Mrs. Smith complained to me that she often found it simply impossible to communicate with her 16-year-old daughter.
2. 我坚信，阅读简写的 (simplified) 英文小说是扩大我们词汇量的一种轻松愉快的方法。
I firmly believe that reading simplified English novels is an easy and enjoyable way of enlarging our vocabulary.
3. 我认为我们在保护环境不受污染 (pollution) 方面还做得不够。
I don’t think we’re doing enough to protect our environment from pollution.
In addition to/Apart from writing compositions on a weekly basis, our English teacher assigned us eight books to read during the summer vacation.
We’ve learned from reliable sources that a native English speaker is going to teach us spoken English next term/semester.
Seeing English movies on a regular basis will not only improve your ear, but will also help you build your speaking skills.
If you have any questions about these learning strategies, please feel free to ask me. And I’ll explain them in greater detail.
The Canadian girl is good at seizing every opportunity to speak Chinese. That’s why she has gained a good command of spoken Chinese in less than three years.
Fortunately there was a hospital nearby and we took him there at once.
2. 胜利登上乔治岛 (George Island) 后，船长向指挥部 (the headquarters) 发了一份无线电报。
After succeeding in landing on George Island, the captain sent a radio message to the headquarters.
He is determined to continue his experiment but this time he'll do it another way.
When she read the novel, she couldn't help thinking of the five years she had spent in the countryside.
Mary thought it difficult to carry out her plan all by herself.
We didn't think he could cover the distance in a quarter of an hour, but he succeeded
in doing it.
Even after his doctor told him he had lung cancer, Chichester would not give up his old dream of sailing round the world.
8. 我正忙着做一种新的捕鼠 (rats) 装置时，马克走来拖着我出去看花展了。
I was busy making a new device for catching rats when Mark came and dragged me out to a flower show.
That famous actor seemed content to play a minor part in the play.
National Day is round the corner. Let's give our bedroom a thorough clean.
She agreed, very reluctantly, to be operated on by a young doctor.
They've arranged for us to visit the Great Wall tomorrow. I'm sure we'll have a good time there (we'll enjoy ourselves there).
After reading the letter the old man was so disappointed that he tore it into little bits with trembling fingers.
6. 老两口为他们的孙子感到骄傲，因为他在第28届奥运会上获得了两枚金牌和一枚铜(bronze) 牌。
The old couple were proud of their grandson, who won two gold medals and a bronze at the 28th Olympic Games.
Even if his grandmother could not come to his birthday party, she would send him
a lovely present. Tom was sure of that.
It was Mary's twentieth birthday yesterday. Her father sent her a pair of boots. Her mother bought her a box of chocolates. And her boyfriend brought her a bunch of roses.
To take this job would involve working on weekends frequently, but John didn't mind.
It is well known that lung cancer is caused at least in part by smoking too much.
My grandparents said that the man who invented television had once lived in their neighborhood.
I propose that we go to find Prof. Smith in his office right after the meeting and invite him to our English evening.
Having been operated on twice for the disease, she was so weakened that she could barely stand up.
Educators think that the generation growing up with television spend so much of their time in front of the TV that they do not have enough time to study.
7. 我真希望你能拿出一个比这更好的解决办法 (solution) 来。
I do hope that you can come up with a better solution than this one.
8. 乍一看，这幅画并不好，但经过仔细观察，我们才发现它的确是一幅杰作 (masterpiece)。At first glance the picture didn't look very good, but after examining it carefully, we found that it was indeed a masterpiece.
Jane picked up a magazine from the bookshelf and started reading here and there at random.
With this letter I enclose some illustrations for the story.
The ancient building was enclosed by a high wall.
4. 格林大夫忙着研制一种治艾滋病 (AIDS) 的药物，但从下月起他就能安排时间在星期一上午看二十个左右的病人了。
Dr. Green is busy working on a cure for AIDS, but from next month on he'll be able to fit in twenty patients or so on Monday morning.
5. 他讲了个故事来说明为什么在详细查看其条款 (provisions) 之前决不要在任何合同上签字。
He told a story to illustrate why you should never sign any contract before you have examined its provisions in detail.
She was embarrassed when they kept telling her she had a genius for mathematics.
God knows when that dumb kid of ours is going to graduate from high school.
