent enough. Q: What does the man think of his job? Long conversation Scripts W: Thanks for meeting with me, Dr. Pearl. I need permission to drop your class, Literature and Writing. M: It’s only the second week of class, Stacey. Why are you gi ving up so quickly? We’ve only written one essay so far, and you won’t get your grade back until next Wednesday! W: I know, sir. But as a third-year engineering student, I don’t want to risk lowering my grade point average by scoring poorly in a writing cl ass! M: OK … What’s worrying you? W: I spent two weeks reading Great Expectations, and then it took me 10 hours to write the three-page essay. Well, engineering courses are easy but important, as we know. But a writing course … I don’t know. I’ll just take a film class next semester, not hard at all – a two-paragraph review for each film. That will cover my humanities requirements. M: OK Stacey, listen: In college, I was the opposite. Math was hard; literature was easy. But later, when I opened my coffee shop, The Found Librarian, located on the 15th street, math helped me! W: Wait! You own The Found Librarian? That’s our favorite coffee place. We get coffee and screenplay at more than 30

different production dessert there every week –and work on math homework. M: Yeah, that’s my shop. Stacey, let’s reconsider. Success in life needs a variety of skills. Humanities majors need math. Engineering majors need writing skills. This writing class will

serve you well. Go to the University Writing Center and sign up for free tutoring. Then stop by my office each Friday at 11 a.m. and I’ll work with you. Together you can succeed in becoming a strong writer. A good deal? W: Yes! Thank you, Dr. Pearl! Passage 1 Scripts In 1978, as I applied to study film at the University of Illinois, my father objected and quoted me a statistic, “Every year, 50,000 performers compete for 200 available roles on Broadway.” Against his advice, I boarded a flight to the US. Some years later, when I graduated from the film school, I came to understand my father’s concern. It was nearly unheard of for a Chinese newcomer to make it in the American film industry. Beginning in 1983, I struggled through six years of annoying, hopeless uncertainty. Much of the time, I was helping film crews with their equipment or working as editor’s assistant. My most painful experience involved shopping a screenplay at more than 30 different production companies, and being met with harsh rejection each time. That year, I turned 30. Yet, I couldn’t even support myself. What could I do? Keep waiting, or give up my moviemaking dream? My wife gave me strong support. Her income was terribly modest. To relieve me from feeling guilty, I took on all housework –cooking, cleaning, taking care of our son – in addition to reading, reviewing films and writing scripts. It was rather shameful for a man to live this kind of life. Afterward, I enrolled in a computer course at a community college. At that time, it seemed that only the knowledge of computer could quickly make me employable. One morning, right before she got in her car to head off to work, my wife turned back and – standing there on our front steps –said, “Ang Lee, don’t forget your dream.” Sometime after, I obtained funding for my screenplay, and began to shoot my own films. After that, a few of my films started to win international awards. Recalling earlier times, my wife confessed, “I’ve always believed that you only need one gift. Your gift is making fi lms.” And today, I’ve finally won that golden statue. I think my own perseverance and my wife’s immeasurable sacrifice have finally met their reward. Q1: When did Ang Lee come to understand his father’s concern about studying film? Q2: What was Ang Lee’s m ost painful experience according to the passage? Q3: Why did Ang Lee enroll in a computer course at a community college? Q4: What did

Ang Lee’s wife think of him according to the passage?

Passage 2 Scripts and answers Nothing succeeds like confidence. When you are truly and justifiably confident, it radiates from you like sunlight, and attracts success to you like a magnet. It’s so important to 1) believe in yourself. Believe that you can do anything under any 2) circumstances, because if you believe you can, then you really will. That belief just keeps you 3) searching for success, and then pretty soon you can get it. Confidence is more than an attitude. It comes from knowing exactly where you are going, and how you are going to get there. It comes from 4) a strong sense of purpose. It comes from a strong commitment to take 5) responsibility, rather than just let life happen. One way to develop self-confidence is to do the thing you fear and get a record of successful experiences behind you. Confidence does not equal self-importance. Self-importance is born out of fear and 6) insecurity, while confidence comes from strength and 7) integrity. Confidence is not just believing you can do it. Confidence is knowing you can do it, and knowing that you are capable of 8) accomplishing anything you want. Anything can be achieved through focused, determined effort, commitment and selfconfidence. If your life is not what you 9) are longing for, you have the power to change it, and you must make such changes on a moment by moment basis. Live with your goals and your plan of action, and live each moment with your 10) priorities in mind, then you will have the life you want.