Henry's latest novel and his daughter's first book were both published three months ago, and to their astonishment, the latter has already sold over a million copies.
It was reported that the building of the railway had been held up by a flood. 2. 罢工结果，资方接受了工人的要求。
The strike resulted in the management's accepting the workers' demands.
The coalminers decided to go on strike for better working conditions.
I'd like very much to buy the English dictionary. Unfortunately, I haven't got enough money on me.
I'd like to talk over with you about the English translation of the article before sending it to Mr. Hobbs.
The foreign expert hopes to achieve all his aims in three years.
What do you think a scientist must do in order to keep up with the latest developments in his field?
The author thinks that if excellent workers get frequent pay increases and promotions, they will have greater incentive to produce.
Sam could not afford (to buy) the camera he longed for because it was too expensive.
He was busy writing the story all the morning, only breaking off occasionally to have some / a cup of tea.
He is the son of a wealthy family, but he seems to have come down in the world.
4. 他常利用她缺乏生意头脑(business sense)而欺骗她。
He often took advantage of her lack of business sense to cheat her.
Prof. Wang, would you do us a favor by coming to our English evening this Saturday?
He does not seem to be an old man in his eighties, considering his appearance. 7. 他们肯定没打算把他培养成一名工程师，我猜想他们永远也不会这样做。
Undoubtedly they do not have the intention of making an engineer of him, and I suspect they never will.
I suspected there was no quality control whatsoever in the factory. After making observations for a week I found this was indeed the case.
I am lucky to have acquired a wide range of skills when I was young.
These drawings, which are worth something like 50 million dollars, must not be
exposed to direct sunlight.
I knew my son got talent when he composed his first poem.
4. 由于流感(the flu)在社区传播，她用暖和的冬衣将自己裹起来，以防传染上这种疾病。As the flu was spreading in the community, she wrapped herself in warm winter clothing to avoid catching the disease.
The defendant denied that he had ever made any payment to the government official to get a contract.
I was startled to see he slapped his wife in the face when she revealed a family secret.
He astonished everyone present by saying that he possessed a secret paper about the war. He then snapped open his briefcase and began to read it.
8. 当他渐渐地获得了信心的时候，他的语调变得自然了，说起话来也就自然脱口而出了。As he gradually acquired confidence, his tone became natural and his words came out spontaneously.
Gases such as carbon monoxide, emitted by factories and automobiles, have seriously polluted the atmosphere.
The industrial engineer's letter indicates that he doubts the feasibility of the plan.
Many parents in the United States set aside a fund for their children's education before they are born.
I have made sure that her conclusion is based on facts.
The medical team, composed of three doctors and two nurses, set off for the mountain area a few days ago.
The village is named after the high mountain that stands in front of it.
He was ill for about a month, which has really set him back in his studies.
The war that broke out between the North and the South in 1861 is known in history as the American Civil War.
1. 教授走进教室时，我们正兴致勃勃地讨论中东(the Middle East)的形势。
We were caught up in a discussion about the situation in the Middle East when the professor walked into the classroom.
A truck pulled into the snow-covered playground of the school.
Sometime after midnight, the enemy was/were forced to retreat.
It was in that small room that they worked diligently and dreamed of better days to come.
When she heard the bell ringing, the old lady rose from her chair and made her way to the door.
After a day's fight, our soldiers succeeded in taking over some important enemy positions.
The elderly woman angrily exclaimed that she had been cheated by the shop girl.
Soon after I boarded the bus, I noticed a strange-looking man. He wore an ill-fitting coat, and sat rooted in his seat.
Their argument ended when she slammed the door and left without a word.
The guests at the dinner party were slightly surprised at the commanding tone of the American.
Johnny has outgrown the fear of staying at home alone.
4. 当全部乘客都向出口处 (exit) 走去时，他却独自留在座位上，好像不愿意离开这架飞机似的。
While all the other passengers made for the exit, he alone remained in his seat as if unwilling to leave the plane.
The letter is to be handed to Dr. Wilson himself.
While she felt like joining in the argument, Nancy was too shy to open her mouth.
What do you think is the likeliest time to find him at home?
8. 猎人一看见有只狐狸从树丛中出现并向他设下 (lay) 的陷阱 (trap) 方向跑去，脸上顿时闪出了兴奋的表情。
The hunter’s face lit up with excitement as soon as he saw a fox emerge from among the bushes and run in the direction of / make for the trap he had laid.
It was suggested at the meeting that a committee of eleven be appointed to make a new constitution.2) 2. 这些青年科学家通过现场观察，获得了研究工作所需的第一手资料。
By making on-the-spot observations, the young scientists obtained first-hand information they needed in their research work.
It is very likely that he will be rejected by the army because of his bad eyesight.
4. 委员会成员在新机场最佳选址 (location) 这一问题上持有不同意见。
The committee members have conflicting opinions as to the best location of the new airport.
Henry's works of art are superior in many respects to those of his brother's. 6. 我们产品质量的稳步提高在很大程度上是由于设备有所改进。
The steady rise in the quality of our products owes much to the improvement of our equipment.7. 吉姆本想按照自己的判断行事，但他没有这样做，因为作为军人他得服从命令。
Jim would have preferred to act on his own judgment, but he didn't because as a soldier he had to obey the order.
Were it left to me to decide whether we should have a city without bikes or one without cars, I should not hesitate a moment to prefer the latter.
She got a post as a cashier at a local bank. But she was soon fired because she proved to be incompetent.
It is obviously/clearly his young assistant who is running the book store.
No sooner had the proposal been announced at the meeting than she got to her feet to protest.
Bill has applied to Harvard University for a teaching assistantship, but his chances of getting it are slim.
Being short of funds, they are trying to attract foreign capital.
The room smells of stale air. It must have been vacant for a long time.
As far as hobbies are concerned, Jane and her sister have little in common.
It is self-evident that the education of the young is vital to the future of a country.
The little girl ran so fast that she was thrown off balance and fell over / down.
2. 他致力于研究工作的精神 (devotion to research) 给我留下了很深印象，但我对他那些深奥的理论丝毫不感兴趣。
I was impressed by his devotion to research but I did not have the slightest interest in his profound theories.
Be sure not to say anything capable of being misunderstood.
I was so bewildered by their conflicting advice that I did not know how to act/what to do.
At first this complicated problem frustrated them, but after thinking it over carefully they finally worked out a solution.
The head of the sports delegation beamed with delight when a young pioneer presented him with a bunch of flowers.
I really don't see why our English teacher should single out our monitor for praise since we have all done quite well this term.
8. 我相信比较高级的(higher)动物是由比较低级的（lower）动物进化而来（develop from）的这一学说。
I believe in the theory that the higher animals developed from the lower ones.
If the rich countries spent more money on green industries, instead of on building up military machines and nuclear weapons, many of today's widespread pollution problems would gradually disappear.
The burning of coal not only consumes the oxygen in the house but also gives out poisonous gases.
Apparently, finding alternative energy sources is essential to the steady development of our economy.
4. 太阳能电池（solar cell）能吸收阳光并把它变成电。
Solar cells can absorb sunlight and convert it into electricity.
If the temperature on the Earth continues to go up from year to year, the polar ice caps will begin to melt and, in all likelihood, half of the buildings in coastal cities will disappear beneath splashing sea waves.
Because these creatures are small and tend to hide beneath leafy plants, they are not always visible to the naked eye.
As a result of exposure to atomic radiation, he finally collapsed at work.
There is distinct evidence of the connection between heavy pressure of work and some disorders of the body.
If / As long as you keep (on) trying, you will be able to resolve this difficult problem sooner or later.
2. 我们预料我们的计划会受到抵制 (resistance)。
We anticipate encountering / that we will encounter resistance to our plan / our plan will meet with resistance.
Jim's friends said that the noise pollution in their city was terrible, but they had to live with it.
At first Tom thought that with his knowledge, skill and experience he was bound to find a satisfactory job.
5. 冷静耐心地处理这个微妙 (delicate) 问题是明智的。
It would be wise / advisable to handle this delicate problem with calmness and patience.
Dick thought that if he wasn't able to take the machine apart, chances were that no other worker in the plant could, either.
Do you think bus drivers should take full responsibility for the passengers' safety?
You needn't dwell on your mistakes in judgment any more. What's important is to try your best to avoid repeating them.