Unit 2 Emotions speak louder than words

Further practice in listening

Short conversations Scripts

Conversation 1 W: What’s up? You look so upset and tired. M: To be frank, I am getting a little tired of my sister’s vanishing without any explanation, especially when there is a lot of work to do around the house. Q: How does the man feel about his sister?

Conversation 2 W: What’s wrong with Professor Smith? I can’t imagine that he lost his temper this morning. When I first met him, he looked so gentle and kind. M: Oh, don’t make a fuss about it. If you know him, then you’ll also know it’ll pass very soon. Q: What does the man say about Professor Smith?

Conversation 3 W: You mean Horace is still angry about that joke you made about his name? M: Yes. But I couldn’t help it. It just occurred to me at t hat moment. I didn’t mean to offend him at all! Q: What do we know about the man?

Conversation 4 W: By the way, did you hear that Jack failed his mid-term exam? It’s too bad because it will disqualify him for next year’s scholarship, and his parents will be really disappointed with him. M: He deserved it. He’s never really studied since last semester. Q: How does the man feel about Jack’s failing the exam?

Conversation 5 W: I have been thinking about the interview all week. I’m so desperate for this job, I can’t afford any mistakes. M: Take it easy. You’ve made enough preparations. What you really need is a little bit of confidence. I’m sure you’ll get the job. Q: What do we learn about the woman?

Long conversation Scripts W: H appy Friday Chris! Isn’t that mountain beautiful today … Gosh Chris, are you OK? Are you crying? Did I say something? M: No, it’s fine, Sally. It’s just that today is the one-year anniversary of my father’s death. W: I’m so sorry. Today must be especially difficult. M: I woke up this morning, looked out at Mount Rainier for 45 minutes thinking about him. It was his favorite mountain, and from the time when I was seven years old until he died last year, every year, every year we would go hiking and camping together up that mountain at least three or four times. W: Wow. That’s my favorite place, too. I love all the blue and yellow flowers that cover the slopes in early summer. M: He loved those flowers, too, and we had baskets and bunches of them at the funeral. W: That sounds really special. Those little details can be such a comfort. M: Yes, it was a reminder of our happiest memories together. Honestly, I hope to die as peacefully as he did. We had just come home from a five-day hiking and camping trip in June. We had caught six fish for dinner and mom was preparing them in the kitchen. Dad sat down in his favorite green chair and had a heart attack and died quickly and peacefully. W: It’s tough to lose someone you love, but it sounds like he had a great life. M: He certainly did. He was 78 when he died.

A good life, though, a very good life. W: Chris, take the day off. Maybe go hiking on Mount Rainier. It’s beautiful weather. It might make you feel better to hike up the mountain. M: Sally, you’re a good boss a nd a good friend. Thanks. Passage 1 Scripts With the fierce competition at work or in school, you are often stressed out and easily offended. How can you relieve such stress? Follow the following tips to reduce your stress to manageable levels! Avoid MUST think. You have to move away from the notion that you must do something in a certain way. For example, “I must get a great score on a test.” This thought pattern only adds to the stress you’ll feel. Evaluate your situation rationally and analytically, and not as a “life or death” situation. Clean up the mess. Don’t study in a messy or crowded area. Clear yourself a nice, open space that’s free from distractions. Set manageable goals. Break large projects into smaller parts and you’ll feel a positive sense o f accomplishment as you finish each part. Imagine dumping your worries. Imagine yourself walking

on a beautiful beach, carrying a sand bucket. Stop at a good spot and put your worries into the buc

ket. Drop the bucket and watch as it drifts away into the ocean. Think good thoughts. Create a set of positive but brief assumptions and mentally repeat them to yourself just before you fall asleep at night, and you will feel a lot more positive in the morning. Imagine yourself succeeding. Close your eyes and remember a real-life situation in which you did well. Imagine facing your stressful situation with the same feeling of confidence. Use your bed for sleeping, not studying. Your mind may start to associate your bed with work, which will make it harder for you to fall asleep. Listen to relaxing music. If you want to play music, keep it low in the background. Classical music especially can aid the learning process. Apply these tips to your own life, soon you’ll find fewer and fewer situations to feel stressful about. Q1: What will happen if you always think that you must do something in a certain way? Q2: How can you make large projects workable according to the passage? Q3: What is the benefit of classical music mentioned in the passage? Q4: What is the best title for the passage?