Under the l eadership of the local government, the villagers rose to the serious food crisis caused by the floods
The exhibition is very popular and is attracting a steady stream of visitors. 3. 妈妈上楼来查看我们这些孩子时，我转过身假装睡着了。
When Mom came upstairs to check on us kids, I turned over and pretended to be asleep.
Waging a battle against the drug pushers was a challenge to Armstead. She felt rather nervous but she decided to confront them.
The old lady told me to be cautious and not to talk to the guys hanging out on the street corner.
A health organization prompted the local government to raise a three-million-dollar fund for a new hospital.
Opening the door, the man who had set fire to the church found himself confronted by a dozen policemen with guns.
It is reported that the fire which raged for more than two hours started in an abandoned warehouse / store.
Vast amounts of investment have enabled the economy of the area to grow rapidly.
They launched a campaign to raise money for a new hospital.
Success lies in diligence. Dr. Nolen is a case in point.
Men of high moral standards, they are never to be tempted into taking such expensive gifts.
There are indications that numerous factories are faced with a very difficult situation.
The police arrested the criminal on a charge of armed robbery several hours after they found an important clue to his identity.
Investigation has revealed that retirement tends to cause psychological troubles for some people.
The medical team did more than complain about the relatively poor working conditions at the local hospital. For instance, several doctors bought simple medical
instruments with their own money.
Everything points to the fact / indicates that something has gone wrong with his project / plan.
The author argues that we should not take it for granted that those who score high on intelligence tests will naturally do well in practical work.
I picked out some English idioms and tried them on my classmates.
Three professors were asked to make an evaluation of the teaching plans devised by the new teachers.
It is a very small loss to / for us. Don't make such a fuss over it.
He scored far more points / much higher than any of his rivals and proved himself
a worthy winner.
The two animals are similar in appearance, but they belong to different species.
I don't know for sure whether the bank will grant him the loan he has applied for.
Through the article the author wants to convey to the readers her views on praise and criticism.
As parents we should know that for children an ounce of praise is worth a pound of scolding.
a ... manner)
The teacher isn't much of a scholar, but he does know how to teach a course in a lively and interesting manner
We often find it much more difficult to apply a rule than to know it.
She never scolds her children for squabbling. Instead, she gives them a few words of praise when they play quietly.
6. 格林先生老是挑他女儿写作的刺儿，但不知怎的，对她那首写得很差的诗歌却给予好评。Mr. Green was always critical of his daughter's writings, but somehow he commented favorably on that poorly written poem of hers.
Quite a few students in our class were publicly criticized by the teacher for failing to hand in their compositions on time.
A good teacher should be very alert to the progress his students make / are making. If their progress is ignored / goes unnoticed, the students will feel discouraged.
The spokesman made it clear that the President would not cancle the trip under any circumstances.
We trust what he has said,because he is well educated, comes from a respectable family ,and what’s more ,he is reliable.
The subsequent events once again confirmed that my suspicions were right.
At the press conference held after the game, the football coach apologized to the fans for his team’s poor performance.
To our surprise ,the governor, who had often been praised for his honesty ,turned out to be a corrupt official.
A few workers were promoted ,but meanwhile hundreds of workers were dismissed.
Given the chance, John might have been an excellent painter.
At first I thought he was joking , but soon I realized that he was serious.
Groans of pain can often be heard in a hospital emergency room.
The former U.S secretary of state has come back to public life as an ambassador to a foreign country. 3. 兑现支票时大多数银行要求提供身份证明。
Proof of identity is required when a check is cashed at mist banks.
The presence of the pop star on the stage brought the audience to its feet in applause.
She was amazed to know that many people still risked traveling without insurance.
See to it that no children should lean out of the window.
He was taken prisoner in the war ,but never yielded no mater how cruelly the enemy tortured him.
Henry Bedell wsa seriously wounded, but Bettie finally brought him through with the help of the doctor..
Many American students apply for government loans to pay for their tuition.
In addition to reading materials ,the application of films and videotapes can stimulate students’ interest in their study.
The attorney tired to convince the jury that his client is innocent.
4. 自从20世纪80年代以来，医学方面的科学家们一直在努力寻找治疗艾滋病的方法。Scientists in medicine have been working at finding a cure for AIDS since the early 1980s.