Passage 2 Scripts and answers Moods, say the experts, are emotions that tend to become fixed, 1) exerting an influence on one’s outlook for hours, days or even weeks. That’s 2) fabulous if your mood is a pleasant one, but it will be a problem if you are sad, anxious, angry or lonely. Perhaps one of the best ways to deal with such moods is to 3) talk them out. Sometimes, though, there is no one to listen. Modern science offers an abundance of drugs to deal with bad moods. But scientists have also discovered the practicability of several non-drug 4) approaches to release you from an unwanted mood. These can be just as useful as drugs, and have the added benefit of being healthier. So, the next time you feel out of sorts, don’t 5) head for the drug store – try the following approach. Of all the mood-altering self-help techniques, physical exercise seems to be the most 6) efficient cure for a bad mood. “If you could keep up the exercise, you’d be in high spirits,” says Kathryn Lance, author of Running for Health and Beauty. Obviously, physical activity 7) is linked with mood changes. Researchers have explained biochemical and various other changes that make exercise 8) compare favorably to drugs as a mood-raiser. Physical exertion such as housework, however, does little help, probably because it is not intensive enough, and people usually do it unwillingly. The key is physical exercise – running, cycling, walking, swimming or other sustained activities that 9) boost the heart rate, increase circulation and improve the body’s use of oxygen. Do them for at least 20 minutes a 10) sessio

n, three to five times a week.

Unit 3 Love your neighbor

Further practice in listening

Short conversations Scripts

Conversation 1 M: It’s considerate of the community to offer us old p eople so many chances. As you can see from my curriculum schedule, I have one music theory class and one piano lesson in the afternoon. W: I still have no idea which class I should choose. I think I may take music theory class with you. Q: What are the speakers doing?

Conversation 2 W: Let’s talk about the preparations for the coming Christmas party. M: I think we really need a good plan and to arrange everything well in advance this time. Do you remember what a mess it was last year? Q: What do we know about the Christmas party last year? Conversation 3 W: John, could you look after the children for me while I go to the doctor? The only appointment I could get is at 11:00. M: All right. But I have to leave at 1 p.m. I’m going to a party in the afternoon. Q: What is the man supposed to do now according to the conversation? Conversation 4 M: It’s said that you have a new handsome neighbor from Australia. How are you getting along with him, Mary? W: Oh, quite well. He is a person who always speaks his mind, and I guess he gets along well with the entire neighborhood. Q: What does the woman think of her new neighbor?

Conversation 5 W: I’ve heard that Mr. Smith is moving to a new apartment house at the end of this month. M: That’s wonderful. He’s been looking forward to moving to a new house for a long time. Let’s give him a hand this weekend. Q: What is the man going to do this weekend?

Long conversation Scripts W: Hello, Mr. Lucas, I’m here to ask for 10 days off work, next month, in August. Together with the two weekends, I’ll have a full 14 days off from work. M: Two weeks in August? Lucy, as the election season is coming, the news and stories are catching the eye of the public. We may need our best news producers –like you – to be here for interviews. What’s so important? W: I know it is a busy season, but I’ve been taking two weeks off every year to volunteer for Habitat for Humanity –it’s a commitment I’ve kept every year, no matter what. It’s such a great organization that builds low-cost homes for people in need. The work is all volunteering and most of the supplies to build the houses are provided for free. It’s a great way to build community and make friends. M: I love Habitat for Humanity! In 2005, after Hurricane Katrina in Louisiana, over 150,000 volunteers helped build more than 2,200 homes. My daughter worked with them in New Orleans and my brother has volunteered with Habitat for Humanity for five years. W: Wow! You know my husband and I have been volunteering for six years here in Seattle. When I

started, I didn’t even know how to hold a hammer, but now I’ve learned how to paint, build roofs, and even install kitchen sinks! I love the feeling of community we develop with our fellow volunteers and with the communities that benefit from our work. M: Alright! We’ll work it out. I’ll give you the time off. Maybe this year you can learn how to install doors as well! Q1: Why is the woman asking for two weeks off from work? Q2: Which of the following statements is true? Q3: According to the woman, why is she willing to volunteer for Habitat for Humanity? Q4: What do we know about the man from the conversation? Passage 1 Scripts The BBC’s iPM radio program asks its listeners for interesting questions. In response, a listener a sked the following question: “I would like to ask a question about the relationships among neighbors. I mean those people who live in your immediate neighborhood. Many people we have spoken to have said they don’t know any of their immediate neighbors.” Wh at about you? Do you know any of your immediate neighbors, in the sense of something more than exchanging “Good morning” or “Good afternoon”, for example?

A research group carried out an investigation and asked people how well they know their neighbors and this is what the research group discovered. Surprisingly, 77 percent of people say they know their neighbors. It also emerged that if they live in a house, regardless of town or rural area, a massive 80 percent of them know their neighbors. However, the figure drops to 75 percent if they’re in a flat. The survey also revealed that people appear to get friendlier as they get older. In fact, only 64 percent of 18- to 24-year-olds know their neighbors, but for people aged 55-64 this number climbs to 88 percent. Interestingly enough, it turns out that men are a little less likely to say they know their neighbors than women, and the rich are closer to their neighbors than the less well-off. This topic was very popular with lots of BBC listeners and provoked plenty of comments on the BBC’s iPM website. One of the listeners said, “I only really got to know my neighbors when their house caught fire. We’re good friends now.” Another one recalled, “When we moved into our house three years ago, the first remark our nei ghbor made was, ‘So, you’re moving in? I hope you don’t have noisy kids.’ We reassured him we had no children and tried to make conversation but with no success.” Q1: What question did the research group try to find an answer to? Q2: Which age group is more likely to know their neighbors? Q3: Which of the following statements is true according to the passage? Q4: What do the website’s comments mentioned at the end of the passage imply?

Passage 2 Scripts and answers Many neighbor disputes end up in court because of poor communication. If something dangerous or 1) illegal happens, the cops are the obvious solution. But if problems that arise are grayer, communication is the best way to save money and trouble. Here are some tips to be a good neighbor and deal with a bad one: ? Get to know each other. Being a good neighbor doesn’t mean 2) taking family vacations

together. Just knowing them well enough to say hi, or maybe borrowing a cup of sugar or loaning a gardening tool, can build trust and understanding. Issues are much more likely to occur among strangers than even casual 3) acquaintances. ? Head off problems before they’re problems. If you are 4) throwing a party at your place, go to all neighbors who might be affected and offer them two things: a 5) verbal invitation to the party and a card with your phone number. If they are not 6) tolerant of the noise or there are other problems, your neighbors can call you instead of asking the police to 7) intervene. ? Tell your neighbors what’s bothering you –don’t a ssume they know what the problem is. Be open and direct, not passive-aggressive. Ask for their opinions, and wherever possible, propose a solution that 8) splits the difference and demonstrates a willingness to compromise. Stay cool and positive, even if your neighbors are not. ? Check with other neighbors. See if anybody else on the block is having similar issues – they may be willing to help 9) resolve it. If one of the neighbors is close to the troublemaker, have them come with you when you 10) talk it out. Bottom line? As with any relationship, being a good neighbor –or dealing with a bad one –is all about communication.

Unit 4 What’s the big idea?

Further practice in listening

Short conversations Scripts

Conversation 1 M: Ted said he’d made up his mind to quit school and set up his own computer company. W: He’s told many people about his plan but I wonder where he could get so much money. Besides, he never showed any real curiosity in our computer class. He is a complete layman as far as the computer is concerned. Q: What does the woman mean?

Conversation 2 W: It is reported that researchers have developed tiny engines which are able to break down the pollutants in wastewater to create clean water. I think that’ll be great n ews to people in areas lacking water. M: Well, I am thinking that whether people in those areas can afford the engines. Q: What is the man worried about?

Conversation 3 W: Driving all the way to work and back every day really makes me exhausted. If only the cars could drive automatically. M: Well, haven’t you heard that some engineers are working on intelligent cars?

I suppose that you will soon be able to purchase one as long as you can afford it. Q: What can we infer from the conversation?

Conversation 4 M: A Dutch airline rolled out a new program recently. It enables travelers to choose their seat partners based on the online profiles of those sharing the flight. Passengers can make a match by offering their Facebook data, depending on whether they’re l ooking for a potential personal or business relationship. W: Aha, that’s really a fantastic idea. I’d like to have a try as early as possible. Q: What are they talking about?