I have sent off my resume to a few companies, but haven’t received a reply yet.
Many people wish for a chance to study abroad, but only some of them have it. 7. 我们满怀希望地来参加会议，离开时却大失所望。
We came to the meeting with great expectation, but we left very disappointed. 8. 尽管这位教授详细地讲解了这一点，但许多学生仍然不理解。
Though the professor explained the point in detail, many students still couldn’t understand it.
1. 在即将毕业的大学生中，有人希望去自己的家乡工作，有人愿意去不发达地区工作。Among the university students who will graduate soon, some wish to go to their hometown to work,and others volunteer to work in the underdeveloped areas.
Now , university students are keen on learning to use the computer, because they are very conscious that this is an indispensable skill in the information age. 3. 他在世界各地周游了3年，但不论走到哪里，他都眷念着自己的祖国。
He had traveled round the world for three years,but no matter where he went ,he missed his country.
At first he wrote to me once in a while, and then I didn’t hear from him any longer.
Generally speaking, people tend to get married and have a family rather than remain single for life.
No matter how hard he trided , he could not understand higher mathematics.
After working for six months on end, employees are entitled to paid holidays and sick leaves.
I can’t keep up my monthly payments on the car and I am at a loss as to what to do.
The aim of this interview is primarily to check the applicant’s proficiency in spoken English.
It is wrong to assume that John will formally apologize to them for the impoliteness.
The scandal is certainly an embarrassment to the Labour Party aiming at winning the election.
I was working carefully on my term paper when my little sister bounded upstairs and rushed into my room.
I asked her several times ,but she refused to respond to my questions.
In the west,people often send away for goods, which can save them a lot of time.
7. 老一辈的人往往发现，在现代社会，无论他们如何努力，要阻挡青年人发生变化是困难的。 People of the older generation often find that it is difficult for them to hold back the changes among the young in a modern society no matter how hard they try.
Don’t let your social life stand in the way of your studies, since you’ve set your mind to finishing the master’s program as soon as possible.
Fitted with the artificial leg, he walked unsteadily at first,but with practice his steos became steady.
2.医生说我得了重感冒，她给我开了四种药，三种是药片，饭后服，另一种药水，睡前服。The doctor said I had caught a bad cold and she prescribed me four kinds of medicine.Three of them are pills to be taken aftermeal, and theother is liquid tobe taken before bedtime.
I would rather go out for a walk than just stay in the room doing nothing for two hours.
The car long being out of sight ,Jenny was still standing at the door ,gazing toward the end of the road.
As far as I know, they have been emotionally detached from each other for quite some time.
Generally speaking, increasing supply or decreasing demand can bring down prices.
As usual, he tuned his radio for the 7 a.m news broadcast before he began to get washed.
The team members drew lots to decide who would play first.
3. 在该市，因吸毒和赌博而引发的罪行在发展，当地政府似乎找不出对付这一问题的办法。In that city,crime born of drug abuse and gambling is on the rise and the local government seems unable to figure out a way to cope with it.
In those days , I would read everything I could get my hands on so long as it was weitten in English.
I bet that building must have been completely destroyed in the air raid.
She was so scared by the unexpected blow that she could not speak a word for several minutes .
If you stay up late workingevery night, your health will surely be affected. 2. 即使你是班上最好的学生之一，要保住成绩也得常常温习功课才行。
Even if you are one of the best students in the class, in order to maintain your grades you must review your lessons often.
The United States is often viewed as a melting pot of different nationalities.
It is true that some people achieve success very early in life, while others must
work a long time before attaining their goals.
He maintained that the failure of the experiment wsa largely due to inadequate preparations.
6. 如今研究人员提倡我们应该每天花些时间将自己想要达到的目标投射到心灵的屏幕上。Researchers now recommend that we take time off every day to project our desired goals onto the screen in our minds.
It has been three years and four months to the day since she began to practice medicine.
The children were running all over the place , and the teacher was having a hard time rounding them up and bringing them back to the classroom.
The discovery further strengthened my belief that the volcano would erupt in the near future.
Now that Professor Henderson has promised to attend the conference, we would like to request him to deliver a speech.
Eventually Mary will leave home to lead her own life, but in the meantime she will need your support.
Much to our relief, our performance was fully appreciated by the audience, mostly college students.