Conversation 5 M: I am thinking of starting my own business. But I haven’t got any idea of what to do. It seems that many young people are pouring into the online business. W: If I were you, I’d like to offer the online video editing service. Many people shoot videos but don’t know how to edit. Maybe this is the online business opportunity for you! Q: What does the woman suggest the man do?

Long conversation Scripts M: Alas! This creative writing class is too much!

I have to write a five-page short story by October 8th, and I have no idea what to write abou t. W: We’re already two months into the semester, you must have written stories before now. What did you write about last time? M: That’s just it –we’ve only had to write true stories so far, funny little things that happened to us or our families. My first three stories were about hunting or fishing with my childhood dog, Brownie, and visiting my grandmother during the summers when I was in high school. This time, it has to be fictional. Hey! You’re a great artist, how do you get your ideas? W: Thank you, but I’m not sure painting and writing are exactly the same. When I’m ready to start a new painting, I usually go for long walks along the beach or out in the woods. I find most of my inspiration in nature. M: Hmm … I don’t think that would really work for me. I need characters and a plot.

W: You should try hanging out at the train station. There are always interesting people with odd hats or accents coming and going, dramatic goodbyes and romantic reunions. Just sit in the lobby for an hour or two and watc h everyone. Try to imagine who they are, where they’re going, why they’re in such a hurry. M: The train station? That’s actually a pretty good idea! How did you come up with such a great idea? W: I’m glad you like it, but I can’t take any credit. It’s an o ld trick I learned from many artists and writers. You just need something new and exciting to get those creative ideas flowing. Q1: What’s the problem with the man? Q2: How does the woman get her ideas before painting? Q3: What is the man’s attitude toward the woman’s way of getting inspiration? Q4: What does the woman suggest the man do at the train station? Passage 1 Scripts We

may take the invention of the toilet for granted, but it is something many of us would have a hard time learning to live without. Public sanitation systems were invented long ago, but when was the toilet invented? The story of the toilet takes us back to 1596. The toilet was created by Sir John Harrington for his godmother, Queen Elizabeth I. Harrington called his design a “water closet”, and his water closet was installed in Queen Elizabeth’s castle in 1596. The original toilet, or water closet, had a knob on a chain that had to be pulled in order for the water to be released from a bowl. Underneath the bowl, there was a basin or collection bowl that had to be emptied and cleaned often. It is not the sanitary and pleasant way for removing waste that we know of, but it paves the way for later improvements. Over time, many inventors improved Harrington’s original water closet by improving the pipes that were attached to the bottom and the flush system that built upon the original toilet. By 1896, Thomas Crapper began to sell toilets. Crapper saw the importance and necessity of the toilet, and he used his admiration for the product to he lp promote and sell the toilet. Harrington’s invention is, without a doubt, one invention that would be hard to live without. Inventors will continue to develop upon Harrington’s original water closet. Q1: Who invented the first toilet according to the passage? Q2: What was one of the problems with Harrington’s water closet? Q3: How did inventors improve the original toilet according to the passage? Q4: Which of the following can best summarize the passage?

Passage 2 Scripts and answers Scientific research should improve our overall quality of life. The government should provide financial and political support to any research that is likely to result in immediate and significant benefits for the people. However, people’s ideas 1) vary when it comes to whether the government should support scientific research with no practical use. Still 2) a large portion of people believe that the government should distribute adequate funds to any scientific research that aims to improve the 3) well-being of people, even if it is of no practical use in the short run. Scientific research whose social benefits are immediate, predictable, and 4) profound should continue to be a high priority. For example, biotechnology research has been proven to help cure and prevent diseases; information technology enables education to be more 5) accessible; and communication technology facilitates global peace by improving mutual understanding among people and their participation in the democratic process. However, this is not to say that research whose benefits are less immediate or clear should be given a lower priority. It is difficult to predict which research

will 6) ultimately lead to the greatest contributions to society. Reluctance to finance less practical scientific research could 7) have a harmful effect on the efforts to explore new knowledge. This is particularly true of the computer sciences. For instance, before the first computer was invented, public opinions 8) went against it, as most people saw nothing practical in computer research. However, computers transformed the way human society evolved and proved to be of great avail in the long run, especially in terms of scientific development in fields such as the military, medicine, 9) aviation, and education. Therefore, never should we think that scientific research whose benefits are unknown 10) is not worth pursuing since the purpose of any research should be to discover truths, whatever it might be.

Unit 5 More than a paycheck

Further practice in listening

Short conversations Scripts

Conversation 1 W: I just want to burst into my boss’ office and tell him that I quit. He promised to give me a promotion, but he went against his word. M: Well, if I were you, I’d bite my tongue and wait until I get a bet ter job. Q: What is the man’s advice for the woman? Conversation 2 M: Now suppose I was to stay at home and do all the housework and look after the children while my wife went out to work. What would you think about that? W: Well, you know … I’d rather do it the other way round. Q: What does the woman imply?

Conversation 3 M: I am really sorry for this, but I hope that you can understand my reason for deciding to leave, Mrs. Smith. W: Well, do I have to remind you that we have invested a lot of time and money in your career here? Q: What does Mrs. Smith imply?

Conversation 4 W: It looks that you are a bit tired. I’ve noticed that you’ve been sitting in front of the computer for an hour. Why don’t you stop and have a coffee break? M: I’ve got to finish thi s report and I can’t leave it until the deadline. Q: What does the man mean? Conversation 5 M: When Jane told me that she was going to quit her job, I just thought she was kidding. You know, it’s a good job and she is well paid. W: I see your point, but she said she was tired of counting other people’s money. Q: What can we learn about Jane from the conversation? Long conversation Scripts M: Michelle, I really wish I could quit this awful job – today – if I could afford to pay my rent without it. Just think of working outside in this terrible heat the whole summer … I dream of my future when I’m rich! W: Oh Mark, it’s not that bad! I’ll admit, it’s crazy hot, and I’d love some ice-cold lemon juice right now. But you’re only a gardener, how do you think you’ll ever get rich? Do you think you’ll plant a money tree and harvest bags of gold? M: I may be only a gardener now, but I’ll be rich

some day. I’ll start my own business and make millions! I’ll have a corner office in a big building with a big black leather chair and a view of the whole city! W: Well, I have no idea it is so easy to be a millionaire! If it’s as simple as that, I think I’ll be rich, too. But I’m not going to work in some boring office. M: Oh no? Where then? If you could have any job in the world, what would it be? W: Any job in the world? I suppose I’d want something fun. Hmm … maybe play video games for a living … or maybe I could be a pilot … or a professional ballroom dancer! That’s it! I could be a dancer, waltzing around the floor in beautiful evening dresses! M: You, dancing? I’m not so sure about that … You ballroom dancing … hmm … W: Oh, please. I’ve taken ballroom dancing for seven years and I’m really good! You should see me … Want to go da ncing next Thursday at 8 p.m.?

Q1: What is the man complaining about? Q2: What does the man dream of being? Q3: What is the woman’s attitude toward the man’s dream? Q4: What does the woman dream of doing? Passage 1 Scripts Once I had a wonderful job at a marvelous firm. I had flexibility, an understanding boss, and a high salary. I loved my job. But after six years of trying out various professional roles, I felt that I had grown beyond the fixed positions available at the company. I must admit that having a lot of money is nice. Money can buy you things, nice things. However, the popular saying is true –money cannot buy you happiness, and having it doesn’t mean that you are a successful person. After several years, I realized that the more money I made, the less satisfied I became. Days started to blend into one another, time flew by, and I deeply longed for something with more meaning. Upon realizing that I was trading my time for money, I started experimenting with other income sources. I’ve started and ended businesses, I’ve turned hobbies into professional pursuits, and I’ve tested out different investment strategies. In the end, I’ve learned that it doesn’t matter what you are doing. As long as you are doing something that expresses your passion, you will feel great and you will gain satisfaction. I’ve also learned that starting something from scratch and watching it grow is deeply rewarding. Through my quest for passion, I’ve discovered blogging as a platform where I can share ideas and lessons learned that are closest to my heart, as a way to serve others. For the first time in my life, I feel that I am living my life’s purpose. Q1: Why did the speaker get tired of her job at the company? Q2: Which of the following is true about money according to the speaker? Q3: What can bring satisfaction according to the speaker? Q4: What does the speaker find most suitable for her now?

Passage 2 Scripts and answers A poorly trained manager can make an employee’s life miserable. In 99 out of 100 cases, employees may 1) suffer from low spirits and then gradually become no longer 2) enthusiastic about their jobs just because they have a boss who doesn’t approve of them,

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