In fact ,there are different accounts of the shipwreck in the newspapers.
It is said that the area was well advanced in agriculture as early as 2000 years ago.
The function of an ATM is to allow people to draw money from their bank accounts with a special card whether the bank is closed or not.
Kong Fansen embodies all the fine qualities of a communist.
It is most essential to build up your confidence if you want to achieve some thing in life.
When applying for a job, you should be ready for an interview in which you often have to answer difficult questions.
We were informed that the Minister of Finance was to give us an audience /receive us the next day.
I thought it odd that he didn't seem to remember his own birthday.
Next Tuesday is the deadline for handing in the term papers, but most students have hardly made a dent in the work so far.
It pained the headmaster to find the number of students shrinking.
Cash is commonly used in paying bills in that country, but checks are becoming more popular and will, in a short while, replace cash as a way for people to settle their accounts.
The company claims that it is not responsible for the pollution in the river.
Bill is a mature young man who is no longer dependent on his parents for decisions.
There are abundant supplies of meat in this region, but fresh fruit and vegetables are scarce.
Drawing on the wisdom of the workers, the engineers invented a new production method that led to increased productivity.
He spent a lot of time preparing for his math exam. Hence he was somewhat disappointed to learn that he got only a B.
We have ample time for a leisurely lunch.
The local government had to draw on its grain reserves and take other emergency measures so as to pull through the food crisis.
In the preface to one of his plays, Bernard Shaw advances the idea that people are more superstitious today than they were in the Middle Ages.
After her husband died, she had to bear the severe financial burden of raising five children by herself.
One of the best ways to prove or refute a point is to cite examples from your own experience.
Hunt's statement that Betty always exaggerates his faults may well lead to a quarrel.
I trusted her so much that I would have swallowed any story she told me.
When the family gathered to discuss matters of finance, Father started off by saying that it was absolutely necessary to set aside some money each month, for in an emergency we could fall back on our savings.
Sometimes bad luck seems to follow you everywhere. Take, for instance, what happened to me not long ago. One day I drove to a nearby city on business. At a junction I pulled the car to a halt as the red light was on; however, a black Buick suddenly collided into my car from behind. I was slightly injured. Wild with anger I cursed and got out only to find that the woman driver of the other car appeared to have been knocked unconscious and her young child, who was sitting in the rear of the car, was hurt, too. I had to fumble in my pockets for my mobile phone and call the police. In a few minutes a police car came and rushed the lady and her child to hospital. I was, however, asked to stay where I was. In fact, I didn't leave the scene until two hours later although I was not to blame at all. By the time I got home all my energy seemed to have deserted me. As to the business trip, I had to cancel it. As a result, my work suffered enormously. Up to now, I still can't make sense of the accident.
1. 我确信这项所谓 (so-called) 明智的决定，与期望相反，会带来极其严重的后果。
I am convinced that, contrary to expectations, the so-called informed decision will bring very grave consequences.
It's true he once deceived you, but he has admitted he has done wrong and apologized. So you shouldn't always treat him with suspicion.
He had taken a stand on the issue before it was openly debated.
4. 在调查过程中，他们发现了种种形式的政治腐败，并揭露了许多贪官污吏 (corrupt officials)。
In the course of their investigation, they discovered various forms of political corruption and exposed a number of corrupt officials.
Mary's dilemma was whether to betray her colleagues by telling her boss the truth or to betray his trust by keeping him in the dark about it.
Now, in the first place, what has made you think (led you to think) this program will promote reforms, and in the second, how do you know these reforms will benefit the whole county?
The vice minister of health has emphasized time and again how important it is to integrate traditional Chinese medicine with western medicine.
In hot weather it is rather difficult to preserve food and keep it fresh and safe to eat. Naturally, many people prefer not to eat in restaurants during the summer months.
It will do us good to underline the points that the author emphasizes in his book.
After days of inquiry the police finally tied up the murder with the case of the recent escape from prison.
I want to persuade them to adopt our plan, because, in the first place, it calls for less funds and, in the second place, it will not cause environmental pollution.
6. 父亲用绳子把芹菜 (celery) 扎在一起，放在河里浸了浸，然后拿到菜场去卖。
Father bound the celery together with a rope and dipped it in the stream for a while